The Chinese Publisher SCIRP (Scientific Research Publishing): A Publishing Empire Built on Junk Science

AIDS Denialism

AIDS Denialism

Another day, another report of a junk science article published by China-based publisher Scientific Research Publishing, or SCIRP. This publisher specializes in publishing junk cosmology and junk physics, but with this article, the publisher is branching out into junk medical science, specifically AIDS denialism.

The article is entitled “Basic Principles Underlying Human Physiology[1], and you don’t have to be a scientist to know that it’s junk, for it is a manifestation of AIDS denialism. The conclusion’s first paragraph says,

HIV is not etiologically involved in AIDS. It is just a common retrovirus found in AIDS conjuncturally. There is only AIDS that may not be strictly associated neither to a primary immune deficiency nor to an acquired immune deficiency. Actually, heart failure represents the causal factor of AIDS and many other “primary” immune deficiencies (p. 1821).

The article is indexed in Google Scholar, of course.

The article has a single reference, and it’s to a 2007 article by the same author (Pavel) in a subscription journal that’s indexed by EBSCO.

The publisher SCIRP has a comment feature (Disqus) at the end of each article it publishes, and I have been told that comments left after this article questioning its scientific integrity have been deleted.

The article says that HIV does not cause AIDS, yet the article is branded as a scientific article. This means it’s a threat to the public health, for it could lead to HIV transmission by anyone believing the paper’s conclusions. It’s immoral for SCIRP to publish such rubbish.

The author, Pavel, is currently sending out unsolicited emails to researchers in Europe, promoting the article.

SCIRP empire logos

Logos of the Empire?

The SCIRP Empire

China-based Scientific Research Publishing is a growing empire with four publishing imprints (brands) that I know of, plus one mega-journal that emulates PLOS ONE, publishing in both English and Chinese and with claimed offices in the United States, Canada, and China. The imprints include:

Scientific Research Publishing

Hans Publishers, Inc. (HansPub, 汉斯)

The mega-journal is OA Lib (Open Access Library).

There is also a possible connection between SCIRP and Sophia Publishing Group, based in British Columbia, but this connection is unclear:

Sophia Publishing Group (This is a meta-publisher, or platform, with the following two journal imprints):


The 5th Publisher

I realize there may be some strong and honest articles published in SCIRP journals. However, these articles are devalued and stigmatized by association with all the junk science that SCIRP publishes. The authors of the good articles are being victimized by the publisher’s policy of publishing pseudoscientific articles like “Basic Principles Underlying Human Physiology.”

SCIRP only rarely retracts articles, preferring instead to protect the interests of its customers, the paying authors.

Hat tip: Deyan Yosifov

[1]. Pavel. Dumitru. (2014). Basic principles underlying human physiology. Health 6, 1816-1821.


List of SCIRP journals as of 2014-12-13:

