Beall’s List of Predatory Publishers 2013

By Jeffrey Beall

Released December 4, 2012

The gold open-access model has given rise to a great many new online publishers. Many of these publishers are corrupt and exist only to make money off the author processing charges that are billed to authors upon acceptance of their scientific manuscripts.

There are two lists below. The first includes questionable, scholarly open-access publishers. Each of these publishers has a portfolio that ranges from just a few to hundreds of individual journal titles.

The second list includes individual journals that do not publish under the platform of any publisher — they are essentially independent, questionable journals.

In both cases, we recommend that researchers, scientists, and academics avoid doing business with these publishers and journals. Scholars should avoid sending article submissions to them, serving on their editorial boards or reviewing papers for them, or advertising in them. Also, tenure and promotion committees should give extra scrutiny to articles published in these journals, for many of them include instances of author misconduct.

There are still many high-quality journals available for scholars to publish in, including many that do not charge author processing fees. An additional option is author self-archiving of articles in discipline-specific and institutional repositories.

The author is grateful to the many colleagues who have shared information about potential predatory publishers. Last year’s list included 23 publishers, and this year’s has over 225, evidence of the rapid growth in the number of predatory journals and publishers. This list will be updated throughout the year at the blog Scholarly Open Access,

The criteria for inclusion in the lists can be found here. The author’s email address is:

A PDF version of this document is available here.

List 1: Predatory Publishers

  1. Abhinav
  2. A M Publishers
  3. Academe Research Journals
  4. Academia Publishing
  5. Academic and Business Research Institute
  6. Academic Journals
  7. Academic Journals and Research ACJAR
  8. Academic Journals, Inc.
  9. Academic Journals Online (AJO)
  10. Academic Publications, Ltd.
  11. Academic Research Publishing Agency
  12. Academic Sciences
  13. Academy & Industry Research Collaboration Center(AIRCC)
  14. Academy Journals
  15. Academy of Knowledge Process
  16. Academy of Science and Engineering (ASE)
  17. Academy Publish
  18. Access International Journals
  19. Ada Lovelace Publications
  20. Advanced Research Journals
  21. Advancements and Development in Technology International (Aditi)
  22. AENSI
  23. Akademik Plus Publication
  24. American Academic & Scholarly Research Center(AASRC)
  25. American V-King Scientific Publishing
  26. ANSINetwork
  27. Antarctic Journals
  28. Apex Journals
  29. ARPN Journals
  30. Ashdin Publishing
  31. Asian Economic and Social Society (AESS)
  32. Asian Research Consortium
  33. Australian International Academic Centre Pty. Ltd.
  34. Baishideng Publishing Group
  35. Basic Research Journals
  36. Bentham Open
  37. Better Advances Press
  38. BioInfo Publications
  39. BioIT international Journals 
  40. BioMedSciDirect Publications
  41. Bioscience Research & Educational Institute [Link dead as of 2012-11-14]
  42. Bonfring
  43. British Association of Academic Research (BAAR)
  44. British Journal
  45. Business Journalz (BJ)
  46. Canadian Center of Science and Education
  47. Center for the Development and Dissemination of Knowledge
  48. Center for Enhancing Knowledge (CEK), UK
  49. Center for Promoting Ideas
  50. Centre For Info Bio Technology (CIBTech)
  51. Centre of Promoting Research Excellence (CPRE)
  52. Cloud Journals
  53. The Clute Institute
  54. Computer Science Journals
  55. CONFAB Journals
  56. Cosmic Journals
  57. CSCanada
  58. Discovery Publishing Group 
  59. David Publishing
  60. Deccan Pharma Journals
  61. E-International Scientific Research Journal Consortium (E-ISRJC)
  62. e-journals
  63. e3Journals
  64. eCanadian Journals
  65. Econjournals
  66. EISRJC Journals (E-International Scientific Research Journal Consortium)
  67. eLearning Institute
  68. Elewa Bio Sciences
  69. eJournals of Academic Research & Reviews
  70. Electronic Center for International Scientific Information
  71. Elmer Press
  72. Engineering and Technology Publishing
  73. Erudite Journals Limited
  74. EuroJournals
  75. Far East Research Centre
  76. Ficus Publishers
  77. Global Advanced Research Journals
  78. Global Journals, Inc. (US)
  79. Global Research Journals
  80. Global Research Online
  81. Global Research Publishing (GRP)
  83. GlobalSkope Publishing Society
  84. Green Global Foundation (GGF)
  85. Greener Journals
  86. Growing Science Publishing Company
  87. Herald International Research Journals
  88. Herbert Open Access Journals
  89. Hikari Ltd.
  90. Human and Sciences Publications (HumanPub)
  91. Human Resource Management Academic Research Society (HRMARS)
  92. IBIMA Publishing
  93. Indian Society for Education and Environment
  94. Indus Foundation for Education, Research & Social Welfare
  95. Innovative Space of Scientific Research (ISSR Journals)
  96. INREWI
  97. Insight Knowledge
  98. Institute of Advanced Scientific Research
  99. Institute of Electronic & Information Technology
  100. Institute of Language and Communication Studies
  101. InTech Open Access Publisher – Mirror site
  102. Integrated Publishing Association
  103. Intellectual Archive
  104. Intercontinental Electronic Journals
  105. International Academic Journals
  106. International Academy of Business & Economics
  107. International Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology (International ASET)
  108. The International Academy, Research and Industry Association (IARIA)
  109. International Association for Engineering & Technology
  110. International Association for Engineering and Management Education (IAEME)
  111. International Association of Journals & Conferences (IAJC)
  112. International Conference on Computer Science and Engineering
  113. International Digital Organization for Scientific Information (IDOSI)
  114. International House for Academic Scientific Research
  115. International Institute for Science, Technology and Education (IISTE)
  116. International Institute of Informatics and Systemics
  117. The International Journal Research Publications
  118. International Journals of Engineering & Sciences
  119. International Journals of Multidisciplinary Research Academy
  120. International Journals of Scientific Research (IJSR)
  121. International Network for Applied Sciences and Technology
  122. International Network for Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
  123. International Research Journal (Rajasthan, India)
  124. International Research Journals (Lagos, Nigeria)
  125. International Research Journals (Accra, Ghana)
  126. International Scholars Journals
  127. International Science Congress Association
  128. International Scientific Engineering and Research Publications
  129. International Scientific Publications
  130. International Society of Universal Research in Sciences(EyeSource)
  131. Internet Medical Publishing
  132. Internet Scientific Publications
  133. Interscience Journals
  134. Interscience Open Access Journals
  135. ISISnet
  136. Ivy Union Publishing
  137. Jyoti Academic Press
  138. KEJA Publications
  139. Knowledgebase Publishers
  140. Knowledgia Scientific (formerly Knowledgia Review)
  141. Lifescience Global
  142. Macrothink Institute
  143. Marsland Press
  144. Maryland Institute of Research
  145. Maxwell Scientific Organization
  146. MASAUM Network
  147. Medical Science Journals [Link dead as of 2012-11-14]
  148. Medwell Journals
  149. Mehta Press
  150. Merit Research Journals
  151. MNK Publication
  152. Modern Scientific Press
  153. Muhammadon Centre for Research and Development (MCRD)
  154. Narain Publishers Pvt. Ltd (NPPL)
  155. National Social Science Association (NSSA)
  156. Net Journals
  157. NobleResearch Publisher
  158. Noto-are
  159. OA Publishing London
  160. OMICS Publishing Group
  161. Online Research Journals
  162. OpenAccessPub
  163. Open Research and Science Library (ORSlib)
  164. Open Research Society
  165. PBS Journals
  166. Pelagia Research Library
  167. Pharmaceutical Research Foundation
  168. Pharmacognosy Network Worldwide
  169. PharmaInfo
  170. PharmaInterScience Publishers
  171. Photon Foundation
  172. Praise Worthy Prize
  173. Prime Journals
  174. Research Publisher
  175. RedFame Publishing
  176. RG Education Society
  177. Ross Science Publishers
  178. Sacha International Academic Journals
  179. SAVAP International
  180. Scholar Journals
  181. Scholar People
  182. Scholar Science Journals
  183. Scholarlink Resource Centre Limited
  184. Scholarly Journals International
  185. Scholars Research Library
  186. Sciedu Press
  187. Science & Knowledge Publishing Corporation Limited
  188. Science Academy Publisher
  189. Science Alert
  190. Science and Education Publishing
  191. Science and Engineering Publishing Company
  192. Science Education Foundation
  193. Science Instinct Publications
  194. Science Journal Publication
  195. Science Park Journals
  196. Science Publications
  197. Science Publishing Group
  198. Science Record Journals
  199. Science Target
  200. ScienceDomain International
  201. ScienceHuβ
  202. Sciencepress Ltd.
  203. Scientific & Academic Publishing
  204. Scientific Journals
  205. Scientific Journals International
  206. Scientific Research Publishing
  207. SciTechnol
  208. ScottishGroup Education and Testing Services
  209. Segment Journals
  210. Signpost e Journals
  211. Silicon Valley Publishers
  212. SJournals
  213. Sky Journals
  214. Society for Science and Nature
  215. Society of Engineering Science and Technology (SEST India)
  216. Sphinx Knowledge House
  217. Southern Cross Publishing Group
  218. Suryansh Publications
  219. Swiss Journals
  220. Technical Journals Online
  221. Technopark Publications
  222. Textroad Journals
  223. Thavan E ACT International Journals
  224. Today Science
  225. Trade Science, Inc
  226. Trans Stellar (Transstellar)
  227. Transnational Research Journals (formerly Universal Research Journals)
  228. Universal Research Publications
  229. Valleys International
  230. VBRI Press
  231. Whites Science Journals
  232. Victorquest Publications
  233. Wilolud Journals
  234. Wireilla Scientific Publications
  235. World Academic Publishing
  236. World Academy of Research and Publication
  237. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology (WASET)
  238. World Scholars
  239. World Science Publisher
  240. World Scientific and Engineering Academy and Society (WSEAS)
  241. Wudpecker Research Journals
  242. Wyno Academic Journals

List 2: Individual Journals:

  1. Academic Exchange Quarterly
  2. American Journal of PharmTech Research (AJPTR)
  3. Archives Des Sciences Journal
  4. Archives of Pharmacy Practice
  5. Asian Journal of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences
  6. Asian Journal of Business and Management Sciences(AJBMS)
  7. Asian Journal of Pharmacy and Life Science
  8. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research and Health Care (AJPRHC)
  9. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences
  10. British Journal of Economics, Finance and Management Sciences
  11. British Journal of Science
  12. Bulletin of Mathematical Sciences & Applications
  13. Bulletin of Society for Mathematical Services and Standards
  14. ChemXpress
  15. Computer Science Chronicle
  16. Computer Science Journal
  17. Current Discovery
  18. Elixir Online  Journal
  19. Frontiers in Aerospace Engineering
  20. Global Journal of Management Science and Technology
  21. Global Journal of Medicine and Public Health
  22. Indian Journal of Research Anvikshiki
  23. Indian Journal of Scientific Research
  24. Indo American Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
  25. Indo-Global Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
  26. Interdisciplinary Journal of Contemporary Research in Business
  27. Interdisciplinary Journal of Research in Business (IDJRB)
  28. An International Journal of Agricultural Technology (IJAT)
  29. International Journal of Applied Linguistics & English Literature
  30. International Journal of Applied Research & Studies (iJARS)
  31. International Journal of Applied Research & Studies (iJARS)
  32. International Journal of Biomedical Science
  33. International Journal of Business and Social Research
  34. International Journal of Computational Engineering Research
  35. International Journal of Computer and Information Technology (IJCIT)
  36. International Journal of Computer Applications
  37. International Journal of Computer Applications in Engineering Sciences (IJCAES)
  38. International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security
  39. International Journal of Computer Science and Network(IJCSN)
  40. International Journal of Computer Science Engineering (IJCSE)
  41. International Journal of Computer Science Issues
  42. International Journal of Current Research
  43. International Journal of Current Research and Review
  44. International Journal of Current Research and Review
  45. International Journal of Development and Sustainability(IJDS)
  46. International Journal of Development Research
  47. International Journal of Drug Development and Research(IJDDR)
  48. International Journal of E-Computer Science Evolution
  49. International Journal of Economics and Research
  50. The International Journal of Educational and Psychological Assessment
  51. International Journal of Emerging Sciences (IJES)
  52. International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering
  53. International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology (IJEAT)
  54. International Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences
  55. International Journal of Engineering and Computer Science (IJECS)
  56. International Journal of Engineering and Innovative Technology (IJEIT)
  57. International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications
  58. International Journal of Engineering Science & Advanced Technology
  59. International Journal of Engineering, Science and Technology
  60. International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology (IJESRT)
  61. International Journal of Fundamental & Applied Sciences
  62. International Journal of Health Research
  63. International Journal of Humanities, Engineering and Pharmaceutical Sciences
  64. International Journal of Information and Communication Technology Research
  65. International Journal of Information Technology & Management
  66. International Journal of Innovative Ideas
  67. International Journal of Innovative Research and Development
  68. International Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering (IJITEE)
  69. International Journal of Life science and Pharma Research
  70. International Journal of Life Sciences Biotechnology and Pharma Research (IJLBPR)
  71. The International Journal of Management
  72. International Journal of Management Research and Business Strategy (IJMRBS)
  73. International Journal of Mathematics and Soft Computing(IJMSC)
  74. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health(IJMSPH)
  75. International Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Research
  76. International Journal of Medicine and Public Health
  77. International Journal of Medicobiologial Research
  78. International Journal of Modern Engineering Research (IJMER)
  79. International Journal of Novel Drug  Delivery Technology
  80. International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences (IJPBS)
  81. International Journal of Pharmaceutical & Research Science (IJPRS Journal)
  82. International Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Research
  83. International Journal of Pharmacy and Technology (IJPT)
  84. International Journal of Plant, Animal and Environmental Sciences
  85. International Journal of Power Electronics Engineering
  86. International Journal of Recent Scientific Research
  87. International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering (IJRTE)
  88. International Journal of Research and Innovation in Computer Engineering (IJRICE)
  89. International Journal of Research in Ayurveda and Pharmacy
  90. International Journal of Research in Computer Science
  91. International Journal of Reviews in Computing
  92. International Journal of Science and Advanced Technology (IJSAT)
  93. International Journal of Science and Technology
  94. International Journal Sciences (IJSciences)
  95. International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research
  96. International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research
  97. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications (IJSRP)
  98. International Journal of Scientific Knowledge (IJSK)
  99. The International Journal of Social Sciences (TIJOSS)
  100. International Journal of Soft Computing and Engineering
  101. International Research Journal of Applied Finance
  102. International Review of Social Sciences and Humanities
  103. Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences (Nairobi, Kenya)
  104. Journal of Applied Pharmacy
  105. Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science
  106. Journal of Basic and Clinical Pharmacy
  107. Journal of Business Management and Applied Economics
  108. Journal of Comprehensive Research
  109. Journal of Contradicting Results in Science
  110. Journal of Emerging Trends in Computing and Information Sciences
  111. Journal of Knowledge Management, Economics and Information Technology
  112. Journal of Medical Research and Practice (JMRP)
  113. Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Sciences (JPBMS)
  114. Journal of Scientific Theory and Methods
  115. Mathematical and Computational Applications (MCA)
  116. People’s Journal of Scientific Research
  117. The Pharma Research (Journal)
  118. Research in Biotechnology
  119. Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences (RJPBCS)
  120. Researchers World – Journal of Arts Science & Commerce
  121. Seventh Sense Research Group Journal
  122. South Asian Journal of Mathematics
  123. Universal Journal of Applied Computer Science and Technology
  124. Universal Journal of Computer Science and Engineering Technology (UniCSE)
  125. World Applied Sciences Journal
  126. World Journal of Science and Technology (WJST)


468 Responses to Beall’s List of Predatory Publishers 2013

  1. Thanks Jeff, I get asked about some of these publishers more than I’d like, but the profs and students they are targeting are grateful to know there are librarians keeping an eye on them, even if the industry can’t seem to police it. Your list is a super resource.

