Beall’s List of Predatory Publishers 2015

2015

2015

Beall’s List of Predatory Publishers 2015

   by Jeffrey Beall, January 2, 2015 Each year at this time I formally release my updated list of predatory publishers. Because the list is now very large, and because I now publish four, continuously-updated lists, this year’s release does not include the actual lists but instead includes statistical and explanatory data about the lists and links to them. Potential, possible, or probable predatory scholarly open-access publishers: This year, 2015, marks the fifth annual release of this list, which is also continuously updated. The list this year includes 693 publishers, an increase of 241  216 over 2014.

Number of predatory publishers, 2011-2015

Number of predatory publishers, 2011-2015

Potential, possible, or probable predatory scholarly open-access journals: This year, 2015, marks the third annual release of this list, which is also continuously updated. The list this year includes 507 journals, an increase of 204 over 2014.

Number of predatory, standalone journals, 2013-2015

Number of predatory, standalone journals, 2013-2015

Two New Lists: Misleading metrics and Hijacked journals  This year, I started two new lists that track two new areas of questionable practices related to open-access journals. The Misleading metrics list includes companies that “calculate” and publish counterfeit impact factors (or some similar measure) to publishers, metrics the publishers then use in their websites and spam email to trick scholars into thinking their journals have legitimate impact factors. The Hijacked journals list includes journals for which someone has created a counterfeit website, stealing the journal’s identity and soliciting articles submissions using the author-pays model (gold open-access).

Misleading metrics: 26 (list debuted in March, 2014)

Hijacked journals: 30 (list started in May, 2014)

Here are links to current edition of each list:

Updated Criteria: With the help and advice of others, I have updated the criteria that I use when evaluating publishers and standalone journals for possible inclusion on my list. The criteria document is called Criteria Criteria for Determining Predatory Open-Access Publishers, 3rd edition. Most of the document remains unchanged. The only external documents the criteria now refers to are two published by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). The document has also been reformatted for easier reading, and some new criteria have been added:

  • There is little or no geographical diversity among the editorial board members, especially for journals that claim to be international in scope or coverage.
  • The editorial board engages in gender bias (i.e., exclusion of any female members).
  • The publisher does not allow search engines to crawl the published content, preventing the content from being indexed in academic indexes.
  • The publisher copy-proofs (locks) their PDFs, thus making it harder to check for plagiarism.
  • There is little or no geographic diversity among the authors of articles in one or more of the publisher’s journals, an indication the journal has become an easy outlet for authors from one country or region to get scholarly publications.

This criterion has been updated:

  • In its spam email or on its website, the publisher falsely claims one or more of its journals have actual (Thomson-Reuters) impact factors, or advertises impact factors assigned by fake “impact factor” services, or it uses some made up measure (e.g. view factor), feigning/claiming an exaggerated international standing.

An Arabic translation of the criteria is available here.

Acknowledgement I am extremely grateful for all the help, support, suggestions, criticism, and advice I have received over the past year. I especially thank those who have forwarded information — such as spam emails — to me, emails providing information about new and questionable journals and publishers.

808 Responses to Beall’s List of Predatory Publishers 2015

  1. Sisira Siribaddana says:

    Well done Jeff, can’t measure the gratitude of poorly funded third world researchers

  2. Since we are watching out for each other: “this year’s release does not includes” Cheers, Jeffrey!

      • Doug Rawlings says:

        Dear Jeffrey

        Thanks for the stirling work that you have done with respect to predatory publishers on behalf of the whole scientific community. I have recently been acting as a research integrity officer at the university to which I belong (Stellenbosch). I also do voluntary work for a foundation that supports pos-docs from around the world, We have come across incidents of predatory publications, one each in both contexts and realise the need to formulate a policy on using predatory publications. This is challenging as one cannot base a policy based solely on inclusion in your list and there are too many journals to monitor, the target is moving and so on.

        Are you aware of any university that has formulated a policy on the use of predatory publications? I do not wish to trouble you with details, if I have a name of the institution, I will follow up with the relevant authority there.

        Regards

        Douglas E Rawlings (Emeritus Professor)

      • I can’t cite any universities offhand. Increasingly this is done at the country level or profession level. The nursing research profession has issued a statement about predatory publishers, and so has a group of business deans. It may be done at the departmental level as well, such as policies encoded in tenure criteria.

      • Doug Rawlings says:

        Thank you for your response, it is helpful to know.

      • Fred Leusch says:

        In response to the query below about “do you know any universities that have formulated a policy”, we have one at Griffith University (Australia): Any publication on Beall’s list (sorry Jeff, that is how it has become to be known) cannot be counted towards your publication tally, and must be explained at our yearly performance review. We also clearly warn new staff to check any journal against the list, especially if they are not familiar with them.
        To echo the many other comments below, thanks for setting up and maintaining the list Jeff, it is much appreciated.

      • MM says:

        Dear Mr Beall, may I know why have you included Oncotarget on your list of predatory journals?
        Thanks in advance

      • Some of the reasons are here.
        See also here.

  3. dzrlib says:

    Best wishes for the New Year … your service is indispensable!

  4. bill says:

    Thank you Jeffrey for maintaining this invaluable service to the various academic communities.

  5. Thank you for this service and best wishes for the new year!

  6. The growth rate of predatory publishers over the years is really impressive, and the work done by Jeffrey Beall should be acknowledged. It’s hard work and quite a commitment to maintain such a database including thousands of journals.

    However, I still believe that MDPI does not appear to fulfil the criteria for being included in the list. If this is the case, Hindawi should be included too, and even some significant portions of Elsevier.

    Best wishes to all for this New Year.

    • OVH SAS says:

      I wonder why you have not added these Predatory Publishers in your list yet
      * Plos
      * Hindawi
      * Elsevier

      Hope you know for the bogus journals and nonsense articles in Elsevier, Hindawi and PLOS. Search by google for them

      • These publishers do not meet the criteria for inclusion on my list.

      • Alexis says:

        Sounds like you have an axe to grind with those publishers. Be that as it may, as someone who *used to* review and publish in Elsevier, I can tell you that while they are predatory in the Capitalist sense of the word, they don’t reflect the wholesale corruption of science Beall is calling attention to. As someone who *currently* publishes and reviews in PLOS journals, I would say you are way off base in terms of PLOS being either predatory, or scientifically corrupt.

  7. Welko Tomic says:

    Dear dr. Beall,
    Thank you so much for your exceptionally helpful work!

  8. Dr. Saeid says:

    Please put these two in your list, they just start call for paper

    http://www.revistas-academicas.com/index.html

    http://mitt-klosterneuburg.com/

  9. Anatoli says:

    Absolutely great work once again,,, my one concern is that COPE should reduce membership charges,,,,1400 pounds for an average publisher are high especially for developing or underdeveloped countries

  10. […] Beall’s List 2015, now available. 693 “Potential, possible, or probable predatory” publishers listed. […]

  11. Ahmad says:

    We cant thank u enough here in Nigeria. However, the emergence your list has aroused some new criteria in nigeria such as a journal must be university-based to be reckoned with as schoarly. Kindly advise on this. It has led to nullifying articles published by elsevier, emerald etc that are’nt univ based. Thanks

    • Anatoli says:

      This is what happens when people make rules without applying brains

      • Ejiky says:

        Which university if i may ask Ahmad in Nigeria? because if elsevier and emerald is not accepted i wonder which will

    • Andy says:

      Hi AhmadI;
      If you consider a big name as Elsevier to be predatory, i doubt if you will have any international publisher of any worth. Having a journal University-based ( especially in Africa) is no gurantee of quality; All of us know the interpersonal squables and pressure that comes up, when change of grade in our universities is imminent, coupled with the time factor to do reviewing. Not to talk of financing regular production. Probably it might be better to consider this issue on a case to case basis that generalize111

    • Ibrahim says:

      Ahmad must be referring to the great Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, Nigeria. how this is going to affect the visibility of the university remains to be seen if this list is strictly adhered to. except for South Africa, researches carried out in most African Universities are low quality and would hardly be up to the standard required by publishers like Elsevier etc. I think some of those African publishers on beall’s list are not predatory in the sense intended by Mr Beall’s, they simply publish the best they can lay their hands on. and the best unfortunately happens to be of low quality.

  12. Atef Alsarayreh says:

    Thank a lot Dr. Beall! You are doing a great job saving real science.

  13. Aaron Barlow says:

    Reblogged this on The Academe Blog and commented:
    Jeffrey Beall has his new post out on predatory publishers. We all should look at it at least once a year.

  14. Adrien says:

    These numbers unfortunately reflect the accelerating expansion of predatory journals and publishers.
    To give a more positive note, why not sharing the frequentation statistics of this blog, so that everyone can appreciate the importance of your work? Especially, a break down by geographical area could help confirm the interest for authors from emerging countries that may fall more easily in these publication traps.
    Thank you for the huge effort, for the sake of scientific progress!

  15. Dr. Robert Houmsou says:

    Great work Dr.Jeff. in fact you have enlightened the third world researchers on publication on quality publication. What could be the solution to this emerging threat to science?

    • I cannot figure out a way to stop predatory publishing, so I am trying to alert as many people as I can so they will not be victimized by the corrupt practices of questionable publishers.

  16. Again, in the spirit of watching out for each other… The scholarly open-access _journals_ section says it “includes 507 _publishers_.”

    Keep up the good work!

  17. […] year at this time I formally release my updated list of predatory publishers. Because the list is now very large, and because I now publish four, continuously-updated lists, […]

  18. […] Beall’s List of Predatory Publishers 2015 | Scholarly Open Access. […]

  19. Fantastic work. This list is often the only thing standing between a trusting academic and a predatory publisher.

  20. Rajiv Kumar, Hariana, punjab India says:

    Well done. Thanx for awaring young researchers.

  21. […] hacer negocio, sin ofrecer a cambio una publicación de calidad. Como todos los años desde hace 5, Jeffrey Beall ha recopilado en su blog el listado de estas editoriales pero este año ha incluido dos nuevas […]

  22. Lester says:

    I was curious about something. I know Hindawi was, at one time, on your list. I’m aware that you removed that publisher a few years back after reexamining their publication process. Do you feel that journal articles during the time in which they were on your list are credible publications to cite, or at least, as credible as they are now? They seem like they have some pretty good journals.

  23. […] are tools available to navigate the process. Jeffrey Beall, an academic librarian, has compiled a list of predatory publishers that he updates every year. Shrime recommends that people who cite medical research cross-reference […]

  24. I find it silly that you consider gender bias as a metric for scientific validity. It’s like saying something isn’t scientifically valid because all of the editorial board has brown hair. How can a paper be truly diverse and scientific unless a blonde is included?!?!

  25. I find it silly that you consider gender bias as a metric for scientific validity. It’s like saying something isn’t scientifically valid because all of the editorial board has brown hair. How can a paper be truly diverse and scientific unless a blonde is included?!?!

  26. […] are tools available to navigate the process. Jeffrey Beall, an academic librarian, has compiled a list of predatory publishers that he updates every year. Shrime recommends that people who cite medical research cross-reference […]

  27. […] are obvious examples of predatory publishers, as defined by Jeffrey Beal, but the problems with scientific publishing are not restricted to that. Several instances of fake […]

  28. yash says:

    Hello Mr Be all.
    Would like to know about journal of gastroenterology reports from Oxford publishers. Do they come under your list? Please help

  29. yash says:

    Mr Beall, please tell about Journal of Advances in Radiology and Medical Imaging launched by Annex Publishers. Is it too potentially predatory one or just a start up?

  30. yash says:

    Hello Mr Bealll, hope you are doing fine. Please tell about Journal of Advances in Radiology and Medical Imaging by annex publishers. Is it a start up or potentially predatory?

  31. yash says:

    Hello, please tell about Imedpub.Com which is the new platform to which the journal of pancreas is being shifted to but will retain editorial policies with omics. Wat do you suggest about the journal now and in particular about I med pub. Com

  32. […] check is Beall’s List of Predatory Open Access Publishers that is frequently updated. Jeffrey Beall, has been publishing his list since 2011, when he also […]

  33. […] led to my searching the internet for the publisher’s web site, which returned a link to Jeffrey Beall’s list of “potential, possible, or probable predatory scholarly open-access publishers.” You […]

  34. yash says:

    Please tell something about lambert academic publishing by omniscriptum.

      • Girume says:

        Thanks Beall for your hard work.
        I found one of my friend published in such journals:
        British Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology (Maxwell Scientific Organization) and
        International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology ISSN: 2326-7267 Vol. 2 (9), pp. 131-142, December,
        2013. Available online at http://www.internationalscholarsjournals.org © International Scholars Journals

        I am confused specially with the British Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology. it seems that it is mimicked by somebody else. Are these journal predatory???

      • Both of the publishers are on my list here. I am confused about the “mimicked” part, though. I am not sure what you mean. Can you explain? Thanks.

      • pfanderson says:

        Neither Omniscriptum nor LAMBERT are included on the Beall’s List. Please confirm and add, or deny? My faculty are being approached by them, and I’m having to field the questions. Beall’s is a huge help for that! Many thanks!

      • Correct … I generally limit my lists to scholarly open-access publishers and journals. These firms don’t publish scholarly journals, so they’re not really eligible for my lists.

        I think in most cases for most scholars using the services these firms offer is a bad idea. In most cases one has to sign over one’s copyright and hope that someone will buy the thesis or dissertation, something that doesn’t happen often.

  35. Sunday Brownson Akpan, Nigeria says:

    Hello Jeffrey
    Please Kindly comment on the following journals, I wish to submit manuscript for publication.
    (1) Ecoforum Journal at (http://www.ecoforumjournal.ro/) or (http://www.ecoforumjournal.ro/index.php/eco).
    (2) Advances in Mgt and Applied Economics published by Sciencpress ltd (http://www.scienpress.com/journal_focus.asp?Main_Id=55)

    • I have added the first journal, Ecoforum, to my list.
      Regarding the second journal, as you indicate, it is published by Scienpress, and I have this publisher on my list. Therefore, I recommend that you avoid both of these journals. Good luck.

  36. yash says:

    What are your views on Journal of Gynecology Research?

    • It’s published by Annex Publishers, and this publisher is included on my list here. I recommend that you not submit any papers to this journal or the other ones from this publisher.

  37. yash says:

    Please also tell about EMAS- European menopause and andropause society.

  38. Fureshiki says:

    What are these? Please could you evaluate http://www.edoriumjournals.com

    Thank you

    • Edorium was on my list in the past but I removed it.
      If you find any problems with this publisher, please let me know.
      If you received a spam email from them, can you send it to me please?

  39. […] for all the link errors–unfortunate), including the unbelievably comprehensive compendium of predatory Open Access journals by Jeffrey Beall (updated annually). That site, and several others, are now Evernoted for future reference. […]

  40. […] журналы 693 издательств и еще 507 независимых журналов: https://scholarlyoa.com/2015/01/02/bealls-list-of-predatory-publishers-2015/. Хищнические журналы характеризуются агрессивными […]

  41. Kausalyah says:

    Good Day ,
    I would like to know if this journal or publishing group ( Im not sure which is it)..IJMRD, having this website http://www.ijmrd.com/ and IURJP with this website http://www.iurjp.com/publish-your-research/ is genuine or not.

    They claim to index their paper in ISI Web of Science but i cant seem to locate any article in web of science.

    Thank You for your assistance

    • This is a paper mill company. It is totally bogus, and I recommend that you avoid it. They will take your money and your paper and publish it in a low quality journal somewhere.

  42. yash says:

    hello Mr Beall, please tell me about Research Journal of
    Endocrinology and Metabolism from Herbert publications.

  43. hairi says:

    May I know what are the reason you have listed the open access library (OAL) journal? at present they are the only publisher with the cheapest publication fee, USD99..

    • This is a horrible place for honest researchers to submit their work to. This publisher (SCIRP) happily publishes junk science. There are many high quality publishers that charge no fees.

  44. omar says:

    What can the victims of these journals do about their published articles?
    Also, Please consider this journal to be added to your list (it definitely fits your criteria):
    http://www.ijprbs.com

    • There’s not much one can do with already-published articles. The best thing, I think, it to use it as a learning experience and write new and better articles for better journals.

      Thanks for letting me know about the International Journal of Pharmaceutical Research and Bioscience (IJPRBS), which I have analyzed and added to my list.

  45. Katherine Salvador says:

    Dear Jeffrey, thanks for your hard job, very appreciated indeed. Would I ask you about two prospective publications of mine: the first with Common Ground Publisher (http://www.cgpublisher.com/ui/about/about.html) and their New Directions in the Humanities Journal. The second is EDULEARN15 (from IATED) in this case they publish the proceedings of the conference presenters http://iated.org/edulearn/. Thanks for any comments on this issues.

    • Katherine: Common Ground is not really an open-access publisher, so it’s not eligible for my list. I receive many inquiries about it, however. It’s slick and its owners are clever, and they know how to capitalize on higher education. Much income is being made.