  1. Advances in Aerospace Science and Technology
  2. Advances in Aging Research
  3. Advances in Alzheimer’s Disease
  4. Advances in Anthropology
  5. Advances in Applied Sociology
  6. Advances in Biological Chemistry
  7. Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology
  8. Advances in Breast Cancer Research
  9. Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science
  10. Advances in Computed Tomography
  11. Advances in Entomology
  12. Advances in Enzyme Research
  13. Advances in Historical Studies
  14. Advances in Infectious Diseases
  15. Advances in Internet of Things
  16. Advances in Journalism and Communication
  17. Advances in Linear Algebra & Matrix Theory
  18. Advances in Literary Study
  19. Advances in Lung Cancer
  20. Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry
  21. Advances in Microbiology
  22. Advances in Molecular Imaging
  23. Advances in Nanoparticles
  24. Advances in Parkinson’s Disease
  25. Advances in Physical Education
  26. Advances in Pure Mathematics
  27. Advances in Remote Sensing
  28. Advances in Reproductive Sciences
  29. Advances in Sexual Medicine
  30. Agricultural Sciences
  31. American Journal of Analytical Chemistry
  32. American Journal of Climate Change
  33. American Journal of Computational Mathematics
  34. American Journal of Industrial and Business Management
  35. American Journal of Molecular Biology
  36. American Journal of Operations Research
  37. American Journal of Plant Sciences
  38. Applied Mathematics
  39. Archaeological Discovery
  40. Art and Design Review
  41. Atmospheric and Climate Sciences
  42. Beijing Law Review
  43. Case Reports in Clinical Medicine
  44. CellBio
  45. Chinese Medicine
  46. Chinese Studies
  47. Circuits and Systems
  48. Communications and Network
  49. Computational Chemistry
  50. Computational Molecular Bioscience
  51. Computational Water, Energy, and Environmental Engineering
  52. Creative Education
  53. Crystal Structure Theory and Applications
  54. Current Urban Studies
  55. Detection
  56. E-Health Telecommunication Systems and Networks
  57. Energy and Materials for Aerospace Engineering
  58. Energy and Power Engineering
  59. Engineering
  60. Food and Nutrition Sciences
  61. Forensic Medicine and Anatomy Research
  62. Geomaterials
  63. Graphene
  64. Green and Sustainable Chemistry
  65. Health
  66. iBusiness
  67. InfraMatics
  68. Intelligent Control and Automation
  69. Intelligent Information Management
  70. International Journal of Analytical Mass Spectrometry and Chromatography
  71. International Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics
  72. International Journal of Clean Coal and Energy
  73. International Journal of Clinical Medicine
  74. International Journal of Geosciences
  75. International Journal of Intelligence Science
  76. International Journal of Internet and Distributed Systems
  77. International Journal of Medical Physics, Clinical Engineering and Radiation Oncology
  78. International Journal of Modern Nonlinear Theory and Application
  79. International Journal of Nonferrous Metallurgy
  80. International Journal of Organic Chemistry
  81. International Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery
  82. Int’l J. of Communications, Network and System Sciences
  83. Journal of Agricultural Chemistry and Environment
  84. Journal of Analytical Sciences, Methods and Instrumentation
  85. Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics
  86. Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science
  87. Journal of Biomaterials and Nanobiotechnology
  88. Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering
  89. Journal of Biophysical Chemistry
  90. Journal of Biosciences and Medicines
  91. Journal of Building Construction and Planning Research
  92. Journal of Cancer Therapy
  93. Journal of Computer and Communications
  94. Journal of Cosmetics, Dermatological Sciences and Applications
  95. Journal of Crystallization Process and Technology
  96. Journal of Data Analysis and Information Processing
  97. Journal of Diabetes Mellitus
  98. Journal of Electromagnetic Analysis and Applications
  99. Journal of Electronics Cooling and Thermal Control
  100. Journal of Encapsulation and Adsorption Sciences
  101. Journal of Environmental Protection
  102. Journal of Financial Risk Management
  103. Journal of Flow Control, Measurement & Visualization
  104. Journal of Geographic Information System
  105. Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection
  106. Journal of Human Resource and Sustainability Studies
  107. Journal of Immune Based Therapies, Vaccines and Antimicrobials
  108. Journal of Information Security
  109. Journal of Intelligent Learning Systems and Applications
  110. Journal of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering
  111. Journal of Mathematical Finance
  112. Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering
  113. Journal of Modern Physics
  114. Journal of Power and Energy Engineering
  115. Journal of Quantum Information Science
  116. Journal of Sensor Technology