  2. Nils says:

    Thanks indeed. This list is going to be very useful to me as a member of hiring committees, especially since the predators have started to imitate the names of serious journals.

  3. Tevni says:

    What are the criteria to determine what journal is predator? If an academic group of people want to create a Scholar Journal are they free to do it? Do they need to request some authorization from some publisher association? If so, which one?

    • The criteria are linked to here on this post.

      To start a new journal, you do not need to get permission from anyone (at least here in the west). Everyone should be free to start a scholarly journal. We just hope that those who do start jorunals follow the highest possible ethical publication standards.

      • Tevni says:

        How you assess that these journals in your list are not following “acceptable” ethical publications standards?

      • Tevni says:

        Did you alone read and evaluate each one of these 370 journals? Is this an individual stand alone work? How reliable it is? I value such kind of effort, however I have some concerns with one person value judgment in public matters.

      • There are two lists — one of publishers and one of independent journals. Neither numbers 370. But yes, I personally have closely srcutinized and analyzed each and every publisher or independent journal on the list.

        If you “have some concerns with one person value judgement in public matters” then you probably want to close down every newspaper and every magazine in the world. Good luck.

      • Akhtar says:

        Please give your comments about InTech!? Don’t they follow the basic criteria you outlined above? Many thanks for your great work indeed.

      • I find InTech to be a low quality publisher with questionable practices. They publish multi-author monographs with dozens of chapters, and often the chapters are unedited and appear to be quickly written just to fulfill some publishing requirement. I advise researchers to seek out a better outlet than InTech.

    • Feona says:

      Note that many journals and “publishers” who do not charge fees are also predatory. They simply invest little in the pre-publication process (no editing for instance), but sell the intellectual property of others for hefty sums.

  4. […] Beall habla en estos casos de Editores depredadores y ofrece en su blog Scholarly Open Access un listado, realizado de manera colaborativa, de los editores y revistas Open Access ha […]

  5. Faraz Ahmed says:

    I do not believe totally on your list. There are some 370 journal, which you verified and inquired. Strange!!! I checked some of them, they are doing good providing good research without subscription charges and they are open access. Is your post more to stop open access and help publishers who charge hefty amount even to read the research?

    • Perhaps we have different definitions of “good research.”

    • joy macdermid says:

      I cannot speak for all Bentham Open journals but do know quite a bit about one of its journal Open Orthopedics which i know does rigorous peer review, does reject papers for low quality and is listed in PubMed- so “predatory” seems to be an unfair assignment . AS an author of more than 260 peer reviewed papers i believe in open access and our granting agencies encourage us to use it- so i see no reason not to use this very legitimate journal and agreed to be on their editorial board and see the peer review process at work.

  6. Zerdana says:

    Jeff, it would be even more helpful if you can append a link to an article you have written about these publishers/journals next to their names and URLs, so the readers get some more context. Thanks for the great work!

    • BAWH says:

      I second that. This list is my main reference when I look at publishers, but I am always curious just what it was that put some of them on the list, whether the publisher is just inexperienced or full-on scammers.

  7. […] 2013 list of predatory open access publishers and journals has been released. This year’s list includes over 200 predatory open access publishing […]

  8. […] Each year, Jeffrey Beall, an academic librarian at the University of Colorado Denver, publishes a list of allegedly scientific journal publishers who really just want your submission […]

  9. Rory McGreal says:

    The problem is with the “gold” open access model itself. It is an encouragement for them to profit from faculty who are not being careful about where they publish. This is a faulty revenue model in any case. Why would institutions 1. Donate works for free; 2 Then pay for the privilege of so doing. 3. Then 3 Pay again to purchase rights to the database.
    This model is worse than the present donate and buy back model. At least you don’t pay twice.

    • Nils says:

      In addition, a gold OA publisher’s revenue is proportional to the number of papers he accepts. So there is no incentive to maintain a serious peer review process.
      Of course, in the long run this will have a negative effect on the journal’s reputation. But it is so easy to start a whole bunch of new ones…

      • Robin Hood says:

        Every single one of my blog posts has been deleted because I state the truth and because I have a fundamental insight that has not led to a profound improvement of Mr. Beall’s blog. I hope that this one comment will be left in peace. The problem is not with the gold OA model or the whatever colour model. It is with who implements it. And, to think that the publishers are serving the maximum profit in this scheme is extremely naive. Please start to question the main-stream publishers, the ministries of education and who serves on them. Finally, if we look at Italy and Greece, please examine the banking sector and the government positions in the EU, and please start to draw parallels to the corporatism taking place in science and science publishing. The astute will be able to link the dots. Its those who are unable to link the dots that worries me the most… if we have enough people linking the dots, then the solution to OA fraud can be found. One clue to the way forward: No. 148 on Beall’s list 1. Medical Science Journals. We need boycotts followed by total closure. I personally hope to see “Dead link” on at least half the list by next year.

      • Martin says:

        The same is true for many subscription based journals. There are many such low-tier journals that accept almost any paper in order to maintain a sufficient volume of published papers to motivate the high subscription prices that they charge to academic libraries. In fact, they are under much higher pressure to accept whatever is needed to reach the number of journal issues they have promised to the libraries, leading to many low quality papers being published. A non-subscription based OA journal has much more freedom to accept fewer papers if the quality of submissions are not sufficiently high. Of course, while the many reputable OA journals make use of this to maintain high quality; the predatory journals on Mr Baells’ excellent list do not.

  10. […] Beall’s List of Predatory Publishers 2013 « Scholarly Open Access […]

  11. […] hilfreich. Um schwarze Schafe, also die unseriösen Open-Access-Verlage, zu identifizieren, ist Beall’s List of Predatory Publishers 2013 ein geeignetes […]

  12. […] List” hatten wir hier vor einiger Zeit schon einmal. Die Liste wurde nun aktualisiert und vor einigen Tagen wurden auch die Kriterien veröffentlicht, die zu einer Aufnahme […]

  13. […] approach is to consider where you should not publish by consulting Beall’s List of Predatory Publishers for 2013. The number of nefarious publishers has exploded over the past year, rising from 23 in the previous […]

    • Terri Boake says:

      I have this week alone received separate emails for at least 4 of this organization’s journals. When one online journal includes 19 separate topics, it is no wonder that the number has escalated! Most of the journals mentioned below have no issues out and any that have an issue, seem to be very “thin”.


      Dear author,

      I hope this email reaches you fine.

      We are looking forward to your submission. Here is the information of this journal.


      International Journal of Engineering Practical Research (IJEPR)

      About the journal:

      International Journal of Engineering Practical Research (IJEPR) is an internationally refereed journal dedicated to publishing the latest advancements in engineering research. The goal of this journal is to record the latest findings and promote further research in these areas. Scholars from all relevant academic fields are invited to submit high-quality manuscripts that describe the latest, state-of-the-art research results or innovations.




      Science and Engineering Publishing Company, USA




      Your paper will be published with no charge if it is accepted.

      Submission deadline: 2013-01-11

      Submit papers:

      Prepare your paper

      Authors are invited to submit full papers, in English;

      All submissions will be peer-reviewed based on originality, technical quality and presentation. Your submission must not have been and will not be published elsewhere.

      Aims and Scope:

      • Artificial Intelligence
      • Aerospace Engineering
      • Agriculture Engineering
      • Biological Engineering Application
      • Civil Engineering
      • Computer Science Application
      • Chemical Engineering
      • Energy and Power Engineering
      • Electronic and Communication Engineering

      • Engineering Enterprise Education
      • Engineering Technology Education
      • Engineering Training
      • Experimental Teaching Reform
      • Engineering and Technology Science
      • Information Engineering
      • Material Engineering
      • Mechanical Engineering
      • Power and Electrical Engineering

      • Environmental Engineering

  14. Sergio Tomás Saravia says:

    Thank you very much! Excelent!

  15. […] or probable predatory scholarly open-access publishers’. Yang tertarik sila, lirik daftarnya di sini. Daftar ini memuat 244 penerbit ‘predator’ dengan puluhan judul jurnal per penernit dan […]

  16. […] degli editori scientifici che pubblicano qualunque bufala, basta pagare. In un anno sono passati da 23 a 243 per via del boom e della sua […]

  17. Peter Nonacs says:

    I have a specific comment/question about Ashdin Publishing on the predatory list. Recently we published an article in their Journal of Evolutionary Medicine. The editorial board has real people, who are actually well known in the field. Our paper was rigorously reviewed. And the charges were $300 – which is much more reasonable than the supposedly non-predatory PLoS group. In short our experience was in every way comparable or better than many an established journal. Now Ashdin has multiple new journals and I certainly cannot vouch for all. But is it possible that a publisher can put out both predatory and reputable journals at the same time? And if a publisher ever makes your list, what can they do, or what info has to come in to get off of it?

    • Martin says:

      Yes, it is possible. For example, Elsevier publishes both reputable and non-reputable journals. []

  18. Prof.R.Sivakumar says:

    It is a good list but why the journals in USA and developed countries are not analysed and listed, is it because they may sue the author immediately. Also the journal Hindawi was added some time back, suddenly removed, is it because of any personal reason? Why only journals from developing countries are being targeted and also only open access journals? Is it because the author is lobbying for the non open access journals ? How far this list is reliable is seriously questionable. I appreciate its a good work which is needed but the list is completely biased which is proved beyond doubt

    • Martin says:

      Mr Baell’s list is a wonderful resource and an important service to both scientists, to the reputable open access publishers and to science in general. It would be great to have a similar list for subscription based journals, but one cannot expect one person to do everything, even though we always want people that do good work to clone themselves and do even more good work.

    • Erik says:

      I was wondering this too. Turns out Mr. Beall was interviewed over at Nature and said he reviewed Hindawi and decided to remove it from the list:

    • joy macdermid says:

      I think the list does not distinquish between low quality/ low impact which also occurs in traditional journals, and predatory.

      Authors should be aware of journals that are unethical but when judging also need to be careful not to slam the work of legitimate editorial boards who may be doing excellent peer review just because the publisher has poor marketing or has over expanded and some poor quality journals

      • Okay, can you give five examples of this? Can you please provide five examples of publishers on my list that are not predatory but have “legitimate editorial boards who may be doing excellent peer review”? I am open to removing them, but you have to specifically name them.

      • Peter Nonacs says:

        Example of predatory (?), but with a journal that has an active Editorial Board, with real peer review. Ashdin’s Journal of Evolutionary Medicine. I cannot vouch for all the journals this publisher puts out, but this one was completely legit in my experience. Are some publishers “semi-predatory”? Putting out both good and bogus journals? (Keep up the good work, Jeff!)

      • Peter, I recommend reading Richard Poynder’s interview with Ashry Aly, the owner of Ashdin. It’s available here: You’ll see how he used a fake name to increase MSS submissions, and much more. After the interview was done, he also created and published fake quotes and attributed them to OA leaders, quotes that trashed my work. If you are looking for a publisher run by an honest and ethical team, Ashdin is not the one.

      • joy macdermid says:

        I am a writer and editor not a critic … i merely shared my experience from publishing in many different journals; i am on the editorial board of open orthopedics (indexed in pubmed who I assume checked it out with their usual process). I guest edited an issue and was required to recruit 2 internationally known reviewers for each paper and submit all reviews, i have had papers rejected by them and rejected papers (which were not printed). I think there website is poor but that is true of some other journals. I have a high impact factor in my field and have never been contacted to ask if i agreed to be on the editorial board ( i did) and yet I see suggestions that is why some editorial boards have high profile people- just wondering how much fact checking is going on… especially when you lump all journals from a publisher together-since they may operate independently- maybe you need a note that your have not investigated the journals when you question a publisher…..

        I find that lower impact journals get fewer submissions and have higher acceptance rates but as they improve acceptance rates go down…

        I agree the idea of outing fraud but there is a need to be responsible and accept that there is a range and evolution in acceptable scientific communication

      • Thanks, my assumption was correct. You could do the easy part (criticize) but not the hard part (analyze).

      • joy macdermid says:

        Actually i have been trained in bibliometrics and have published on journal metrics, so am able to analyze. I had assumed this you would be interested in experience of productive authors and editors and ways that you might consider alternate views on merits of different journals. My mistake.

      • Cool, then share your expertise and tell me which journals on my list shouldn’t be there.

  19. Leanne says:

    Completely agree with “Scientific and American Publishing” (one of their journals was “American Journal of Tourism Management” ) I found a completely plagarized study with fabricated data in it during my own dissertation research. I emailed “SAP” about their included a false study (and sent them the original article). No reply, surprise!

    • Robin Hood says:

      Leanne, some friendly advice. Publish your story so that it serves as a historical document for posterity and also to warn others to take care. The only way to advance our cause against fraud is through publishing. So, make your case, present all the evidence, and publish it. Once published, it will be a historical document forever that no-one can ever deny. This is my new approach in 2013 since who of us has money and resources to take these crooks to court? Moreover, how do we take a fraud to court that sits 10,000 km away? The only way is by publically and formally exposing their fraud through a more formal medium than a blog, for posterity. Hope to see your story in OA soon.

      • pravate tuitemwong says:

        I agree with this comment! I myself tried to take action on “Archive des Science Journal” that appears to be a fraud. It claims the Impact Factor of 0.3 or so on the webpage. I even wrote to Thompson Reuter where they claim they got the IF from but I got no answer.

  20. […] of Colorado librarian Jeffrey Beall — who produces a frequently updated list of predatory publishers — first wrote about the case on his blog last week. Beall alerted a journal about a […]

  21. […] tricks are a recent phenomena in the world of publishing. This website lists  hundreds of them What is this all about? Looks like everyone wants to publish some crap somehow. Now, there must be […]

  22. […] Thanks to Retraction Watch for alerting us to the existence of CONFAB, the journal’s publisher, and for the further knowledge that CONFAB is included in Beall’s List of Predatory Publishers 2013. […]

  23. […] called Jeffrey Beale (click here), has been keeping tabs on these Predatory Publishers (click here).  He’s found 243, many with a hundred or more titles on their lists, as well as another 126 […]

  24. mbmahiques says:

    I´m not sure if you´ve missed this one
    ¨IJMSEA is a referred journal: reviewed, indexed and cited by : “Zentralblatt Für Mathematik” (Germany), “Mathematical Reviews” (USA), Maths Sci. net, Google and Google Scholar, EBSECO Publishing, USA, & Open Directory J., Russia, Open J-Gate (Ele. Jou.), ULRICH’s Periodically Directory, Universe Digital Library etc.

