BioMed Central Accepts and Quickly Publishes an Obvious Junk Paper

BioMed Central

BioMed Central, anyone home?

Biomed Central has published an obviously bogus scholarly article that apparently uses the “template-plagiarism” technique, crafting a new article from an earlier one, changing the data and some of the text.

The original article is entitled, “Decreased expression and clinical significance of miR-148a in hepatocellular carcinoma tissues.” This paper was published in the European Journal of Medical Research in December, 2014. As far as I know, both the research and publishing processes of this paper were completely ethical.

Original BMC article

The original article.

 

Templated BMC article

The later, unoriginal article.

The second article is entitled, “Decrease expression and clinicopathological significance of miR-148a with poor survival in hepatocellular carcinoma tissues.” It appears to have been created by using the first article as a template. Much of the wording is the same, and one of the figures is the same except the data is a little different.

Figure 1 figure 2

Original (left) and likely copy (right).

The later paper is shorter than the first, with only about two pages of real text. Also, the later, suspect article does not cite the first one. The title contains an error (Decrease instead of Decreased) and the text has not been copyedited and is barely readable. See for example, this excerpt:

Although the clinical staging have used in clinical decision, but improvement of molecular mechanism can be useful to clarify the role of new markers in the treatment and prognosis of HCC (p. 1).

There is also the possibility that the data reported in the later paper was just made up, rather than generated through actual research.

The paper’s seven co-authors are:

Hossein Ajdarkosh, Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease Research Center (GILDRC), Firoozgar Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Masoomeh Dadpay, Department of Pathology, Imam Reza Hospital, AJA University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Emad Yahaghi, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Elham Rostami Pirzaman, Department of Biotechnology and Nanotechnology, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran

Amir Farshid Fayyaz, Department of Legal Medicine, AJA University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Ebrahim Khodaverdi Darian, Young Researchers and Elite Club, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran

Aram Mokarizadeh, Cellular & Molecular Research Center, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran

Now each of these co-authors has gotten academic credit for an article published in an international, impact factor (2.60) journal, and Springer Nature, the owner of the BioMed Central imprint, is happy because it earned the £1370/$2145/€1745 author fee.

BMC lists the editor-in-chief of Diagnostic Pathology as Anil V. Parwani from Ohio State University.

The suspect paper was published in August, 2015. It was “Received: 15 June 2015 [and] Accepted: 28 July 2015.” So the time from submission to publishing was about seven weeks.

This is scholarly open-access publishing.

44 Responses to BioMed Central Accepts and Quickly Publishes an Obvious Junk Paper

  1. Bobo says:

    The second article is definitely not well written, and it appears as if there are comments for the copy editor that have been left in the manuscript. For example, in the abstract, I am unable to make sense of the “please remove” as being anything other than an instruction for the copy editor.

    “Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide, mainly due to its high rates of postoperative recurrence and metastasis. Please remove, it currently ranks as the third most common cause of cancer-related deaths.”

  2. Eason says:

    Another interesting publisher is Spandidos Publications http://www.spandidos-publications.com/. The owner and editor-in-chief of its eight journals are same person. most of the journals have impact factor. and deputy editors have same last name. Guess them are the owner’s kids. The most interesting finds are almost all of articles published are from China. Do you think this publisher should be in your predatory journal list because it has all attributes of predatory definition?

  3. tekija says:

    No way can the journal claim that this paper was peer reviewed. Now reviewers need not correct language, it may just be the manuscript was outsourced to an illiterate copy editor, but even a cursory peer review shoul have rejected this paper for grave errors in logic that cast serious doubt on the veracity of the data, e.g.

    “Moreover, adjacent noncancerous liver tissues were at least 2 cm away from the tumor node, were obtained from 30 patients who underwent surgery for reasons other than malignancy.”
    – serious error in logic

    “The chi-square test was used to assess miR-148a expression with respect to clinicopathological factors.”
    – the data shown are continuous and moreover T distrubution is implied; no way can these data have been analyzed using the chi-square test.
    – the given T and P values do not matchits if they were made up; some valuesYLE strikingly erroneous like the one with T about 3.7 but P about 0.3

    “The result indicated that the patients with low expression of miR-148a had a longer time-to-recurrence when compared with low expression patients”
    – serious error in logic

    I call upon the authors, the editor and Springer to explain the above serious errors

    • The ROC curve also has a sensitivity and specificity stated (80% and 62.2%) but this makes no sense. Sensitivity and specificity only apply to a point on a ROC curve not to the whole curve.

      The AUC of 0.837 also looks rather high just eyeballing the curve.The line is almost identical to the original line where the AUC was 0.761 (which looks right.)

  4. tekija says:

    Interesting observation: the Chief editor Dr Parwani is also Co-editor in Chief of another open access journal, J Pathol Inform. He has during the last 5 years authored or co-authored in the said journal no less than 27 publications, a significant number of his 217 PubMed listed papers. These may have helped Dr Parwani to get appointment in the Ohio State University a few months ago.

  5. Vijay Raghavan says:

    The Iranians have found a new way to nuke us!!

  6. Krishnamurthy Bhat says:

    All the seven journals of spandidos has the same Editor in chief and Associate editors. Can anybdy be so capable of editing 07 journals of such a varied speciality?

  7. K.Schmitz says:

    This is amazing. Did somebody contact the Journal Diagnostic Pathology in order to retract the paper? What will happen now?