  117. Journal of Service Science and Management
  118. Journal of Signal and Information Processing
  119. Journal of Software Engineering and Applications
  120. Journal of Surface Engineered Materials and Advanced Technology
  121. Journal of Sustainable Bioenergy Systems
  122. Journal of Textile Science and Technology
  123. Journal of Transportation Technologies
  124. Journal of Tuberculosis Research
  125. Journal of Water Resource and Protection
  126. Low Carbon Economy
  127. Materials Sciences and Applications
  128. Microscopy Research
  129. Modeling and Numerical Simulation of Material Science
  130. Modern Chemotherapy
  131. Modern Economy
  132. Modern Instrumentation
  133. Modern Mechanical Engineering
  134. Modern Plastic Surgery
  135. Modern Research in Catalysis
  136. Modern Research in Inflammation
  137. Natural Resources
  138. Natural Science
  139. Neuroscience & Medicine
  140. New Journal of Glass and Ceramics
  141. Occupational Diseases and Environmental Medicine
  142. Open Journal of Accounting
  143. Open Journal of Acoustics
  144. Open Journal of Air Pollution
  145. Open Journal of Anesthesiology
  146. Open Journal of Animal Sciences
  147. Open Journal of Antennas and Propagation
  148. Open Journal of Apoptosis
  149. Open Journal of Applied Biosensor
  150. Open Journal of Applied Sciences
  151. Open Journal of Biophysics
  152. Open Journal of Blood Diseases
  153. Open Journal of Business and Management
  154. Open Journal of Civil Engineering
  155. Open Journal of Clinical Diagnostics
  156. Open Journal of Composite Materials
  157. Open Journal of Depression
  158. Open Journal of Discrete Mathematics
  159. Open Journal of Earthquake Research
  160. Open Journal of Ecology
  161. Open Journal of Emergency Medicine
  162. Open Journal of Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases
  163. Open Journal of Energy Efficiency
  164. Open Journal of Epidemiology
  165. Open Journal of Fluid Dynamics
  166. Open Journal of Forestry
  167. Open Journal of Gastroenterology
  168. Open Journal of Genetics
  169. Open Journal of Geology
  170. Open Journal of Immunology
  171. Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
  172. Open Journal of Inorganic Non-metallic Materials
  173. Open Journal of Internal Medicine
  174. Open Journal of Leadership
  175. Open Journal of Marine Science
  176. Open Journal of Medical Imaging
  177. Open Journal of Medical Microbiology
  178. Open Journal of Medical Psychology
  179. Open Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
  180. Open Journal of Metal
  181. Open Journal of Microphysics
  182. Open Journal of Modelling and Simulation
  183. Open Journal of Modern Hydrology
  184. Open Journal of Modern Linguistics
  185. Open Journal of Modern Neurosurgery
  186. Open Journal of Molecular and Integrative Physiology
  187. Open Journal of Nephrology
  188. Open Journal of Nursing
  189. Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
  190. Open Journal of Ophthalmology
  191. Open Journal of Optimization
  192. Open Journal of Organ Transplant Surgery
  193. Open Journal of Organic Polymer Materials
  194. Open Journal of Orthopedics
  195. Open Journal of Pathology
  196. Open Journal of Pediatrics
  197. Open Journal of Philosophy
  198. Open Journal of Physical Chemistry
  199. Open Journal of Political Science
  200. Open Journal of Polymer Chemistry
  201. Open Journal of Preventive Medicine
  202. Open Journal of Psychiatry
  203. Open Journal of Radiology
  204. Open Journal of Regenerative Medicine
  205. Open Journal of Respiratory Diseases
  206. Open Journal of Rheumatology and Autoimmune Diseases
  207. Open Journal of Safety Science and Technology
  208. Open Journal of Social Sciences
  209. Open Journal of Soil Science
  210. Open Journal of Statistics
  211. Open Journal of Stomatology
  212. Open Journal of Synthesis Theory and Applications
  213. Open Journal of Therapy and Rehabilitation
  214. Open Journal of Thoracic Surgery
  215. Open Journal of Urology
  216. Open Journal of Veterinary Medicine
  217. Optics and Photonics Journal
  218. Pain Studies and Treatment
  219. Pharmacology & Pharmacy
  220. Positioning
  221. Psychology
  222. Smart Grid and Renewable Energy
  223. Social Networking
  224. Sociology Mind
  225. Soft
  226. Soft Nanoscience Letters
  227. Spectral Analysis Review
  228. Stem Cell Discovery
  229. Surgical Science
  230. Technology and Investment
  231. Theoretical Economics Letters
  232. Voice of the Publisher
  233. Wireless Engineering and Technology
  234. Wireless Sensor Network
  235. World Journal of AIDS
  236. World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases
  237. World Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
  238. World Journal of Condensed Matter Physics
  239. World Journal of Engineering and Technology
  240. World Journal of Mechanics
  241. World Journal of Nano Science and Engineering
  242. World Journal of Neuroscience
  243. World Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology
  244. World Journal of Vaccines