    The consolidated impact factor registered by International Journal of Mathematical Sciences & Engineering Applications (IJMSEA) for 2011 is 0.1752.¨

    Thank you for a great post, and be aware!

    • That journal appears to belong to the publisher Ascent International Journals. This publisher’s journals are toll-access. I only include OA journals on my lists. Still, I recommend that authors avoid all the journals published by Ascent. They create and boast fake impact factors for their journals.

      • Dr. P. Majumdar says:

        In another journal IJTAP published by Ascent they have computed the impact index for 2012 as no. of citations in 2012 (5)/ total no. of publications in 2012 (36) X 100 = 0.1388. Is it the correct method to compute the impact index ?

      • Dr. P. Majumdar says:

        What about the journals published by International Centre of Culture Inventory (ICOCI) Singapore. Is it a scam ? It is not included in your list though. But it is not indexed anywhere. Also does not have impact index either.

      • I will get to this as soon as I can — I am backed up at this time. Thanks.

      • I have added this publisher to my list, thank you.

      • Dr. A. Silva says:

        What about the “Journal of International Business Studies”, (

        It is not included in your list…

      • This is a completely predatory journal published by the completely fake “Center for Promoting Ideas.” Avoid it like the plague.

      • Dr. A. Silva says:

        Thank you! Its a very important contribution….

  25. rleonhard says:

    I searched for some of these journals on Google Scholar and found them. Assuming that all of these journals come up in Google Scholar searches, how do you address this issue with students (and other teachers/professors) intent on using Google Scholar to do research? I typically tell them to stay away and/or be wary along with other approaches, but I know they still use it anyway. I’m interested in hearing how others deal with this issue. Thank you for your input.

    • Robin Hood says:

      Leonard, I have an idea. Why don’t YOU take care of being responsible for contacting Google and aksing them about their responsibilities towards academic quality. That would serve the community of academics and scientists best. Then, when you have something productive to say, please come back to the blog and share your moral victories with us. If each of us plays our part and each of us tackles the fraudsters and those who support the fraudsters, then maybe something effective can be achieved. If you assume that Jeff, who I assume does not wear a large red, blue and yellow “S” on his shirt, is responsible for taking care of all of these things, I am afraid he might go bald quickly.I am not suggesting that Google is supporting fraud, but if they are allowing plagiarised texts, and fraudulently produced pseudo-academic papers to be published, then surely we should hold Google accountable for supporting fraud (to a limited degree). The same principle would apply to editors-in-chief, editors and authors who support or publish or pay such predatory publishers. The bottom line: we should all play our part in fighting the crime, using Jeff’s blog as the launch pad. Wouldn’t you say that this ia a fair and logical way of trying to deal with the problem, especially accross transnational borders?

      • rleonhard says:

        Robin Hood, you’ve completely misunderstood my comment and question. I was asking the author Beall (and anyone else who cared to respond politely) how he dealt with this issue as a librarian with students doing research using Google Scholar. Are librarians comfortable with students using Google Scholar knowing that these publications are frequent results in searches? Do they inform their students about the possible fraudulent articles and journals and the risks of using Google Scholar? And what are their tactics in addressing this specific topic with students? I was not asking anyone to do work for me or to take on Google. In my experience as a librarian, these issues and topics are frequently discussed and shared among colleagues.

  26. Ymir says:

    This is a helpful list, thanks for putting it together. Consider changing the links to use “no follow” (see so that you’re not promoting the PageRank of these journals as more people begin linking to your blog.

  27. […] last year Jeffrey Beal published an update to his list of Predatory Open Access Publishers. The list grew from 23 questionable publishers in 2011 to 225 in 2012.  With his list Beal reminds […]

  28. George says:

    I’m really concerned to see that Hindawi is not included this year after being under investigation this year. In Hindawi is clear that you pay to get something published. There are no anonymous reviewers. What else is needed to define them a predatory publisher?

    • Peter Nonacs says:

      I did publish this year in a Hindawi journal. It was anonymously reviewed and and our experience was professional. The journal is Psyche, which has had a long history of being published by the Cambridge Entomological Society. Apparently the rights to this journal were bought/transferred to Hindawi. Again, this raises the problem of apparently legitimate journals having a publisher that may or may not be partially predatory.

  29. Hilary Carey says:

    What about this kind of approach? I do not need to pay publishers to accept my work and I wonder why I am being pressured (I was approached multiple times with the same request) to publish in this journal which does not appear in Australia’s list of approved journals. It does not sound like a scam – just an imposition. And they ask for money.

    Hilary Carey

    [Dear X]

    We contacted you on 22 November 2012, regarding a Special Issue on
    “Expanding the Study of Religion and Missions”to be published in
    Religions (ISSN 2077-1444,

    On behalf of the Guest Editor, Dr. Jennifer Graber, we would
    like to renew our invitation for you to contribute a full research
    paper or an outstanding long review for peer-review and
    possible publication in the following Special Issue:

    Special Issue: Expanding the Study of Religion and Missions
    Guest Editor: Dr. Jennifer Graber
    Deadline for manuscript submissions: 15 May 2013

    If you decide to contribute, please let us know, and send us your
    manuscript now or up until the deadline. Submitted papers should
    not have been published previously, nor be under consideration
    for publication elsewhere. We also encourage authors to send us
    their tentative title and short abstract by e-mail for approval to the
    Editorial Office at:
    In case you cannot meet the deadline, please feel free to contact us.

    This Special Issue will be fully open access. Open access (unlimited
    and free access by readers) increases publicity and promotes more
    frequent citations as indicated by several studies. Open access is
    supported by the authors and their institutes.
    More information is available at

    The Article Processing Charges (APC) are 300 CHF for well
    prepared manuscripts. In addition, a fee of 250 CHF may apply
    if English editing or extensive revisions must be undertaken by the
    Editorial Office.
    More information can be found at

    Please visit the website of Instructions for Authors before submitting
    a paper at
    Manuscripts should be submitted through the online manuscript submission
    and editorial system at

    Religions (ISSN 2077-1444) is an international, open access
    scholarly journal publishing peer-reviewed studies of religious
    thought and practice. It is available online to promote critical,
    hermeneutical, historical, and constructive conversations. It aims
    to serve the interests of a wide range of thoughtful readers and
    academic scholars of religion, as well as theologians, philosophers,
    social scientists, anthropologists, psychologists, neuroscientists
    and others interested in the multidisciplinary study of religions.

    MDPI publishes several peer-reviewed, open access journals listed at The Editorial Board members, including several
    Nobel Laureates (, are all leading
    active scholars. All MDPI journals maintain rapid, yet rigorous, peer-
    review, manuscript handling and editorial processes. MDPI journals have
    increased their impact factors, see “2011 Newly Released Impact

    In case of questions, please contact the Editorial Office at:

    We are looking forward to hearing from you.

    Kind regards,
    Wanda Gruetter

    On behalf of the Guest Editor

    Dr. Jennifer Graber
    The University of Texas at Austin
    Department of Religious Studies
    Burdine 406 – Mail Code A3700
    Texas 78712

    Wanda Gruetter
    Kandererstrasse 25
    CH-4057 Basel, Switzerland
    Tel. +41 61 683 77 34
    Fax: +41 61 302 89 18

    • J Bottle says:

      OA publishers ask for money, but the redatory publishers work for money. A real publisher has their standard of publication, and money is not the reason to accept a paper.

      • Kazuhiko Shimizu says:

        Yes. Indirectly, the real publisher is also working for money. They are very keen in maintaining (pretend to maintaining) their standard to (i) increase the subscription rates for libraries and research institutions and (ii) increase purchase value per article for individual scholars and readers.

    • Taylor says:

      Is ‘Religions’ considered a legitimate journal in Religious Studies? Would publication in this journal count towards tenure review?

  30. Dan Ellender says:

    Jeff, it sounds like your list opens up an area that needs much more investigation. Obviously the world of scientific publishing is opening up. It seems as if Open Access is in need of some sort of ‘seal of approval’ for organizations, especially if Nobel Laureates are being pulled into the system.

    Open Access is a Pandora’s Box that isn’t going away. How academics respond to it and change it is critical.

  31. […] outfits that by now easily outnumber the decent OA publishers, and there is no end in sight.  Beall’s List of Predatory Publishers flags the magnitude of the problem at hand. Budding academics and those not quite competitive […]

  32. […] We would like to point out that PAGEPress was listed in the “watch list” (meaning not listed as a sure Predatory publisher as Bell says “we do not consider the following publishers to be predatory, open-access publishers, but they may show some characteristics of them, and we are closely monitoring them”) in 2012. Currently (2013), we are not present in that list any longer. Please see at: […]

  33. […] have not replied to Ms Russell, yet. I have forwarded this little research to Beall’s predatory journal database for his interest and amusement. I’ll wait until he documents this particular case of […]

  34. […] critic of poor-quality and unreasonably expensive open access journals, under the category, “Predatory Publishers.” Rather than appearing in an “internationally renowned journal,” this case report was […]

  35. […] theme in discussions about open access is the problem of predatory publishers, illustrated by Beall’s list. Now I agree that it is unnice that these exist (although the threshold for inclusion in the list […]

  36. […] a Direct Link to the December 12, 2012 Blog Post That the Publisher Doesn’t Like: “Beall’s List of Predatory Publishers 2013″ If needed, the post is also available via Google cache and Yandex […]

  37. The flipside of this is that there are some quite respectable journals published with predatory charges for access that put them out of reach of the less well funded researcher or library. Publishing in that kind of journal limits your ability to be seen, read and cited.

    In my view all research should be free to read. If a journal needs to charge authors to cover costs, that is acceptable as long as there is an option for authors without funding to cover publication charges not to pay, and the decision to accept a paper is independent of ability to pay.

    In some cases, the dividing line between scam and acceptable is not so clear. I’ve seen giant multi-conferences that look like scams including the sort of conference that would accept any random (literally) paper, but if you check all the individual conferences, you may find others are respectable, with real academics doing the review and programme chair. I haven’t yet seen this with one of these dubious journal publishers but it is plausible that they could have made the con real by picking up a decent editorial board in an obscure area that is short of journals. Not so likely in an area already well covered.

    In either case the key thing before participating in any way is do your due diligence on credibility (editors, previous issues, citations).

  38. […] refers to: Beall’s List of Predatory Publishers 2013 by Jeffrey Beall. Scholarly Open Access blog entry released December 4, […]

  39. Tom says:

    Jeff, thanks. I browsed through OMICS cardiology journal and found an astonishing number of well-respected people on the ed board, as well as a few articles by established groups. My take is they were either naive or that is where they started sending some of their crap data, while the youngsters can enjoy the “glamour” of being on a board which they would not have done in serious journals.
    My question is, have you been able to scrutinize the peer-review process in depth, i.e. hard facts and figures relating to acceptance rates, processing times etc. This would underbuild your and my assumption of negligible peer-review. Thanks.

    • It’s difficult to fully observe their peer-review process because they are not transparent or they do not honestly describe it. I do know that they send out personalized spam emails to researchers, praising an earlier paper and inviting them to submit another. They do not mention the article processing fee. Then the accept and publish the paper and send the author an invoice.

      • Tom says:

        Thanks Jeff. I am aware of that and daily receive many spam invitations to submit or attend meetings. One way of evaluation could be to go after the authors, directly asking for info on processing times, how they would grade the review process, have them evaluate it in a simplified way, and ask around the fees (if they expected fees and when these occured). also, how many times (if any) their study had been rejected elsewhere before (in non-OA or OA journals) and if authors would send their best work to the same journal. you could make this into a one page standard form. you would need to find a way not to scare off authors in order to get a decent response rate. you can even turn this into a proper study, ie randomized selection of OA J, articles etc. then revisit the field in NATURE comments…

      • Martin says:

        Spam from publishers is annoying. For a long time I got spam from Elsevier asking me to submit paper to their journals, etc. It has now stopped, after I sent an email to 40 different Elsevier email addresses that I found on the web, threatening never to publish or review for them again unless they took me off their mailing list.

    • brebisfatale says:

      I have just received an invitation to review an article submitted to ‘Global Journal of Political Science and Int. Relation’ from the publisher ‘Global Research Journals’. As this field is nowhere near my own research experience (mainly ecology) I believe that my email address had been collected via spambot. I don’t believe the authors of the paper will be happy to know that their article is being sent to random strangers with a less-than-vague idea of Political Science.

  40. Felipe G. Nievinski says:

    Great, much needed work — kudos to Jeffrey Beall! I’d be interested in hearing your opinion about MOAMJ — multidisciplinary open access mega journals. Although often published by well-established organizations, it does seem predatory IMHO. The very broad coverage implies it works like a vanity press, as you’ve pointed out in the past. And at $1000+ author fees per article, it’s a money cow!!!

  41. […] worthwhile picking a publisher very carefully! Take a look at Beall’s List of Predatory Publishers 2013 (December 4, […]

  42. […] worthwhile picking a publisher very carefully! Take a look at Beall’s List of Predatory Publishers 2013 (December 4, […]

  43. […] have seen other online journals come and go, and we have also seen an increase in so-called ‘predatory journals’ that are not created and developed by academics for academics, but by questionable private […]

  44. […] di nomor kesekian ratus yang di blacklist “meragukan” (full list klik ini, list update tahun 2013 di sini). Ya sudah, langsung saya delete file tersebut dari komputer […]

  45. Musa says:

    How about European-American Journals. It is not on Beall list but I have my doubts regarding its integrity.

  46. Jeff,
    thanks for your important public service. Profit driven business has the power to corrupt, and scientific publishing is no exception. Your list should be a wake up call to bring order and establish academic/scientific standards of acceptance into this “free for all” market frenzie.

  47. I found “Frontiers in Aerospace Engineering” in the Jeff’s journal list.
    Not long ago I was contacted by another “Frontiers” publication
    Do they all belong to the predatory list ?

    • No. The one you saw, Frontiers in Aerospace Engineering, is published by Science and Engineering Publishing Company, not by the publisher called Frontiers. All of Science and Engineering Publishing Company’s journals are on my list, however. Their use of the term “Frontiers” may be an attempt to borrow from the prestige of the legitimate publisher.

  48. […] e folta compagnia bella uscito nientepopodimeno che sul `Chemistry and Materials Research´ dell’`International Institute for Science, Technology & Education´ (editore predone n. 116, […]

  49. […] Conferences organizzate dalle istituzioni firmatarie, le quali si impegnano, non a finanziare predatory publishers, bensì […]

  50. […] Kresenn dott. Celani et al. tra cui il dott. Ovidi – spiegò il pagamento dell’articolo a un corruttore dell’open access con l’adesione degli autori a quanto raccomandato dall’Unesco onde […]

  51. DotBlot says:

    Can anyone comment on this:

    “ScopeMed is an Online Journal/Article Management system that can enable all of the operations of the editorial functions of a journal.”

    Add your journal:

  52. […] seriamente cuestionadas. La revista pertenece al grupo Scientific Research Publishing (SCIRP), acusado de unas prácticas que se han venido a conocer como editores […]

  53. Nora says:

    What about journals that invited you as a guest editor and you have to do everything? just for the honor…

  54. Field Notes says:

    […] Sure enough: the publisher, Scientific Research Publishing, is on Beall’s List of Predatory Publishers 2013. […]

  55. David says:

    InTech publishers too. They seemed to be doing good in Europe. What’s wrong with them?