      Because there are so many conferences and they come and go so quickly, I don’t analyze them, so I have not had a look at EDULEARN 15. If predatory journals criteria can be used, I find this conference questionable. It is unclear where it’s based, for they are not transparent about this. Also, it appears they publish their proceedings on a CD-ROM. This is so 1990s! I think I would be hesitant to pay to attend this conference only to have my work hidden away on a CD-ROM that is for sale from somewhere. Good luck.

  46. Sara says:

    Good day Dr. Beall, please tell me about Nova Science Publishers, Inc. https://www.novapublishers.com/catalog/index.php

  47. Dr. Anthony Waddimba says:

    Dr. Beall, what is your assessment of the Journal of Hospital Administration?

    • I think you are referring to the Journal of Hospital Administration published by “SCIEDU Press,” the publisher with a silly, contrived name. I have the publisher SCIEDU Press included on my list and recommend that you avoid all the journals from this publisher. I think there are many better hospital admin journals and you should prefer them over this one. Good luck.

  48. […] site like Retraction Watch (which tracks journal retractions of fraudulent published research) or Beall’s List of Predatory Open-Access Publishers  — both of which provide ample evidence of people trying to game the publish-or-perish […]

  49. […] site like Retraction Watch (which tracks journal retractions of fraudulent published research) or Beall’s List of Predatory Open-Access Publishers  — both of which provide ample evidence of people trying to game the publish-or-perish […]

  50. james njiru says:

    Is this a predatory journal -International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies

  51. Octa says:

    Dear Beal!
    Is “international Journal of Science and Research” a predator or not? their website is http://www.ijsr.net
    I appreciate your effort!

  52. Nicola Simola says:

    Dear Prof. Beall,

    thank you very much for your valuable work.

    I have a question about a well-renowned journal that, in my opinion, is somewhat predatory, that is the Journal of Neuroscience.

    The Journal applies a submission fee of 130$ to partially cover the costs of peer reviewing (I wonder what these costs are) and a pubblication fee of 1,145$ (for SfN members, even higher fo non.members). Notably, the Journal is not even open access (you are requested to pay additional fees if you want to make your article open access).

    I know that you analyze publishers and not single journals, but I am a little bit concerned about this editorial policy.

    I would very much appreciate your opinion.

    • Hi, Nicola, I know that publishing costs in fields such as neuroscience can be quite high. Neuroscience publications must be perfect so clinicians can correctly translate the research into clinical procedures. So, publishing in this field is more expensive than in other fields. It costs more to hire expert editors and copyeditors in neuroscience than it does in, say, the social sciences. This is a society journal, so I am pretty sure it’s non-profit. I do not believe the journal is predatory.

  53. Tyler says:

    I believe this publisher may be predatory:
    http://aimspress.com – AIMS Press

    Can you verify?

    • I’ve analyzed this publisher before but didn’t find that it met the criteria … but I am happy to hear what you think in more detail, especially if I have missed something. Thanks.

      • They actually have some good papers, but a colleague was amused to receive an invitation to join one of their Boards, and said: “….But I was particularly taken by their description of the new heights that the journal will reach:
        “With your input, it will not only be a pivot, but a confluence of pivots of creative ideas.””

  54. Richa Sharma says:

    Dear Jeffrey,

    Here’s another gem for your consideration: International Journal of English Language, Literature and Translation Studies with a website . I highly recommend it for inclusion in your list. The website itself is quite fun to read.

    Warmly

    Richa

    • Thanks — this journal is actually published by a firm called KY Publications, which I have included on my list of publishers. However, this journal mostly hides its association with its parent publisher, so I have added it to my standalone journals list to make my listing more visible.

  55. Tychen87 says:

    Dear Jeffrey,

    Do you know whether this new journal is considered a predatory one?
    http://uasj.utar.edu.my/uasj/index.jsp?fcatid=18860

    Thank you!

  56. Psychonaut says:

    Please consider reviewing ibai publishing [1] and its journals [2,3,4] for inclusion in your lists. I have been mercilessly spammed by this publisher, and on finally checking their website today I see they have several publications with covers made up to look like Springer journals. The journals all list ibai’s owner, “Prof.” Petra Perner, as editor-in-chief. (I have been unable to locate any evidence that she holds or has ever held a professorship anywhere.) The journals all charge outrageous publication fees — €1500 for unsolicited submissions, and incredibly €1050 even for “invited papers”(!) — with assignment of copyright to the publisher. Subscription fees are €100 for one or two issues per year, each containing just two articles (sometimes both authored by Perner herself). The calls for papers I receive include copious advertising for ibai’s own conferences, tutorials, and workshops, whose attendance fees are ten to a hundred times higher than even the most prestigious ones in my field.

    [1] ibai publishing: http://ibai-publishing.org/
    [2] Transactions on Machine Learning and Data Mining: http://ibai-publishing.org/journal/mldm/
    [3] Transactions on Case-Based Reasoning: http://ibai-publishing.org/journal/cbr/
    [4] Transactions on Mass-Data Analysis of Images and Signals: http://ibai-publishing.org/journal/massdata/

  57. anbuselvan says:

    Dear Dr Beall

    Hai, I would like to know why JATIT (JOURNAL OF
    THEORETICAL AND APPLIED INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY – Scopus Indexed) is added into the predatory list.

    Thanks

    • anbuselvan says:

      Dear Dr Beall

      I have not received any reply from you about the above mentioned matter. May I know which month/date that JATIT appears in the predatory list?

      Thanks

      • It was added on February 7th, this year.
        Because it is included in a major index, this journal has hit the casino jackpot. It is now publishing three issues every month and surely is making much profit. This is a risk for all the authors, because it is possible that the journal will be removed from the major index, leaving there articles in just another low-quality open-access journal.

  58. […] Here is a list of predatory open access publishers and journals to avoid […]

  59. nforbawe says:

    Sir, the International Journal of Energy and Energy Technology is on your list, as a Stand Alone predatory journal but ASSE, its publisher, is not.
    Also publication there is free and I have (i) traced, through their host institutions and (ii) contacted most of those on the various levels of the editorship.
    To me it seems to fail your criteria. What other aspects actually still satisfy your criteria.
    Thank you for the marvelous job you are doing to the academia.

    • When I added the International Journal of Energy & Technology, it looked like this, and did not have any mention of ASSE as its publisher.
      I actually do have the American Society of Science and Engineering included on my list of publishers here. Thank you.

  60. Dmitro H. says:

    Dear Jeffrey Beall,
    you do the good healing work.

    What do you think about the OA-resource http://www.hindawi.com ?

    Do you agree with the fact that it is the object of your investigations and interests – this is the whole empire of chargeable journals that publish and re-publish articles for money…?

    • I have analyzed the open-access publisher Hindawi before, but I do not find that it meets the criteria for inclusion on my list. I do receive many inquiries about it, however.

  61. Ike says:

    How about this International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications

  62. Andrew says:

    Need to add http://www.ijset.net
    International Journal of Science, Environment and Technology to the list

  63. Weldegebriel Berhe says:

    Hello Professor! how are you! I have a paper ready for publication can submit to “American Journal of Environment, Energy and Power Research” is it added to the list of predators?

  64. Andrew says:

    How about “European Scientific Journal”? Seems not only predatory but also severely crank.

  65. Marita says:

    In SA the DHET used your list to de-accredit the MJSS. I am trying to use this journal as an example for the process. Is it at all possible to get access to the detail as to why you added the publisher to your list. I can speculate, but would much rather have the facts.

  66. nazanin rastegari says:

    dear Mr. Beall
    would you please tell me about these two journals bellow:
    http://www.indjst.org/
    http://eskidergi.cumhuriyet.edu.tr/

    • The first one is not on my list at this time. It may be a borderline journal, and you probably want to consider finding a stronger journal.
      I have not analyzed the second one (and cannot, for it is in Turkish). Best wishes.

      • Mathew16 says:

        As for this Indian Journal of Science and Technology, I just got this from its Editor;
        “In light of your expertise, we have taken the liberty of registering your name in the reviewer database for Indian Journal of Science and Technology. This does not entail any form of commitment on your part, but simply enables us to approach you with a submission to possibly review. On being invited to review, you will have an opportunity to see the title and abstract of the paper in question, and you’ll always be in a position to accept or decline the invitation. You can also ask at any point to have your name removed from this reviewer list.

        We are providing you with a username and password, which is used in all interactions with the journal through its website. You may wish, for example, to update your profile, including your reviewing interests.”

        So now, we get listed in a reviewer database without any input from us, whether we like it or not!

    • Andrew says:

      Indian Journal of Science and Technology is totally crackpot. Anyone willing to shell 200$ can publish garbage like Shafiq Khan:

      http://www.indjst.org/index.php/indjst/article/view/30182

      • Peter says:

        200 US is fine because some high impact journal ask author to pay the publication fee more than 1000 US.

        This is operation cost .

  67. Kizito says:

    Dear Beall,
    Can I have your opinion on this Directory of Open Access Journals (https://doaj.org/).
    Can I trust journals indexed in, or they are also predatory publishers ?
    Thank you for your comments
    Kind regards

    • It is a directory and should be used as a directory. Some of the information it contains is inaccurate, and there is some overlap between the journals/publishers it includes and those on my lists. If you use DOAJ, especially if you use it as a whitelist, use it with extreme caution. The directory over-relies on data supplied by journals and publishers, so it’s content is not always accurate.

  68. Stal says:

    Hi, Dr. Beall!

    How about the following journals?

    (1) Applied Mathematical Sciences

    (2) International Journal of Mathematical Analysis

    They are both published by Hikari Ltd, but they are also legitimately indexed in Scopus and they legitimately use DOAJ. Thanks…

  69. Andrew says:

    Must add this “pearl”: Indian Journal of Science and Technology.

    Anyone willing to pay 200$ can publish garbage like this:

    http://www.indjst.org/index.php/indjst/article/view/30182

  70. Yoseph Tilahun says:

    Can I get list of legitimate journals where I can publish my research confidently?

  71. Andrew says:

    Must add: “International Journal of Physics and Astronomy” to the list. 200$ you can publish any garbage.

  72. yash says:

    Hello Mr Beall, what do you suggest about the Polish journal of Radiology? I couldnt find its impact factor, can you please help me in this regard as well?

  73. yash says:

    What is your take on MedLife Clinics International?

  74. Jemal says:

    Dear Bell, I want to publish my manuscript in the Journal ” International Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology”. Does this journal present in your list of predatory journals?

    • Jemal says:

      what about the journal “American Scientific Research Journal for Engineering, Technology, and Sciences (ASRJETS)”. is it predatory?

      • Yes, this journal is published by a company that has two names: Global Society of Scientific Research and Researchers (GSSRR) and International Journals of Research Papers. I recommend that you not send any papers to this journal and the others this company publishes.

    • Yes, it is included in the list. I recommend that you not send any papers to this journal.

  75. Jeremy Marchant Forde says:

    Just got this one today – I couldn’t find it in your lists. One to add?

    http://www.siftdesk.org

    Dear Marchant-Forde, Jeremy,

    Sift Desk – Invites the Editor-In-Chief, Associate-Editor-In-Chief, Editorial Members and Reviewers.

    Sift Desk Publications is adding editor members of all its journals in the area of science and Technology.
    Sift Desk would like to invite you join this network of professionals/researchers as Editor-In-Chief, Editorial Members & Reviewers.
    We would like you to Register to Sift Desk If you are Interested to work with Sift Desk Publications.

    We would like to invite you to send your complete profile if you are interested to work with Sift Desk Publications to joinaseditor@siftdesk.org
    • You can add journals in your account using our Editorial Managerial System.

  76. lerabot says:

    New publisher worth monitoring – vowscientificquest (aka VSQ). 5 Journal names listed on their website, all of which are empty. No details in website on company, management etc. Domain address only recently registered. Emailing poorly phrased call for editorial board membership (see below). Feels like another predator getting started :-)

    Greetings from Journal of Endocrinology and Diabetes Research!!!

    Doctor, we are still waiting for your response regarding your Editorial Board Membership of the Journal of Endocrinology and Diabetes Research. We are soliciting scholars to form the editorial board, we take the pleasure in inviting you as an editorial board member of the Journal of Endocrinology and Diabetes Research. If you are interested, please send your resume along with your areas of interest to diabetes@vowscientificquest.com and if you have any further queries regarding the editorial board membership kindly mail us. Manuscripts should be submitted to the journal online at http://vowscientificquest.com/index.php/VJD/about/submissions#onlineSubmissions or email us to submissions@vowscientificquest.com. Once accepted for publication, your manuscripts will undergo copyediting, proof reading, typesetting, and reference validation in order to provide the highest publication quality possible. Please ignore the mail if already responded. Anticipating your positive response.

    Have a good day!

    Best Regards,
    Vanessa Walsh
    Editorial Office
    Journal of Endocrinology and Diabetes Research

    • Thank you for sharing this helpful information.

      • Vlad says:

        Did any one find more info on vowscientificquest (VSQ) journals? It sound like this is another predatory publisher. What should one do if a manuscript has been submitted to a potentially predatory journal?

        thank you for your help,

  77. Kizito says:

    Dear Beall,
    yesterday i received an email for call of paper research from INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RECENT SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH (http://www.recentscientific.com/) and another one for a conference on animal nutrition (http://livestocknutrition.conferenceseries.com/call-for-abstracts.php).

    Are they also predatory publishers ??

    Thank you for your advice

  78. Abebe says:

    Dear Dr. Jaff thanks for your valuable information!! would you mind if you tell me about this journal?
    http://www.journalcra.com/ Is it predatory or not?

  79. yokohama says:

    Dear Dr, may I know the status of Pakistan journal of nutrition ? They published the paper without peer review, rapid publication and need author fee. Thanks

  80. nazanin rastegari says:

    dear Mr beall
    how about this address bellow
    https://pharmascope.org/ijrls/
    would you please tell me about it?
    thanks

  81. maria giovanna g. abecia says:

    Thank you…the publisher is in the list. I will not send any publication fee

  82. […] occur this days) it could lead to low quality journal (like predatory journal, see for details in Beall’s list). I sense an apprehension from the panelist that this condition could lead that publication is not […]

  83. CARDONA, Roldan says:

    Good day! Is http://scholarsworld.net/english/ or the IRMJCR a part of the standalone or predatory publisher?

  84. Abebe says:

    I couldn’t find this journal in your list,
    http://www.ijcrbp.com/index.php so is this
    unquestionable journal Dr.?

    • This journal is published by a publisher called Excellent Journals. This publisher is included on my list here. I recommend that honest researchers avoid this journal and all the other ones from “Excellent” Publishers.

  85. Andrea Stm says:

    Received a suspicious invitation today, claims to be new

    Surgery Research and Practice
    http://www.hindawi.com/journals/srp/

  86. yash says:

    What are your views about Journal of Cancer and tumor international by science domain international?

  87. Kizito says:

    Dear Beall,
    Is this publisher included on your list ?
    International Journal of Current Advanced Research
    (http://journalijcar.org/).

    I received an email from them asking me to submit articles.
    Thanks your advice

  88. suzzy says:

    Dear beall,
    Please assist to include list of acceptable journals

    • Keith Fraser says:

      I don’t think he has any plans to do that, presumably because a) there are too many journals to list them all and b) it would be a lot more hazardous to have a “these are definitely safe to use” list rather than a “these might not be safe to use” list. If someone used one of the journals on a “safe” list and had a bad experience, they might be rather annoyed.

  89. […] betrügerische Zeitschriften, die für Geld alles veröffentlichen – sie zeigen im Film sogar kurz Bealls Liste der unseriösen Verlage. Es ist natürlich klar, weshalb sie so vorgehen: Gutachten kosten Zeit. Es hätte eine ganze Weile […]

  90. Oluyemi Ojo says:

    Thank you for the wonderful work you are doing to the academic environment.
    I have been bitten before by publishing in one of the predatory journals. Now I am extremely careful.
    Kindly give me insights into whether Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research and International Archives of Medicine are predatory journals.
    Thank you.

    • Regarding the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, this journal is not on my list at this time.
      Regarding the International Archives of Medicine, I have this journal’s publisher, iMed.Pub, included on my list here, so I would recommend that you not submit any papers to it.

      • laura d'antuono says:

        Dear dr Beall,

        I received the following email from “International Archives of Medicine”:

        ———————————–
        Registration as Reviewer with International Archives of Medicine

        In light of your expertise, we have taken the liberty of registering your
        name in the reviewer database for International Archives of Medicine. This
        does not entail any form of commitment on your part, but simply enables us
        to approach you with a submission to possibly review. On being invited to
        review, you will have an opportunity to see the title and abstract of the
        paper in question, and you’ll always be in a position to accept or decline
        the invitation. You can also ask at any point to have your name removed from
        this reviewer list.