List of BioPublisher journals as of 2014-12-13:

  1. American Agricultural Research Frontier
  2. Aquatic Biological Research
  3. Brewing Journal
  4. Brewing Research
  5. Cancer Research and Molecular Diagnostics
  6. Computational Molecular Biology
  7. European Research Biotechnology Progress
  8. Genomics and Applied Biology
  9. Genomics and Biotechnology
  10. Genomics and Medical Biology
  11. Herbal Medicine and Pharmacology Magazine
  12. Insect Molecular Biology
  13. Journal of Laboratory Medicine and Quarantine
  14. Legume Genomics and Genetics
  15. Marine Biology
  16. Medical genetics and disease research
  17. Molecular Plant Breeding

List of The 5th Publisher journals as of 2014-12-13:

  1. Agriculture Civilization
  2. Agriculture Inspection
  3. Journal of Alternative Crops
  4. Journal of Global Public Health

43 Responses to The Chinese Publisher SCIRP (Scientific Research Publishing): A Publishing Empire Built on Junk Science

  1. wkdawson says:

    You have pointed out before that SCIRP looks troublesomely similar to Scripps.

    I do appreciate that you mentioned that “The authors of the good articles are being victimized by the publisher’s policy of publishing pseudoscientific articles…”

    There are people who desire to be good scholars in Asia. I have had both Chinese and Japanese who have asked me to help them with there manuscripts, and I can see that some of them really do care about communicating, and just struggle with the language and the cultural barriers. However, there are also people who seem to think that if one journal rejects the paper, they just send it to another until it does get accepted. So you have good and bad scholars in every nook and cranny in the world and you cannot say who the good and bad are until you start seeing a pattern of bad scholarship,

    Further, not all of us who have published with open access have chosen to do so because we want to hid something, rather, we want everyone to have access to it. if there is an agenda, it is that we have lived in places where it was difficult to get papers because many universities in Asia, Eastern Europe, and Africa don’t have an adequate budget for extensive library access to all the essential journals. Admittedly, it appears that people are reading less and less and merely citing what was acquired from an abstract if that. Some citations are just copied from other citation lists. Nevertheless, there are people out there who actually _try_ to read the papers in their field — though it is obvious that no one can keep up anymore with everything. It is most annoying to find that I cannot read a paper in my field because the library doesn’t have downloadable access for that article. So this is where OA has its strength. What you point out in you blog is what the weakness is.

  2. KEHINDE Falola says:

    I would like to know if this journal is on the list of predator journalInternational Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied SciencesThanks. Falola

  3. herr doktor bimler says:

    I am disappointed that Scirp have an “Advances in Internet of Things” rather than “Advances in Internet of Cats”.

  4. Maytham says:

    Really conclusion and some text in introduction of this article are bs, what happen to science, I would like say if a student searching for topic on HIV and he finds such bs, what is fate of science ?

  5. I went to the J.Exp.Therap.Oncology for a look at Dumitru Pavel’s 2007 paper. It is 17 pages of unedited ESOL crankery, but the gist of it seems to be that every form of cancer arises from tissue degeneration from not using that tissue properly. Oesophagal and tomach cancers are from not chewing properly; breast cancers arise from abbreviated lactation periods; lung cancer from not breathing properly (inadequate flaring of the nostrils or something). He has re-invented one of the older vitalistic forms of cancer crankery. Also baldness is caused by modern short haircuts.

    Here he argues that heart disease causes leukemia (as the cardiac muscle cells degenerate into something else):

    The fact that the journal (from “Old City Publishing”) printed this piffle verbatim leaves one wondering if they bother with peer review.

    I note that there is a “Bucharest University”, and a “Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy”… but given his Yahoo e-mail address, and his claim to be at “Bucharest University of Medicine”, I can’t help suspecting that Dumitru Pavel is not affiliated to either.

  6. Alex SL says:

    The article is indexed in Google Scholar, of course.

    I know there are reasons to criticise Google, but this seems like an odd thing to write. AFAIK they don’t make any claim that what you find with their search engines is all vetted and high-quality. Of course there is a lot of noise, but everybody knows that.

    I for one appreciate that there are systems that lean towards exclusivity and others, like Google Scholar, that lean towards inclusivity. The latter allows me to find legitimate things that have been published in obscurer outlets, and I am qualified to do my own quality control. A perfect example are monograph series that are high quality but merely have too few issues per year to fulfil the criteria for inclusion in Thompson Reuters’ JCR and suchlike.