    • Ana says:

      Yes, they should not be on this list. They have DOI, ISSN , respectable editors for different areas and nice books and papers published there. Sure there are garbage too, but that happens even in mainstream journals.

  56. SCOTT says:

    What do you have to say about JOURNALS BANK?

  57. Masood Raja says:

    I am so gratified to see Academic Exchange Quarterly on this list. A few years ago, I had the misfortune of dealing with them and their tactics to charge money for simple and undesired changes to my paper were sad. When I pointed it out on my blog, they tried to pressure me into retracting my opinion. Never heard back from them after I suggested that I could make the entire record of our correspondence public.
    Thank you so much for your great service to academic community. The link to this is no longer on my own blog, but can be found on one of my former co-editor’s blog:

  58. SCOTT says:

    Could you please create a list of reputable, ‘non -predatory’ journals? it appears a large percentage of OA journals are on your list.

  59. […] or Jeffry Beale’s list of questionable publishers and organizations so that you could consider whether you want to attend events sponsored by these organizations.) All […]

  60. […] publisher named on “Beall’s List of Predatory Publishers 2013″ is OMICS Publishing Group, which told him this week that it “intends to sue Mr. Beall, and […]

  61. benabrahamse says:

    As an ARL librarian I have forwarded this to our office of scholarly communications to make sure they get the word out. You are doing a great service.

  62. Peter says:

    The answer of whether predatory or not is out there. We have not heard from the publishers enlisted by Jeff. My university assumed they are all false journals and did not give any credit to papers published on thse journal. On the dark side, those manuscripts could not be resended to other publishing journals because of repetition. Any ideas of should we re submit our work to the others for publication? because we are chetaed.

  63. moom says:

    This looks like another one just started:

    No articles yet and no editorial board etc. But they sent me an article to review. Actually, it was related to my research which was surprising for this kind of journal.

  64. moom says:

    I turned them down and they immediately sent me an e-mail inviting me to be an editor or editorial board member….

  65. […] other member of our panel was Jeffrey Beall, best known for Beall’s List of Predatory Open Access Publishers. Jeffrey talked about his list, including how and why it got started. That story is pretty simple: […]

  66. olu says:

    Thanks for this good work. I especially appreciate identifying Medwell as predatory, for many of my colleagues seem to have publications there and I was hoping I can submit paper there too. Please, are all science alerts journals predatory? especially since some of their journals have impact factors?

  67. Joseph Polimeni says:

    If we use a disparaging term for what is arguably a variant of self- publishing, perhaps we should call traditional publishing “Old Boys Club” publishing. I am not aware of any democratically or grassroots elected journal boards. The entire academic publishing/ university complex lacks transparency. It seems designed for established members, who think alike, to retain their financial and status power within the institutions. Both types of publishing have their drawbacks and advantages. Yes, I do acknowledge that there is a correlation between productive university profs and their status in academia, but that correlation seems weak (and the presence of, at least, a weak correlation probably limits an outright revolt of a bad system). Furthermore, the whole peer review system has its problems. Open peer review has the potential to have a democratizing influence but I doubt it will ever be embraced by the richest journals.

  68. Edy says:

    Do you have any info about the following Journals published by IGI-Global?

    • IGI-Global is not an open-access publisher, so I haven’t deeply analyzed their journals. They publish a lot of journals in my field, but I don’t think any of them are top-tier.

  69. Kazuhiko Shimizu says:

    Jeffrey Beall,

    What’s wrong with ‘Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Sciences’ for its inclusion in your list. To my knowledge, it has got very decent editorial board, promising peer-review process and producing quality articles. It is one among the developing journal from INDIA. Also, the processing and publication fees are quite economic than other open access publishers (Biomed Central, Springer Open, PLOS ONE, Elsevier Open) for most of the authors.
    Please explain.

    • Tevni Grajales says:

      I am very interested to know what are the answer to this request. What is wrong with JPBS?

    • Here are the reasons this journal is on the list:

      1. The journal includes papers that cover ayurvedic medicine, a pseudo-science.
      2. Poor editing of language used on website:

      “Call for the manuscript – Journals heartily invites original articles, review ,case reports ,short communications and letter to the editor for the May- June Issues of Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Sciences.
      Submission opens through out the month of May & June -2013.
      Looking forward to you.
      Team JPBMS” (It appears that much of the site has been translated to English using Google Translate)

      3. The publisher requires that authors sign over copyright (non-standard for OA journals).

      4. None of the social media links at the bottom of the pages work; they are just for show, apparently.

      5. The double scope of the journal is intentionally broad in order to attract many article/APCs

      6. When I click on a link called “abstract and thesis,” I get a page that says “not authorized” and this is not explained

      7. Data on the “references” page is copied from external sources without attribution.

      8. When I copy text from a PDF version of an article to check it for plagiarism, I get mojibake. This is done to make it harder to detect plagiarism.

      9. The journal articles have a strange two-column format, with the left column twice the size of the right column.

      10. There is plagiarism among the articles: For example, see the abstract of this article: “Probiotics and Periodontal health: A review of literature” See this sentence: “As a result, the market for functional foods, or foods that promote health beyond providing basic nutrition, is flourishing. Within the functional foods movement is the small but rapidly expanding arena of probiotics–live microbial food supplements that beneficially affect an individual by improving intestinal microbial balance” Copied from this 2007 article:

      • Tariq Hussein says:

        Dear Dr Beall,
        For your information Ayurvedic medicines are not from pseudo science. I feel you must take your words of pseudo science.Its more ancient science. You may criticize journals but now Asian feelings.

  70. Martin says:

    Some of the above reasons are based on very weak rationale:
    1. NIH funds research on Ayurvedic Medicine and it is important to publish such research []
    2. Bad language is bad, but not proof of predatory practice.
    3. All toll-access journal require the transfer of copyright, and OA journals should not be held to a different standard.
    4,6,7. The journal web page is not that bad, and while dysfunctional links are annoying, they exist on lots of web pages is is not proof of a predatory journal. Small publishers do not always have the same resources as large commercial publishers.
    5. Nature and Science has a much broader scope, but they are not predatory. Almost every country has at least one broad medicine journal, and while they are not as prestigious as JAMA or BMJ, it does not mean that they are predatory.
    9. The two column format is very strange indeed, but different countries have different traditions when it comes to publishing layout, and while layout can be of higher or lower quality, it should not be used to give a journal predatory status,
    8,10. This is serious and worrying. The first three sentences of the abstract are copied verbatum, and maybe there is more plagiarism later on in the paper. Has the journal been notified so they can add an erratum? When this type of plagiarism happened to me with the toll-access journal Epidemiology, the editor acknowledged the plagiarism but refused to publish an erratum citing our plagiarized paper.

  71. Andre Nel says:

    Do you have any information on “The Science and Information Organization” as a possible predatory publisher? They seem to be emailing people at random for possible paper?

  72. Neda Rad says:

    Thanks. I have submitted my manuscript to IJHSS and they accetpted it. It is not included in Beall’s black list, but its publisher is CPI. What should I do? Please justify me.

  73. Jim Froula says:

    “Dear Researcher. I am the honorable reviewer at the Journal of Science and Engineering (indexed by DOAJ). I invite you to submit your paper at that journal ( ) Best regards.,

    Please, submit your paper at the Journal of Science and Engineering (”

    I was sent the above message from a departmental engineering organization discussion. This publisher ORIC looks questionable. Your thoughts?

    • Thanks for letting me know about this new publisher. I haven’t seen it before. I need to spend some time looking at it. Thanks again.

    • Thanks very much for letting me know about this new publisher. I have analyzed it and added it to my list. Among others, one problem I saw is that they have accepted and published papers in one of their journals (at least) without any editorial board.

  74. Gemma says:

    I have been getting e-mails from the following publisher, who I do not see on your list, but who I am worried is another predatory publisher: Horizon Research Publishing, USA (HRPUB). They charge for publication.

    • Actually, that one is on my list. Please look here:

      • nader says:

        Hello, I have submitted a paper to this journal and apparently it was accepted in a short time period so i had doubts about the journal. I was wondering if one can submit his paper to other journals after it has been accepted by a predatory journal?? thanks.

      • This is always a tricky question. If you paper has been accepted but not published, you can tell the first journal that you want to withdraw it, and then you can submit it elsewhere. Be careful, because sometimes questionable journals will publish all submissions and then start demanding payments from the submitting authors. Be transparent with the second journal you submit the paper to, not hiding any important information about the history of the paper’s submission.

  75. […] Beall’s List of Predatory Publishers 2013 […]

  76. Barry Lee Reynolds says:

    I suggest you to add the individual journal “Sino-US English Teaching 1539-8072 David Publishing Company.” I noticed you added David Publishing Company but not the individual journal. I had a colleague submit a paper to this journal but then later it was published without his permission to another David Publishing Company journal US-China Education Review ISSN:2161-623X; 2161-6248. They did not tell him there was a fee to publish until after the review process. Then after the review he was told he needed to pay by page number. They did offer him a PhD student discount.

  77. […] the quality of the journal and the editors’ work can be questioned. Just look at the list of predatory journals created by Beall or a case where an OA journal was willing to charge a fee for a false article, one that the […]

  78. Thanks for the list……. i hope this list is made available to all selction/promotion committes who judge scholar contribution by numbers rather than quality !!!

  79. Ramesh says:

    Some journals/publishers you’ve listed such as the American Journal of Applied Sciences published by Science Publications appears as a SCOPUS Indexed journal. Aren’t SCOPUS indexed journals supposed to be reputable publications?

  80. Imran Ali Chaudhry says:

    What about a journal that is published by a predatory publisher but is on 2013 JCR by Thomson Reuters and has an impact factor.

    I am specifically talking about Life Science Journal ISSN 1097-8135 with IF=0.165 and published by Marsland Press. It charges $640 as publication fee.

    Is it advisable not to publish in such a journal even if it in JCR and has an impact factor.

  81. Lakshmi says:

    Dear Jeffrey,

    Do you have any information on “Annex Publishers” as a possible predatory publisher? They launched 5 open access journals and expecting a dozen of new journals in future.

  82. Neha says:

    What’s wrong with ‘Indian Society for Education and Environment’ publisher and Indian Journal of Science and Technology Journal
    for its inclusion in your list. To my knowledge, it has got very decent editorial board, promising peer-review process and producing quality articles. It is one among the developing journal from INDIA. Also, the processing and publication fees are quite economic than other open access publishers (Biomed Central, Springer Open, PLOS ONE, Elsevier Open) for most of the authors.
    Please explain.

  83. Williams says:

    International Institute for Science Technology and Education (IISTE) Journal Publication clains to have well rated impact factors in its several journals. Alexander Decker is the EiC, Yet, it’s in your list. What do you think about this?

    • I’d like to see a copy of Alexander Decker’s CV. If you think that IISTE is a quality publisher, then you can submit your work to them. I am sure it will be accepted.

      • leo says:

        Dr Beall:

        Do you have information abou this review?:

        Modern Economy:

        > Tel: 001(209)730-6998
        > Skype: scirp_service
        > E-mail:

        Guest Editor:
        Prof. Hesuan Hu, New Jersey Institute of Technology, USA
        ME Editorial Office.

        I have received a convocatory for publishing from this source.

        I’m not interested for publishing there. However, it is interesting to be informed about such enterprises.

        It is important to remark the important work you do for us, researchers from many countries

      • “SCIRP” means Scientific Research Publishing. I recommend against submitting manuscripts to any of their journals.

  84. Neha says:

    I am saying about

    Indian Journal of Science & Technology(INDJST)
    Editor : Prof. Natarajan Gajendran Ph.D
    Print ISSN : 0974-6846
    Online ISSN : 0974-5645
    Frequency : Monthly
    IC Value : 5.02

    and its inclusion in your list.
    As per the indexing it is indexed in ISI and scopus.

    To my knowledge, it has got very decent editorial board, promising peer-review process and producing quality articles. It is one among the developing journal from INDIA. Also, the processing and publication fees are quite economic than other open access publishers (Biomed Central, Springer Open, PLOS ONE, Elsevier Open) for most of the authors.
    Kindly explain in detail.

    • In researching the answer to your question, I discovered that this journal is indeed on my standalone journal list, but it is one in a fleet of journals published by the Indian Society for Education and Environment, which is on my list of questionable publishers. The standalone journal list should not duplicate journals under the publishers on my publishers list, so I have removed the journal from the standalone list.

      You indicated that the journal is “indexed in ISI” but I do not see it listed in the Thomson Reuters master index here:

      I am concerned that the “Indian Society for Education and Environment” is not really a society in any normal sense of the word. It appears to be an open-access publisher that presents itself as a society in order to appear more legitimate. It publishes over a dozen journals, all with very broad coverage, done in order to be able to accept more papers and therefore earn more article processing charges.

      I don’t understand why the society sells subscriptions to its journals (at $400 / year) when the content is open access. This is not illegal or even close, but it seems unusual to me.

    • logic says:

      Indeed INDJST is a fake journal. Please don’t include the name of our beloved nation INDIA with fake journals. We have world class institutes like IITs , IIMs ,ISI, NITs , TIFR , IIITs etc. We should not allow fake journals in India.
      Nice work Dr. Beall. You helped many young researchers including myself to save their money :)

  85. […] is no longer an absolute guarantee of quality, accuracy, honesty, et cetera. There are pay-to-publish “academic” journals. Sometimes bad stuff just slips through the peer-review process. A few supposed scholars are simply […]

  86. […] way, but it also calls open-access publishing into disrepute. Maybe it’s time for not only a list of predatory publishers, but a list of nonpredatory ones that freely admit […]

  87. Terri Boake says:

    Looking for information on Scholar’s Press. They are approaching our recently graduated Architecture Masters students to publish their theses. It seems legitimate.

    • Terri,

      This publisher does not publish academic journals, so it can’t be on my list. It’s a publisher that wants you to sign over the copyright of your thesis or dissertation so they can sell copies of it, giving you a small royalty (if any actually sell). There’s nothing illegal here, but I don’t think it’s a good idea to give away your copyright like this for such a work.


  88. Ping Mendiola says:

    Thank you for sharing this updated list. I just wanted to ask about ESci Journals Publishing, I’m not seeing this in the list anymore. Was it considered legitimate already?

    • This publisher was previously on my list. They appealed, and the review board recommended that I remove them, so I did. Thank you.

      • Ping Mendiola says:

        Thank you Jeffrey for this confirmation and for keeping up and updated list. Appreciate it.

      • Chemeltorit says:

        Dear Beall,
        Why is ESci Journals Publishing in your current list if it had been cleared before? Thank you.

      • It meets the criteria. As you indicate, I did remove it from my list for a time. Upon removal, they immediately started a massive spam campaign, sending hundreds of thousands of emails to researchers. For you personally, I would recommend that you find a better publisher to publish your work. This is not a high quality publisher.

