Fake Peer Review: More Documentation


Completely bogus.

The International Journal of Education and Research is a predatory journal published by the so-called Contemporary Research Center Australia, which is based in Bangladesh. It does a fake peer review.

Here is a one of their stock peer review reports. It begins with the words researchers love to hear: “Congratulation! [sic] We are happy to inform you that the manuscript has been accepted.”

The letter is signed by “Dr. Corona,” which is a made up name. There is really only one person behind this operation and he is Deepak Kumar Biswas, who lives in Dhaka, Bangladesh. The end of the acceptance letter gives instructions for wiring him the $100 author fee.

The five-page letter has the reviewer reports included in it. Here’s the first one:

The study focus on contemporary issue. The analytical section is excellent. The paper is based on sound grammatical knowledge. The presentation of thoughts in the paper is clear. It can be published in IJER with no important modification.

The second one is just as fake:

Starting part of this paper is excellent, specially the introduction. It is concise and organized. The study is a timely research. The paper can be recommended to publish with the prior approval of the editorial board.

Fake peer review matrix.

Fake peer review matrix.

Each fake reviewer’s report is accompanied by a checkbox with fake evaluation statements.

I received the peer review report from an author in the Middle East. I have blinded it to hide his identity.

The February, 2015 issue of the journal contains 59 published articles, which translate to $5,900 in revenue for the publisher, Mr. Biswas, enough perhaps to buy a house for Mr. Biswas.

The journal’s website bears the logos of the National Library of Australia, Libraries Australia, EBSCO, and many others. Do these organizations support the journal?

Contemporary Research Center Australia

Falsely trading on the good name of Australia.

This is a bogus operation that is victimizing researchers. Please do not submit any papers to the International Journal of Education and Research.

37 Responses to Fake Peer Review: More Documentation

  1. Keith Fraser says:

    “Dr. Corona” sounds like a good name for a supervillain.

    “At last I have you at my mercy, Library-Man!”
    “You won’t get away with your evil plan, Dr. Corona, whatever it is!”
    “That is where you are mistaken, Library-Man! Soon my fake scientific journal will go online and gullible researchers will send in articles that will make me millions!”
    “You fiend! Don’t you know what this will do to the reputation of the scientific peer review process?!”
    “I don’t care! In fact, the more damage I do to the validity of scientific literature, the more it will please my secret masters, the World Creationism Council!”
    “Well, your plan ends here, Corona. My loyal assistant has been recording this entire conversation and broadcast it on YouTube!”

  2. sue pansamut says:

    Dear Sir ,Thank you very much.Best regards,sue .

  3. Samir Sharma says:

    Mr. Beall have you come upon this http://www.innspub.net/representative-offices/

  4. Gannon Cook, Ruth says:

    Dear Jeffrey,
    Thank you for sending this info, it is very helpful.

  5. Mark King says:

    Hi Jeffrey
    I’m an Australian – the National Library of Australia (which has Libraries Australia as one of its interfaces) records all publications that are Australian, so they have included all the journal’s publications because they have been taken in by the title of the organisation. NLA use the spelling “Centre” (as we do in Australia) rather than “Center”, and list the Center as based in the State of South Australia, though I can’t see this on the journal website. I wanted to draw the NLA’s attention to the fact that it is not an Australian publisher so they could remove it – is there something I can send them?

    I see they have a Board of Directors with “Betty Hobkins” listed as an Executive Director – this is a relatively rare variant of “Hopkins”, and there is no one of this name in the Australian phone directory. However there is an example CV online in the name of Betty Hobkins that appears to be used to teach people how to write a CV (although it contains various errors). I suspect this might apply to other Board members (don’t have time to check).

    • Thanks, Mark. Perhaps one could send them this actual acceptance letter, linked to in my blog post, that asks that payments be sent to Bangladesh. It gives this address:
      (First Name: DEEPAK KUMAR, Last Name: BISWAS)
      -49/2, Jagannathpur,
      Badda, Dhaka, Bangladesh
      Post Code (ZIP Code): 1229

      Definitely not in Australia.

  6. Katrin says:

    I have to admit that the first thing I thought of when I read that “Congratulation” was this:

    Yeah, immature, I know.

  7. Sudesh Kumar says:

    Here is my concept of economies/environments.i would love to have Mr. Beall’s views.

    In the academic journals world there are three economies or environments.

    1. includes journals like NEJM, Nature, Cell, PLOS etc. these are are respected and world class journals
    2. includes journals from hindawi etc, these are journals for the masses
    3. includes journals from publishers in jeffrey beall’s list

    these three environments are almost closed environments with little migration of authors, editors and reviewers. an author publishing in Nature may publish in hindawi, but will not even look at journals in Beall’s list. an author person publishing in a journal in beall’s list may publish in hindawi but will never go to PLOS. my guess would be that the cross over is limited. this is in a way good for the journals. imagine all the articles published in journals in beall’s list being submitted to hindawi or PLOS for review. If this happens it will waste so much time of editors and reviewers in hindawi and plos etc. that many good article will either be neglected or delayed in publishing.

    i wholeheartedly deplore the practices of the journals in beall’s list but may be, just may be, because of these journals something good is happening for other genuine publishers.