        We are providing you with a username and password, which is used in all
        interactions with the journal through its website. You may wish, for
        example, to update your profile, including your reviewing interests.

        Thank you,
        Ricardo Correa Márquez
        International Archives of Medicine
        http://www.intarchmed.com
        _________________________

        What would be your advise on this?
        Are they allowed to do this from a legal standpoint?

        Thanks in advance for your answer.

      • I advise you to delete and ignore this solicitation. It is from a completely bogus journal.
        I cannot give legal advice.

  91. Keith Fraser says:

    I received an email from the “Institute of Microengineering and Nanoelectronics(IMEN), The National University of Malaysia, Malaysia” inviting me to be a speaker at “Focus 404: Semiconductors and Superconductors at 2nd Annual World Congress of Smart Materials-2016 (WCSM-2016) in March 4-6, 2016”. It’s obvious spam that’s had the name of a recent paper of mine copy-pasted into it (incompletely) and has my name inexplicably rendered as “Dr. [%收件人名称]”, in addition to the usual mangled grammar. Do you know of any other dodgy behaviour by this institution?

    • No, I do not. Is it possibly someone using the University’s name without permission?

      • Keith Fraser says:

        Very possibly. The sender email was “Chris4@materialsconference.com”, and the institution was only listed as the “Supporting Organization”, so it may be that they’ve lent their name to a substandard conference or had it used by a bogus conference.

      • Keith Fraser says:

        Update: I emailed IMEN and most of the “confirmed speakers” listed in the email. I haven’t heard back from the Institute, but several of the speakers said they had indeed agreed to speak at the conference.

  92. Abebe says:

    Hello Dr. how will you assess this journal? Journal of natural sciences research. http://iiste.org/Journals/index.php/JNSR

  93. Deepak says:

    Dear Mr Beall,

    I wonder what you make of this publisher?

    http://www.annemary.org

    • It looks horrible. However, it’s not an open-access publisher, so at this time, I don’t want to fully analyze or consider it. Because it is so horrible, I imagine few if any libraries subscribe to its broad journals, so anyone publishing there is essentially hiding his work.

  94. Dear Mr Beall,
    Can you tell me about the credibility of Biological and Chemical Research (ISSN 2312-0088)? Thank you very much!

    • This is one of two journals published by the amateurish and low-quality publisher called Science Signpost Publishing Inc. (SSPub). I recommend that you ignore this journal and the other one from this publisher.

  95. MEKONNE says:

    Dear Dr bell.thank u for your valuable work.is ijcrcps and IJPIR in the list of predatory

    • Yes, both the International Journal of Current Research in Chemistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences (IJCRCPS) and the International Journal of Pharmacy & Industrial Research (IJPIR) are included on my list, and I recommend that you not send any papers to these two journals.

  96. Starluck says:

    what about IISTE
    Is it an appropriate publisher?

  97. Abebe says:

    Hello Dr. can I get a clear information on the nature of this journal? http://asetr.org/ is it good enough to publish?

  98. Chan says:

    Dear Dr,

    Could you please help me to check whether “Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences” is predatory journal ?
    In your predatory publishers list, you stated that the publisher “Mediterranean Center of Social and Educational Research (MCSER)” as predatory publisher. But this journal is NOT in the predatory journal list.
    Hope to hear from you soon.
    Thank you.

    Regards
    Chan

    • When I include a publisher on my list, this listing is for all of its journals. In this case, I recommend that you not send any papers to any MCSER journal, including the Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences.

  99. syed says:

    Dear mr beall, you included Dove press (publication house ) under some category. In this publication there are many good journals which include good and high quality of articles, can you please on which basis you put full publication house under your category rather then putting only underrated journals.
    Even elisver publication house charge more money for open access as compare to Dove press.
    sir it is request that if you put specific journals in your list rather then full publication house.
    and why you dove press in your list??

  100. mgh says:

    Dear Dr. Beall,

    Please include the following journal in your list:
    Chinese Chemical Letters

    Reason:
    Our manuscript required revision according to the editorial letter. A second letter was also received, but with a note spotted at the end of the letter (where often general postscripts of less importance come) as follows:

    “NOTE:
    If your submission is accepted for publication in Chinese Chemical Letters (CCL), the publication fee ($500 per paper) will be charged.
    If the manuscript has been cited more than six times (including six times) within two years after publication, this fee will be waived upon a request from the principal author (providing the cited information in detail). Otherwise, if the cited times is less than 6, the publication fee is required.

    Sincerely!

    Editorial Office of CCL”

    We were shocked. We checked out their author information pack available at the journal’s website again to be sure; but, there was no mention of any article processing charge there.

    Anyway, we revised our manuscript as carefully as possible. However, they rejected our manuscript after a 3-month suspension (with no action on the revision) for not paying the charges.

    More surprising is that you cannot reach their editor-in-chief cited in their editorial board and it is always the “office” that responds you improperly.

    Thank you very much for your attention.

  101. Romie says:

    Sir,
    Thank you very much for your tremendous support. Would you please let us inform about few publication houses, like
    (1) New Delhi Publishers, (ndpublisher.in/)
    (2) ANV Publication (www.anvpublication.org)
    (3) Renu Publishers (https://renupublishers.com/) And
    (4) ARSEAM (http://www.arseam.com/).
    We can’t thank you enough.

    • 1. New Delhi Publishers = This publisher is included on my publisher list here.
      2. A and V Publications = This is a subscription publisher, so it’s not eligible for my list.
      3. Renu Publishers (https://renupublishers.com/) included on my publisher list here.
      4. ARSEAM (http://www.arseam.com/) = This is a low quality publisher. To access the published content, one has to create a user name and password and then sign in. This makes the content essentially hidden and not open-access by definition. Anyone publishing in this publisher’s four “International” journals is essentially hiding his work from the world (but that may be the point for some).

  102. Andrew says:

    Arrrgh, found another one:

    “European Union Research Publishing” (sic!)

    http://www.eurpub.com/

  103. S Singh says:

    Respected Sir,

    Re.: International Journal of Applied Engineering Research (IJAER) published by Research India Publications

    The journal has published THOUSANDS OF PAPERS papers in last 2-3 years (publishing 24 issues per year). As per information from http://www.scimagojr.com, its H-Index is 5.

    The publisher charges $25 per page for publication but does not provide online access to papers.

    Is this Open Access Journal or Subscription Journal?

    I wonder how such journal have been indexed in Scopus? How to warn authors not to submit in such journals because author gets excited by seeing that it is indexed in Scopus!

    Your valuable suggestion will help me to aware the researchers about such journals.

    • Research India Publications is a subscription publisher (that is, not open-access), and because of its practices, I have made an exception and added it to my list. This listing is to help alert researchers to avoid this publisher.

      The publisher charges authors to publish and readers to read.

      The particular journal you mention is experiencing the “Scopus effect,” which occurs when a journal is included in Scopus but offers easy acceptance. Authors in many countries get academic credit for publishing papers in Scopus-indexed journals.

      Outside of India, few if any libraries subscribe to the RIP journals, so the content is essentially hidden. Thus the authors don’t need to worry about anyone examining the quality of their published papers.

      One of the disadvantages of a whitelist, such as Scopus, is that a journal or publisher can be removed from it at any time. I would not be surprised if the RIP journals were to lose their Scopus index status.

  104. tsega says:

    hey thank for your information. could you please inform to me accounting or finance journals which are free from predatory lists which can publish at low cost or free.

  105. Dear Dr Jeffrey Beall.

    Thank you for your information. It happens to us that we recieved an invitation to write a paper in Austin J Clinic Neurol. We did. it was approved for publication. After being published we were charged US3220$ for APC. After telling that the APC charges were not published in their web site, the charged us US2220$ only. The funding agency, which is actually the university, is willing to pay US1000$ only. We’ve asked for a new invoice. However an automatic remainder is sent time to time for US3220$. Is the university facing a legal demand for not payment? and if so, by which grounds? I do thank you for your help.

    • You should have the right to withdraw your paper before it is published, and if you do this, there should be no charges. Therefore, I recommend that you tell the publisher you want to withdraw your paper completely. Do not pay. Ask for a statement from them confirming that the paper is withdrawn. Austin is a horrible publisher that treats researchers very poorly and is unethical.

      • Yasushi Miyagi says:

        Dear Dr Jeffrey BealI,

        I accepted their invitation to editorial board member of Austin Journal of Neurosurgery, then they requested me the contribution of Original research paper, Editorial or Letter.
        After the PDF of my paper was published in their Web site, Austin Publishing Group charged me $3520.
        Of course, I won’t pay any money.

      • This company even preys on its editorial board members.

  106. romie says:

    Sir,
    Would you please let us know your perception regarding Scholar Publications, (http://www.scholarpublications.in/).
    Thank You

    • I had not heard of this publisher before. I have analyzed it and added it to my list. It is quite easy to find instances of plagiarism among the published articles. I recommend that researchers not submit any papers to this publisher’s three journals. Thank you for drawing my attention to it.

  107. Romie says:

    Sir,
    There are lots of Romanian journals indexed in doaj.org. Often anything from Romania is considered something to be avoided. Such as services like http://www.scamadviser.com/ always warns if anything is related to Romania. The point is, those journals actually are not that of very high quality, not asking any processing fees, providing open access, hence relatively easy to publish. Is it unwise to consider publishing articles to those journals, as those cannot be categorized by definition as gold diggers ?

    • Yes, there are other reasons besides just author fees. Does the publisher practice digital preservation according to established standards? Is there significant plagiarism in the published articles? Does the publisher manage an honest peer review? If an honest scholar submits his or her work to a journal that does not follow basic standards and conventions, then the work is at danger of being lost and poisoned by adjacent plagiarism. Just because you can get published for free somewhere doesn’t mean its a good publisher.

  108. GIlbert Michaud says:

    Hi Jeffrey,

    What is your take on the following journals:

    International Journal of Public Policy: http://www.inderscience.com/jhome.php?jcode=ijpp#moredesc

    International Journal of Renewable Energy Research: http://www.ijrer.org/ijrer/index.php/ijrer/index

    I understand they might not be the highest quality publications, but are they ‘predatory’ via your standards? Your insight is appreciated.

    • Hi, Gilbert. First, regarding the International Journal of Public Policy, this journal is published by a subscription publisher called Inderscience. Because it’s a subscription publisher, I have not analyzed it. I can tell you that I do receive many inquiries about Inderscience, an indication that people find it … questionable. Looking at WorldCat, I see that only 25 libraries worldwide subscribe to this journal, so if you publish your work there, it will essentially be hidden from most of humanity.

      Regarding the International Journal of Renewable Energy Research, I analyzed this journal in May, 2015 but did not add it to my list. It’s borderline, and I generally do not add borderline journals to my list, erring on the side of caution. If a friend asked me about this journal, I would recommend that he find a better one for his work; there are many better ones in this particular field. Good luck.

  109. Halkan says:

    Dear Jeffrey Bell,

    Without realizing these predators list, I published in one of the listed journal (ISSR). Now, is there a possibility to publish this paper on the right ones (not listed )? If So, how? Need your help

    • It is very difficult to withdraw a paper from one journal and successfully publish it in another one, and it is usually more trouble than it is worth. Use it as a learning experience, write a new and better paper, and submit it to a stronger journal.

  110. Halkan says:

    To make specific my question, is there a possibility the send my published paper back to the genuine ones? Also, how about the evaluation would look like by different universities/ employees if I would apply let me say for PhD having the list of publication on my CV (published on those blacklist journals)? So, what should be the solution to get back my paper and re-publish?

  111. romie says:

    Sir,

    There is a publishing house called, Asian Business Consortium (http://www.abcjournals.net/). Would you please check and let us know, whether we can submit our research paper there?

    Thank You.

    • Thank you for alerting me to this publisher. It is a predatory publisher, and I have added it to my list. I strongly recommend that you do not submit any papers to its journals. I have listed it under the name ABC Journals. Thank you again.

      • ghada says:

        Thank you
        I publish my research in IJMRD journal
        (International journal of modern research and technology) and I think they are a predatory publishers and fake online journal
        http://www.ijmrd.com
        Now after 2 years their website is closed and not exist any more
        my question is can I try to publish my paper again in another journal ?

      • Although that sounds like the title of a journal, it was really the name of a paper mill. I blogged about it here.

        Companies like this one disappear quickly, then the re-appear with a new name.

      • ghada says:

        Thank you for your reply
        it’s really sad to be decided with all the effort that I did in my research
        I wonder If I can resubmit it again in other journal
        Can I ?

      • It is possible that this company has sold your paper to another researcher.
        Your paper’s content may be included in the index of a plagiarism-checking company. If you submit the paper to a journal that checks for plagiarism, your paper may show up as plagiarized, even though it’s your work.

      • Ghada says:

        Thank you for your reply
        Luckily my paper was cited immediately in the university web site and i also put a full text copy in research gate website
        So i dont think they will be able to sell it because it will be shown in the plagiasism testing
        Thank you again

  112. mashele says:

    Jeff,

    I have been following this discussion with keen interest and it proves very fruitful indeed.

    But, I am just worried that these predatory journals and publishers seem to be thriving still. Just wondering if our discussions should end just by listing them , without any further action?
    I suggest we must find a much stronger method of blacklisting them, or any other way of rendering them completely useless, unless they change and adapt to globally desired standards.

    Check this http://www.krepublishers.com/KRE-New-J/index.html

    (journal of social sciences, journal of human ecology etc).
    I find it very strange that one author can publish over 6 articles in just one issue. It really tells much about its questionable credibility.

    I have a feeling we need to do more than just listing them. Otherwise, academia will become worthless, especially in SA where I have evidently seen just too many of shoddy papers being processed quickly just for money making ends.

  113. Adamu M. says:

    Good day prof. Please what do you think about this publisher http://www.ikpress.org/

  114. Adamu M. says:

    Please prof what is your take on AIMS publishers. It seems to be a good one. Their peer review process seems very okay and thorough when I sent a paper.

  115. gebrehiwot says:

    prof! could you check the journal of tuberculosis research please?

    • If you mean the Journal of Tuberculosis Research that’s published by SCIRP, Scientific Research Publishing, then I strongly recommend that you avoid this journal like the plague. This publisher will publish junk science for money.

  116. Katherine says:

    The Journal of Case Reports in Practice (http://www.journalofcasereport.com/), published by Saman Publishing Co., looks pretty sketchy. Have you looked at this publisher before? Thanks! I’m always consulting your list!

  117. Romie says:

    Sir,
    Would you please comment on the journal, named, Pratidhwani- the Echo, (http://www.thecho.in/). Thanks.

    • It’s published by a department at a university. I generally don’t include such efforts in my list, despite their low quality. If you’re considering submitting your work there, I would recommend finding a more professionally-managed journal. Good luck.

  118. Kizito says:

    Dear Sir,
    how about this publisher ? CANADIAN CENTER OF SCIENCE AND EDUCATION (http://web.ccsenet.org/).
    Is it a predatory one ? thank you for your comment.

    • I recommend that all researchers avoid publishing in all the journals published by the Canadian Center of Science and Education. I have documented that they do a fake, template peer review. Please find a better publisher.

  119. Atiq says:

    Dear Dr,
    Can you please tell me about the journal IJRET ( International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology)
    http://www.ijret.org/
    I am confused whether it is real or fake or predatory publisher.

  120. dd says:

    Dear Prof,
    Please help me about this journal : International Journal of Advances in Science and Technology published by Science Publications http://sciencepublication.org/.
    Thank you!

  121. Arun Krish says:

    Dear Jeffrey Beall,

    What is your take on Dove Press, New Zealand?

    Looking forward hearing from you at the earliest possible.

    Thanks!

  122. melese abate says:

    Dear Jeffrey Beall,
    Can you please tell(help) me about these journals: African Journal of Microbiology Research and Academician’s research center(ARC Journal).
    I am confused whether they are real publisher or fake or predatory publisher.

    • The African Journal of Microbiology Research is published by Academic Journals, which is a publisher included on my list here. Regarding the Academicians’ Research Center (ARC), this publisher is also on the same list.

      I recommend you avoid both publishers and instead find a better one for your work. Good luck.

  123. Fikirte says:

    Dear Professor Beall,
    How do you assess International Journal of Environmental Sciences?
    Thanks

  124. yash says:

    dear Beall, Please help me. I had asked you long back about Polish journal of radiology. It is not in your list. It is pubmed indexed and established since 1926 but does not display an impact factor. After repeated messages, they say they have zero impact factor which means the articles of this journal are never cited. I submitted many articles to them. They started accepting nearly all. I became suspicious. They sent only a minor corrections in a few, while others were accepted without any change or proper reviewer comments. Looking to the ISSN number of the journal, it is alphanumeric. It was wondering if ISSN number could be alphanumeric. Besides, I could not send them final proofread for my 2 articles for which they have invented an autoproof read clause. This is really weird. Also, they have a withdrawl section but you cannot virtually click on it. The option of withdrawl is unclickable. Now they are not letting me withdraw my article also. Please help me how to go about? Besides, in earlier editions, the publishing of the journal has been non regular. Please help.