  89. […] Originally Posted by Ginette Yes I know much of what he writes doesn't pass through review Hamiltonian; he is obviously very mad, and seems to think it's trickery on purpose; yet this one I linked to, did get published in the Indian Journal of Science. You've got to be careful how you interpret "published" these days. The Indian Journal of Science and Technology (in which Khan had his article published) is an open-access journal published by the Indian Society for Education and Environment. Open Access is in principle a good thing (it stops important research being hidden behind a paywall), but it has also created a market for so-called "predatory publishers". What these publishers do is "peer review" submissions using a small editorial board, and then request a publication fee. Pay the fee, get your article published. The ISEE (Khan's publisher) is considered to be a predatory publisher of this kind Beall?s List of Predatory Publishers 2013 | Scholarly Open Access […]

  90. […] Research Publishing” which itself appears on Jeffrey Bealls’ important Predatory Publishers list. SRP certainly looks problematic to me. They claim to be indexed in several […]

  91. […] 1)    Am I familiar with the journal? Do I know/recognize members of the editorial board? 2)    Are my colleagues or my Liaison Librarian familiar with the journal, or know/recognize members of the editorial board? 3)    Who publishes the journal? What does the journal’s home page look like? 4)    Who has published in the journal—are they known to you, or your colleagues, or your librarian? 5)    Is the journal indexed in Journal Citation Index? Is it indexed anywhere else? 6)    Does the journal appear on Beall’s List of Predatory Open Access Publishers and Journals? […]

  92. Ijin says:

    Any of you have an idea of the Germany-based Scholars’ Press? I have been sent an email from them in which they said they are interested in publishing my PhD dissertation. Now that they saw my work (very drafty one according to me) they renewed their intention to publish it, and they sent me the link to register saying that this “opportunity” is going to last only 15 days (7 days now). All this sounds suspicious to me and am not sure which moves to take. Any suggestions?

    • Scholars Press is an imprint of VDM Publishing, the same company that owns Lambert. The Wikipedia article here gives a good summary:

      –Jeffrey Beall

      • Some Body says:

        Well, VDM, Scholars’ Press and Lambert should be considered predatory publishers by any standard I can imagine. The fact that they are not open access makes very little difference. It just means they use a different method of dubious money production.

        To illustrate, their “editor” just contacted me for the third or fourth time about my dissertation (from five years ago, by now), having received a negative reply in the past too. They didn’t bother to even check the language in which the dissertation was written (any market for publishing Hebrew books in Germany?) Their entire quality checking and review procedure is a complete sham (as the Ijin has shown in what s/he wrote). And I’ve never in my life encountered a reference to any of their publications in a paper or book.

        In short, they, and others like them, should definitely be on the list!

  93. Master Author says:

    We have checked and noticed that about 2% of listed published have invalid ISSN. Or sealed the ISSN of othEr journal which are has not any website (Print based publication with Print-ISSN). Please check with the Online ISSN checker : (
    Kindly, link this ISSN checker in your website, since the author can check validity of ISSN before sending paper to a journal. For Example, has a list of such journals!

  94. HMZ says:

    Have you come across Global Institute of Science and Technology”?

  95. […] d’être appelés journaux, et au mieux d’être black-listés sérieusement (un exemple ici). On notera au passage ce 50/50 (157 papiers acceptés sur 304), très pro, de la com’ à […]

  96. […] by Elsevier and other subscription science publishers). Okay, a whole bunch of the publishers on Beall’s List of Predatory Publishers turn out to be predatory publishers. All you have to do is start exploring some of those publishers […]

  97. […] Periódicos com nomes parecidos, taxas escondidas, indexação falsamente alegada, corpo editorial escondido… existem muitos truques no mundo da editoração científica. Uma lista de periódicos predadores esta disponível em aqui […]

  98. […] to various? journals that are listed in the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) and in a list of ‘predatory’ publishers (hier link naar eigen site) drafted by Jeffrey Beall, a library scientist. He wrote a computer […]

  99. SCOTT says:

    Please give strong reasons why one shouldn’t publish in IISTE journals. Many researcher/authors from Africa and several highly industrialised countries have published in the journals without any complaint.

    • I question their peer review process. At one point they promised, “Rapid review: The average review cycle is around 15 working days.” They launched with a lot of journals, and most of their journals have a broad scop, meaning they want to accept as many articles as they can and get the money from the authors. This appears to be a money-making venture only. I recommend finding a better, more established publisher.

  100. […] the first page. Or the second. Or the third. I was about to change search terms when I spotted “Beall's List of Predatory Publishers 2013” in the middle of the page. […]

  101. Narendra Kuppan says:

    Than How come INDEX CORERNICUS are indexing IOSR Journals even NASA and Google scholar too ?

  102. carlo artemi says:

    Mi scuso per l italiano ma vedo che non sono il primo a usare questa lingua . Di tutti questi nomi conosco solo la WSEAS gli altri francamente non li ho mai incontrati .Ringrazio gli autori di queste liste perchè uomo avvisato è mezzo salvato ma ritengo che l inserimento in questa lista della WSEAS sia un grave erroe e una vera offesa . Trattasi di una seria accademia esistente fin dal 1997 allle cui conferenze ( vere !) hanno partecipato e partecipano migliaia di seri ricercatori accademici e non .I referre esistono , io sono stato per alcuni articoli uno di loro e su qualche articolo ho pure espresso osservazioni non del tutto positive. Il fatto che si facciano pagare li ha salvati dalla quasi bancarotta dello stato greco . Non ci credete ? e controllate pure

    Con rispetto

    Carlo Artemi

  103. Huthman Oluwaseun says:

    I strongly believe the reason behind the evolution of predatory journal, is simply due to what they tend to make from these publishing fee. Nowadays, scientific journal have now turned commercial, rather than keeping with excellence. Why should I use my hard earned income and time to do research for the betterment of humanity and still pay for the world to see it and even pay again to have access to it myself. This to me need serious review.

  104. Nafiu Abdu says:

    I have published with African Journal of Agricultural Research one of the journals published by Academic Journals. This article was rigorously reviewed before acceptance and has been cited by many authors in Elsevier published journals, the latest citation was from a paper published in the Soil Science Society of America Journal. It is not always true to say all the listed publishers and their journals are predatory. We have to be careful not to be bias in all we do. I once sent an article to a journal published by Taylor and Francis Group, the editor was indeed very bias and because he has blacklisted Nigerian authors he did not bother to read the article and sent me a rejection email just a day after submission with some unethical and sarcastic comments on Nigerian authors. Being a reviewer to some Elsevier and Wiley journals I know the editor was bias and I sent the paper to another Springer based journal and the paper was accepted after some few months with only the proof sent.

    • Congratulations on the publication of your article, “Phosphate-induced cadmium adsorption in a tropical savannah soil.” Google Scholar doesn’t show any citations yet for your article, so I am confused about your statement that it “has been cited by many authors in Elsevier published journals.”

  105. Arindam Dhar says:

    International Journal of Systems Signal Control and Engineering Application , Publisher- Medwell online. Medwell publishers is on the list, but this journal is appears on the DOAJ list. Please share your views.

    • I recommend against using DOAJ as a tool for judging journal quality. That is not its mission, and anyway, DOAJ is bound by political correctness and is afraid to decline listing journals from developing countries for fear they might offend someone.

      • Arindam Dhar says:

        Thank you Beall for clearing the confusion. I would like to thank you for your continued efforts to save young researchers like us from the so-called “Predatory” journals!

  106. bluesky0799 says:

    Why Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) and International Journal of English Language & Translation Studies (IJ-ELTS) are in the list , as they are regularly publishing good articles?

  107. Dr D B NIKUMBH says:


  108. kardi says:

    is real publisher or not? There are so many journals in this publisher but no sign-in info, no real address. The publisher also ask money from authors. They claim to have high impact factor but no well known editorial board.

  109. MathLady says:

    I’m so curious that why are those high quality people in such the editorial members of the low rank journals?

    This means a fake journal, a fake publisher?

  110. MathLady says:

    I’ve seen the editorial name lists of the journals published from m-hikari Ltd. All of name lists are real persons who are in TOP-University such as MIT, Cambridge U, UCLA, University of HongKong etc. I’m so curious that why are those high quality people in such the editorial members of the low rank journals?

    This means a fake journal and a fake publisher?

    • Have you confirmed with them that they actually agreed to serve on the editorial boards? Sometimes predatory publishers add people to editorial boards without their knowledge.

      • MathLady says:

        I’ve never asked any member of editorial boards via an Email. I just searched some informations on websites of journal of Hikari Ltd.
        Also, I’ve searched some CVs of them and I’ve found that there are not appearances of being editorial boards of such journals. They only mention that they serve on some editorial boards of high quality journals.

        I think that Hikari Ltd probably makes some fake lists in order to attract and pretend the authors to publish with this publishing. This is terrible for academics because I’ve seen that many good quality researchers in my country have ever published in Hikara’s journals.

  111. Researcher says:

    Please notify me why IJMER (International Journal of Modern Engineering Research) is categorized as individual (predator). I have already published with them. The aim of a paper is to be published and they did so. What is wrong then. They have an ISSN number and published an Impact Factor. Please, why not to trust this journal.

    • This journal is on my list because it’s deceptive. It claims to have an impact factor, but it really does not. Also, having an ISSN is not a measure of quality, and the journal hides its location. I believe this is a very low quality journal. I strongly recommend against submitting papers to it.

  112. SCOTT says:

    Are the impact factors of IISTE’s journals fake?

    • They use the “IC impact factor value.” IC means Index Copernicus, a Polish firm that assigns metrics to some journals. I think the values they assign are meaningless.

      • MegPL says:

        Index Copernicus is indeed a Polish firm, but it is also a company that cooperates with Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education. The values they assign may seem meaningless, especially that the whole international impact of Polish academia is low (well, in Poland it is like this: low budget for research, generally low level of English competency and scarce opportunities for publishing anything if you are not a part of the mainstream). But it does not necessarily mean it is fake. It may reflect the impact within the country or the region, not the global one. The link:
        By the way, I am Polish and do not feel comfortable with what’s going on in the Polish academia, whether ministry approved or not.

  113. Christy Chan says:

    Dear Sir or madam,
    Do you know any EU blacklist link?Is that true

  114. anto says:

    Dear sir, what do you think about is it a good journal?

    • There is a lot of plagiarism in this journal’s articles, unfortunately. They don’t state their article processing charge, if any. If you don’t want your article to appear with plagiarized articles, then it’s a good idea not to submit to this journal.

  115. Michael Franklin says:

    I’ve been asked to edit a book chapter that was reviewed by one of Bentham Open’s journals. In the journal’s decision letter, the authors are encouraged (but not required) to enlist the editorial services of Eureka Science. Eureka Science’s offices are at the same location as the offices for Bentham Open (see below). I think it’s a conflict of interest for Bentham Open to profit from a language editing service that it directs authors to WITHOUT disclosing the business relationship.
    Executive Suite Y-2 P. O. Box 121223 SAIF Zone,
    Sharjah UAE
    Bentham Science Publishers.
    Executive Suite Y – 2
    P.O. Box 7917, Saif Zone
    Sharjah, U.A.E.

    • sumanth says:

      Dear Mr. Beall,
      What about Inderscience publishers? And specifically the Int. J. of Communication Networks and Distributed Systems? I have been invited to serve as a guest editor. Your input is much appreciated.

  116. John Ford says:

    Have you ever heard anything bad about International Science Press (located in India)? I didn’t see the publisher on your list. One of our faculty recently had a negative experience with one of their journals (Journal of Flood Engineering) and their experience (and some of their conditions of publication) mirrored some of the comments and description of predatory publisher practices above.

  117. Predatory publication is not a new phenomenon. The Asiatic Society of Bengal, was founded on Jan. 15, 1784, by Sir William Jones, a British lawyer and Orientalist, to encourage Oriental studies. Until Jones’s death (1794) it was the vehicle for his ideas about the importance of Hindu culture and learning and about the vital role of Sanskrit in the Aryan languages. Hindu scriptures such as the Vedas, the Ramayana, the Mahabharata, the Puranas. remained till the coming of there British mnemonic, for it was considered sacrilegious either to produce manuscripts or print books. When the British scholars wanted to gather facts to produce manuscripts and print books, Hindu priests produced fake manuscript plagiarizing from Western books. The British had established Fort William college and Sanskrit college in Kolkota. Hindu priests used the knowledge they got from western books and interpolated these ideas into primitive Sanskrit texts when they were asked to recite from memory. That is how the fake claim that ancient Indians knew science, mathematics, medicine and philosophy got propagated in the West.. Oriental scholars also produced predatory manuscripts to gain fame for themselves.It is even claaimed that there were aeroplanes in ancient India.

  118. Syed Jawad Hussain Shahzad says:


    Please need your comments on this website They are using the name of Pensee Journal. Please confirm if it is the actual Pensee journal or not?

  119. alp says:

    I alredy submitted my paper to Pensee Journal on
    is this journal fake or not?

  120. […] The publisher grew rapidly as did open access competitors and corrupt journals, listed in the Beall’s list, that exploit the open access pay model, as explained in my last […]

  121. […] is the journal listed in Beall’s List of Predatory Publishers? Although controversial and probably incomplete, Jeffrey Beall’s lists are widely referred to […]

  122. Syed Jawad Hussain Shahzad says:


    Please need your comments on the “JOURNAL OF BASIC AND APPLIED SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH”. Journal is available in Zoological Records (ISI-Thomson-Reuters)
    However it accepts paper on almost all disciplines e.g. Accounts and Commerce etc.

    Do you recommend the publication of an article related to commerce in this journal.

  123. jawadkazm5 says:


    Please need your comments on JOURNAL OF BASIC AND APPLIED SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH. Journal is listed at ISI Zoological record. However is multidisciplinary. Can a commerce related article be published here?

    • That journal is published by Textroad Journals. This publisher is on my list. I recommend that you NOT submit any papers to the Journal of Basic and Applied Scientific Research.

  124. Itay says:

    Dear Sir,
    Please need your comments on the “International Journal of Education and Research”
    Thanks for your advice and support!

  125. Ubaka says:

    God job you have done here. But I noticed you listed academic journal as predatory but one of its journals (african journal of pharmacy and pharmacology) is on the 2013 journal citations report by thomas reuters. Do it mean a publisher can be predatory and its journal not?

    • Yes, the publisher Academic Journals is on my list. I think Thomson Reuters is mistaken in assigning an impact factor to this journal.

      • Ubaka says:

        But why would you think they are mistaken? Please give reasons. Its Thomas Reuters we are talking about here, not just an individual’s assessment. There is also another journal from Africa under pharmacy with an assigned IF, Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research. What are your thoughts on this one?

      • Jacques BA says:

        Dear Dr. Beall,
        There are two publishers, one called Academic Journals Inc. and the other Academic Journals. I believe you have listed the second one. What do you think of the first one? Note: One of the journals of Academic Journals Inc. “Research Journal of Information Technology” was ranked Q1 on

      • I have both Academic Journals and Academic Journals, Inc. included on my list. One is from Nigeria, and the other is from Pakistan. I think researchers should not publish in the journals of either one.

  126. Liam Mac Liam says:

    With regard to the African journal of pharmacy and pharmacology, i could be reading it wrong but it seems to me it appeared as indexed in 2011 but not 2012 (2013 not released yet).

