The Open Access Movement is Fueling the Emergence of Pseudo-Science Journals

Ayurvedic medicine

“Vithoba Dant Manjan gives the best natural care to your teeth because good health means strong and healthy teeth. An Ayurvedic product, this gives you strong teeth and healthy gums” [1].

The internet and the open-access movement are enabling the publishing and proliferation of numerous pseudo-science journals. Ayurvedic medicine is an example of a bogus science that boasts an increasing number of pretend scholarly journals.

Ayurvedic medicine (Ayurveda) is a “Traditional Hindu alternative medicine, involving balancing three bodily humours of wind, bile, and phlegm” [2]. In other words, it is medicine based on superstition and not science.

I realize some are applying scientific methods to the study of Ayurveda, but it is still quackery.

One of the motives of the open-access movement is to make scientific research available to everyone, including the lay public. But because the lay public lacks the credentials to distinguish authentic science from pseudo-science, this open-access availability will lead to the ignorant hurting themselves and others.

If my doctor were to read and apply the articles in the journals below, I would dump him and get a new primary care physician. Political correctness prevents many in the West from speaking out against superstition-based pseudo-science for fear they might offend someone.

Selected list of questionable Ayurvedic journals:

  1. Ayurvedic Medicine
  2. Ayupharm: International Journal of Ayurveda and Allied Sciences
  3. Homeopathy & Ayurvedic Medicine Open Access
  4. International Ayurvedic Medical Journal
  5. International Journal of Advanced Ayurveda, Yoga, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy
  6. International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research
  7. International Journal of Ayurvedic and Herbal Medicine
  8. International Journal of Research in Ayurveda and Pharmacy (ISSN 2229-3566)
  9. International Journal of Research in Ayurveda and Pharmacy (ISSN 2277-4343)
  10. Journal of AYUSH:-Ayurveda, Yoga, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy

I am not the only one to question the authenticity of Ayurvedic medicine. Here is some of what others have said:

“Meditation is also a significant therapy in Ayurveda. But except for the benefits of relaxation, there is no scientific evidence to support any of the many astounding claims made on behalf of Ayurvedic medicine” [3].

“At worst, Ayurveda is a multibillion-dollar business of sham cures based on astrology, gem healing, psychic healing, mantras, and the faulty science of bodily humors, spun through either fraud or naiveté” [4].

“Nevertheless we can be fooled when a set of ideas is presented in a scientific way, even though it does not bear scrutiny. These pseudoscientific theories may be based upon authority rather than empirical observation, … concern the unobservable, … confuse metaphysical with empirical claims (e.g. acupuncture, cellular memory, reiki, therapeutic touch, Ayurvedic medicine), or even maintain views that contradict known scientific laws (e.g. homeopathy)” [5].

Ayurvedic pharmacy

Pseudo-science for sale [6].

Open-access is blurring the demarcation between pseudo-science and authentic science.

Endnotes

[1]. Picture by Wikimedia Commons user Vithobanagpur and distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.

[2]. Wictionary.

[3]. Carroll, Robert (2003). The skeptic’s dictionary: A collection of strange beliefs, amusing deceptions, and dangerous delusions. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. (p. 47).

[4]. Wanjek, Christopher. (2003). Bad medicine: misconceptions and misuses revealed, from distance healing to vitamin O. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. (p. 168).

[5]. Oxford Handbook of Psychiatry. (2013). 3rd ed. David Semple, Roger Smyth (Eds.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. (p. 20).

[6]. Picture by Ken Wieland and distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.

आयुर्वॆद = Ayurveda

51 Responses to The Open Access Movement is Fueling the Emergence of Pseudo-Science Journals

  1. […] “The internet and the open-access movement are enabling the publishing and proliferation of numerous pseudo-science journals …” (more) […]

    • Dr. Remya Krishnan says:

      The author of this article knows nothing except the spelling of Ayurvedic science. She is totally ignorant upon th scientificity of Ayurveda.She considers astrology, gemology , meditation (yoga ) etc as Ayurveda .How foolish ????
      Contact me to understand Evidence based Ayurveda which is the only scientific Medicine in the world. Modern Medicine is the real pseudo medicine .