    • AIDS denialism is not mere “noise” as you state. The indexed article is branded as a scientific article and indexed in a database that purports to be a scholarly index. Inexperienced users might naively accept the paper’s statements as honest science. It’s great that you can tell the difference, but not all users can.

      • Reinhard says:

        It is correct that not all users of Google Scholar can tell the difference. Still, the positive side of GS is the fact that articles are generally sorted according to citations so this paper probably ends in obscurity. The fewer cites the less trustworthy. This of course does not apply to more recent articles. I still recommend GS to my students with some of cautionary advice.

      • Marco says:

        I am sorry, Mr Beall, but you can find several Duesberg papers on PubMed, which essentially come down to the same thing: HIV is just a retrovirus unrelated to AIDS. The latest is from 2011, so if Google Scholar is bad for indexing this latest crank paper, Pubmed is bad for indexing Duesberg’s crank paper.

      • No need to apologize. I basically agree with you. Google scholar is more popularly marketed, however, while PubMed’s intended audience is better able to separate the junk from the authentic work.

  7. Sudesh Kumar says:

    I am very critical of Jeffrey Beall and his criteria but having read the above article, I firmly support his views in this post.

    In my career I have seen many patients being saved by cardiopulmonary resuscitation. In the above article the authors suggest THEIR novel method of cardiopulmonary resuscitation by placing the patient in a specific position and…..PERUSING THE BRACHIAL VEIN BY SERUM, VIA IV DRIP, AT A MEDIUM FLOW RATE.

    Cardiopulmonary resuscitation is an emergency procedure and there are only few minutes to save the patient. Where the hell will the physician get SERUM, that also matched, unless we want to give the patient a transfusion reaction as well? I wonder if the authors will prefer this new methods applied on themselves, if unfortunately a need arises.

    I almost died when I read this: “Lymph node…it variably acts as a disinfectant sprayer on the lymph and blood fluids, which are naturally and permanently contaminated by exogenous factors such as water, food, air.” – Air of all things? and “disinfectant sprayer” for water, food and air!!! – can i get some lymph nodes to disinfect my car?

    And to read that “HIV is not etiologically involved in AIDS but found in AIDS conjuncturally” when billions of dollars have been spent in proving otherwise…what to say???

    This is not junk science by authors but DANGEROUS science bordering on INSANITY.

  8. Zedi says:

    I would like to share my experience as a reviewer for a SCRIP journal.
    Despite being perfectly aware of the bad reputation of this publisher, I accepted to review a paper for them, just to verify the regularity of the review process by myself.
    The paper I had to review was not pseudo-science, but its quality was definitely bad. It looked like an old paper written in the mid ’90s and long forgotten in a closet: old fashioned techniques, low quality images, conclusions unsopported by genome sequence (I guess the reason for that is the the genome sequence was not available when the paper was written several years ago). I believe that the authors, having probably experienced multiple rejections, thought that they had a chance to publish this old unpublished work in a low-quality journal.
    I strongly advised to reject the paper, providing very low scores for all the fields provided in the reviewer’s comment scoring sheet (SCRIP uses a ridiculous 10-star rating system for a series of aspects, which include “creativeness”).
    To my surprise, after a couple of weeks I received another mail from the eitorial office with the revised paper attached (actually almost no meaningful modification was made to improve it). I confirmed my rejection reccomendation and complained about that fact that such a crappy paper was even considered for revision.
    Here is the response I got:

    “[…] paper submission recently may be influenced by the holidays is not as good as before. The number of papers submitted these two months is declining. ​We have to consider the number and quality of manuscripts, thus we have gave the author a chance to revise the paper. ​[…] By the way, could you please kindly submit or recommend some papers to our journal AJMB? We would be greatly grateful to you for recommending AJMB to your colleagues and friends.”

    What can we learn from this story?
    1) peer review does actually take place in SCIP journals, but the editorial office will do anything to publish a paper regardless of the reviewer reccomendation.
    2) they don’t care about paper quality, all they care about are the revenues from publishing fees.

    • Jimmy L. says:

      I am afraid I do not agree with your comment. Firstly, the paper you mentioned is rejected due to your reviewing result. Secondly the editorial assistant did say that they will handle it seriously.

      The full reply is attached as below. Hope you are honest and not just picking up pieces of the email to say something.