  8. Sudesh Kumar says:

    most likely and i hope that students who are most likely to be affected by articles published in these journals have enough common sense and peer support to know the truth and take right actions

  9. Sudesh Kumar says:

    i just saw that you have include Dove Press in the list of publishers. It appears to be a genuine publisher. May i know why it was included?

  10. herr doktor bimler says:

    From the “Contact Page” at Deepak Kumar Biswas’ shoddy little flytrap:
    Director (Australia)
    John Campbell
    33 George Street, Sydney,
    N.S.W. 2000

    — 33 George St, Sydney is in fact a touristy coffee bar. I am saddened that the CRC could not afford better premises.

  11. Anatoli says:

    oh… surprising about dove press…i know some people who have published in dove press…what terrible things have they done? any comments from Jeffrey will be appreciated. Mr Beall please let us know. we will avoid sending papers to them.

  12. muhammad says:

    What do you think about these open access journals:
    All journals A-Z
    Cogent Arts & Humanities
    Cogent Biology
    Cogent Business & Management
    Cogent Chemistry
    Cogent Economics & Finance
    Cogent Education
    Cogent Engineering
    Cogent Environmental Science
    Cogent Food & Agriculture
    Cogent Geoscience
    Cogent Mathematics
    Cogent Medicine
    Cogent Physics
    Cogent Psychology
    Cogent Social Sciences
    Journal of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes of South Africa
    South African Family Practice
    Southern African Journal of Anaesthesia and Analgesia

    • None of the Cogent journals are predatory journals. Cogent is owned by Taylor & Francis.

      Journal of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes of South Africa = This is not a predatory journal. It is a fine and respected journal.

      South African Family Practice = This is not a predatory journal. It is a fine and respected journal.

      Southern African Journal of Anaesthesia and Analgesia = This is not a predatory journal. It is a fine and respected journal.

  13. ScienceQ Publishing Group says:

    Using library or institution logo becomes so common among new indian publishers. they believe its a good idea to attract submissions and generate revenue in short time. this serious issue has to be addressed.

  14. Claus says:

    the address in the letterhead “103 Carrington Street, Adelaide, SA 5000” appears (per Google Streetview ) to be bogus too

  15. muhammad says:

    Mr. Beall

    These are not predatory journals because it is published by Taylor & Francis.

    Cogent Arts & Humanities
    Cogent Biology
    Cogent Business & Management
    Cogent Chemistry
    Cogent Economics & Finance
    Cogent Education
    Cogent Engineering
    Cogent Environmental Science
    Cogent Food & Agriculture
    Cogent Geoscience
    Cogent Mathematics
    Cogent Medicine
    Cogent Physics
    Cogent Psychology
    Cogent Social Sciences

    If you include these journal then the Taylor & Francis group will give you a taff time.or Other my thinking is that you are going provide a cover of these big groups to establish their open access product.
    What is your opinion?

    • I don’t think your argument is very cogent.

      • Claus says:

        Muhammed, why not read mr. Beall’s reply to you of April 19 ? He clearly states that the Cogent journals are not predatory, so what is your point ?

    • reader says:

      I was initially suspicious of Cogent journals until I determined the reputable scholarly publisher and confirmed the high-quality articles and rigorous peer-review process. Taylor & Francis is among the most highly regarded academic publishers in the world.

  16. Goran says:

    Dear Jeff,
    Have you analyzed this source:
    The offer tens of journals – interdisciplinary. Here I found many of the authors that published in the journals already present in your list.



  17. muhammad says:

    How is not predatory? Because I have received daily emails from them for submission of article. They also have a very high article publication fee. I think that Mr. Beall provide him a cover to grow their open access publication product.

  18. […] letters under various assumed names giving instructions for wiring him a $100 author fee. Click here for more information about this publication and Beall’s blog post about […]

  19. Sergio Mejia says:

    Dear Jeffrey,
    I don´t know if you already noted that the logo of this fake journal has changed slightly. They dropped the “Australia”, and instead, they put “CRC Publications”. I suppose they reacted to your entry.
    Keep the good work!

  20. Smith Joe says:

    Mr. Beall, re: Cogent. It is owned by Taylor & Francis but their tactics seem predatory. The publication process is rushed, authors upload their papers and before they can complete the submission they are invited to make a pledge. The recommended pledge is $1,200 so one makes a much lower offer, thinking that one is winning. This is very confusing, and the kind of marketing technique that I happen to dissect in my classes. Two reviewers made very light criticism of one of my social science papers. Clearly they were no experts or they made no specific comments. I am guessing the paper was accepted because I offered to pay some money. It only took a few weeks and my paper was accepted. (It had been rejected twice elsewhere, after many months of peer review.) I was told that it would be published within the month and that I had a week to make corrections. Then I was sent several reminders to complete my registration i.e. to pay for the thing. I complained and they kept sending automatic emails. Then somebody from Cogent emailed me saying something like this: “but you made a pledge and we have spent a significant amount of time on your paper so…”. Honestly I don’t think they have spent more than 15 minutes on my paper, 7 of which were spent writing me an email. I think this is an interesting case of reputable publishers capitalizing on the business tactics used by predatory publishers. They are becoming confused with each other. It would be a good idea to look into this.

  21. Waheed Akhter says:

    Dear Prof. Beall,
    Pl. guide me about Cogent Journals. R these reliable for research publication? my only concern is that they don’t ve papers of previous years.

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