  2. To kind of broaden the subject a little, Elsevier did publish six fake Non-open access journals.

    http://blogs.nature.com/news/2009/05/elsevier_says_it_no_longer_pub.html

    These were only caught out because of a lawsuit- not because experts caught them. While I appreciate OA is open to abuse, as this blog highlights almost weekly, it would be interesting to have some comparative data between OA vs. traditional publishing.

    I can think of several examples of people putting together pseudo-science journals or scams that are shopped around to libraries in the traditional fashion.

    Just throwing the idea out there in case anyone is interested in doing such work.

    PS not criticism of the wonderful work that this blog does, just wondering if OA is just the newest way to run the same old scams or if it really is a game changer.

    • hbraunel says:

      good point, i like this blog as it is pointing out the “black sheep” but its continuously damaging its reputation by publishing opinionated and subjective posts regarding “the” open access movement

  3. dr ashish says:

    dear whoever u are I am sure you are not aware of ayurveda ,otherwise A PERSON can not be recognized as father of surgery ( SUSHRUTHA) ,on what basis you are calling it a pseudo science first of all claiming vata,pitta and kapha to wind ,bile and phelgam is total wrong it shows your deficient knowledge towards this ancient knowledge ,we are living in a scientific world where we are studying the these three basic concept on gene level recently govt of india funded a project called ayurgenomics many research paper are available on this topic lead by dr mitali mukharji a senior scientist,,here I have a very interesting question for you,,in science of psychology scientist always talk about “mind” acne you show me exact anatomical location where mind is situated,,its very easy to defame other science first you find answer for your own,,don’t put anything on net without any information,anatomical locations of bile is clearly mentioned by aacharya SUSHRUTHA in kalpa sthatna of SUSHRUTHA samhita ,,we are successfully treating forestall disorders with help of ayurveda techniques like kshrasutra and ksharakarma ,,even in our hospital I have seen the patient coming from all parts of india for the treatment of ascitis known as jalodar in our science and they were well managed with this Acc to you pseudo science for more scientific paper and discussion you can directly contact me on my mail address dr.ashish.goswami@gmail.com,,remove this layman article from net as soon as possible ….hope u understand if you have a understand through your”Mind” yours dr ashi dear whoever u are I am sure you are not aware of ayurveda ,otherwise A PERSON can not be recognized as father of surgery ( SUSHRUTHA) ,on what basis you are calling it a pseudo science first of all claiming vata,pitta and kapha to wind ,bile and phelgam is total wrong it shows your deficient knowledge towards this ancient knowledge ,we are living in a scientific world where we are studying the these three basic concept on gene level recently govt of india funded a 160crore rp project called ayurgenomics many research paper are available on this topic lead by dr mitali mukharji a senior scientist,,here I have a very interesting question for you,,in science of psychology scientist always talk about “mind” acne you show me exact anatomical location where mind is situated,,its very easy to defame other science first you find answer for your own,,don’t put anything on net without any information,anatomical locations of bile is clearly mentioned by aacharya SUSHRUTHA in kalpa sthatna of SUSHRUTHA samhita ,,we are successfully treating forestall disorders with help of ayurveda techniques like kshrasutra and ksharakarma ,,even in our hospital I have seen the patient coming from all parts of india for the treatment of ascitis known as jalodar in our science and they were well managed with this Acc to you pseudo science for more scientific paper and discussion you can directly contact me on my mail address dr.ashish.goswami@gmail.com,,remove this layman article from net as soon as possible ….hope u understand if you have a understand through your”Mind” yours dr ashish goswami

  4. dr ashish says:

    dear author,, your layman writing style shows your knowledge regarding scientific publications I am sure this article has not been published in any peer reviewed scientific journal because they don’t have place for such thoughts,,to increase your little knowledge I want to inform you that WHO HAS CONSIDERED AYURVEDA AS ONE AMONG THE CAM(COMPLEMENTARY AND ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE) ,,YOU TALKED ABOUT VATA,PITTA AND KAPHA AND REFFERED THEM AS WIND ,BILE AND PHELGAM ,I DON’T KNOW THE SOURCE OF YOUR INFORMATION BUT I KNOW THAT THE GOVT OF INDIA FUNDED A 160 CRORE RUPEES PROJECT TO STUDY THE CONCEPT OF VATA,PITTA AND KAPHA IN RELATION TO GENES CALLED AYURGENOMICS MANY SCIENTIFIC PAPER ARE AVAILABLE ON THIS TOPIC HOPE THIS WILL HELP TO IMPROVE BRIEF KNOWLEDGE REGARDING THE ANCIENT SCIENCE ,,IF U ARE TALKING ABOUT BILE DEAR AUTHOR YOU SHOULD REFER THE KALPA STHATNA OF SUSHRUTHA SAMHITA WHERE HE EXACTLY MENTIONED THE LOCATION OF BILE WHICH MATCHES EVEN PRESENT DAY ANATOMICAL LOCATION OF BILE,,I DON’T UNDERSTAND HOW CAN SOMEONE BE SO IGNORENT TO WRITE SUCH THING ON NET WITHOUT HAVING EVEN BASIC INFORMATION REGARDING ANY SCIENCE,I HAVE A INTERESTING QUESTION FOR YOU IN SCIENCE OF PSYCHOLOGY SCHOLARS ALWAYS TALK ABOUT MIND CAN YOU GIVE ME THE EXACTLY ANATOMICAL LOCATION OF “MIND”,IF YOU ARE SO MUCH INTERESTED IN CALLING IT A PSEUDO SCIENCE BETTER U SHOULD READ IT AND THEN COMMENT ON IT,,HOPE U UNDERSTAND IN YOUR “MIND”

  5. moksha says:

    Why Ayu, JAIM and IJAR are not included? Because they are renowned publishers?

  6. Dr says:

    Dear Sir/Madam
    This is the science which running since thousands of year and we can say strongly that it is evidence based science. sitting somewhere and giving opinion blindly is totally wrong, if you come and see the daily thousands of patients taking advantage of this science and curing many of the rare to rare disease with this ayurvedic medicine with scientific base.
    Predicting regarding some other subject without knowledge is total unethical. if it is bogus then the whole world will not fallow and govt will not pour the millions and millions rupees on the bogus science.
    Please think once before criticizing the some other effort.

  7. Sujith Eranezhath says:

    It is true that Open Access Movement is fueling pseudo-journals NOT pseudo-science, there is nothing called as pseudo-science. Science is one-side of a coin which has ‘Unscience’ or unscientific ‘notions’ on other side. Apart from these there can be un-understood science or even miss-understood science.

    It is true that Ayurvedic medicine could be a superstition if it is believed to be a medical system ‘involving balancing three bodily humours of wind, bile, and phlegm’. Here wind, bile and phlegm are loose translations, if not wrong trans;ations, of ‘vata’, ‘pittah’ and ‘kapha’. This is as good as telling ‘Microbiology is study of invisible organisms’ rather than telling it is ‘the study of microscopic organisms’.

  8. Kishor says:

    Dear Jeffrey Beall, While I agree that the trend of predatory OA journals is increasing in the field of Ayurveda, I disagree with you when you use the term ‘Pseudoscience’ to indicate Ayurveda. I agree, all the Ayurveda journals that you have listed in your blog are either fake or predatory. But, you cannot generalize this phenomenon to indicate that Ayurveda is bogus. Please go through the following page to get more information on this traditional system of healthcare: http://www.indianmedicine.nic.in/
    (Please consult authentic resources before making such irresponsible statement, in future.)

    • moksha says:

      Dear Kishor, May I know valid reason behind indicating all journals listed by him are either fake or predatory? Remember he is targeting small emerging publishers otherwise he must have included IJAR and JAIM too but he is already in problem due to law suit by OMICS publishers hence wont touch renowned publishers who may take legal action against him

      • Dr says:

        You are right, for these reason only Ayurveda peoples are lacking the strength, whenever needs unity that is the time they escape and start to criticize one other only, if some one is contributing something to ayurveda in any manner they will not digest. The people who comments on some ones effort they will the big looser, they only give comment they do nothing.

      • Kishor says:

        I say that because I know many authors who have published with these journals. They tell me that these journals are actually not peer-reviewed or are peer-reviewed only for namesake. Whether your paper gets published there entirely depends on the money that you pay. This is true with most of the journals listed here, if not all. I can modify my comment to read “most of the journals” instead of ‘All the journals”. I firmly believe that small emerging publishers too stck to the accepted standards of publication ethics.