      Sent: 03 December 2014 9:51
      To: […]
      Subject: RE: AJMB: Please Check the Revised Paper ID_1070177

      Dear Dr. […],

      Thank you very much indeed for reviewing the paper for us. Your rigorous review and beneficial comments on this paper are very helpful.

      However, paper submission recently may be influenced by the holidays is not as good as before. The number of papers submitted these two months is declining. ​We have to consider the number and quality of manuscripts, thus we have given the author a chance to revise the paper before. ​

      It is a pity that the author seems not revise the paper carefully. We would consult the Editor-In-Chief on this matter and handle it seriously.

      By the way, could you please kindly submit or recommend some papers to our journal AJMB?

      We would be greatly grateful to you for recommending AJMB to your colleagues and friends.

      Look forward to hearing from you soon.

      Have a great day!

    • I was recently asked to referee a paper for Advances in Pure Mathematics. I was a bit confused as the paper was already published by the journal. I am still waiting further information as to what they want me to do, but the vague email mentioned someone has claimed there is an error in the paper. While it is terrific that a journal would want someone to look at a paper again in such a situation, the fact that this paper was ever published is quite alarming. it claims to prove one of the biggest open conjectures in all of mathematics; if true it is absolutely ground-breaking and the biggest event of the past decade. Such a result should be carefully refereed by experts first and then an editorial board with experience should weigh in; I am waiting to hear back from the journal as to how the paper was handled.

  9. Zedi says:

    To complete my comment above, I have to say that the paper was finally rejected, so SCRIP journals do not publish every single paper they receive.
    One positive thing is that the peer review process does work, provided that appropriate and experienced reviewers are assigned to each paper.
    Still, based on my correspondence with the editorial office, I have the feeling that the it is quite “soft” about quality criteria to be met for publication.
    My personal impression is that SCRIP is trying to improve the scientific quality of its journals. However, as many of you have pointed out, pseudo-science continues to be occasionally published. How is this possible given that peer review takes place? I think the main reasons behind this is a weak editorial selection for quality combined with the choice of unexperienced/inappropriate peer reviewers and these are the two points SCRIP should really strongly improve.

  10. Corey Allen says:

    I also found a new publisher with an unusual name “SmatPub”.

    I was just wondering if it can be labelled as predatory?

  11. Corey Allen says:

    I made a list of my own of publisher that I think are non scientific. They are:

  12. Lis says:

    SPIE Conferences and ELSEVIER Journals publish from time to time junk, anti-science, articles. Elsevier also publishes fake medical journals.

  13. kashif says:

    i want to publish a research paper in engineering, how can i publish this, anyone can guide me??

    • Ross says:

      Start with a Google Scholar search on your topic. You will see the common journals for that particular area. Then just write the paper.

  14. teeba says:

    There are also predetary authors. Why would the names of Scully and Thornhill appear on researches performed by Jordanian authors? Do they qualify as authors? do they know that there names could have been used to mislead editors?

  15. Riaan Stals says:

    Hooray to Jeffrey!

    As announced by Retraction Watch yesterday, the offending AIDS-denialist paper has been retracted. In its place there is a short declaration, purportedly by the offending author himself:

    • Which proves that their system of open access works. What would’ve been better to my mind is if someone wrote a good plainly worded rebuttal article. That would give us something we can cite to refute many commonly circulating misconceptions about HIV AIDS.

      If anything I would wonder why not simply allow comments to appear below the article as they have the capacity to do?

  16. […] peridicos, o Scirp integra a lista de “publishers predatrios” do blog de Beall. No post O publisher chins Scirp: Um imprio editorial construdo sobre a cincia-lixo, ele diz que pode haver estudos honestos nas revistas do grupo, mas eles “so desvalorizados e […]

  17. Kidus says:

    “I realize there may be some strong and honest articles published in SCIRP journals. However, these articles are devalued and stigmatized by association with all the junk science that SCIRP publishes. The authors of the good articles are being victimized by the publisher’s policy of publishing pseudoscientific articles like “Basic Principles Underlying Human Physiology.”

    We are very sorry for being stigmatized as the above paragraph is stating.