    • Some ISSNs contain the letter X. These are valid.
      If they have no impact factor, it is still possible that the articles are counted. They are just not counted by Thomson Reuters, the company that calculates the impact factors.
      I don’t see enough evidence at this time to add this journal to my list.
      Thank you.

  125. Anuroop says:

    Dear Beall,

    I noticed that many have asked about aims press journal.. Did you get a chance to go through this journal.. How good and reliable it is and its impact factor etc.. If so, could you tell me those details?? Thank you!

  126. Katherine says:

    How about “Case Study and Case Report”? The publisher looks to be “Sageya Publishing”. Thank you!

  127. Katherine says:

    Here’s a really weird one: International Journal of Case Studies (http://www.casestudiesjournal.com/home-2/). I can’t tell who the publisher really is. It promises “Instant Submission, Acceptance, Review & Publication”. Wow!

    • Thank you — this one is actually a name change:

      It used to be called Case Studies Journal. I have updated the list, which now only has International Journal of Case Studies.

      Did they change the title to evade my having included them on the list?
      Thanks again.

  128. asaad says:

    Dear sir
    Urgent
    I published my article that titled Cytotoxic and cytogenetic effects of Convolvulus arvensis extracts on rhabdomyosarcoma(RD) tumor cell line in vitro in journal of Medicinal plant research 8(15):588-589 .2014.Please inform me if this journal located or mention within the List of Fake Publishers. Therefore can you help me in that to sent any document against that .

  129. samuel says:

    please can you tell more about the European-American Journal

  130. samuel says:

    hello Beall.
    can you give a list of the good journals so we can publish there

    • Sorry, I do not compile such a list.

      • PRAHLAD KULKARNI says:

        Mr Beall
        I wanted to enquire about the credibility of the following journal

        International journal of recent advances in mechanical engineering

        I kindly request you to look into it and let me know

      • This journal is published by a company called Wireilla Scientific Publications. I have this company included on my list here. I recommend that you not submit your work to this journal. I recommend that you find a higher quality journal for your research. Good luck.

  131. Benno von Bormann says:

    Dear Jeffrey,
    Elsevier(!) sends unsolicited Emails inviting research groups for publishing in a new OA Journal, ‘Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications’
    http://www.journals.elsevier.com/contemporary-clinical-trials-communications/;
    Fee 1,800.- $. What do you think? Predatory?
    Thank you for your permanent supporting of scholars.
    Benno

    • Hi, Benno,

      Hmmm, let me think about this for a minute.

      [thinking]

      [thinking]

      [thinking]

      No! Not predatory!

      It’s expensive because open-access focuses the costs on the few authors of each issue. (Didn’t the open-access zealots warn you about this? They didn’t?) Subscription publishing spreads out the costs, making individual costs cheaper and supporting the many value added features available through publisher platforms.

      I added your email to their database!

      Take care,

      Jeffrey

  132. Benno von Bormann says:

    Dear Jeffrey,
    I know you can’t discuss every issue in great detail. However, the fee is definitely not my concern but the unsolicited mail, which is in my understanding the most significant characteristic of predators. One more thinking?
    ‘Hope you don’t mind: Clearly appreciating(!) your work, I’m not happy with terms like ‘open-access zealots’. That’s bias language, we both don’t need. There are reputable and less-reputable Journals on both sides. In the time of internet, OA with all its painful ‘birth pangs’ is on the long run a walk in the right direction: knowledge for everybody.
    Again, thank you for your valuable efforts. Benno

  133. […] En nuestra ayuda existe la conocida como Beall’s List creada por Jeffrey Beall, bibliotecario de la Universidad de Colorado, en Denver, en la que identifica 693 editoriales potencialmente fraudulentas (https://scholarlyoa.com/publishers/) y 507 revistas (https://scholarlyoa.com/individual-journals/) (datos de la evolución en los últimos años aquí). […]

  134. Deepak says:

    Dear Mr Beall,

    As I recall, Dove Press used to be on your list. I do not find it there anymore. Has it been removed from your list of predatory publishers?

  135. mashele says:

    Hy Jeffrey,

    Kindly check this journal. It seems very suspicious.

    http://www.virtusinterpress.org/Paper-submission-model.html

    http://www.virtusinterpress.org/-Journal-of-Governance-and-.html

    They state that their review process takes 7-15 days , and once the paper is accepted, the author need pay 340Euros “acceptance fee”.

    • I agree.
      They also (apparently falsely) say, “Authors should note that all papers published in the journal will be in open access at the web-site of the publisher for at least three years to increase the paper citing.”
      I have added this publisher to my list.

  136. Gebremedhn says:

    Dear Dr. Beall first of all thank you for your incredible works that you are helping for many scholars and besides is ”Journal of applied poultry research” (poultry science association Inc. i.e the publisher) in your list?

  137. sou says:

    Dear Dr. Beall first of all thank you for your search and information,I want to sent my paper for a conference organized by common ground publishing and I would appreciate if you let me know is their conference authentic or fake?

    • I don’t keep lists of good or bad journals.
      I don’t have enough information to evaluate Common Ground conferences.
      I do receive many inquiries about Common Ground. What is your field of study? Why don’t you find a non-profit scholarly society in your discipline and attend a conference it organizes?

  138. mashele says:

    Hy Jeffrey,

    Kindly check this journal. It seems very suspicious.

    ‘Journal of Governance and Regulation’

    http://www.virtusinterpress.org/Paper-submission-model.html

    http://www.virtusinterpress.org/-Journal-of-Governance-and-.html

    They state that their review process takes 7-15 days , and once the paper is accepted, the author need PAY 340Euros “acceptance fee”.
    What surprises even more is , if the author want the paper to be published quickly , s/he can make known that wish and there is an additional fee for that

  139. issn india says:

    Please go through this website

    http://www.jiaats.com

    A strong warning should be issued to all the contributors/authors as it is a complete fake website with all the journals having fake ISSN and authors are contributing without even bothering about the credentials of the publisher.

    • I agree. This is a dangerous, predatory publisher. The name of the publisher is Journal of The International Association of Advanced Technology and Science (JIAATS) (this appears to be the title of a single journal, but it is the name of the publisher). Thank you.

  140. shabnam says:

    Dear Dr. Beall,
    Thank you so much for your admirable helpful work,
    I cannot find International Journal of Arts and sciences in your list,Pleases kindly give me information about this journal and their conferences,
    Best regards

    • I do not include it on my list because it’s not really a journal. It is really a travel agency that uses the name of a journal as its business name. I recommend that academic faculty avoid this pretend ‘journal’ and instead register for and attend only authentic scholarly conferences. The International Journal of Arts and Sciences is a joke.

  141. Andy says:

    Dear Dr Beall;
    Please can you help tell me whether this journal “SM Journal of Food and Nutritional Disorders” is authentic? They have wrote to me requesting i join their Editorial Board.

    Best regards
    Andy

  142. Deepak says:

    Dear Mr Beall,

    What is your opinion on a publishing house called CIBTech? They are solicitng articles for a surgical journal http://www.cibtech.org/cjs.htm. They have other journals as well.

  143. sou says:

    Dear Dr. Beall,
    What is your opinion about Gordon research conferences?They organized plenty of conference

  144. mk says:

    Hello Dr. Beall,

    What is your opinion on http://www.na-businesspress.com and their journals? Thank you.

    • I have not formally evaluated this publisher. North American Business Press is not an open-access publisher, and I generally limit my work to OA. I do receive many inquiries about it, and it is obviously not a top-tier publisher. If you are considering submitting your work to its journals, I would advise you to look for a better publisher.

  145. Adugna says:

    Hello dear prof.Beall, would you write me about Global Journal of Animal Scientific Research its home page is http://www.gjasr.com and World Journal of Biology and Medical Sciences with the website http://www.sasjournals.com
    with regards

    • The Global Journal of Animal Scientific Research is published by the Iranian firm called World Science and Research Publishing. I have this publisher included on my list here.

      The World Journal of Biology and Medical Sciences is published by the fake “Society for Advancement of Sciences,” which is also included on my list. I recommend you avoid all these journals and publishers.

  146. whether http://www.serialsjournals.com i included in your predatory journal list or not?

    • It is not.
      It is not an open-access publisher, at least it wasn’t the last time I checked. I limit my work to OA journals.
      If you find it to be an open-access publisher and are able to access the full-text of individual articles, please let me know.

  147. Ramesh says:

    Please let me know about http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jcnc

    and other journals of hindawi as it is a open access publisher….

  148. Deddy says:

    Dear Jeffrey..

    Can you check this: http://www.ijirr.com/. Is this a predatory?

  149. Also, I would like to propose the International Journal of Current Multidisciplinary Studies (journalijcms.com). It is spamming me a lot.

  150. Katherine says:

    Hi! I’m come across several questionable journals. Could you please comment on them?

    1. European Journal of Surgical Cases (published by Bilimsel Tip Yayinevi). It’s an OA journal, but I can’t find any mention of author fees on their website. They don’t respond to emails.

    2. International Journal of Clinical Case Reports (publisher unknown). They say that the journal is indexed in PubMed, but that does not appear to be true.

    3. World Journal of Clinical Cases (published by Baishideng Publishing Group).

    4. Open Journal of Clinical and Medical Case Reports (publisher unknown).

    5. Journal of Case Reports in Oncology and Therapy (published by EJourPub). An OA journal, but no author fees?

    6. Journal of Anaesthesia & Critical Care Case Reports (published by Academic Research Group).

    Thanks!

    • 1. European Journal of Surgical Cases (published by Bilimsel Tip Yayinevi). It’s an OA journal, but I can’t find any mention of author fees on their website. They don’t respond to emails.

      This is one of a growing number of Turkish journals that serve chiefly as a means for Turkish researchers to get easy publishing credit they then use for credit towards tenure and promotion. In such journals, the articles are typically unoriginal, often contain plagiarism, and are part of a salami slicing strategy on the part of the authors.

      2. International Journal of Clinical Case Reports (publisher unknown). They say that the journal is indexed in PubMed, but that does not appear to be true.

      The International Journal of Clinical Case Reports is published by a firm called BioPublisher that is based in Canada (i.e., China). I have this publisher included on my list here. I recommend completely avoiding all the journals from this publisher.

      3. World Journal of Clinical Cases (published by Baishideng Publishing Group).

      Baishideng is a borderline publisher and is therefore not on my list. I receive many inquiries about it. Most serious researchers skip over this publisher’s journals and seek better scholarly publishers for their work.

      4. Open Journal of Clinical and Medical Case Reports (publisher unknown).

      I haven’t heard of this journal before. It is rather mysterious and uses a Las Vegas mailbox company as its headquarters address. I will analyze it. In the meantime, I recommend avoiding it. Journals like this one can disappear from the internet on a whim.

      5. Journal of Case Reports in Oncology and Therapy (published by EJourPub). An OA journal, but no author fees?

      I haven’t heard of this one before either. I will analyze it, for it looks fishy. Waiving author fees is a common strategy for new publishers. They want to attract a mass of articles to make their operations appear successful.

      6. Journal of Anaesthesia & Critical Care Case Reports (published by Academic Research Group).

      Another new one. I will analyze it, but in the meantime, I would also avoid this one like the plague. It appears that “Academic Research Group” also publishes a journal called International Journal of Conference Proceedings and is just a company that aims to make easy money from researchers.

      • Katherine says:

        Thanks!

      • Update:
        I have completed my analysis of these two journals and am NOT adding them (or the corresponding publisher in the second case) to my list:
        Open Journal of Clinical and Medical Case Reports
        Journal of Case Reports in Oncology and Therapy

        Even though I am not adding them to the list, I still recommend caution to anyone considering publishing in the two journals. Neither is transparent about ownership or publishing location. I would recommend finding a more transparent and respected journal than these two.

  151. Deepak says:

    Dear Mr Beall,

    There appears to another publisher on the block that merits scrutiny. One of their journals is here:
    http://www.oakfortressjournals.org/sjmms
    What is your opinion?

    Many thanks

  152. Dear Mr Beall,

    http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0975357510800781

    please tell me the status of this journal “journal of pharmacognosy” published under Elsevier on science direct website, as science direct journal is considered highly authentic.

  153. Salihu says:

    Big bravo to you Dr Beall. Pls I want to know whether International Journal of Public Administration and Management Research being published by Centre for Research in Management and Social Studies is predatory. Thank you Sir.

  154. Mr Jeffery, I want to know in clear terms if “International Journal of Applied Sciences and Mathematical Theory” is a recognise journal or else.
    From Ohigweren

    • This journal is published by the IIARD Publication Company (International Institute of Academic Research and Development). The publisher stinks and so does the journal. The journal is not recognized. I recommend against submitting papers to all journals from this publisher.

  155. yash says:

    Dear Beall, I am unable to understand how do we quote articles from the newspaper. there is sometning called Sect, A, And Col which I am unable to fathom. Please help. Also tell how to know about the last accessed date of a post or an internet article. Thanks in anticipation.

  156. Sigit Setiawan says:

    Dear sir,

    I want to know your opinion on journal :
    “Asian Research Policy” or ARP that can be accessed through http://www.arpjournal.org. Thank you very much.

    Best regards,

    Sigit Setiawan
    Indonesian Institute of Sciences

  157. Veri says:

    what about the Pakistan Journal of Social Sciencies/Medwell Journals?

  158. peter says:

    do i publish with journal of career and technical education

  159. peter says:

    what about international journal of innovative research and development

  160. Devi says:

    Dear Jeffery,

    What is your view on Red Flower publications http://www.rfppl.co.in/
    and the journals published by them? Are they considered predatory?

    Regards
    Devi

    • Thank you for your comment. This publisher is now on my list. I recommend that researchers not submit any papers to its many journals. Its website is a mess and is unorganized.

      • Dr Deepak Batura says:

        Dear Mr Beall,

        What do you think about the British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research, published by Science Domain International (http://www.sciencedomains.org/journal/12)? I do not find this publisher on your list.

        Interestingly, the journal title is quite similar to a standalone predatory journal in your list. [British Journal of Medical and Health Research (BJMHR)]. If the former is a predatory journal, is it a case of a predator preying on another predator?

      • ScienceDomain is on my list here. (It’s easy to miss because of the lack of a space). I do recommend not submitting papers to this publisher’s journals. You will probably want to find a stronger publisher for your work.

      • Dr Deepak Batura says:

        Many thanks for steering us through the dense jungle of predatory publications.

  161. divya maneesha says:

    respected sir,

    You work is so appreciatable, i want to know about the journal “international journal of mathematical archive ijma” is it predatory, pls respond

  162. divyamaneesha says:

    Respected sir,
    thank you for your reply, what is your opinion about the journal “international journal of mathematical sciences and applications ijmsa” pls respond,

  163. divyamaneesha says:

    respected sir,

    Thank u for all ur service, i think i was too late to recognise the reality, my two research papers were published in these journals ijma and ijmsa, what to do now, is it effects my future career, pls provide the list of good journals which helps us to go away from such journals.

  164. […] of hundreds of journals published by predatory publishers that are listed by Jeffrey Beall (https://scholarlyoa.com/2015/01/02/bealls-list-of-predatory-publishers-2015/). This situation is known, although difficult to manage with the resources we currently have. We […]

  165. Blazeyastic says:

    Please comment on these….
    1. http://cogentoa.tandfonline.com/journal/oabm20
    2. Mitteilungen Klosterneuburg Journal,
    WEINER STRASSE74, KLOSTERNEUBURG, AUSTRIA.

    • Regarding number one, this is not a predatory journal/publisher.
      Regarding number 2, this is a case of journal hijacking. There is a legitimate version of this journal (and it’s not predatory), and there is a hijacked version of it. I have the hijacked version included on my list here. Thanks.

  166. divyamaneesha says:

    Respected sir,

    Pls verify about AR RESEARCH PUBLICATIONS, T.R publications NCR. Website is http://www.icstmdu.com and http://www.conferenceworld.in, thanks in advance.

    • I strongly recommend that all researchers avoid the three journals published by AR Publications. Each of the journals is included on my list here. The three, low-quality journals are:
      International Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IJEEE)
      International Journal of Advance Research in Science and Engineering (IJARSE)
      International Journal of Advanced Technology in Engineering and Science (IJATES)

      If the quality of their conferences matches that of their journals, then the conferences should be avoided as well.

      • divyamaneesha says:

        Respected sir,
        Thank u for your reply, and also pls verify about the journal ijstm.

      • The International Journal Of Science Technology & Management (IJSTM) is also complete rubbish. I recommend you stop considering all publications and conferences from AR Publications.