      • Kishor says:

        In my last comment read the last sentence as: “I firmly believe that small emerging publishers too must adhere to the accepted standards of publication ethics.”

  9. Ratnaprava Singh says:

    Ayurved is the science of life..It is the oldest system of treatment..It has its own scientific parameters.In modern medicine also accept susrut as father of surgery..if ayurved is false science how could survive so many years in this earth??Every year allopathy medicines change or banned due to side effects or adverse effects..but ayurveda medicines are still same from thousand years ago proving their efficacy..it can’t be false by anybody’s false demand..we love ayurged..we have faith on it..jai dhanwantari…jai ayurved…

    • This is not convincing. It reads like an apologetic work.

      • Actually to the contrary, your article is bogus. It isn’t clear if it is inspired by funding from the Pharma industry. Meditation is not a part of Ayurved, but a part of the spiritual system of Yog. There is also a logical fallacy in the article that ascribes the views of certain journals that you consider to be unscientific, to the Science of Ayurved as a whole. A simple search on Google Scholar will give the researcher numerous scientific articles and studies on Ayurved, on numerous herbs, as well as Ayurvedic medicine.
        It is clear from the article that the author has no Knowledge of Ayurved and has collected numerous views to write an opinionated article. For example ‘Vata, Pitta and Kapha are not translated only as Wind, Bile and Phelgm but have numerous other meanings. Off course, the author does not seem to read and understand Sanskrit much less be called a scholar of it, for if he was, he would never write such a poor article.
        Actually, it is a good example of a Western mind trying to promote Allopathy while suppressing all other Sciences as well as alternative medicine.

  10. Schmuck says:

    Gelan and Hippocrates ideas of balancing the body humors was accepted and practiced for many centuries, and, man they were so wrong and caused untold horror stories and suffering.
    Ayurvedic medicine is as valid as Gelan and Hippocrates medicine, but I am sure, it will make a buck for somebody

  11. AVPRF says:

    Suspicious practices in scientific publishing definitely needs to be examined and objected to. But making sweeping statements about traditional medical systems like Ayurveda based on mere opinions of some people and pre-conceived notions is as pseudo-scientific an approach as Ayurveda is accused to be. Making such allegations without any factual basis or proper evidence is in itself a pseudo-scientific method and does not deserve to be taken seriously. Such articles raises serious doubts about the reliability of the author in giving scientific opinions.

    • That’s a silly argument. I cited sources to back up my claims, including the Oxford Handbook of Psychiatry. If you want to continue believing in pseudo-science you are free to do so. Why are you afraid to use your name when leaving a comment?

      • AVPRF says:

        The name represents a research group and not an individual. And citing sources alone does not make arguments scientific. For us, Ayurveda is not just a matter of belief, but a matter of experience. So we find such arguments silly simply because it does not match with our experience.

      • Does your “experience” use controls? An individual is writing the comments. Why is he afraid to reveal his name?

      • AVPRF says:

        There is no question of hiding identity. If you click on the name, the link will take you to our institute website and all the details of the people involved.

        We did do a study evaluating the efficacy of complex Ayurvedic treatment in rheumatoid arthritis with a grant from the NIH, USA. Dr. Daniel Furst, UCLA, an eminent and leading rheumatologist involved in fixing the ACR criteria for rheumatoid arthritis was the leader of the study. Contrary to previous systematic reviews on the subject, our study showed a trend that Ayurveda was equivalent to Methotrexate with fewer side effects. A short communication was published in the Annals of Rheumatic Diseases and the full paper was published in Journal of Clinical Rheumatology. Dr. Edzard Ernst recommended our study as a blue print for future studies on CAM and our paper won the “Excellence in Integrative Medicine Research Award” at the European Congress for Integrative Medicine in September 2012. A larger study is on the way. Our study was a double blind double dummy randomised clinical trial.

        http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21617554

        http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20736391

        I am one of the authors in these papers. P. Ram Manohar, an Ayurvedic Physician by training and a researcher and practitioner from India. I head the AVP Research Foundation on behalf of which I am posting these comments.

  12. Ram Manohar says:

    is there a rule that only individuals can post and that individual names should be revealed? if so, I am trying to change my name now. but please mention some where that individual names should be revealed.