    We published two articles in Scrip journals. We did not pay handling fee. Our manuscripts have been reviewed because we made improvement based on the comments we got. But, is it not better to publish in open access publishers and make it available for all than publishing in journals that lock their publications (showing only the abstract) and ask payments? I think readers should evaluate the quality of the publications rather than branding everything as predatory.

    • Okay, using the name in your email address attached to your comment, I found your article “Biotechnology: Science versus Value-Laden Decisions” by Berhanu Abraha Tsegay and Alemayehu Bishaw Tamiru published in the low-quality SCIRP journal Open Journal of Philosophy.

      I see that on p. 153 of the article you have this text:

      “There is a dichotomy therefore, between science and value driven decision-making. Most societal controversies that take place are based on differing values among individuals within the society. Science on the other hand is a deliberate rational process. Science based decision-making attempts to arrive at decisions based on scientific certainty.”

      The text appears in your SCIRP article without any citation and without any quotation marks.

      Oops! This text was first published verbatim in 2000 in the online journal AgBioForum. Here’s the citation:

      Sundlof, S. (2000). The role of science in regulation and decision making. AgBioForum, 3(2&3), 137-140. Available on the World Wide Web:

      So, I think this is additional proof that SCIRP is a low quality publisher, for they have quickly published your unoriginal article (Received 12 March 2014; revised 12 April 2014; accepted 19 April 2014) that contains uncited text that was originally published in other scholarly publications.

      I am sure that if I looked further, I could find additional examples of unsourced copying in your article.

  18. Md Mainul Islam says:

    Dear Jeffrey Beall
    I need an information about the publisher “Scientific Research Platform (SRP)” – Seychelles, European Journal of Scientific Research. What is your advise?

    • This is one of the most predatory of the predatory publishers, and I recommend that all researchers completely avoid this publisher and all its journals and services.

  19. Molla says:

    Dear J.Beall,

    Thank you for helping me identify where to submit and where not to submit my manuscripts in the future. However, I am afraid that you are not fair sometimes. I said this because I have the chance to read articles published in the so called predatory journals and in those journals that you fail not to list them under predatory journals. I find really thrush and good articles in both of them. I personally believe that it is up to the scientist to decide where to submit one’s manuscripts. I mean the scientific community should know that all what is written and published is not correct, hence, needs appraisal. And this is the responsibility of the consumers. Therefore, allow me, Mr. Beall, to advise you not to bias our choice, as you probably are. it seems to me that you you blame open access journals from the rapidly growing economy-China.


    • chan rasjid says:

      J Beal is correct. Some genuine authors do not know the reputation of a journal – its is of “utmost importance” for papers of any worth. If we want others to just read our work free, just upload to; we are our own “peer review”, why let others do it. Our name would not be associated with “bogus” peer review.

      Chan Rasjid.

  20. […] Beall fa scoperte esilaranti. L'acchiappa-polli cinese SCIRP è nella sua lista da tempo, questa […]

  21. […] Beall fa scoperte esilaranti. L'acchiappa-polli cinese SCIRP è nella sua lista da tempo, questa […]

  22. Gabriel says:

    No need to apologize. I basically agree with you. Google scholar is more popularly marketed, however.

  23. oggy says:

    Science is to be shared, so I kindly ask you to judge the quality of papers not the publisher, ideas are the only thing that can promote society. Love u all :)

  24. Jehona says:

    I want to know if the “Open Journal of Stomatology ” and “The Open Dentistry Journal” are in the predatory list.
    Thank you

    • Yes, in both cases the publishers are on the list of questionable publishers. The Open Dentistry Journal is published by Bentham Open, and this publisher is on my list.

      The Open Journal of Stomatology is published by Scientific Research Publishing (SCIRP), which is also on my list.

      I recommend that you avoid all journals from both publishers.

  25. Sam Kagawa says:

    AASCIT are complete spammers beware. Recently i sent an article to the American journal of science and technology. After a bogus review they replied they have accepted my article. they asked me to pay article processing charges. The bank transfer address is Hong Kong while the journal is American! I transferred USD 200. After acknowledging the receipt of the money they refused to publish my article. I pleaded with them but since then they refused to reply. The address there is no person full name, no address, no contact. Only Gmail address. These are complete spammers. Do not ever send your journal to AASCIT. I have all the evidence of the communication i had with them. If need be i can give you the details.

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