  167. Keith Fraser says:

    Hi Jeffrey,

    I just got an email inviting me to join the editorial board of the Journal of Nano Innovation ( http://nanoinnovationjournal.com/ ). I’ve never heard of it before, there seems to be virtually no online mention of it beyond its own website, said website is written in poor English despite the journal supposedly being based in Edinburgh, and I don’t know why they’d invite someone unimportant like me to be on their editorial board unless they were dodgy. Do you know anything about this journal?

  168. Lulu says:

    Is AIM press a predatory publisher?

  169. Andy says:

    Dear Prof Beall;
    Please can you kindly check this publisher for me? “libertas academica”.
    best regards

    Andy

  170. Seid says:

    I am going to publish one of my article on “International Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology” Please could you send me about this journal wheather predatory or not?

  171. Raj says:

    Dear Prof Beall,

    You are doing a great job by maintaining this list. Please check the following journals:

    International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research (http://www.ijser.org/)
    International Journal of Innovative Computer Science & Engineering (http://ijicse.in/)
    Journal Of Advance Computing and Communication Technologies (http://www.jacotech.org/)
    International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Software Engineering (http://www.ijarcsse.com/)

    Regards

    Raj

    • Raj, All four of these journals are included on my list here. Two were already on the list, and two were new to me. I analyzed the two new ones and found they belong on the list as well, and I have added them. Thank you for alerting me to them.

  172. Mr.Nguyen says:

    Hello Dr.Jeffrey,
    How do you think about this site: http://jaesnet.com/
    Please give me an advice!
    Thanks,

    • This journal is published by a company called American Research Institute for Policy Development. It is completely bogus. It is based in Bangladesh (not America). I strongly advise you against submitting any work to the journal or the many others from this publisher. Good luck.

  173. sou says:

    Dear Dr. Beall,
    I am going to send my article to one of SPIE organization conferences,Please would you give me information about them if they are authentic or predatory?

  174. sou says:

    Dear Dr. Beall,
    I am going to send my article to one of SPIE organization conferences,Please would you give me information if they are authentic or predatory?

  175. yash says:

    Dear Beall,

    Please tell about Pancreas – Open Journal (POJ) from Openventio Publishers. They have invited me to become their editorial board member. Is it any kind of trap?

  176. Mosabber Uddin Ahmed says:

    Hi Beall,

    There are two science publication group.
    http://thescipub.com/

    http://sciencepublication.org/

    Are they both predatory???

  177. Lee Chokchai says:

    Dear Prof,
    Please help me about this journal : Global Journal of Health Science published by Canadian Center of Science and Education. http://ccsenet.org/journal/index.php/gjhs/index
    Thank you!

  178. Matt Schrager says:

    Was wondering what criteria Project innovation was included. Thx!!

  179. Admas says:

    Hello Dr.
    Thanks for your priceless work on identifying and announcing the false/predator publishers and journals which enables the scientific society to aware them and publish their work in trusted journals. But I got a known and trusted publisher in your list and this publisher is called Academic journals and here is the link: http://www.academicjournals.org/about_us . This publisher is found in Nairobi and Nigeria and publishes different African journals so I think you misinterpreted or misunderstood this publisher. Anyway I want to know if anything you want say on this publisher?
    Thanks!!

    • What is your connection with the publisher?

      • Admas says:

        I don’t have any connection but I am an African scholar and I published one work in one of the journal included in this publisher. They do have reviewers and it was hard to publish by adjusting and including the reviewers comments.

  180. Manuel J. Carvajal says:

    Dear Dr. Beall:

    I have not been able to find your reply to my inquiry regarding two journals, Social Pharmacy and the Journal of Hospital Administration. Are they legit or predatory? Thanks for your input.

  181. Jeffrey, the publishers of http://www.aabri.com have publicly made it known that they are in accordance with COPE, they have editors for each journal, and are near completion of their Cabell’s review. Why do you still include them? In addition, why is Clute Institute on your list?

  182. Not Listed For Fear of Retaliation says:

    Jeffrey,

    Why is it that you include publishers on your list, but you place the onus on them to have their names removed? I honestly believe in the golden rule.

    Further, people have staked their tenure on your list. If they have truly changed their status as a predatory publisher, and you keep their name on the list, this could affect someone’s livelihood. For instance, at my school, any journal on this list will not count towards tenure, yet I have spoken with the editors at http://www.aabri.com and http://www.cluteinstitute.com, and they strongly disagree that you should have them on the list. So why do they have to contact you? I am glad that my future is not staked on this list (and I am not on the editorial board of either of these journals).

  183. divyamaneesha says:

    sir what about the journalURL: http://studmath.up.krakow.pl

    • This journal is not a low-quality or questionable one.

      • Bassem Darwish says:

        Dear Dr. Beall

        I would like to thank you for your concern.
        I have made a complain of African journal of traditional, complementary & alternative medicine journal.
        When I informed the journal that I am going to make a complain to the organiser of the list of predatory publisher, they contacted me & the refund of the fees of the fast track review has been recieved.

        Thanks a lot
        Dr. Bassem Darwish
        Orthopedic consultant

  184. WILLIAMS says:

    Dear Dr. Beall:

    Please what criteria do you use to classify a journal as predatory?

  185. Hillary says:

    Jeffrey thanks for the information. Can you kindly tell me about Davis publishing? a journal called Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology A & B. (JAST). They claim to be based in USA

    I also saw another Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology (JAST) based in a university in Iran

    Which is authentic?

  186. I hope that you are against poor because we are not able pay publication fee; therefore, please try change your attitude against poor researchers and open access journals. We are losing benefits because of your work(Negative externality). Why not you publish Non-predatory publishers???

  187. saeed30 says:

    Is this journal Ijetae is fake?
    Ic I sybmit paper and publish fees. They will publish it or just taketge money?

  188. Pamela Abbott says:

    Hi
    Could you please tell me if the International Journal of Arts and Sciences is predatory?

    • I don’t have this company included on my list because — despite the name — it’s not a scholarly journal or scholarly publisher. It really appears to be a travel agency that markets its tours as scholarly conferences.

      I would advise anyone considering attending the conferences organized by this firm to prefer instead a conference organized by a legitimate, non-profit scholarly society in his or her field. The questionable nature of this “journal” could come back to haunt anyone trying to use its services to earn academic credit.

  189. Andy says:

    Dear Prof Beall;
    Please can you help verify this journal “Journal of Pediatrics and Mother Care”. published by Elyns Group. It seems to be a new journal. Is it predatory or not?
    Many thanks

  190. atif says:

    Hello Beall,
    Can you please tell whether Indo American journal of Pharmaceutical research is predatory or not. Here is the link for the journal website.
    http://www.iajpr.com/

    Thank you

  191. destaw worku says:

    hello beal
    i am going to publish one of my article and reviews on the journal of animal reproduction,Brazil, would you like to provide comments about this journal whether predator or not?
    thank you
    kind regards
    Destaw Worku

    • I think you mean Animal Reproduction, the official journal of the Brazilian College of Animal Reproduction. It is not a predatory journal. It is a respected journal. Good luck.

  192. Songyut Akkakoson says:

    Dear Dr Jeffrey Beall,
    Could you kindly help advise whether the following conferences are predatory? Your kind helping hands is deeply appreciated.

    1. International Academic Conference on Teaching, Learning and E-learning in Budapest 2016, Hungary (IAC-TLEl 2016 in Budapest) held by Czech Institute of Academic Institution zs

    2. Annual Multi-disciplinary Conference in Vienna, held by International Journal of Arts and Sciences

    Looking forward to hearing from you.
    Best regards,
    Bee

    • I haven’t analyzed the first one. I don’t have an established criteria for evaluating questionable conferences, nor do I maintain a list of them. The second one, however (International Journal of Arts and Sciences), is an exception. It is a series of vacations, er, conferences that operates under the title of a journal. I think it’s a counterfeit scholarly journal / scholarly conference and should be avoided.

  193. Dear Dr Jeffrey Beall,
    Could you kindly advise whether the International Academic Conference on Teaching, Learning and E-learning in Budapest 2016, Hungary (IAC-TLEl 2016 in Budapest) is predatory.

    Best regards,
    Bee

    • I don’t know. It does look fishy to me. It claims it’s organized by the Czech Institute of Academic Education, but I cannot find a website for this “Institute.” It may be fake. I recommend that you attend the conferences of known scholarly societies in your field. Don’t take a chance on unknown conferences held by likely fake Czech “institutes” in Vienna.

  194. Do you think this conference is OK to join?

  195. Deepak says:

    Dear Dr Beall,

    While the British Journal of Medical and Health Research figures on your list as a stand alone journal of dubious credentials, what is your take on the British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research.
    NLM ID: 101570965, ISSN: 2231-061

    Would welcome your advice.

  196. Edy Parwanto says:

    Dear Dr Beall,
    Whether the articles that have been published in journals that are non legitimately be published in another journal that legitimate ?. Explain to me

  197. […] IL PARCO DELLE BUFALE – Un articolo sull’entanglement telepatico dei biofotoni realizzato dal dott. Patrizio Tressoldi dell’Università di Padova potrebbe far pensare che i neuroscienziati rivoluzionino soltanto la fisica quantistica. Non è così e lo dimostra l’articolo di climatologia che il dott. David Vares e il prof. Michael Persinger (specializzato in parapsicologia, neuroteologia e co-inventore del “casco di Dio“) della Laurentian University di Sudbury, in Ontario, hanno pubblicato sull’International Journal of Geosciences, la rivista di un prestigioso editore predone. […]

  198. Vlad says:

    Dear Dr Beall,

    do you have any new information on vowscintificquest (VSQ) publisher. I will highly appreciate if you can share your view on this publisher.

    kind regards,

    vlad

  199. Kisok says:

    Dear Beall
    What about this journal International Journal of Diabetes Research as they do not have publiser

  200. Saved says:

    Hello Dr. Beall,
    What about this journal Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences and the other three from MCSER Publishing?

  201. Vishwa Jyoti Baruah says:

    Sir, please also check if link given below is publishing bogus journals . “Bioinformation” is one such journal. It publishes paper in ‘one week!’ after receiving manuscript ,mostly as hypothesis. When link is clicked it takes you to PMC page which means they don’t even have a website but operates under pubmed central link. Please find further details on this journal.

    http://www.biomedical-informatics.net/
    http://www.bioinformation.net/

    • I have the journal Bioinformation included on my list here. This means that the journal is questionable and should be avoided. The first link you sent isn’t really a publisher, so it’s out of scope for my work. It does point to one journal, but that journal is Bioinformation. Good luck.

  202. Andy says:

    Hi Prof Beall;
    Please can you help verify “AOSIS Publishing”. I just had a mail in my box from them. Can I advise a friend to let his journal be published by this publisher? They appear to be Africa orientated. Many thanks.
    Andy

    • AOSIS is indeed based in South Africa. It is not a predatory publisher. In fact, it is a respected open-access publisher, so yes, I do recommend that your friend contract with them. It’s a fine organization.

  203. Cy says:

    Hello Prof Beall,

    I was wondering what your thoughts were on LiBRI: Linguistic and Literary Board Research and Innovation (http://www.edusoft.ro/brain/index.php/libri). Would you consider this journal predatory?

    Best

    • The journal seems to have all but died (as many open-access journals do). While it did publish an issue in 2014, its archives page shows no activity in 2012 or 2013. Did you recently receive a spam email from the journal? If you did, can you forward it to me? Thanks.

  204. Paul Okolie says:

    http://ijsetr.org pls are they real or fake? do recommend good engineering journal publishers and standalone journals to me. again is sciencedomain real?

    • It’s a very low-quality journal that claims it has an impact factor when it really has not earned one. The journal should be avoided. Its title is International Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology Research (IJSETR).
      I do not compile any lists of good journals, sorry. ScienceDomain is a low quality publisher that should be avoided, in my opinion.

  205. Andy says:

    Hi Prof Beall;
    Sorry to bother you again. Please kindly help verify me these: Journal of Family Medicine and Disease Prevention published by “ClinMed International Library”,
    and also “Clinics in Mother and Child Health”
    Thanks a billion.
    Andy

    • ClinMed (the name sounds silly in English) is a publisher that is on my list. I recommend avoiding all its journals.
      The second journal you list is published by OMICS Group, so I recommend, strongly, avoiding this journal also.

  206. Dr Deepak Batura says:

    Dear Mr Beall,

    What is your opinion on Nova Science Publishers (not to be confused with Nova Explore Publications, which is on your list)?

    Here is Nova Science’s URL http://www.novapublishers.com/catalog/index.php?cPath=125

  207. Mary says:

    I will review Horizon Research Publishing I am receiving unrequested calls to publish in two of their journals that have a website with not even a single issue published since 2013. Also David Publising Company who apparently charge USD 50 per page once publication is accepted http://thetrialwarrior.com/2010/09/12/good-grief-bait-switch-law-publishing-version/

  208. […] geschuldet, die seit einigen Jahren wie Pilze aus dem Boden schießen. Diese »predatory journals« verlangen hohe Publikationsgebühren, ohne die üblichen redaktionellen Leistungen seriöser […]

  209. Dear Dr Beall,

    Could you kindly advise whether the conferences held by Universal Academic Cluster are predatory? Here is their website: http://www.universal-conferences.org

    Appreciate your kindness.
    Best regards,
    Songyut

    • Well, this is my first time learning of this new conference organizer. I see many problems. It is not transparent, and there’s no information about where it’s based. It uses Google Sites for its website. It all of a sudden has organized multiple conferences in a half-dozen of Japan’s major cities, trying to break into the academic conference market there. It has a page called “Member” that is just a list of names, with no explanation. If you are considering attending one of these conferences, I would suggest that you find a more experienced conference organizer, such as a scholarly society in your field.

  210. Andy says:

    Hi Prof Beall;
    The task of identifying predatory journals will become harder and more difficult. Most of the medical journals (open access or not) in which I published about 1-2yrs ago have all started requesting publication charges, and not even giving the author the possibility of choosing or not the open access option.
    – Can we then say all of them have gone predatory?
    – Why are almost all “predatory” journals given an ISSN, if they are known to be predatory and so not respecting publication ethics?
    – Is Austin Publishers predatory or nor not and why?

    Best regards!!

    Andy

    • Charging author fees in itself is not a criterion for determining predatory journals / publishers.
      ISSNs are assigned to journals without regard to quality, and they are usually assigned when a journal begins publishing.
      I do have Austin Publishing Group included on my list. It meets the criteria.

  211. Dr Shantha De Silva says:

    Dear Prof Beall
    Thanks so much for maintaining this great service. I did not get into the trap thanks to your efforts.

  212. Dear Professor Beall,

    Thank you very much for your kind prompt response. Let me ask you again how about this conference: http://iafor.org/conferences/asian-conferences/

    I’ve been accepted already. Kindly advise whether it is predatory or not.

    Deeply appreciate your kindness.

    Best regards,
    Songyut

    • IAFOR is borderline. While it may not be a predatory conference, I do receive many inquiries about it. It’s clearly designed to generate much revenue for the owners. It may be better for researchers to seek out and attend conferences organized by non-profit scholarly societies in their fields rather than for-profit, over-promoted, spam-driven conferences.

  213. […] number of dubious open access journals that have been mushrooming in the recent years. These »predatory journals« charge high publication fees to authors without providing the editorial and publishing […]

  214. Dear Professor Beall,

    Your response is quite valuable. Thank you so much for that.

    How about SlovakEd o.z.? They claim that they are a non-profit research and development organisation. They have also published
    the Journal of Language and Cultural Education (ISSN 1339-4045).

    Here is their website: http://www.jolace.com/en/about-slovakedu/
    Here is their conference website: http://www.jolace.com/conferences/

    Please allow me to ask for your kind helping hands.
    Best regards,
    Songyut

  215. Narm says:

    hello Jeffrey Beall,
    would you tell me please about this publisher whether it is predator or not?
    “International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research (ISSN 2347 – 4289)”
    thank you in Advance!

    • I had not heard of this journal before. I have analyzed it and added it to my list here. Thank you for alerting me to it. The journal has many weaknesses, including the prominent display of a fake impact factor.

  216. Girum says:

    Could you kindly advise whether the International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research (ISSN 2347-4289) are predatory?
    THANKS!

  217. shriram dawkhar says:

    Dear Sir,
    Does INDJST is included in SCOPUS index. Is it worth publishing in Dec- 2015, issue.

    Please check this site showing scopus indexed journals, is it real?

    http://scopu.blogspot.in/2013/04/scopus-sources-journal-of-india.html

    Kindly educate me more about ….
    Indian Journal of Science and Technology
    http://www.indjst.org/

    I am really confused about this journal.

    Thanks

    • The best source for information about Scopus is Scopus itself. I think the site you link to is not an official page. May I refer you to the Scopus Title List available here [Note: this is an 11 MB Excel file].

      The journal you refer to is published jointly by the Indian Society for Education and Environment and Informatics Publishing. I do have ISEE, the first one, on my list and would recommend that you find a stronger publisher for your work. Good luck.