  127. I nominate Cambridge Scholars Press to list of Predatory Publishers. Sent them ms. and they asked for us to do our own copy editing. Paid $14000 to do so, only to have CSP ask for more, and pay $1500 more. MS. was top notch to begin with. This is a case of a publisher who off loads the cost of proof and editing to the authors. We put a year into trying to please them. Turns out they only have quality control people, not actual proof readers or copy editors. You either use their list of recommended contractors, or go through the loop of quality control, again and again until you do.

    • Evgeny Steiner says:

      I beg to disagree: I published a book with CSP, and they never recommended me any contractors. Their quality control people were helpful and moderate in their requests: they gave a list of typos and inconsistencies just for 2.5 pp. That’s all.

  128. Ubaka says:

    Yes its indexed in the 2011 and 2012 JCR with an IF of 0.8. Except if the pdf list flying around is fake. I would also be very grateful if a non-predatory list is posted on this website and not a link to a university-affliated list of discounted OA journals. Great job. This whole predatory thing is an eye opener.

  129. kenny says:

    Is Indonesian Journal of Applied Linguistics a credible one?

    • Didi Sukyadi says:

      My name is Didi Sukyadi, vice editor in chief of Indonesian Journal of Applied Linguistics. Our journal is managed by Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia and we do our best to make our journal as credible of possible through selective reviewer recruitment and blind review process. You email our reviewers to make sure whether they have worked for our journal or not.

      Our knowledge and skills in managing our journal is developing from time to time. We are now applying DOI to improve our journal credibility. We do not charge contributor for publishing in our journal.

      If you see weaknesses in our editions of our journal, please let me know. We will follow it up immediately. At this time we use both manual and open journal system.

      Thank you very much.
      With best regards,

      Dr. Didi Sukyadi, MA
      A Professor of Linguistics,
      Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.

  130. […] Di sinilah pentingnya Journal Index. Mengapa harus ter-Index? Karena di luar sana banyak sekali jurnal2 predator (begitulah mereka menyebutnya), yang oleh J. Beall disebutkan bahwa “The gold open-access model has given rise to a great many new online publishers. Many of these publishers are corrupt and exist only to make money off the author processing charges that are billed to authors upon acceptance of their scientific manuscripts.” Untuk lebih lengkapnya tentang predatory journal/publisher, silakan kunjungi situs J. Beall berikut (ini bersifat subjektif): Predatory Journals […]

  131. adekunle says:

    I have published in at least two of the journals listed above and i did wonder at the manner they accept articles practically intact almost without any suggestion on how to make it better. I have seen articles i rejected as an assessor / editor of some journals in my institution get published without modification in some of these so called “international journals”. So, i quite agree that scientific publishing has turned into a business in many instances. Many of these publishing houses are faceless (they rarely quote physical addresses), have practically little or no idea about academic publication or its values and ethics.

    However, that this trend is due to the failure of the “standard” publishing outfits or journals who themselves are not better is a fact. It is the gap left by them that these so called predatory publishers feed on. The fees they charge for publication are so outrageous that most authors in the DEVELOPING WORLD will not publish no matter how good their research is if the alternative provided by the listed journals does not exist.

    Until a way is found of getting people (especially those in developing countries) to publish their work at reasonable cost this trend will continue and people will still patronize them!

    • Peter says:

      I quite agree with this comment. Some “Standard Publishers” are rather slow and high cost. I paid once about 3,000 USD. Now, the way the publishing house makes money should be changed as well. Again, one should find ways to catch these thieves.

    • pirkish nunam says:

      We researchers from developing countries still have good avenues to publish our work other than in these predatory journals. It is known among us the bias of traditional subscription journals where submitted manucripts may never land in the rievewers desk but rather rejected immediately.
      This is where reputable open acces journals
      that charge APC come in. This APC works in our favor in the sense that publishers are effectively forced to find reviewers for us which subscription journals generally would not do. In this way our work evaluated and decided according to its merits

      • Except that there are many, many examples of authors from developing countries that have published their work in traditional western journals. Your statement does not reflect the actual situation. Just because your work has gotten rejected doesn’t mean the work of everyone from your country has also.

  132. adekunle says:

    Jeffrey, it is naive to think that publication cost is not a factor in the publication decision of authors from the developing world. The “traditional western journals” you referred to are quite prohibitive and while many southern researchers have published in them, many many others have been screened out by their prohibitive cost.

    To me, these publishers who charge exorbitant rates (sometimes $8000 or more for a paper) are also qualified to be called predators. Or else they should let us know how much it cost them to process and publish the papers.

    As for the journals on your list, i think you should be careful not to “throw the baby out with the bath water”. Some are definitely bad, but some others have well laid out editorial and assessment / review processes and are indeed well managed.

    You must take your analysis further by researching the organizations further. In addition, if you really want to help your readers, do a similar compilation of non predatory “non-traditional western publishers” (i guess you must have evaluated some in the process of compiling your list of predatory ones) so that a comparative evaluation of their processes can be carried out vis – a – vis the predatory ones. You may also want to do a similar audit of the “traditional western” publishers to find out how rigorous they are in their publication process.

    • Thank you very much for this well-reasoned and helpful comment. Many of the OA publishers that charge article processing charges claim that they offer discounts or waivers for authors in developing countries, but I am not sure how often these discounts/wavers are really given, because I do get emails from many complaining about how the fees make publishing in OA journals impossible for them.

      Of course, authors also have the option of publishing in traditional journals, those that do not charge a fee. They can make this work open access by depositing a postprint in a repository (this is called green OA).

      Thanks again, and I hope you make more comments in the future.

  133. sun says:

    what about Libertas Academica?

  134. […] sulla Sindone di Torino e ne pubblica i risultati a pagamento su riviste del famigerato editore Academic Journals. Nel 2011 su una rivista più dignitosa, pubblicava una rassegna critica dei lavori suoi e altrui, […]

  135. John says:

    This APC works in our favor in the sense that publishers are effectively forced to find reviewers for us which subscription journals generally would not do. In this way our work evaluated and decided according to its merits

  136. Tess says:

    Hello Jeffrey. This site is an eye-opener. Please I would like to know your opinion about IAFOR Journals. it will be well appreciated. Thank you.

  137. […] il prof. Fanti si compra spesso articoli di sindonologia sulle riviste dell’editore Academic Journals, un’usanza condivisa dal prof. Carpinteri. Su riviste più convenzionali pubblica […]

  138. Dear Prof. Jeffrey,

    Please kindly noted that the ICKST-2014 International Conference on Knowledge and Smart Technology organized by World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, available at has nothing concerned with KST Conference. The KST Conference is organized by Faculty of Informatics, Burapha University, Thailand, in cooperation with 8 Institutes in Thailand which is continuously supported by IEEE Thailand Section and ECTI Thailand.

    We found that the theme of ICKST much similar to our conference theme. Please visit our website at for more information. Thank you for you kind attention. If there is any more information you may need, please feel free to contact us.

    Your Faithfully
    Krisana Chinnasarn, PhD.
    Technical Program Chairs of the KST

  139. Contributor says:

    A new title…

    This is Modern Education Review (ISSN 2155-7993), a professional journal published worldwide by Academic Star Publishing Company, New York , NY, USA.

    We have learned your paper xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx. If you have the idea of making our journal a vehicle for your research interests, please send the electronic version of your latest paper to us through email attachment in MS word format. All of your original papers and books which have not been published are welcome.

    Hope to keep in touch by email and publish some papers or books from you and your friends in USA. As an American academic publishing group, we wish to become your friends if necessary. We also want to invite some people to be our reviewers or become our editorial board members. If you are interested in our journal, you can send your CV to us.
    You can find our sample issue in the attachment. Expect to get your reply soon.

    Best regards,

    Journal of Modern Education Review
    Academic Star Publishing Company,
    228 East 45th Street, Ground Floor, #CN00000267, New York NY 10017
    TEL: 347-230-6798, Fax:347-426-1986

  140. Dr. Majid Rashidi says:

    I think you are planning to blacklist all open access journals and also I think some top publishers such as Elsevier, Blackwell and others are behind this game!

  141. […] of the current peer review system more than anything else. The study took many journals from ‘Beall’s list’, a known list of hoax open access journals previously defined by Jeffrey Beall, so sceptics […]

    • Ibu Hamil says:

      This has been a long discusion about this topic, worthwhile picking a publisher very carefully! Take a look at Beall’s List of Predatory Publishers 2013 , hope it helps

  142. Omisore Akinlolu G says:

    Thanks so much for this exhaustive work. Please I will like to know what you think of IOSR journals- for instance IOSR- journal of medical and health sciences. Thanks so much.

    Akin. Omisore

  143. Suzanna says:

    Herbert Publications is on this list, and while I can’t speak to the other journals, Microbiology Discovery hardley accepts articles purely for financial gain since ~40% of the articles have been rejected thus far ( Additionally, the Editor’s in Chief are highly respected and serve on the board(s) of other well-respected journals as well. Thus, I’m wondering how accurate this list is in representing the journals?

    • You are free to not take my advice and submit your work to Herbert and all the other publishers on my list. I somehow feel that your work will fit nicely in the journals I have listed here. Good luck.

  144. […] A Padova Oggi, narra di esser stato finanziato con 54 mila euro dal proprio ateneo, di aver scoperto con la datazione “meccanica” – incertezza +/-400 anni – che il telo “è coevo all’uomo” che avvolgeva – e di aver pubblicato il risultato su riviste scientifiche di livello internazionale. Il prof. Fanti dice le bugie. Con i soldi nostri, tre anni fa si è comprato due articoli da un editore per pataccari. […]

  145. Jack Newman says:

    Hi, what about the Journal of Neonatology and Clinical Pediatrics (NCP), out of Binghamton New York?

    • If you mean the one published by Herald Open Access Journals (HOAJ), then I recommend against submitting papers to the journal and against having any association with it.

  146. Thank you so much for this list, Mr. Beall. Our research institute receives many solicitations from these publishers, and I’ve linked all our employees to it so they can easily dismiss the worst offenders.

  147. […] Beall’s List of Predatory Publishers 2013 […]

  148. Mohamad says:

    What is about the Applied mechanics and material which is published by ttp. They claim that the journal is index in the Thomson Reuters but I couldn’t find this journal in ISI. Do they lie?
    Thank you

  149. Gavin Shin says:

    Any comments on Herald Scholarly Open Access ( Received Editorial Board Invitation from one of their journals recently. But the publisher doesn’t seem to be legitimate.

    • I agree and would recommend finding a better publisher to work with.

    • Brian Hanley says:

      The WHOIS record for herald dates from Feb 2014. There are 26 journals. The street address is supposed to be in Herndon, VA, and the name on an email is Nina Murphy. Her email is But the WHOIS domain record shows a PO Box in Queensland, Australia. The email contact for the domain name is a privacy protection outfit.

      The phone number on the WHOIS record comes up in google for an Allen E Sanitras. Brownbook shows this as a screenname for Pattaya Go Go. The entries in Brownbook are here.

      Pattaya Go Go is a strip club in Thailand, although it also appears to be named the Windmill Pattaya Club Go Go.—windmillpattaya – the Allen E Sanitras ID has claimed this as his/her business.

      It appears that this “Herald Scholarly Open Access” journal was started by a strip club owner in Thailand through two layers of misdirection.

      Looking up the last name of Sanitras, three publications come up from a Sanitra Sirithangkul. All three publications are in 2010. There may be no relationship. However, the hotmail address for Sanitra Sirithangkul on (probably her) papers was

      Having had years of residence overseas, the inside story on this journal could be interesting.

      A plausible explanation is that Sanitra has a husband (maybe even Western) who runs the club, or that the club belongs to her. That kind of establishment doesn’t have the same cultural attitude in Thailand it does in the USA. (I did a 3-day survey through urban Thailand. Part of that that included sampling and questionnaires in strip clubs and brothels in Bangkok, escorted by a Thai police officer during an influenza epidemic–however my co-author thought we should leave that data off the paper, so we did. A club run by a woman physician would probably be popular with girls who would feel safer.)

      Economic reversals might be a reason, or practical requirements for income. Medicine isn’t well paid in every country. The USA is unique in its high pay scale for physicians, and Americans tend to presume that medical professionals outside the USA have the same pay scales. I knew a Russian pediatrician fairly well who started a set of stationary stores in Kazakhstan because she couldn’t support her children on a pediatrician’s salary. It pained her to spend so much time away from the hospital, but she also said that thieves had even stolen the screens and plumbing fixtures. I knew a surgeon in Central Asia who quit medicine because surgery didn’t pay enough to live on.

      So perhaps, despite the strangeness of these journals provenance, there may be something legitimate at the core, and someone who isn’t solely in it for the money. Perhaps. I am quite curious now to know more. But to find those answers would require a trip to Pattaya and tracking down the owner of the Windmill club.

      • Leishalynn says:

        This is amazing, Brian! A trip to Thailand for an interview with this brothel owner is definitely in order. Can we get a grant for that? How about a Kickstarter campaign? Best post yet on this board.

      • Brian Hanley says:

        @Leishalynn – Thanks.

        Note, though, that a nightclub is not a brothel. A little cultural sensitivity is in order. Thai’s do not share our cultural roots. It was not my intent to take this person down so much as to understand them. A frontal assault is not likely to achieve that. There may be good reasons.

        A grant might be possible. The unused data collected was to show that brothels and strip clubs around the world are probably a major vector for influenza epidemics. Women work when sick. They take OTC medications to suppress symptoms. My co-author wasn’t comfortable with it for two reasons. First, we were breaking new ground and she thought it would be better not to be controversial in other areas. Second, the data was partial. It was fairly good, but it really needed more cities around the world.

        What I would suggest is that you write a grant to study the next influenza epidemic. The basic idea would be to go around the world visiting cities and seeking out prostitution. Collect answers to questionnaires, observe contacts, and if possible, collect saliva samples. Also take temp and humidity readings to monitor conditions for influenza spread. Get the money, and hold onto it until the next big epidemic.

        What we did was to look primarily at cities in the tropics. Collected some date in USA and then ended in two cities in Australia. You could end your trip in Thailand and collect data in Pattaya. Hang around for a week, get to know people, find the pediatrician. See what’s up.

        I’d be happy to collaborate or chat about your grant. I’m in the so-called “for profit” sector now, although it looks so far mostly like a “for loss” sector. But either way, not eligible for grants, though I’d like to see that hypothesis proven. Your organization is eligible.

      • Leishalynn says:

        Oh, yes, my institution is eligible, but I’m not a scientist, I’m a writer. I’d love to interview the Thai entrepreneur who’s branching into academic publishing from her strip club. It’s just too cool. Your research and ideas for expanding it are also intriguing, and I hope you get in a position to continue it.

  150. Fiona says:

    I am very confused about paying publishing fees or page fees. AJAE is very reputed journal in my field (Agriculture economics) and charges hefty fees. See at the end
    So how is paying publishing fee self publishing?

  151. […] Afortunadamente hace tiempo que estas malas prácticas son vox populi. Incluso existen listados de revistas e instituciones que incurren en ellas, a disposición de profesores e investigadores. Pueden consultar, por ejemplo, la lista de Predatory Publishers de Jeffrey Beall. […]

  152. kishore kumar says:

    what about “World Academic Publishing” ? is t fake ? how you decide it ?

  153. Parvin says:

    what about “LNIT” and “IJIEE’ both of them sponsored of “IACSIT” conferences will be done in Swiss and BAli Indonesia . Is it true conferences?