  13. AVPRF says:

    You seem to have removed my detailed reply highlighting some scientific facts. Why are you afraid of such revelations. From this your attitude is very clear.

  14. AVPRF says:

    Actually many of us have been really happy about your effort to hunt down suspicious journals as it helps the efforts of those who want to do serious scientific work in the field. But it is really disappointing that you are applying your judgment to the system as a whole.

  15. AVPRF says:

    I see that my earlier comment has not been deleted. I apologise for the comments regarding removal of my post by you. I guess when I tried to change my name, the previous post under moderation became invisible. I am able to see it now when I post with the earlier name. I look forward to your review and comments.

  16. henrytobias says:

    I don’t know anything about Ayurvedic medicine, but there are those, even in the West, who use it and are convinced that it can help. How much is placebo effect, we don’t know. Homeopathic medicines are also controversial, but many swear by its effectiveness and it is BIG business in countries such as Germany and France.

  17. Dear Mr.Beall,

    Every popular science/technology/business/venture has been misused by some, including the very “scientific” pharmaceutical industry (everybody knows it). Similarly, some are misusing the name ‘Ayurveda’ and are producing fake journals, medicines, practices and so on. However, this doesn’t mean that the science of Ayurveda is fake/pseudo.

    Whatever has been proved by ‘the science’ may be true. But, it can’t be argued that the process/principle which is not proven doesn’t exist! Gravity was there even before Newton discovered it! So, my suggestion is to accept what is proven and to be open to learn, explore and not condemn what is unknown!

    I think none of checked our DNA’s to accept our father! We just trusted our mother’s words…that’s called faith! As “modern scientists” they should not accept their fathers until they do DNA testing!

    Ayurveda teaches about many aspects of life and health, which is still being researched on and are being proven day by day. Present day “science” is still in its infancy, a lot more to understand and learn. If we don’t believe, then Ayurveda won’t lose anything but us, the benefits of it. We see, everyday in our practice, hundreds of people getting better and recovering from their illnesses by Ayurveda. e.g: My mother is on no medicine now since 20 years, whereas she was having severe bronchial asthma before, She took Ayurveda treatment and followed the diet+lifestyle advice strictly for 2-3 years and inspired me to learn Ayurveda. Now, I don’t need any so called ‘scientific’ evidence to believe it and practice it!

  18. p.g. says:

    Mr. whoever has written that biased article….200 yrs before who was treating the mankind? for ur kind information mashrooming of journals is prevalent in every system of science.r they all psuedoscience. i think someone from ayurveda is spoiling ur practice otherwise u must have a respect to other sciences.
    wish u get well soon.

  19. dr. shylaja says:

    fools deride ayurveda.. check out page” ayurveda for your health” on fb, there is an article that ayurveda is not hocus pocus!!!

  20. The opening sentences of Jeffrey’s piece are “The internet and the open-access movement are enabling the publishing and proliferation of numerous pseudo-science journals. Ayurvedic medicine is an example of a bogus science that boasts an increasing number of pretend scholarly journals.”

    By what stretch of logic are the two points- (i) proliferation of numerous open access journals, many of which of dubious standard and (ii) Ayurveda being a pseudo science- connected? Let us concede that there is a malaise of some/many open access journals which have diluted/compromised scientific publishing standards not just related to Ayurveda but in many other areas. But Ayurveda’s claim to being a science does not rest on what has been published in these pseudo science journals. There is a large body of work published in ‘pay for access’ journals. Moreover, whether Ayurveda is a science or not is a topic for discussion at much greater length and depth and not summarily concluded from such summary-distorted logic. He must know that for every thesis (and reference quoted) there would be counter-theses (with references). As if the Oxford Handbook of Psychiatry is the ultimate authority on Ayurveda or medicine in general.

    By commenting on Jeffrey’s piece we give credibility and importance to someone who, as a librarian, may comment on his field but has absolutely no business to comment on something beyond his ken and life-experience. Jeffrey is already lost to his world of certainties. However, on his specific first point- the proliferation of open access, dubious journals in many fields of study- I concur.