      • shriram dawkhar says:

        Thank You very much Sir.
        Will you suggest few good journals for my research on ” Customer loyalty programs in India”.

        Thanks.

  218. Tunde says:

    How do we identify fit journals or can you pls publish the lost of fit journals?

  219. Songyut Akkakoson says:

    Dear Professor Beall,

    Could you help comment on the following conference, please? Does this one seem to be predatory?

    ISCAL 2016 organised by Department of Culture Vocation Development, National Taipei University of Technology. Here is their website: http://iainst.org/iscal/

    They also publish the International Journal of Business and Information (IJBI, ISSN: 1728-8673).

    Appreciate your kind advice.

    Best regards,
    Songyut

    • It looks very suspicious to me. The website looks like a travel brochure. They use a gmail address (only) as their contact information. There’s no mention of the conference on the Department of Culture Vocation Development’s homepage. If you spend money on this conference, you’re taking a risk.

  220. kiransing says:

    how is http://www.ijcaonline.org journal?is it okay for publishing?

  221. Charline Awounfack says:

    Très heureuse de savoir votre existence. Pour nous qui debutons ds la recherche

  222. Songyut Akkakoson says:

    Dear Professor Beall,

    How about JALT2016? Is this one OK?
    http://jalt.org/conference

    Thank you so much for your kind advice.
    Songyut

  223. yash says:

    Dear Beall, what is your take on ‘Journal of Gastrointestinal & Digestive System’?

  224. Songyut Akkakoson says:

    Dear Professor Beall,

    Please kindly advise on this one: ICLMC 2016 http://www.iclmc.org/cfp.html

    They say all presented papers will be published in the IPEDR (ISSN: 2010-4626) as one volume and will be included in the Engineering & Technology Digital Library, and indexed by Electronic Journals Digital Library, EBSCO, WorldCat, Google Scholar, Ulrich’s Periodicals Directory, Cross Ref and will be sent to be reviewed by ISI Proceedings.

    Many thanks for your usual kind advice.

    Best regards,
    Songyut

    • It looks highly questionable to me.

    • It looks like a complete scam to me.
      What is your field? Is there a non-profit scholarly society (association of researchers) in you field in your country? I recommend you seek out such an organization and look into its conferences. These conferences organized by unknown companies in Osaka are all scams. Don’t waste your money.

  225. Songyut Akkakoson says:

    Dear Professor Beall,

    How about this conference: Vienna, Austria, April 11-13, 2016 (The WEI International Academic Conference at Vienna University)
    http://www.westeastinstitute.com/conferences/vienna/

    They say accepted articles will be published in either or these journal:

    Journal of WEI Business and Economics(JWEIBE) (ISSN 2166-7918 USA)
    West East Journal of Social Sciences(WEJSS) (ISSN 2168-7315 USA)

    Do you think they are OK?

    Best regards,
    Songyut

  226. Andy says:

    Hi Prof Beall; We have been talking all through of predatory journals. Can you please tell me the criteria used to classify a journal or publisher as predatory? I just read of campaign on BIOMED central titled “How good is your open access knowledge?”. I did not find much help there.
    Thanks
    Andy

  227. M. Tanko says:

    Please, are ABC journals predatory journal?

  228. […] Aquí dejo un enlace donde puede consultarse un listado con las revistas y editoriales que se dedican a ésto (mira aquí). […]

  229. Songyut Akkakoson says:

    Dear Professor Beall,

    How about this conference? Is it OK or another predatory one?

    ICALMD 2016
    https://www.waset.org/conference/2016/06/copenhagen/ICALMD
    Organised by: World Academy of Science Engineering and Technology
    https://www.waset.org/

    Thank you.
    Songyut

  230. Andy says:

    Hi Prof Beall;
    Is this congress authentic? http://pediatriccongress.conferenceseries.com/

    Thanks

    Andy

  231. […] subscription to a journal called Anthrologia. I’ve never heard of it before, so I checked out Beall’s List of Predatory Journals, and found that it wasn’t mentioned, which it would have been if it were seriously […]

  232. yash says:

    Please tell about ‘Journal of Genital System & Disorders’.

  233. recently, there have been scam invitations to conferences as well. Look for the “International Conference on Quantum Physics and Nuclear Engineering” March 14-16, 2016 London, UK
    “Future Scope and Enhancement in Quantum Physics and Nuclear Engineering” Meet world leading professors from 50 different Countries and 5 Continents.

    I got an email inviting me to give a talk at this conference I never heard of…

  234. Gabriel Faimau says:

    Dear Professor Beall,
    Please check for me the following publisher: American Scholarly Research Association (ASRA): http://www.asraresearch.org/submit-a-manuscript/.
    I thank you for assisting.

    • Thank you for alerting me to this publisher. I have analyzed it and added it to my list. I recommend that you not submit any papers to its journals and instead find a stronger publisher.

  235. Andy says:

    Dear Prof Beall; Please can you help verify me this conference. I received an invitation in my box and I don’t where it is coming from.
    http://nutrition-growth.kenes.com/
    3rd International Conference on Nutrition & Growth​​​​​​​​​​​, Vienna, Austria; March 17th -19th, 2016
    Thanks

    Andy

    • It’s really difficult to evaluate conferences like this one. I don’t see a scholarly society associated with this one, so it may be a for-profit conference. I would recommend extreme caution with any decision involving this conference. Ask senior colleagues in the field if they’ve heard of it. One clue might be their strange headline, “Submit your breaking research.”

  236. Katherine says:

    Dear Jeffrey, thanks for your contribution and for alerting us about predatory publishers. Would you please comment some more about http://iated.org/inted/call_for_papers They run conferences and publish presenters’ articles in their digital library. Their website say previous versions have been “INTED 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013 and 2014 already accepted and indexed in ISI Conference Proceedings Citation Index.” and are Indexed in the Web of science. I have attended two of their conferences as a presenter and in both cases I was published and the conference had everything they said. I’d really appreciate your comments on this. Regards, Katherine

    • You may be in a better position to judge the conference than I, given that you’ve actually attended them. It’s harder to evaluate a conference from its website than it is a journal or publisher.

      This one looks borderline to me. It apparently uses Google Scholar to translate its website text and says, “The International Academy of Technology, Education and Development (IATED) is an organism dedicated to the promotion of international education and university cooperation in the field of Technology and Science.” An organism?

      I don’t see that they give a clear address of where they are located. They charge presenters but don’t make their papers open-access; instead they sell the conference proceedings too. It appears to be a venal organism .. er, I mean organization.

      They sure use the WoS logo a lot, much more than strong conferences do.

  237. Eloise Marais says:

    Consider adding “Nature and Science”: http://www.sciencepub.net/nature/

    • Its publisher, Marsland Press, is already included on the list of questionable publishers.

    • Sylvain B. says:

      This journal is however quite helpful for researchers: just publish one article here (content is unimportant; If tight on time, plagiarize an obscure PhD thesis, invent data, or use SCIgen). If the head lab is reluctant to endorse you tenure, you will have a very strong argument:

      “Boss, this year I published in Nature and Science”.

      Don’t worry, your boss, jealous for such a success, will never ask for reprints.

      • fsuzun says:

        Dear Beall,
        What do you think about “Educational Research and Reviews”? I haven’t seen any problem on this journal but it is in your list.

      • There are several journals with this title … can you send a link so I am sure I know which one you’re referring to?

  238. Godwin A says:

    Dear Beall
    Is the Journal of intercultural ethnopharmacology predatory? I have been looking up some info on it and it appears clean, at least for now.
    Godwin

  239. fsuzun says:

    Yes, I saw the journal in the list, however, I haven’t seen any problem on the evaluation process and in other parts (eg.editors, website, fee..). I got an acceptance of my manuscript after a detail and professional process and now I wonder whether if this journal is seen in the list just because of its publisher or it has a really problem on itself? Thanks your response

    • By “acceptance of my manuscript after a detail and professional process” you mean that no revisions were requested, right?

      • fsuzun says:

        Ofcourse not! In the contrary, they followed a serious process with three different reviewers with at least two or three revisions and corrections. It was not an easy process as we compare with the other high level journals. That is why I wonder you included this journal in the list?

  240. Andy says:

    Hi Prof Beall; Is being predatory not illegal and punishable by the law? I am just pondering why predatory journals and publishers are flourishing all over and the law is just blind. I am tempted to likened them to scammers!!!
    Sorry for taking you from another angle!!
    Andy

    • In most cases, freedom of the press allows the predatory publishers to operate with impunity. If they add names to their editorial boards without permission, this may be identity theft.

  241. Dr Deepak Batura says:

    Dear Mr Beall,

    What is your opinion on the “Atlas of Science”?http://atlasofscience.org/

    It asks for commentaries on one’s own papers with a view to providing dissemination of contents to the lay press at large.

    Upfront, I see issues with supplying them with details of a paper for which I have signed off the copyrights to a journal house.

    Would value your advice.

    • It’s not illegal; it’s just another way to get money from researchers. Science journalists are responsible for translating science to a popular audience. I’d recommend ignoring this “atlas.”

  242. Andy says:

    Dear Prof Beall; Some well indexed journals even in PUBMED (I won’t mention names), reward reviewers with free 30 days access in scorpus/ScienceDirect. This was interesting and i was doing reviews for these journals. For sometime now when i do the review and when i log- in i am told i don’t have access.
    I contacted the respective journals several times but had no response
    I contacted the support team of scopus and i was replied i had no pending reviews.
    I am sensing some foul play here, and have stopped doing the reviews although they keep on sending me papers for review.
    Who is fooling who here? Who has gone predatory?
    Thanks for your advice
    Andy

    • Your thirty days has expired.

    • Sylvain B. says:

      Andy

      Check if the mails you received along with the invitations to review contain the following sentence:

      “As a reviewer you are entitled to complimentary access to Scopus and ScienceDirect for 30 days. Full instructions and details will be provided upon accepting this invitation to review.”

      This is a legal reward for reviewing articles, and I think it’s indeed a good incentive from Elsevier.

  243. I tried some of the Common Ground Publishing journals and it seems most of their journals are okay and the refereeing process is real. But I read somewhere that the publisher is blacklisted by the Malaysian Ministry of Education. When I looked at the list of Scopus-indexed journals that the Malaysian MOE approves, I found out that one of those they have endorsed is the International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences. So what can you say about this?

    • Because the Common Ground journals are not published using the open-access model, I have not formally analyzed them. I do receive many questions about them, meaning people all over the world find them questionable.

  244. Girum says:

    Hi Prof Beall; Is International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology [IJRET] p-ISSN: 2321-7308 predatory or not?

  245. melese says:

    Hi Prof Beall; Is Journal of microbiology and infectious disease a predatory or not. since i can’t get in your updated list of predatory journal. thank you alot for your help.

  246. Joseph says:

    what of this IISTE

  247. Andy says:

    Happy New Year Prof Beall;
    1. Please help assess me this “Journal of Clinical Studies & Medical Case Reports” . They don’t even seem to have a website.
    2. Why do most of these predatory journals have their addresses in the US? I thought that since they are doing unethical business out of the law, they will easily be tracked by the powerful American justice system. I might be naive!!! Sorry for taking you from a different angle.
    Andy

    • I cannot evaluate an open-access journal that does not have a website.
      Many people in countries outside the U.S. get more credit for publishing in “international” journals. So, frequently, predatory publishers use business incorporation centers or virtual office companies to make it appear they are based in — or have offices in — the U.S. or another Western country. This strategy may help increase the number of article submissions they receive. So, it’s all about money.

  248. Adam says:

    Hi Beall,
    what do you think of this journal
    Journal of Natural Sciences Research
    http://www.iiste.org/Journals/index.php/JNSR

    I don’t see it on your list. Could I publish in this journal?
    Many thanks

    • I have this journal’s publisher — IISTE — included on my list here. If you submit your paper to this journal, they will quickly accept it and send you a bill, and no one will read the paper. I suggest that you find a better journal for your work.

  249. Andy says:

    Hi Prof Beall; Can I have an idea of some open archive repositories where I can deposit some of my articles for a larger visibility and audience?
    Many thanks

    • The Simmons College list of disciplinary repositories is here.

      • borhan says:

        Dear Dr. Beal,
        What about E-Health Telecommunication Systems and Networks (ETSN) journal?
        I didn’t find it in your list.
        Thanks for your kindly support.

      • This journal is from the Chinese publisher SCIRP (Scientific Research Publishing) one of the largest publishers of junk science in the world. All honest researchers should not submit papers to this low-quality, junk publisher. The publisher is on my list, so please avoid all its journals, including the one you mention.

  250. Andy says:

    Hi Prof Beall;
    Is it possible for an author to directly send for indexing a published article in PUBMED? I just published an article in a journal and found out that the last issue of the journal in PUBMED dates back as April 2014. I think the publishers are slow in sending their published issues to PUBMED. Maybe i am wrong. Thanks

  251. Martha says:

    hi Jeffrey, I saw your post about OMICS publishing company charging a withdrawal fee. It’s obviously an unethical scam, as they do not tell authors they plan to charge to publish or charge a withdrawal fee. They also do not try to have authors sign any contract or sign to turn over copyright to them. But even still, do they have any power to get people to pay? Do you know if scholars in this situation simply ignore the bill OMICS presents, or if OMICS has any power to go through a collection agency and ruin the author’s credit rating? Would love to know your thoughts or what others have experienced in this regard. Thank you!

    • While I cannot give legal advice, I can tell you that I have never heard of OMICS taking any legal action against any of its many unhappy customers. OMICS has no real U.S. presence. It’s based in India and uses virtual office company addresses here in America. So, subject to confirmation by a lawyer, I don’t think they have any power to force someone to pay. They do use tricks to get people to pay, such as bargaining, making up stories about expenses they’ve incurred on behalf of the author, etc. But an author should be able to withdraw his or her manuscript at any time before publication (and even afterwards in some cases). OMICS is a completely dishonest organization, so don’t be intimidated by them.

    • Andy says:

      Pay no withdrawal nor submission fees to OMICS and never communicate any of your personal or bank details to them; They don’t have any power to do anything. They are the wildest predators of this 21st century. They hijacked one of our best African journals through the first publisher. I hope Ashdin is in this list of predator publishers..They copy and paste people’s pics on their website and give them false biographs.
      OMICS has a long list of “injuries” it has caused to researchers worldwide.

  252. Adam says:

    Dear Dr. Beall,
    I’m not sure about when the publisher is on your list does that mean all the journals from that publisher would be questionable? I noticed that somtimes the publisher is on your list but their journals are not on your list of standalone journals.
    Many thanks.

    • Yes, when a publisher is listed, it applies to ALL the journals from that publisher.
      With a few exceptions, the standalone list is for journals that exist alone and have no clear publisher.

  253. […] • Is the title on Beall’s List of Predatory Publishers? […]

  254. Emil says:

    Dear Dr. Beall

    Thank you for the great work you are doing.
    I have anotherone http://benthamscience.com/journal/index.php?journalID=cir
    It’s from a publisher called “Bentham Science”.

    • Bentham Science is the subscription journal counterpart to Bentham Open. The company claims it’s based in Sharjah, but increasingly, I am being told it really operates out of Pakistan and only has a small office in the UAE. I have Bentham Open on my list. If you are considering either Bentham Science or Bentham Open, I would recommend you seek out a better publisher for your work.

  255. natasha laibhen-parkes says:

    Hi Dr. Beall, I recently had a manuscript published in the Journal of Nursing via Herbert Open Access Journals in 2015 and received some disturbing feedback from my mentor regarding the rigor of this journal. There were 2 editors listed for this journal and I attempted to contact both of them to get their opinions on this journal’s reputation in the scholarly community. One editor was retired so there contact info was not up-to-date. The other responded to me and stated she was a new editor and had not had an opportunity to review any manuscripts yet. As of last week, I attempted to contact some other editors listed on this journal and one contacted me back to state she was not an editor with this journal (so, they are being deceptive in placing this person’s name on their list of editors). This manuscript is the first product from my dissertation and it pains me terribly that this publisher is on your list. Unfortunately, I did not know about your list prior to publishing with this company. Furthermore, my work is not being disseminated. I am currently in the process of writing another manuscript on the psychometric properties of the tool I adapted during my dissertation. I am planning to contact this publisher to request my manuscript be removed and doi be erased. What are your thoughts on this approach? Do I have a grounds or case to have my manuscript withdrawn from this journal? I would like to publish my hard work from my dissertation in a truly scholarly journal. As a novice author, I believe I can learn from this situation but I cannot afford (professionally speaking) to keep my manuscript with this journal.

    Your thoughts on this matter would be greatly appreciated.

