Iranian OA Journal Accepts and Publishes a SCIgen Paper

Applied Research Journal

Junk journal

SCIgen is a free, web-based computer program that instantly creates a fake scholarly article. An Iran-based journal, Applied Research Journal, recently accepted and published a fake article created by SCIgen.

Many scholarly journals — including both open-access and subscription ones — have mistakenly or negligently accepted and published SCIgen articles. But most of them have learned their lesson and now more carefully scrutinize the submissions they receive.

The fake article is entitled, “Decoupling Red-Black Trees from IPV6 in the Producer-Consumer Problem.” The author-fee for Applied Research Journal is only thirty-five dollars, so it’s an ideal journal for someone wanting to easily, quickly and cheaply publish a bogus article like this one.

A computer-generated scholarly article.

A computer-generated scholarly article.

The journal’s editor is Hossein Farahani of Islamic Azad University. A monthly, the journal published its first issue in March of this year. Its June issue has 19 articles, evidence that you can earn about seven hundred dollars a month by creating a fake journal and accepting everything that’s submitted.

Journal Hijackings Continue

On another note, I learned recently about these three cases of journal hijackings:

Tekstil Original | Hijacked
Hermès Original | Hijacked
Verifiche: Rivista di scienze umane Original | Hijacked

I have a more complete list of hijacked journals here.

Hat tip: Dr. Cyril Labbé

29 Responses to Iranian OA Journal Accepts and Publishes a SCIgen Paper

  1. Keith Fraser says:

    Looking at some of the other papers in their March 2015 issue, it looks distinctly as if all of them were created using SciGen. I wonder if the journal owners created some fake papers to pad out the first issue?

    • Ali says:

      Dear NS
      With thanks for your attention.
      This article was deleted because of plagiarism.


    • Dan Riley says:

      For other reasons, I happened to look at the first few papers in the current IJATES issue. At first I thought all of them could have been SCIGen…what else does one make of stuff like “The meddlesome exercises are distinguished by rolling out trim to bring about improvements to the relationship, with the assistance of these progressions interruptions can be distinguished”?

      But on further reflection, I think these are the result of poor machine translation (and no review process whatsoever). A publisher could even do English->language x->English as a means to a copious supply of papers.

  2. I received this email:

    From: ARJ EDITOR []
    Sent: Thursday, July 09, 2015 11:10 AM
    To: Beall, Jeffrey
    Subject: request and Criticism

    Dear Dr.Jeffrey Beall

    In you said about “Applied Research Journal” as fallow:

    After your comment about our journal, articles in March issue eliminated.

    It is Better that before publicly commenting about the your journals, you connect with journals firstly.

    Hossein Farahani, editor in chief

    • Keith Fraser says:

      Looks like they read my comment – they removed everything from that issue, not just the known SciGen one.

    • nskeptic says:

      And not so much as a ‘thank you’.

      I’ll have a look later to see if their remaining papers contain plagiarism.

      • Oh dear, oh dear. A Review Of Effects Of Aflatoxins In Aquaculture appears to be copy pasted from numerous sources. Google any sentence and you’ll find a source.

        Just one example the passage

        “In animals the toxin is processed through a number of competing pathways. The differences in susceptibility to aflatoxin across species and between persons depend largely on the fraction of the dose that is directed into the various possible pathways, with harmful “biological” exposure being the result of activation to the epoxide and the reaction of the epoxide with proteins and DNA. There is also evidence that the fractions that follow the different possible pathways are influenced by dosage, perhaps because of the saturation of the most chemically competitive processes. Susceptibility to aflatoxin is greatest in the young, and there are very significant differences between species, persons of the same species (according to their differing abilities to detoxify aflatoxin by biochemical processes), and the sexes (according to the concentrations of testosterone). The toxicity of aflatoxin also varies according to many nutritional factors, and recovery from protein malnutrition is delayed by exposure to aflatoxin”

        is taken word for word from here.

        I wonder if this paper will be ‘eliminated’?

  3. bill says:

    Wonder if the other “authors” in the March issue received their money back after the issue was eliminated.

  4. Ayse Demir Korkmaz says:

    Reblogged this on AYSE DEMIR KORKMAZ and commented:
    Researchers should be aware of those type of journals! This one has been publishing SCIgen articles for $35. Maybe someone is having fun with the journal?

    • ARJ says:

      User comments is very important for the Journal. But you are accused.
      While prior to July, the numbers have been published free of charge.
      You can email to the authors.


      • What authors? Most or all the papers were computer generated through SCIgen. Your journal is a joke.

      • MC says:

        It doesn’t matter what you are publishing or retracting. You are polluting an already over-polluted pool of fake journals. I don’t even need to hear your justification for why you started this journal–I can guess what it will be and would be happy to provide it for you in English, and you can even plagiarize it at your convenience.

        Or, you could just admit you are trying to exploit people and make money.

        There is no need for this journal. The world doesn’t need this journal. Retract the entire thing.

  5. Finlay says:

    Sort of related- it is quite fun putting dodgy OA Website addresses into Scam Adviser (; you get back some very interesting results and fresh insight into what these websites are like (and how long the names have been registered for – not that long!)

  6. Farzad says:

    Given all the growing and incontrovertible evidence of bogus journals and publishers that are decently revealed here by Dr. Jeffrey Beall, I believe, it is high time an International body were formed to effectively and decisively monitor and tackle this worrisome issue. Undoubtedly, it is an embarrassing era for scientific community to see such a huge rise in counterfeit publishers that are run by a bunch of academic criminals who act freely with the aim of exploiting and hijacking science and some gullible academicians. The harshest sanctions should be imposed on these fraudulent people and they must be banned from all academic activities domestically and internationally. Being apathetic about these types of frauds would certainly lead to their perpetrators becoming more emboldened and aggressive than ever. I truly appreciate all the endeavours made by Dr. Beall over the years in giving away such shameful acts of these scoundrels.

    • MC says:

      I, for one, nominate Dr Beall to be the editor-ad-inifinitum of this new organization and pledge my immediate and eternal allegiance. We will allow him to access all and any resources he needs to carry out his job of policing the world’s academics, universities, and research organizations. The first order of business will be to mobilize a force of well-armed library paramilitary force to ensure Beall’s rule are enforced. We will build a maximum security correctional institution outside Denver, Co, for all of Beall’s prisoners, and we will not stop until absolutely every IP address, domain name, and printing press is under our control so that we may monitor every activity related to the dissemination of information.

  7. […] rivista iraniana, scoperta da Jeffrey Beall, pubblica un numero con tutti gli articoli generati da SciGen e il direttore colto […]

  8. Mutlu TURKMEN says:

    Dear Sir,

     Could you please let us know what was your criteriaincluding our journal in your predatory journal list? We have fully transparent/respectful editorial board, with their affiliations and contacts, adopt regular peer review process, publish issues timely, give doi numbers, and do all this work on totally free of charge basis.

     We invest on this journal and do our best to developin scientific publication, and definitely disappointed being evaluated as apotential predatory journal. We have only some language problems in thepublished articles as the majority of authors are not native speakers, andtrying to secure that in our future issues, but for the rest we take allprecautions to assure the quality of our journal. 

     Therefore, please let us know what is wrong with ourjournal as you are wasting all our effort very simply. 


     Dr. Mutlu 

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