  21. Kishor says:

    Dear Rajiv,
    You are absolutely right. I have had many interactions with Jeffrey earlier, may be since last one year or so on various issues related to compromised quality of publishing in general. I have always admired him for the excellent work that he has been doing. However, this is for the first time that he has left me in a deep sense of disappointment by making a statement such as this one. I too have concluded that Jeffrey’s statements on anything other than librarian sciences must not be taken seriously.

  22. Dr.Anand Jain says:

    who ever written this article his team is totally unaware about the Ayurved…For Ur Kind information of this article i have to give some examples hear..
    1)If we Withdraw our 101 basic surgical instrument which are told by our great acharya sushruta ,no surgeon of any pathy can perform any type of surgery…it may be Gyn&obs,Opthalmology ,Ortho or any speciality branch who dealing with surgery…
    2)Till now there is no addition or changes or substitute for those instrument are available
    3)Ayurved is the first science which specified speciality branches in different faculty which are letter copied by modern and other pathys
    4)charakacharya was the first to tell about abdominal examination(fluid thrill test) in chikitsa sthan…
    5)Ayurved is the science who refers the patient to speciality branches….if the patient is case of surgery then charaka clearly says “DHANWANTARIYANAM ADHIKARAHA”which clearly shows interdepartmental expertises OPINION for further management…
    6)We had different faculty of doctors like Rishi NIMI(Ophthalmologist),Kashyapa(Paediatrics),Sushruta (Surgeon),Charak(Medicine) ….
    7) Shushrut is the person who first dissect the human body…and explain very beautiful anatomy
    I think these examples are enough to say from ancient time till todays era ayurved stand only on scientific bases….If you require more information and references of this example u can mail me on anand_jain313@yahoo.com

    ..
    .

  23. author of this nonsense should come to know about ayurved because this is only medical science which is mother of all medical science,all other branches are originated by Ayurved..so do’nt write such stupid things…just i can say writer should know Ayurved more because Ayurved is not what u described..

  24. http://bmhegde.com/hegde/articles.php?article_id=20

    Dear Jeffrey, pls read this article by Dr. B.M. Hegde MD, FRCP(Lond.), FRCP(Edin.), FRCP(Glas.), FRCP(Dub.), FACC(U.S.A.), FAMS

    Please also note the extract, from near the end of the article: “While we need to complement modern medicine, which is exceedingly effective for emergency care, with less expensive but equally effective methods good for long term care, Ayurveda fits the bill perfectly. It is both authentic and scientific. In addition, it is highly effective.”

    Dr. Hegde, you will note is an eminent cardiologist trained and qualified as a Fellow of 4 Royal Colleges of Medicine.

  25. Dr. Radhika T.P says:

    I strongly feel that the author of this article is neither aware of Ayurveda nor anything else. Before writing nonsense article it’s better to go through the history of medical science. Ayurveda is the most ancient medical science that helps not only to cure or manage the disease but also helps to maintain the health.
    I hope the author will understand his/her ignorance towards this precious science and will remove this article as soon as possible.

  26. vaidya Akashdeep gupta says:

    I writer of artical is full of confusion he/she unable to understand science of ayurveda .
    Developer of ayurveda called Rishi organise CME on vadic period about 5ooo year back.
    Rasayan sastra is modern nano technology.
    But why i give you explanation ?

  27. Science_brah says:

    I have no problem with this blog for the most part, but I had to say something about this one.

    If these things work, are they still pseudoscience?

    Not promoting or dissing it, just saying that these things bear some investigation. If things like homeopathy or psychic healings, which don’t fit into the paradigm of known natural laws, still work, then well, they work, and we shouldn’t be quick to do mental gymnastics to say that they are pseudoscientific ideas. And we can’t just scoff at them if these investigations are to happen in order either to validate these ideas or put them to rest completely as useless.

    Of course, the problem with this is that these are being performed on open-access journals which have questionable quality (on both the mainstream sciences and “pseudo”-sciences).

  28. Samir Hachani says:

    Let me just barge in.It seems that indian readers are taking this too personnaly. Dr Beall has done a great job and he is not attacking this so called medecine but simply pointing out certain discrepancies. Some of people reacting should learn proper English ( u are ????????????)

  29. Remya Krishnan says:

    How foolish that such substandard baseless articles are still left unremoved

  30. Unfortunately you the author is right. Thanks.

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