    • I am unclear if the paper has actually been published in the Herbert nursing journal, or whether it is still in process.
      If it’s still in process, you should be able to withdraw the paper and submit it elsewhere. Make sure you get an email from Herbert confirming that it’s withdrawn. If you have transferred copyright, this complicates the matter and additional work will be needed. If the paper is published, it is a lot more complicated, as few high-quality journals are going to want to publish a re-cycled paper. Most journals require that all submissions be original, so for them you need special permission to submit an already-published manuscript. Good luck.

  256. sathy says:

    Dear Dr Beall,
    I really don’t know about the activities of predatory journals. One of my articles has been already published from this journal. In this case, how can I withdraw from that journal? Or how it effect in my career in educational sectors?

    Thanks.

  257. Malik Muneeb says:

    Dear Beall,

    I have one publication in “International Journal of Information and Communication Technology Trends”
    http://www.ijictt.ictt.info/
    I advised to my co-author that its seems dubious but he submitted the paper.
    Kindly, give your advise about this journal although we’ve already published our paper here.

    Thanks,

    • I agree that the journal seem dubious. I have the journal included on my list here. Can you tell me what the peer review experience was like for your article?

      • melese abate says:

        dearest Beal thank you inadvance for all your updated information regarding predatory journals to all new scholars. dear, does iranian journal of pediatrics listed in your list. i don’t found from your apdated list. with regards.

      • This journal is published by Kowsar Publications. I have this publisher on my list. Therefore, I recommend that you find a pediatrics journal from a better publisher. This one may be dangerous for honest researchers.

      • melese abate says:

        Dear Beall, thank you very much. What about iranian journal of pediatrics ,it is under Tehran university of medical science press and it is listed under bioline international. i have sumitted manuscrpit to this journal, if it is under predatory list of you let me withdrW before copyright agreement sent. with regards.

      • The Iranian Journal of Pediatrics is published by Kowsar Publications, a publisher I have included on my list. I recommend finding a pediatrics journal from a better publisher. Yes, tell them you want to withdraw the paper.

      • Andy says:

        It is a pity that the IJP which had attained a certain degree of popularity and a high scientific standard should go in for an unknown predatory publisher as “kowsar publications”. I had once published an article in that journal when it was still published by the TUMS, and ever since they are with kowsar, I am flooded with requests to submit a paper for publication, but I just ignore. In PUBMED the latest issue of the IJP was in Dec 2015, which means it is still being considered “scientifically sound”;
        Jeff rightly once told me “PuBMED is not a measure of quality”

      • Malik Muneeb says:

        Don’t know exactly as I was not the corresponding author but its accepted easily.
        I last week I checked few other papers of same issue and it seem not very good.

      • melese abate says:

        dearest beal, you contribute alot regarding such publication issue. i hope most of colleagues have nice look like me. i hope you did toughly to update your predatory journals, but as me why you have and tell scholars about potential journals. since some journals especially medical journals that are indexed with PUBMED are not guranteed to be potential journals as you list some as predatory journals but indexed with Pubmed. i am confused, in our country almost all universities have not internationally reputable journals encouarage staff to published on that journals. is that as such difficult. i don’t think so. that is why me and most scholars need your help on confirm such predatory journals. i appreciate ur great work and hoping that you will tel as potential journal lists. with regards.

  258. Songyut Akkakoson says:

    Dear Professor Beall,

    Could you please help advise whether GEMA Online ®Journal of Language Studies is really indexed in the following databases as they claim. http://ejournal.ukm.my/gema/pages/view/abstracting

    ESCI (Wos), Scopus, Linguistics Abstracts Online (Wiley-Blackwell), Communication & Mass Media Complete (EBSCO), Linguist List, Open J-Gate, Ulrichs Web Global Seroals Directory, Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), UDLedge, ASFT Plus Index, Islamic World Science Citation Center, MyCite and Asean Citation Index (ACI).

    Deeply appreciate your usual kind helping hands.

    Best regards,
    Songyut

  259. Y Ban says:

    Dear Professor Beall,

    Title of journal “Interantional Journal of Computer science and information Seciurity(IJCSIS)” is listed in Thomson Reuter Master Journal list when I searched the title on Thomson reuter website. How can it be a predatory journal which has been included in your list? Pl. advise me as I want to publish a paper in Thomson Reuter listed Journal.

    • The Thompson Reuters Master List is not a whitelist and should not be used as one. It is a list of all the journals included in TR’s many products. Some of the these products do not really screen for quality and aim to be comprehensive (for example, Zoological Record). Consequently, there are many low-quality and predatory journals in the TR Master List. If you use it as a list of “approved” journals, you are taking a risk. Good luck.

  260. G Bim says:

    Can you explain why Canadian Center of Science and Education is on this list?

  261. research says:

    Dear Dr. Beall,
    What about this conference. Can I submit. I need to know the level of this conference: http://saiconference.com/IntelliSys2016/CallforPapers
    Thanks

  262. Angie says:

    Dear Prof. Beall,
    Would appreciate if you could advise me on the reliability of the following journal: International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (iJET). Thank you.

    • This journal — and the other journals published by Online-Journals.org — are out of scope for my work because they are not, by definition, open access.

      One has to register to view the published articles. This additional barrier to viewing the articles means few will see them, and anyone who publishes here will be hiding his work, for the most part.

      If you want to pay to publish in an open-access journal, you would probably be better off not selecting one where readers have to register to view the articles.

      • research says:

        Dear Dr. Beall,
        What about this conference. Can I submit. I need to know the level of this conference: http://saiconference.com/IntelliSys2016/CallforPapers
        Thanks

      • I haven’t analyzed this journal. I do find it listed on the IEEE website, despite the fact that its “contact” page lists no physical location and despite the fact that its website looks fishy.

      • melese abate says:

        Dear beall the OMIC international invited me as organized commitee of the following link food microbiology -2016 conference at UK. but they requested me to regiostered online to confirm my presense or participation on the conference. registration fee =700USA dollar. shall i do this. i need you kind help as usual

        http:/foodmicrobiology.conferenceseries.com/registration.php

      • No. I recommend you ignore all invitations from OMICS. Journals and conferences, delete everything from OMICS.

  263. Francisco says:

    Dr. Beall,

    What about this two:
    1) http://artsinsociety.com/2016-conference
    2) WEI International Academic Conference on Education and Humanities at Harvard University, Boston, USA, August 1-3, 2016

    • The first one is from Common Ground Publishing. It’s not a predatory publisher, but many find it borderline or fishy.
      Regarding the second one, Somebody’s making a lot of easy money by renting a conference hall at Harvard University and then using the Harvard name to make it appear the conference is sponsored by the university. I recommend not wasting your money on this. Cambridge is extremely expensive (hotels, food). Find an authentic and specialized conference that matches your field. This has the characteristics of a “scamference.”

  264. Biny says:

    Dear Beall,
    Please inform me the status of Journal of Scientific Research and Studies (JSRS), whether it is predatory or not.

  265. Here’s one that looks suspect to me. They approached me to submit, and I am not even an academic writer! I searched your list for it, but it didn’t come up…

    https://www.ecronicon.com.

  266. Happy says:

    How are you Dr J. Beall? do you think that (Advances in High Energy physics) is a predator journal?

  267. tille says:

    Hello Beall, is ‘hindawi publishing group’ a predatory journal publisher?
    Thanks!

  268. Axa Baxa says:

    Hello and congratulations on the great work!
    I am curious about ARC publications PVT LTD. Here is a link: https://www.arcjournals.org/submit-paper
    Thank you!

  269. yared says:

    Dear Dr. Bill thank you for your contribution to the academia. It is great effort.
    One query: Is African journal of Agricultural science under your predatory list?

  270. Leila Soares says:

    Dear Dr. Beall
    I have submitted a manuscript to Gynecology & Obstetrics, from OMICS group, because it was an invitation. I just publish in no charge journals and I did not realize this one would have fees. When I realized that it would be charged, I tried to withdraw. In the website, there was an information that an author is free to withdraw an article at no charge – as long as it is withdrawn within a week of its original submission. I have asked for the withdraw in two ocasions, 2 days and 5 days after submission, but I had no return in my emails. Now they’re charging me U$ 680 withdrawal fee, despite I have sent the emails proving that I have tried to withdraw before. I did not know this precious list, but I will warn everyone at the University. I did not see this journal on the list, but I saw OMICS group. I would like you to consider adding this journal (Gynecology & Obstetrics) on the list. I think these kind of things will be end when when it will be forbidden to charge for publication. I am thankful for this list.

    • I am very sorry that OMICS has made you a victim.
      When I list the publisher, this means I recommend that everyone should not submit papers to all the journals from that publisher.
      OMICS is based in Hyderabad, India (not in the United States like they claim), and there is no way they can force you to pay, but unfortunately, if they publish your paper you cannot publish it in a good journal.
      OMICS International is a degenerate, horrible publisher.

  271. Our team has had a paper accepted (not yet made available online) but is now receiving bills but cost was mentioned nowhere on the journal’s (Austin Journal of Nursing and Health Care) website
    How can we withdraw our paper. The journal does not respond to our request to withdraw but just keeps sending bills.
    HELP!

    • Austin Publishing Group is a horrible publisher that victimized honest researchers. I am sorry that they have victimized you. They are based in India (I think), and many others have refused to pay, and there has been no action from the publisher in terms of forcing payment. The problem is that if they publish your paper, you cannot publish it with another journal.

      • Thank you Jeffrey. My colleagues are in Australia. I found a US address for Austin in New Jersey. I plan to give them a call. Also, I have contacted a prominent nurse on their editorial board and will see if she is aware of their practices.
        I thought it might be worthwhile to contact as many nurses as possible on their editorial board to see if that might put pressure on them. Any thoughts on that strategy?
        Patti

      • I think it’s a good idea. However, sometimes publishers like Austin add names to their editorial boards without the person’s knowledge or permission, so if they respond saying they didn’t know, they are likely telling the truth. Many request to have their names removed but the publishers ignore or refuse the requests. However, I can tell you that others have been successful using this strategy, especially with OMICS, another horrible publisher.

  272. Eno Reg says:

    Dear Prof. Be all,
    I want to appreciate you for your wonderful work. Please I want enquire if Hindawi Publishers is in your predatory list of journals?
    Thank you.

  273. Abel says:

    hi bell what about this journal ACADEMIA JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH

  274. Gbenga says:

    Hello, What is the status of this journal pls, on your list or not? Entomology and Applied Science Letters

  275. Andy says:

    Hi Prof Beall;
    What are the conditions for a journal or publisher in your list to be removed? Are there any fees to be paid?
    Thanks

  276. Victor Lasebikan says:

    Thanks a lot. What about Mental Health in Family Medicine

  277. Simon Lam says:

    Thanks providing the important service:
    I was contacted by EC cancer wanting to publish my manuscript on line. I found it strange that I need to pay for the publication. The following is the mail and information about E-Cronicon:

    https://scholarlyoa.com/2015/02/10/publisher-uses-fake-linkedin-identities-to-attract-submissions/.

    Dear Dr.

    Warm Greetings from EC Cancer!

    We would like to inform you that your article ECCA-16-RA-020 has been accepted for publication in EC Cancer journal. We are carrying out with the galley proof and the article is going to be soon published online. We will get back to you with the PDF of your article at the earliest possibility.

    We are glad to have your precious article to be published in EC Cancer journal. Your article is of eminent value to the journal and also provides novel information to a wide range of research and scientific community.

    We would also like to notify you regarding publication charge of your eminent article. We kindly request you to make a payment of only $499(inclusive of all taxes) for online publication of your article in the journal.

    Please make your payment through the below link
    https://www.ecronicon.com/payonline.php

    We foresee to receive your valuable payment.

    Thank you in advance.

    Best Regards,
    Ruby Simmons
    Associate Managing Editor
    EC Cancer
    Contact: +44-141-769 0009
    E-mail: cancer@ecronicon.com
    Website: http://www.ecronicon.com

  278. Biny says:

    Dear Beall,
    Would you inform the status of “International Journal of Emerging Trends in Pharmaceutical Sciences”, whether it is predatory or not?

    • I think it meets the criteria for inclusion on my list.
      Note that this journal, like many open-access journals, appears to have died. It’s last published issue is from January 2015, and this issue only has a single, short article in it. Most definitely, do not submit your paper to this journal.

  279. Katali says:

    Dear Dr. Beall
    Please let me know if “http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/journal/index?journalid=212” is a genuine journal because I am considering to send my article there.

  280. alberfkani says:

    Dear Dr, may I know the status of
    1. Pakistan journal of nutrition ?link is
    http://www.pjbs.org/pjnonline/index.htm
    2. Journal of Applied Biology & Biotechnology ? link is
    http://www.jabonline.in/

  281. rootway ngobo says:

    why are publications from predatory publishers independently entered in google.scholar

  282. . International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences ….is this worthy to publish?

  283. Biny says:

    Dear Beall,
    Please inform me the status of “World Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences (WJPS)” whether it is predatory or not?

  284. Dhaval says:

    Sir, can you check how this http://www.ijircce.com/ journal is? Thanks

  285. Biny says:

    Dear Beall,
    Please let me know the status of “Waste Management & Research (WM&R)” whether it is predatory or not because I’ve peer reviewed one manuscript for this journal.

  286. Khalid EL BAIRI says:

    Dear Jeffrey Beall, why this journal is included in your list of predatory journals ?
    http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/22221808

    Cordialy

  287. ahmed says:

    If a journal publish a paper which is already published long time ago in another journal what you call this journal ? hijack one or ? Is there any way to take some action against this kind of journals ?

  288. Ellen says:

    hi
    I would want to know if International journal of development research is a predatory journal. secondly what will be your take on journals that request payment before publishing your paper.
    thank you

  289. Dear Prof Jeffrey,
    I am planning to send my article for publication to Journal of Library and Information Sciences and their website address is: http://www.jlisnet.com . Kindly help me check if it is a predatory journal. thank you very much.

    Odaro.

  290. Khalid EL BAIRI says:

    Dear Beall, please add this predatory “journal of everything” to your list : http://www.ijias.issr-journals.org/indexing.php

  291. Khalid EL BAIRI says:

    Dear Beall, what do you think about this journal : http://www.ijacademicstudies.com/

    • I think the International Journal of Academic Studies (IJAS) is a low-quality and deceptive journal.

      • Yassine says:

        Dear Beall,
        Why you think the International Journal of Academic Studies (IJAS) is a low-quality and deceptive journal?

      • It provides false information about its metrics. You can tell just from the title that this is a questionable journal. The journal is unworthy of further consideration. I recommend you completely eliminate this journal as a possible venue for your work.

      • Yassine says:

        What are metrics that you find false?
        It is a new journal, and as its managing editor, I have proves that all released papers are peer reviewed. According to reviewers recommendations we have rejected 3 papers and 1 was rejected because we haven’t found qualified persons for review.
        It is easy to say this is “low-quality & deceptive”, but renown takes time. Our first issue was released Last December, and actually we are able to release monthly even with few number of papers.
        Believe me M. Jeffrey, you will change your opinion about this journal soon when it will be indexed in Scopus.
        Regards,

  292. yantus neolaka says:

    dear beall can you tell me obout this journal bellow, those are predatory or not

    Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research ( ISSN : 0975 – 7384 )
    International Journal of Applied Chemistry (IJAC)

    American Journal of Analytical Chemistry

    thank you for your help

    • 1. The Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research: This journal is included on my list here.
      2. The International Journal of Applied Chemistry (IJAC) is published by Research India Publications, which is included on my list of publishers here.
      3. The American Journal of Analytical Chemistry is not really “American” at all and is instead published by Scientific Research Publishing (SCIRP), which is based in China. This publisher is also included on my list.

  293. Bill Nada says:

    Know anything about TULPAR? They have a few journals.

    • I recommend not submitting any work to these journals, especially the aviation one. The publisher’s website has interesting graphics, but little else. They have a fast-track peer review option if you pay more. I’ve added the publisher to my list.

  294. Raymond Anyanwu says:

    Well done Mr Jeff. I am highly impressed by this selfless service. Please i would like to know if sciepub.com, IOSR journal, Int’l Journal of Microbiology and Biology Education and Academy journals. PLS how genuine are they?

  295. Guche says:

    Dear Jeffrey Beal!
    What do you think about the status of South Asian Journal of Multidisciplinary research Journal and International journal of law and legal jurisprudence studies

    • I cannot find the first journal anywhere. Are you sure you have the title right? Can you send a link?
      The second journal is included on my list here. I recommend that you do not send any papers to it.

  296. Khalid EL BAIRI says:

    Dear Beall, what do you think about this publisher: http://www.la-press.com/journal_homepage.php ?

  297. Raymond Anyanwu says:

    Prof Jeff, please could you help me confirm the genuineness of International ijster@academicjournals.org.
    Thanks

    • I recommend that you NOT submit any papers to the International Journal of Science and Technology Education Research published by Academic Journals. The publisher is on my list, and I recommend you find a stronger publisher for your work.