    • I haven’t formally analyzed these conferences, but I can tell you that the publisher IACSIT is on my list, as a publisher. I looked at the “Conferences” link on its website, and they hold around ten conferences per month. This seems like an aggressive money-making outfit to me. If their conferences are as bad as their journals, I would advise extreme caution.

  154. Bill Yerger says:

    Is this a predatory journal? I can’t find this on your list.
    International Journal of Education

  155. Garry says:

    Can i get your imput on Open Journal of Epidemiology. Thank you for your advice

    • This journal is published by SCIRP, Scientific Research Publishing. In my opinion, this is a scholarly vanity press. This publisher publishes much pseudo-science. I will publish a blog post about this tomorrow. This journal is Not Recommended.

  156. L.I. Igbinosun says:

    Dear Dr. Jeffery, please i want to know the status of European journal of scientific research, Published by Scientific Research Platform (SRP) – Seychelles. The managing editor is Adrian Marcus Steeinberg. Their publishing cost is on the high side ($300). Thank you.

  157. […] นอกจากนี้เว็บไซต์ของบัณฑิตวิทยาลัยมหาวิทยาลัยขอนแก่น ยังได้แนะนำรายชื่อสำนักพิมพ์หรือวารสารที่ควรระมัดระวังในการตีพิมพ์ paper ไว้ โดยระบุว่า ให้มีการตรวจสอบรายชื่อวารสารจาก >> [เว็บ Scholarly Open Access Critical analysis of scholarly open-access publishing] […]

  158. asieh says:

    Dear Dr. Jeffery, please i want to know the status of journal “Transnational Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics” Published by Jyoti Academic Press. which sites is fake or ????
    Thanks so much.

  159. juliet.p says:

    Dear Jeffrey, I would like to attract your attention on the dubious practices of Firenze University Press ( Although this publisher is truly institutionally connected to the University of Florence, its publishing practices are not what one would expect by a University press.
    I won a competition and the prize of the competition was the publication of my thesis open access with FUP.
    – Although they had told that my thesis was going to be peer reviewed, at no stage did I receive referees’ reports or suggestions to improve my thesis. I asked about that, and they told me that because I had won the competition they considered my thesis already “ready” to be published without any correction. The thesis was in fact not ready to be published at all, it contained many typos and other problems that I had to fix.
    – They wanted me to hand the text “camera ready” and I was thus obliged to put it in the publisher’s style myself, something that took me several working days.
    – I was sent the contract only after I sent the “camera ready” text. The contract stated that my thesis was going to be published only in electronic form with Creative Common licence. Although no hard copy was going to be published, I had to cede to the publisher the rights on my work for 20 years, on both electronic and printed version.
    – They told me that if I wanted a printed version I had to pay.
    – The contract also stated that the editing made by the publisher was going to check only the adherence to the style of FUP.
    What do you think?

  160. […] Surgery University of Texas Interview with Molly Gregas, Ph.D. Behavioral and Brain Sciences Scholarly Open Access 1 Scholarly Open Access 2 Merriam-Webster New York […]

  161. […] Surgery University of Texas Interview with Molly Gregas, Ph.D.Behavioral and Brain SciencesScholarly Open Access 1Scholarly Open Access 2Merriam-WebsterNew York […]

  162. […] Surgery University of Texas Interview with Molly Gregas, Ph.D.Behavioral and Brain SciencesScholarly Open Access 1Scholarly Open Access 2Merriam-WebsterNew York […]

  163. […] Surgery University of Texas Interview with Molly Gregas, Ph.D.Behavioral and Brain SciencesScholarly Open Access 1Scholarly Open Access 2Merriam-WebsterNew York […]

  164. Margaret Britain says:

    Is the American-Eurasian Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Science legitimate? I recently found a paper in it (Faramarzi, et al.,12 (4): 449-455, 2012) that was clearly plagiarized (almost word for word) from The African Journal of Food Agriculture Nutrition and Development (Omoregie, et al., Vol 9 No.2 March 2009, p. 700-712).

    • I think you mean the American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural & Environmental Sciences. This journal is published by a firm called IDOSI, and I have this firm on my list. I recommend against submitting papers to them and am not surprised by the plagiarism report. Thanks.

  165. Branislav says:

    I was just a victim of fraud, Journal – Intellectual Archive, I paid 19.90 Us dollars at work. Damn fraudsters !!

  166. Roger Lord says:

    I have just been approached by Liver Research – an open access Journal from Openventio Publishers. Email has the usual story about how my background in liver biology is something they have identified as being significant and would I like to be on Editorial board. I assume a predatory journal but not currently listed on Beall’s list as yet. Anyone else heard of them or been approached by them?

    Dr Roger Lord

  167. asieh says:

    Dear Sir,
    Please, i want to know the status of journals:
    International Journal of Electrical & Electronic Engineering (IJEEE) (
    International Journal of Advance Technology in Engineering & science (IJATES) (
    International Journal of Science Technology and Management (IJSTM) (

    • I recommend that you not submit any papers to these journals. Their status is extremely low quality.

      They appear to be all published by the same company, but they are marketed separately; there is no “publisher”. They are now all on my list. I suggest that you find a better journal in which to submit your work.

      • asieh says:

        thanks a lot, would you kindly check this one:
        “International Journal of Pure & Engineering Mathematics”(IJPEM)

      • Okay, this journal, the International Journal of Pure & Engineering Mathematics, is published by a firm called Ascent International Journals, based in Pune, India.

        This publisher is not an open-access publisher. One can access the abstracts of the articles only. One has to subscribe to see the full text.

        I only list open-access publishers. I do not list any subscription publishers. However, I still would recommend that you find a better journal for your work than this one.

  168. […] additional links provide concrete evidence showing just how prevalent such publications are and one noteworthy attempt to do something about […]

  169. Leishalynn says:

    What do you know about the American Association for Science and Technology? I just got a solicitation from them. Thanks.

  170. Azam says:

    Dear Jeffery How you have analysed the following journal
    Archives of Pharmacy Practice-

    I am willing to submit a paper there, they are not charging any fees and they are registered with COPE as well. need your guidance

  171. Valerie says:

    This isn’t on your list, is it valid? Journal of Psychology and Behavioral Science
    ISSN: 2374-2380 (Print) 2374-2399 (Online)

  172. asi says:

    Dear Sir,
    Please, i want to know the status of publisher and journals:

    Academicians’ Research Center (ARC) (

    Applied Mathematics and Mechanics (English Edition) (

    International Journal of Scientific and Innovative Mathematical Research(IJSIMR) (

    International Journal of Managerial Studies and Research (IJMSR) (

    • I have the Academicians’ Research Center (ARC) included on my list of questionable publishers, so I recommend that you not submit papers to any of its journals.

      You have three journals listed after ARC. Two of these are published by ARC, International Journal of Scientific and Innovative Mathematical Research and International Journal of Managerial Studies and Research, so I recommend that you NOT submit papers to these two journals.

      The other journal you mention, Applied Mathematics and Mechanics (English Edition), is not on my list. It is a respected journal.

      Good luck!

  173. Pete Patterson says:

    How about this journal?

    International Journal of Criminology and Sociological Theory

  174. asi says:

    Dear Sir,
    Is the bothalia journal valid?
    Which one of these two sites is valid?

  175. nertila says:

    Index Copernicus International what do you think about this

  176. nertila says:

    Please if you have give facts can not say just that you seem suspicious

  177. Marko says:

    Dear Jeffrey,
    I recently got a solicitation to publish in an Indian journal “An International Journal Of Advanced Computer Technology”. The website is
    What do you think about this Journal?
    Thanks in advance for your help!

    • Marko, I have added this journal to my list. I had not heard of it before. Thanks for letting me know about it. It is just another broad-scoped and low quality, questionable journal.

  178. Fernando Cardona says:

    Dear Jeffrey
    in the past I acted as a editor/reviewer for a predatory publisher/journal (International Journal of Genetics and Genomics/SciencePG). I realized that was predatory when I recommend reject a paper for plagiarism and they ignored me . work has text and even figures of other papers ( After that I ask to be removed from the editorial board pannel two times, but they also ignored me. Is there any way to report plagiarism and try to remove me the editorial panel?
    Thank you in advance

    • Science Publishing Group is a completely bogus publisher, one that almost completely ignores industry and ethical standards. If the publisher itself knows about the plagiarism and refuses to address it, then I don’t know what can be done.

      They want to keep your name on the editorial board so they can use your name and affiliation to make the journal appear legitimate, so it will be difficult or impossible for you to get your name removed.

  179. Farrukh says:

    Dear Sir
    Can you comment on this journal

    Journal of Innovative Engineering

    • I have added this journal’s publisher to my list. The publisher is Innovative Engineering Publishers. It publishes this single journal. It falsely claims that the journal has an impact factor (0.416), and it also offers a fast-track review, “Fast-Track Review: 50.00 (USD)
      With the payment of this fee, the review, editorial decision, and author notification on this manuscript is guaranteed to take place within 4 weeks.”

  180. hi
    what about international journal of child health and nutritition

  181. Dear Sir/Madam
    I have found name of the Publisher Kamla-Raj Enterprises, New Delhi, India in the above list, who are publishing Educational Books and journals from last eigty four years. The journals which the publisher is bringing out is having International Editiorial Board from allover the world. The papers published in these journal are screened before considering them for a journal, then these papers are sent for review to three Referees. About eighty percent papers after moderate revision and ten percent each after minor and substanial revision are printed and avaialable on line free. Quality of our journals so much appreciated that number of International Publishers want to either want to buy these journals or want to have collaboration in any form
    from UK, USA etc.
    Hope to hear a favourable reply soon

    Advisor KRE-Journals
    Prof. Dr. M. K. Bhasin
    University of Delhi, Delhi, India

  182. It is rather difficult to understand
    why name of Kamla-Raj Enterprises , New Delhi, India is added in Beall’s List of Predatory Publishers 2013.
    as much as we know that this Publisher is in publication from last eighty-four years and they are a repted publication house who are publishing journals and educational books of international standard

    • Just because a publisher has been around for a long time does not automatically make it a legitimate one.
      Indeed, if a publisher has not keep up with advances in technology and scholarly communication, as is the case here, then the publisher deserves to be singled out for its deficiencies. I think that honest scholars who wish to effectively communicate their research findings would do well to avoid Kamla-Raj Enterprises and find a higher-quality publisher.

  183. It is requested, please check our website ( Updated details of the progress of all the papers in the pipeline is available online from once the paper is approved to be considered for a KRE-journal, then the brief information about the paper is made available on our website, the present status of a paper is changed from paper for review to paper for revision to paper in press and as and when the paper is finally published, the information is deleted and the author is informed that the paper is published and available online.

    We are very prompt in replying to the authors about all the issues concerning their papers.

    We bring out every issue of a journal in time in the print form as well as make available full text of all the papers published online free.

    Please check, I don’t think you would put a group of journals for a very small issue of communication under the head predatory.

    It is requested to let us know the deficiencies with our journals and how we can remove them.

    We will be obliged with your kind help to maintain the standard of these journals.

    Hope to hear a favourable reply.

    Kind regards,

    Prof. Dr M. K. Bhasin

  184. charles says:

    I want to know why david publishing was listed as a predatory journal. Recently I sent a manuscript to them and it was reviewed and accepted, initially I was to pay $700 but this was waived to $150.

  185. Gaurav says:

    Dear Sir
    Can you comment on this journal

    Advances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

  186. nurul isma says:

    Dear sir,
    What about these below journals? really need your opinion. Thanks in advace, sir.

    International research journal of applied and basic sciences
    International journal of agronomy and plant production
    asian academic research associates

    • International Research Journal of Applied and Basic Sciences
      This journal is included on my list here. I recommend avoiding this journal.

      International Journal of Agronomy and Plant Production
      This journal was or is published by VictorQuest Publications, or its successor. I have VictorQuest on my list and believed that it had gone out of business. Now it (or its name) appears to have come to life again. I still recommend that researchers avoid it and its journals.

      Asian Academic Research Associates
      This publisher is included on my list here , so I recommend that you not submit papers to its journals.

  187. Sonal Bakshi says:
    Dear Dr. Beall, kindly give your comment on the above journal and oblige. This is too much to read, could you briefly tell why we should believe you? One aspect with which I disagreed was Ayurved considered as Pseudoscience, now this is not blind patriotism, one can visit journal like Ayu and learn why it is not less than science especially now when it is handled most scientifically.

  188. Dr.Safila says:

    Journal of Bioequivalence and bioavailability is in ISI web of knowlege list Or in link but this is belong to OMIC group ..predator.
    what does it mean.

    • Yes, I do see this journal included here on the Thomson Reuters Master List. However, I do not see the journal included in ISI (Journal Citation Reports). It does not have an impact factor.

      I recommend that you avoid all OMICS Group journals, even if they are included on this list.

  189. PCMAN says:

    I want to know why IAP is on your list. IAP said they are free of charge.

    • This (International Academy Publishing (IAP)) is one of many different imprints published out of a house in San Bernardino. They don’t charge fees at the beginning to get a mass of articles, then they start charging. They offer easy acceptance.

  190. ashish says:

    hi jeff, can y plz tell “International Journal of Innovative Science Engineering and Technology (IJISET)” journal is questionable for submitting article..

  191. […] Beall’s list – list of predatory publishers, including OA publishers […]

  192. […] • D'autres liens encore : 1 2 3 4 […]

  193. […] not predatory journals. None of them ask me to pay for publication, and they don’t appear on Beall’s List. They seem to be desperate journals. One emailed me on 17 February, giving me a most generous […]

  194. Nfor Bawe says:

    What about SciencePC? I can’t see it on your list but people are complaining about it.

  195. Nfor Bawe says:

    Sorry, I was not vigilant the first time, I have seen it there. Thank you very much for guiding list.

  196. Nfor Bawe says:

    Please could you check out the following for me, are they genuine?
    (i) International Journal of Advanced Research (IJAR)
    ISSN 2320-5407
    (ii) International journal of renewable energy research (IJRER)
    (iii) International Review of Basic and Applied Sciences (IRBAS)
    Thank you.

    • The International Journal of Advanced Research (IJAR) is included on my list here.

      I have not heard of the International Journal of Renewable Energy Research (IJRER) before, so I will have a close look at it.

      The International Review of Basic and Applied Sciences (IRBAS) is also included on my list here.

  197. Nfor Bawe says:

    Please, Mr. Beall, verify this site for comments:

  198. Shri pat says:

    Hello Jeffrey, could you please let me know about the following journal , “Journal of Bioengineering & Biomedical Science” . It has “Index Copernicus Value: 6.03”. I wanted to submit an article to this journal. What is your opinion? I shall wait for your reply. Thanks.

  199. val says:

    Dear Jeffrey Beall,

    thank you for this list. It is very important for the community to keep track of these fraudulent practices. I recently removed a citation to an article whose content I found interesting but not groundbreaking, that was published by one of the publishers listed. Were i to peer review it, it probably would have passed. While it seemed harsh, the reason for me was that I don’t want to give these publishers any form of legitimacy, even if the authors produced adequate work. I would be interested to hear what your opinion is on citing articles from these publishers in ones own work?

