I am involved in a case of duplicate publishing — as the person who discovered and reported it to Springer, who published it the second time. I have been copied on many emails being sent among the authors, the editors, and Springer.
In a case of duplicate publishing (the same or nearly the same paper published in two different journals), one of the articles must be retracted. In this case, the author is initiating the retraction, and he is wisely selecting the journal with the least impact.
The two articles are here:
- Production of Pure Ethanol from Azeotropic Solution by Pressure Swing Adsorption (American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences)
- Production of pure ethanol from azeotropic solution by pressure swing adsorption (Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering)
- Duplicate publication.
The first one is the one published in a predatory journal. The American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences is published by Science Publications, which is listed on my list of predatory publishers. The second is a Springer journal.
Here’s the problem: The predatory publisher is charging the author $650 to retract the paper. I find this charge unethical. Scholarly publishers have an obligation to “maintain the integrity of the academic record” and should immediately retract an article that is to be excluded from that record, without charge to anyone. This policy of charging disincentivises paper retractions — which are sometimes necessary — by adding a fee barrier.
This is the first I’ve ever heard of an author being charged to retract a paper. Science Publications is a truly predatory publisher.