  298. Raymond Anyanwu says:

    Prof, Bell, please what about this journal. is it a strong journal? Journal of Teacher Education: jte@msu.edu

  299. […] Beall’s List of Predatory Publishers 2015 […]

  300. Soud says:

    Dear Prof, Bell,
    Please could you help me , what about these two Journal:
    journal of medical Imaging. ,It Link is : http://medicalimaging.spiedigitallibrary.org/journal.aspx
    Journal of biomedical Optics
    http://biomedicaloptics.spiedigitallibrary.org/journal.aspx?journalid=93

    Are they genuine?

  301. Andy says:

    Dear Jeffrey; Please can you assess me this journal? “International journal of Gynecology, Obstetrics and Neonatal Care”. I don’t know whether it is predatory or not.
    Andy

  302. Suman Dumi Rai says:

    I have receievd email from this journal, Modern Agricultural Science and Technology (ISSN: 2375-9402) and Biological and Chemical Research (ISSN 2312-0088, USA) for publication. Sir, is it the bogus or predatory journal or not???? Kindly let me know. Otherwis, I will be spoiled.
    Thanking you,
    Suman Dumi Rai

    • The first journal is published by Academic Star Publishing Company. I have this publisher on my list.
      The second journal is published by Science Signpost Publishing Inc. (SSPub), and I have this publisher on my list also.
      I recommend that you do not submit papers to these journals or other journals from the two publishers.

  303. Andy says:

    Hi Prof Beall; Please kindly analyze for me “The International Journal of TROPICAL DISEASE & Health”. I don’t know whether it is authentic. Thanks

  304. Sam Kagawa says:

    watch out AASCIT are complete spammers. Recently i sent them an article and after a bogus review they replied that they have accepted my article. they asked me to pay article processing charges. The Banmk transfer payment address is Hongkong . . I transferred the money. However, they refused to publish the article after that. There is no real name . no address, only an email (aascit002@gmail.com). You can not hold any one responsible. If any one wants all this information and they email communication including the bank transfer i can provide it to you. I hve all the evidences of communication i have with them. These are thieves beware. Beware. Do not publish in predatory journals it is not worth it.

  305. alberfkani says:

    Prof Jeff, please could you help me confirm the genuineness of RESEARCH OPINIONS IN ANIMAL & VETERINARY SCIENCES
    EISSN: 2223-0343
    http://www.roavs.com/
    Thanks

    • I see some significant problems with this journal. I recommend that you not send any papers here. I recommend you find a stronger journal for your work. I’ve added this journal to my list. Thank you.

  306. zuhaib says:

    Hi Prof Jeff, You are doing a great Job . can you please guide me that “International Journal of Computer Applications Technology and Research” is genuine ? I’ve send them paper and they have accepted the paper now they are asking me to pay the 50$ fee. I just want to confirm whether this online journal is genuine? Link is here ” http://www.ijcat.com/” Kindly confirm me as soon as possible , as the deadline for payment is 10 May . many Thanks

  307. Saryu says:

    Great job that you are doing sir…!! Please guide me regarding the following journals:

    1. International organization of scientific research journals( IOSR journals)
    2. South african journal of radiology ( SAJR)

  308. Biny says:

    Dear Beall,
    Please inform me the current status of “International Journal of Hospital Pharmacy” whether it is predatory or not. This journal is sending me invitation to join the Editorial Board.

    • I had not heard of this journal before. It is brand new.
      Its publisher is called: eScience Publisher (eSciPub). It meets the criteria for inclusion in my list, so I have added it. I recommend you decline (or ignore) the invitation to serve on their editorial board. It’s just another bogus medical publisher.

  309. Rejeesh C R says:

    Dear Professor, I have published a paper in International Journal of Polymer Science and Engineering published by JournalsPub..

    Later I found your list and the publisher is there in the list.. But I had’nt paid any money to them unlike some other journals eventhough the process of acceptance took only 1 month…

    My doubt is why this publisher is still on list..

  310. Raymond Anyanwu says:

    Please Prof Bell,
    Could you help me confirm the authenticity of this organisation?

    The IIER (International Institute of Engineers and Researchers).
    http://iserd.co/Conference/2016/Abuja/ICEEL/

    Thanks

  311. Ekundayo Esther says:

    Dear Dr. Beall, what makes a journal to be predatory. I am aware that some of Science Alert journals are included in scopus. So, I don’t why it is a predatory journals. What of SCIRP and Science domain journals

  312. Justin Keogh says:

    The Journal of athletic enhancement now appears to be listed on pubmed https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nlmcatalog/101632506 but its publisher SciTechnol still appears to be listed on your list of predatory journals. What are your thoughts on this potential discrepancy?

  313. Andy says:

    Dear Prof Beall;
    Please can you assess me the journal: “”Medical Research Archives” . They have written to me many times requesting me to submit an article for publication in their journal. What do you think of this journal?
    Thanks

  314. Dr. Sumeet says:

    Dear Prof Beall;
    Can you please tell me about the quality of “International Journal of Advanced Research”?

    • It’s a very low quality journal. I have it included on my list here. I recommend against sending any papers to this journal.

      • Jacob says:

        Dear sir,
        Can you please comment on the IJBCP( International Journal of basic and clinical pharmacology)?

      • The journal’s publisher is Medip Academy. I have this publisher included on my list here. I recommend that you not send any papers to this journal or the others from this “academy.” I recommend you find a better publisher for your work.

  315. Raj Kumar says:

    Respected Sir,
    will u please tell me Research India Publication(http://www.ripublication.com) predatory or not? because this publication published a number of international journals in various fields in india.

  316. Khalid EL BAIRI says:

    Dear Beall, what do you think about this journal ?
    http://www.jmaterenvironsci.com/

  317. Karno Ng says:

    Dear Prof Beall:

    Would you please tell me about the quality of American International Journal of Humanities and Social Science (AIJHSS) ? Thank you for you help.

    • It’s a completely fake journal published by a bogus publisher called Center for Global Research Development (CGRD). The publisher is really based in Bangladesh, and it is included on my list. Most definitely, do not send any papers to any of this publisher’s journals, including the one you mentioned.

  318. Dear Prof Beall,

    Would you please tell me about this journal “Journal of Language Teaching and Research (JLTR)” published by Academy Publication?

    Thank you for your help.

    • It’s not on my list at this time.
      It’s not a super high quality journal. There are several high quality journals in this field. You might want to seek out a better journal for your work, instead of sending it to a mediocre one.

      • Sashlara says:

        Dear Prof. Beall,

        Can you please comment upon world journal of pharmaceutical research because I have got acceptance letter from it within six days.

      • I have this journal included on my list here. It appears they didn’t carry out a genuine peer review and just quickly accepted your paper. I recommend you withdraw the submission and find a better journal for your work.

  319. Mainak Mukhopadhyay says:

    Respected Prof. Beall,

    Myself Dr. Mainak Mukhopadhyay currently working as Assistant Professor in India. I had my PhD from IIT Kharagpur. I am a regular follower of your blog. The number of predatory journals/publishers are increasing in a alarming rate and most of the fake journals are from south Asian country.

    I had a dream to open a online publication house with all clear and transparent editorial policies, Decent editorial board and moderate API. Can you please suggest me that what is the best criteria of a OAJ so it is not termed as predatory?

    Please help me in this regard.

    Regards,

    Mainak Mukhopadhyay, PhD

  320. Mainak Mukhopadhyay says:

    Respected Prof. Beall,

    Myself Dr. Mainak Mukhopadhyay currently working as Assistant Professor in India. I had my PhD from IIT Kharagpur. I am a regular follower of your blog. The number of predatory journals/publishers are increasing in a alarming rate and most of the fake journals are from south Asian country.

    I had a dream to open a online publication house with all clear and transparent editorial policies, Decent editorial board and moderate API. Can you please suggest me that what is the best criteria of a OAJ so it is not termed as predatory?

    Please help me in this regard.

    Regards,

    Mainak Mukhopadhyay, PhD

  321. jeyaraj says:

    Please give us your opinion about this journal- American Journal of Case Reports, published by International Scientific Information.

    • This appears to be one of about a dozen or so journals from the publisher International Scientific Information, Inc. The publisher may be in transition or a change of ownership. It is operated out of a house.

      I need more time to monitor it. I am not adding it to my list at this time. But because you asked, I would recommend that you find a stronger publisher for your work. This one is currently unstable.

  322. […] paper to an open access journal, authors should be sure they understand the fee structure and check Beall’s list of predatory publishers, which has recently been updated and […]

  323. Preston Snee says:

    New one: NanoWorld Journal:
    http://www.jnanoworld.com/index.php
    Here is part of their mission statement, “Similarly hardware stands still at the inorganic level where gallium arsenide and silicon justify the old statement “garbage in garbage out” for any existing computer regardless the nanoscale being reached.”
    Just look at those editors!
    http://www.jnanoworld.com/editorial-board-members.html
    I believe that this is actually under the umbrella of the OMICS group.

  324. Dear Beall,

    What about international journal of gender and Women Studies? Is it scam?

  325. Dr says:

    I think JATIT now publishing only two issues and i know that that journal rejected so many paper and the acceptance talk longer time more than two month to be accepted. So i wish if you remove it from your list.

  326. Gere Wolde says:

    What about LAP Lambert academic publishing Dr.? Thank you.

  327. Trudy says:

    Dear Prof. Beall,
    I am intrigued by the ‘new craze’ – wherein an ISI index journal (Emerging Sources Citation Index) is able to gather articles (which must be paid to be published) and guaranteed publication. What I am confused is there is no need for peer-review in any form. Just someone to format and gather it and sent it to a representative of the journal, collect the payment and gets it published under a month. But this IS AN ISI indexed journal.

    Your response will be much appreciated.
    Trudy.

    • Thomson Reuters is trying to compete with Scopus and bring the number of indexed journals included in ISI up to the number included in Scopus. In doing this, they are abandoning selectivity and adding just about anything to their database.

  328. wika says:

    Dear Beall,
    “Journal of Applied Mathematics by Hindawi”
    Is this journal a predator or not?
    Thank you in advance

  329. […] money. The journals (open access or print) that fall in the latter category are often billed as predatory journals or vanity publishers. Their main intent is to publish as many articles and journals as they […]

  330. Andy says:

    Dear Prof Beall;
    What do you think of the journal “Annals of Infectious Disease and Epidemiology”? . I have received a mail inviting me to be Member of
    their Editorial Board. Thanks for your advice
    Andy

  331. Andy says:

    Thanks Prof

  332. saksri rakthai says:

    Dear sir

    I would like to know about predatory publshers 2015 list. Because I wonder the list that you show is 2016.

  333. Eric Nartey says:

    Hi Dr. Beall,
    Could you please tell me if Nova Science Publishers is a predatory publisher?

  334. Syrus Cesar P. Decena says:

    Dear Dr. Beall,

    I would like to know if the American Journal of Chemistry and journals being published by Scientific Research Publishing are predatory journals or not. Please, could you give me information about this journals.
    Thank you a lot.

    • I have the Chinese publisher Scientific Research Publishing (SCIRP) included on my list of questionable publishers. I recommend you not submit papers to any of the journals from this publisher, including the American Journal of Chemistry.

  335. Syrus Cesar P. Decena says:

    hello Dr. J. Beall!

    From your Beall’s List of Predatory Publishers, many open access and online journals are predatory or questionable. And even I have submitted my research article to one of the journals in your list but later I didn’t continue for the review process when I found the journal to be questionable. Would it be best for me and other researchers to just refer to WEB OF SCIENCE®-SCIENCE CITATION INDEX EXPANDED for journals where we can submit our papers for publication?
    Thank you very much.

  336. abdul rahman sakhta says:

    hello sir,
    i send article to iiste
    and you said that we have not to send them article.
    if my article published.
    can i send it again to another trusted journal
    best regards

  337. abdul rahman sakhta says:

    is iiste bad?
    thank you sir

  338. abdul rahman sakhta says:

    is iiste bad?
    my university refuse to depend it

  339. Dr. Surwade says:

    Ijritcc is it a valid journal

  340. Alon says:

    Hi Jeffrey,

    your list of standalone journals includes the Journal of Humanities and Cultural Studies R&D. It seems the people behind it have branched out into a whole house under the name JSRD. Might be worth considering for inclusion.

    Cheers,

    A.

    • Thank you very much for bringing this to my attention. I see what you mean: this single journal now appears to have evolved into a publisher with 25 journals. I have added the publisher, Journals of Scientifics R&D, to my publisher list.
      Thank you again.

  341. Mampuele says:

    Hi Prof. Does the British American International Conference falls within the list? I received two invitations. Their website is http://arbconf.wixsite.com/ baic/invite

  342. Kinda says:

    Hi Prof,
    Is “Science and Education publishing” a predatory publisher?

    Thanks a lot for your help

  343. Andy says:

    Dear Pr Beall,
    Please is this journal good? ” International Journal of Women’s Health and Wellness”. They have a marvellous website.
    Thanks

    • No. This journal is dangerous and should be avoided by all. It’s from ClinMed International Library, a publisher on my list of questionable publishers.The fancy website aims to convey legitimacy, but it is really a rapacious organization.

  344. Mulugeta Tamene says:

    American journal of pharmacy and health research is it legal publisher or not? Please i want to your support.

    Thank you

    • The American Journal of Pharmacy and Health Research (AJPHR) is a completely fake and predatory journal. It is included on my list here. I strongly recommend that you do not send any papers to this bogus journal.

  345. Daniel Opotamutale Ashipala says:

    Dear Dr Beall

    Tell me the journal published by the Sciedu Press seems not to be part of predators journal as it is subscribed in essential e-data bases such ProQuest, EBSCOhost and many more just to mention a few. Tell of this journal published by Science Publishing Corporation in Germany such as International Journal of Advanced Nursing Studies. Is it ok.

    • No, it’s not okay. Both publishers (Sciedu Press and Science Publishing Corporation Inc.) are on my list, and I stand by the listing in both cases.

      • Mulugeta Tamene says:

        Dear pr Jefrrey Beall Thank u again for ur support i want to inform me the journal of public health in developing country can you tell me about this journal there is no list on your blog.

        Thank you.

      • The Journal of Public Health in Developing Countries (JPHDC) is not on my list.

      • Trudy Chen says:

        Dear Prof. Beal,

        This particular journal: International Journal of Advanced and Applied Sciences is indexed in ISI. Each author needs to pay a fee and the article is guaranteed to be published, almost regardless of quality. Articles can range from any discipline. Is this a predator journal?

        Thank you so much. Trudy. Jeffrey Beall commented: “No, it’s not okay. Both publishers (Sciedu Press and Science Publishing Corporation Inc.) are on my list, and I stand by the listing in both cases.”

      • IJAAS is in my list. I recommend you find a stronger journal for your work. This is a low-quality journal.

      • Trudy Chen says:

        Prof Beall,
        Thanks so much.
        Why then does Thomson Reuters acknowledge such journal? I am sometimes very confused. Thomson Reuters is the so called quality assurance we look at. Yet this happens? Why don’t you work with Thomson Reuters and advise them?

        Thank you so much for your work.
        Trudy.

      • Thomson Reuters makes many mistakes.
        Also, some journals provide false information and state they are included in TR databases when they are really not included.

      • ML EDY Parwanto says:

        Dear Beal Please your comment about IJCMPH? Thamks Pada tanggal 3 Nov 2016 20.20, “Scholarly Open Access” menulis:

      • This journal is from a publisher called Medip Academy, and I have this publisher included on my list here. I recommend you avoid this journal and all the others from this publisher.

      • ML EDY Parwanto says:

        Dear Beal Please your comment about *International Journal of Medical Research & Health Sciences *is an international, peer-reviewed, multidisciplinary, monthly, online journal published by Sumathi Publications. ? Thanks

      • This journal is included on my list here and should be avoided by all serious researchers.

      • ML EDY Parwanto says:

        Dear Beal thankyou for your comment about IJMRHS. Please your comment about *International Journal of Research in Medical Sciences by Medip Academy.* *Thanks,*

      • You’ll find Medip Academy on my list here. Please have a look at the list. I recommend avoiding all this publisher’s journals.

  346. Mulugeta Tamene says:

    Dear Pr Jefrrey Beall Thank Again for your endless support I want to know about <>

  347. prabowo says:

    Dear Pr Jefrrey Beal please your comment about Journal of Applied Biological Sciences (turkey), http://journals.indexcopernicus.com/Journal+of+Applied+Biological+Sciences,p6770,3.html
    it is fake journal? Thank you

  348. Michele2198 says:

    dear Jeffrey Beall, is AME Publishing Group Predatory? They asked me to serve as reviewer for http://tlcr.amegroups.com. The journal has no fees for accepted articles, as stated in author instructions.

    best regards

    • They have no fees because they’re desperate for articles.
      I added this publisher to my list this year and recommend that you avoid it. If you agree to do the review and recommend rejection, they will likely accept and publish the paper anyway, meaning you will have wasted your time.

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