    • This is messy. Remember that many predatory journals and publishers often aim to trick researchers into thinking they are authentic when they are really are bogus. Sometimes, they are successful at tricking honest researchers into thinking they are good journals, and these honest researchers sometimes submit and publish high quality work to them. So, it is possible that some predatory journals occasionally have strong articles included in them, and these may be worthy of citation.

  200. […] Beall’s List of Predatory Publishers 2013 […]

  201. Scientist-1 says:

    Should this journal be on this list or not:

    Journal of International Environmental Application & Science

    it meets well the requirements (money = publish )

  202. Jonas says:

    Wow I didn’t know that Science Alert is a predatory publisher. I have one paper published in one of the journals managed by this publisher. :(

  203. […] Voir la liste 2013 de ces éditeurs et journaux selon J. Beall. […]

  204. […] has a name for this kind of publishing practice: “predatory”. Jeffrey Beall maintains a list of predatory publishers on his website, along with criteria for inclusion. Surprise, surprise: “Scientific Research […]

  205. bulan kakanita says:

    How about the Social Science Journal, the official journal of Western Social Science Association..?

  206. armando simon says:

    You definitely need to add to this list British Journal of Arts and Social Sciences, and, British Journal of Humanities and Social Science, which are run by the same character. They will publish your grocery list for $300 as a research paper. I submitted a chimera paper that was utter nonsense, composed of different sections of other papers of mine. They accepted it. The papers that they have published have misspellings, some lack titles, etc.

  207. […] might want to review the list of predatory publishers HERE, review the guide of how to spot a bogus scientific publication HERE,  and if you ever find […]

  208. […] How can we tell if a publisher is predatory? Firstly, their emails are generally dubious in the first instance and constitute what I consider to be spam. Secondly, if an invite has come out of the blue, it is best to check online if they are a predatory publisher by accessing Beall’s List, which is essentially a blacklist of predatory publishers compiled by American librarian and researcher, Jeffrey Beall. Beall’s list of predatory publishers is available here: […]

  209. Mohamed says:

    Dear Beall
    Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Disease is listed as predatory but it is hosted by Elsevier. Does this represent a quality guarantee?

  210. […] 300 open-access online journals. Many of these targets were already listed on published lists of predatory journals. The project verified what everyone already knew: there are a lot of scammers and crappy […]

  211. Zoomer says:

    Can you also give a list of journals, which do not charge subscription fee???

  212. […] an invite has come out of the blue, check online if they are a predatory publisher by accessing Beall’s List, which is essentially a blacklist of predatory publishers compiled by American librarian and […]

  213. Russ Hunt says:

    I just received a call for papers from the “International Research journal of Education and Innovation.” Everything I can see about it from their amazingly improbable wide range of coverage to their rhetoric suggests it should be on the list, but I don’t see it.

    • I agree. I have analyzed this journal and added it to my standalone journal list. Thanks for the tip.

      • Elvis Donkor says:

        Dear Sir,

        I have 5 publications with Recent Science Journal (Mathematical Sciences) but the baffling thing is that when I google my work it does not appear any where online (google scholar doesnt pick it). It is not open access and i can access it through a pin on their database.

        1. My questions is it a credible Journal. I was charge 157dollars for each paper. It was once listed by Jeffrey Bell as a predatory Journal.

        2.If it is a predatory Journal,can I republish the article elsewhere (more credible journal)

        Elvis (Ghana)

      • Recent Science is a predatory publisher, and all researchers should not submit papers to any of its journals.
        It is possible the publisher has left instructions with Google so that Google does not crawl (or index) its content. Please see this Wikipedia article on robots exclusion standard for an explanation.
        In most cases, if your article is already published in a journal, you cannot publish it in another journal. Most journals require that each submission be a new, original, and previously unpublished work.

  214. Jeffery, Good contribution
    I could not see the ” International journal of Research-GRANTHAALAYAH “IN THE LIST. is that not? Thank you

  215. Pradeep says:

    Respected Sir,
    Appreciate your comment on the authenticity of the journal as per below:

    SHIV SHAKTI International Journal of in Multidisciplinary and
    Academic Research (SSIJMAR) ISSN 2278 – 5973

    Thank you ,sir.


    • I think this is a dangerous journal. It claims to have impact factors that it has not earned. It is overall a low-quality and deceitful journal, and I recommend you avoid it. I have added it to my list.

  216. Tirtharaj says:

    Dear Professor:

    Thank you very much for listing all these predators journals with so-called “open access type”. A single publication in such a journal is sufficient to ruin one’s career.

    As per me, even if someone is going for open access, he/she should go for top publishers such as IEEE, Springer, Elsevier, Wiley, ACS, T&F etc. (OR) One should check properly whether the journal is indexed with Science Citation Index/Scopus.

    I have also seen some OA journal which claim that those guys are listed in Scopus/SCI, but when I went through the journal list released by these top indexing bodies (Scopus, SCI, Thomson Reuters etc.), I could not find the claiming predators.

    So, in this era of research, one MUST be utmost careful for before sending a valuable manuscript to a venue else all the efforts and ideas will get into hell.

    Thanks again for posting the list. That’s a whole lot of effort by you.

    Hats Off!


  217. This is a great compilation. Thanks for putting in all that effort. The date of the article is 2013, but I see very recent comments… does that mean you are continuing to add journals to this page on a regular basis, or do you have an even more updated list somewhere? Thanks!

  218. hanihd1985 says:

    International Journal on Numerical and Analytical Methods in Engineering (IRENA)-Praise Worthy Prize

  219. Juan A. Carretero says:

    Dear Jeffrey Beall,

    Thank you for the list. Although I am an advocate of open access, it is perfectly true that most open access journals are (unfortunately) of the predatory type. I am happy that someone has taken the time to put together a list of such journals to point this out. The list is of particular interest for young researchers who may still be unfamiliar with the system.

    In fact, I remember some 14 years ago (soon after I started my first professor position) receiving an invitation to be part of the editorial board of a journal I had never heard of. Luckily, before replying to the very tempting offer I consulted with the chair of my department (a very experienced fellow). He very bluntly asked: Is it a respected journal? [A: “No, never heard of it.”] Would you ever publish in this journal? [A: “No.”] Then do not give them your work for free. I quickly learnt that people who evaluate CVs (for promotion, etc.) like him can often see the value (or lack thereof) of participating in publishing in some questionable journals and participating in their editorial boards (as it is likely the case of most of those listed above).

    Anyhow, in addition to that note I have a question. Have you considered the journals from Avanti Publishing Press. I would not consider publishing there but for the sake of completeness of your list, I am curious where would their journals fall on your list. Here is a link to their main site: The ones in my domain (robotics/mechanical engineering) I had never heard of until I received an e-mail a couple of hours ago. I am mostly curious on whether I should add their domain name to my spam list or not.

    Once again, thank you for your list. I am sharing it with colleagues and graduate students. Hope they help spread it.

  220. Juan A. Carretero says:

    Got it. Somehow the list that was displayed when clicking on the first URL when searching on DuckDuckGo was NOT the most recent but a 2012 version (which did not include Avanti). I see the newest list now which indeed does include.

    I will forward the newest list to colleagues and graduates.

    Thanks again for the great work.

    [Note that this post is also being posted on the 2012 version as well.]

  221. Khalid Aalali says:

    Is International Journal of Arts and Commerce ISSN:1929-7106, UK (Publication fee is $150) is of good quality journal.

  222. Lemon says:

    Got this three times plus a phone call to my direct office number for follow up…

    From: Richard Birkett
    Subject: International Innovation – Infectious Diseases and Allergy Research
    Date: January 26, 2016 at 11:15:34 AM CST
    Reply-To: Richard Birkett

    Dear Dr

    I was hoping to talk with you at some point in the next few days about your project, and the upcoming International Innovation focus where we will feature research in the area of Infectious Diseases and Allergies.

    When looking at potential research to highlight in this focus, I came across your project, and would very much like to talk to you about the possibility of highlighting the broader scope and impact of your research in this edition.

    This edition of International Innovation aims to highlight international research, analysing the impact of research, policy and practice across this space covering pandemic and epidemic diseases, neglected tropical and tropical diseases, communicable diseases and allergies. We will be exploring a number of issues from basic and fundamental research to applied work and will be covering topics including taking research from the bench to the bedside, infrastructure and capacity building and skilling up local communities and research teams. Additionally, we will explore broader issues such the importance of researcher mobility, the potential of international collaboration and the impact on the economy of research expertise and competitiveness.

    International Innovation is a specialist research dissemination publication. Its key aim is to transform and simplify research outcomes, helping project leaders and researchers to distil and communicate their work to a broad and diverse audience beyond their domain-specific academic community. International Innovation is free to access, published under a CC-BY Creative Commons license and promoted to our global database of over 120,000 stakeholders at all levels of government, policy, research, funding and industry.

    I would like to highlight your work within this special focus. This could be similar in format to some of the example articles from previous publications, which I have linked to below. As you can see, the end result would not simply be a reproduction of a peer-reviewed article, but would be a piece looking at the wider implications and impact of your project. We look to concentrate on the impact and relevance of research being funded globally to the broadest possible body of stakeholders.

    Dr Ben Marais – TB Research – University of Sydney
    Professor Judith Breuer – Pathseek Project (FP7) – University College London
    Professor Rosanna Peeling – Diagnostic technologies of the future – London School of Hygiene and Tropical
    Dr David E Lanar – Walter Reed Army Institute of Research
    Alternatively, we also produce visual lay summaries and infographics which may be a better way to represent your research and heighten visibility.

    Our aim is to transform research into easily-digestible summaries in a way that communicates the impact and relevance of the research. Our in-house team of editors, communicators, and designers deliver a high-quality and high-impact service, which requires minimum time and effort from you throughout the process. Again, the examples listed above show some recent articles that we have created for project leaders and researchers, which may not be directly related to your specific field, but demonstrate the format and style of the piece that we would be aiming to produce on your work. As mentioned, however, we have a range of other options to bring your work to life.

    Craig McClure – UNICEF
    Dr Deborah Birx – Ambassador at Large and US Global AIDS Coordinator
    Rob Mather – CEO, Against Malaria Foundation
    Dr Caroline S Brown – Programme Manager for Influenza and Other Respiratory Pathogens, WHO Regional Office for Europe
    Dr Masoud Dara – Programme Manager for the Tuberculosis and M/XDR-TB Control Programme, WHO Regional Office for Europe
    Professor Charles Mgone – European and Developing Countries Clinical Trials Partnership
    Dr John Reeder – Director of the Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases, WHO
    If you are not familiar with International Innovation, you can view all our content for free via

    International Innovation offers a multi-platform approach being available online and as a digital edition through Apple Newsstand and Google Play. A recent internal survey indicated that 91% of the 5,000 researchers we have worked with believe the broader dissemination of their work was achieved via our platform. Please take a moment to review our testimonials if you are interested in learning more.

    When we speak, I will share with you details of the article development process, timelines and deadlines, and costs associated with the creation and production of the article and associated deliverables.

    Please could you drop me an email and advise when would be a good time to speak on the phone to discuss this further?

    I look forward to talking to you soon.

    Kind regards,

    Richard Birkett
    Account Executive
    T: +44 (0)117 981 8272
    Research Media an Outsell Inc. Top 10 to Watch company
    Proud to produce International Innovation – disseminating science, research and technology


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  223. Babu says:

    Hi Beall

    I really surprised to see that Southern cross publishing in your list. I got one PhD paper accepted in its journal (Australia Journal of Crop Science). The paper went through a decent review process and reviewers asked me for major revision. Actually I was advised of this journal from one of my university lecturers.

    I would be glad to know the reasons to be the journal suspicious.


  224. Svetlana says:

    Please tell me about MDPI – Open Access Publishing?

  225. Svetlana says:

    Thank you!

  226. RILA says:

    Please tell me about
    1)International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues (IJEFI) 2)International Review of Management and Marketing (IRMM).

  227. KETAN AJAY says:

    i would to know about following journals
    1 International journal of renewable energy research
    2 International journal of engineering Transactions A: Basics
    3 Journal of engineering

    • Regarding # 1, I recommend you not submit any work to this journal.
      Regarding # 2, This is not a high quality journal, but it is not on my list at this time.
      Regarding # 3, I need to have a link to the journal before I can analyze it.

  228. Pradeep says:

    Dear Sir,

    Seek your kind attention in verifying the journal entitled:

    1.The International Journal of Business Quantitative Economics and Applied Management Research ISSN:2349-5677.

    2.International Journal of Business and Management; Vol. 10, No. 1; 2015 ISSN 1833-3850 E-ISSN 1833-8119


    • The first journal is on my list here.
      The second one is from a low-quality publisher called Canadian Center of Science and Education, a publisher that’s included on my list. Therefore, I recommend you avoid both of these journals.

  229. RILA says:


    Please tell me about “International Journal of Behavioral Science (IJBS)”. It is published by The Behavioral Science Research Institute (BSRI), Thailand.
    Thank you very much.


    • Neither the journal nor the publisher is on my list. They do not meet the criteria, not even close.

    • Pradeep says:

      Dear Sir,

      Appreciate if you could verify this :The Electronic Journal of Information Systems Evaluation.


      • This journal is not on my list. I have some concerns about it though. It appears no copyediting is done, and they say authors retain copyright, but the articles bear copyright statements, saying they are copyrighted by the publisher. You might want to find a better journal, if you are thinking about submitting there.

  230. RILA says:

    Please inform me about the following journal:
    1. Asian Journal of Business and Accounting (AJBA)
    2. International Journal of Economics and Management (IJEM)
    3. Management Research Center Journal (South East Asia Journal of Management; ASEAN Marketing Journal, Indonesian; Capital Market Review)
    Thank you very much.

  231. RILA says:

    Please inform me about “Business and Management Research Journal”. This is the web:
    Thank you.

    • This journal is from this publisher: International Research Journals (Accra, Ghana)

      I have this publisher included on my list and recommend that researchers not send any papers to its journals. I recommend finding a better publisher.

  232. Karim says:

    Hi Jeff,

    I have to say that this is indeed a great effort to culminate all such information about those publishers in one place. At least one can get a clue if a journal or a publisher are suspicious.

    I wanted to ask you if you know PLEIADES Publishing — a Russian publishing house. They are not Open Access as far I understand, or at least for the journal I am interested in. They publish articles in English, and they translate the article to Russian to be published in a parallel volume. On their journals cover page, it is written “Distributed by Springer”.

    Thank you!



    • Right, this publisher is out of scope for my work. I have not analyzed it.

      • quantiger says:

        I contacted a Russian academic I am acquainted with, Daria Khaltourina about these journals. She says the are good journals. You can look up Daria on wikipedia.
        “She is the head of the Group of the Monitoring of Global and Regional Risks of the Russian Academy of Sciences, co-chairperson of the Russian Coalition for Alcohol Control, as well as the Russian Coalition for Tobacco Control. She is a laureate of the Russian Science Support Foundation Award in “The Best Economists of the Russian Academy of Sciences” nomination (2006).”

  233. Rila says:

    Please let me know about this journal:
    ‘International Journal of Applied Business and Economic Research’.
    Thank you for your information.


  234. Hema Bobbu says:

    is international journal of advanced engineering management and sciences, IJAEMS is a good journal

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