  8. ? says:

    So BioMed Central should moves from legitimate publisher to borderline publisher ?!!!

  9. shanecanning says:

    Thank you for alerting us to your concerns about this article. We take concerns raised about our articles and our responsibility for maintaining the scientific record very seriously, and we have a team dedicated to dealing with matters relating to research integrity (http://www.biomedcentral.com/authors/biomededitors). We will follow our usual procedure and investigate according to COPE guidelines and will take appropriate editorial action if necessary.

    • JanosToth says:

      If a retraction will be issued (I see no other reasonable outcome but I’m not a specialist), perhaps it would be a great move to reimburse the OA fee the author(s) have paid for publishing this article. For obvious reasons.

      • Bobo says:

        The article appears to be plagiarized, so why would you refund the money?

        Refunding the money for an article when it is discovered to be plagiarized removes the disincentive for submitting the plagiarized article in the first place.

        Better that the fee be redirected to COPE or some other publishing ethics group rather than back to the authors.

    • Dr.DS says:

      kindly notice

      Ramkrishnan et al.: Sequestration of CO2 by halotolerant algae. Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering 2014 12:81 (doi:10.1186/2052-336X-12-81) published in IJEHSE

      The above article has been published multiple times by the same group of authors.

      Contains substantial overlap in text and scientific content with the three publications below by the same authors:

      (1) L. B. Bruno et al., 2014 Systematic investigation of biomass fatty acid productivity and CO2 Sequestration from generator gases by fresh water microalgae in photobioreactor for biodiesel application; Global Journal of Science Frontier Research: G Bio-Tech & Genetics Volume Global Journals Inc. (USA) Online ISSN:2249-4626
      (2) L. B. Bruno et al., 2013 Biomass and Lipid Productivity by Four Fresh Water Microalgae in Photoreactor; Journal of Modern Biotechnology Volume 2(2), Page :82-88.
      (3) L. B. Bruno et al., 2013 Operation of Photobioreactor on Refinery Gases for CO 2 Sequestration and Fatty Acid Production Using Algae Journal of Modern Biotechnology VOL. 2, NO. 6, pp 98–103

      *****

      K. Sarayu & S. Sandhya (2010) Aerobic Biodegradation Pathway for Remazol Orange by Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Appl Biochem Biotechnol 160:1241–1253

      is verbatim (introduction section) plagiarized from the following publication

      Yan Bin, Zhou Jiti, Wang Jing, Du Cuihong, Hou Hongman, Song Zhiyong and Bao Yongming (2004) Expression and characteristics of the gene encoding azoreductase from Rhodobacter sphaeroides AS1.1737 FEMS Microbiology Letters Vol 236 (1) 129-136

      K. Sarayu & S. Sandhya (2012) Current Technologies for Biological Treatment of Textile Wastewater–A Review Appl Biochem Biotechnol DOI 10.1007/s12010-012-9716-6

      is verbatim plagiarized from articles listed below

      http://shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/4801/11/11_reviw of literature.pdf

      http://cdn.intechopen.com/pdfs-wm/29369.pdf

      Idil Arslan-Alaton & Sebnem Koyunluoglu (2007) Ozonation of Two Commercially Important Biocidal Finishing Agents, Ozone: Science & Engineering: The Journal of the International Ozone Association, 29:5, 335-342, DOI:10.1080/01919510701545978

      S. Kapoor & A. Kanwar, (2008) Photocatalytic Decolorization Of Reactive Black 5 Dye In Aqueous TiO2/ZnO Suspension Under UV Light DOI: 10.2495/SC080651

      Neifar M, Jaouani A, Kamoun A, Ellouze-Ghorbel R, Ellouze-Chaabouni S. Decolorization of Solophenyl Red 3BL Polyazo Dye by Laccase-Mediator System: Optimization through Response Surface Methodology. Enzyme Research. 2011;2011:179050. doi:10.4061/2011/179050.

      Faisal I Hai, Kazuo Yamamoto, Kensuke Fukushi, Hybrid Treatment Systems for Dye WastewaterCritical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology (Impact Factor: 3.24). 05/2007; 37(4):315-377. DOI: 10.1080/10643380601174723

      Disappointing to see plagiarism in the above BiomedJournals

      Hope you guys are going to take definitive step against such activities

  10. Point us to an equally-corrupt article published as quickly in a major subscription publisher’s journal.

    • Long time reader, first time poster says:

      Really, so now we’re saying that seven weeks is an unacceptably short time for submission to acceptance? This is bordering on absurdity, to look poorly upon a journal for actually being efficient. If the reviewers gave it a pass/minor revisions (whether justified or not), then seven weeks is not ridiculous for acceptance. (Not full copy-edited publication, though you are right in suggesting that such a step seems to have been obviously missed.)

      If the comments below on the scientific aspects (tekija, neuroskeptic) are accurate, then some failures in the peer review process have been identified, certainly — and that is not acceptable. If they are not fit to review it, they should have passed on it. But for reviewers to be expected to catch the duplication — I think that is a bit of a high bar. And a paper written in really poor English is, unfortunately, not uncommon. Though it perhaps could have been flagged as “needs serious English overhaul” and referred appropriately.

      Now whether BMC should have been able to catch the duplication, that is a different issue… it depends on how good those automated checkers are at dealing with creative rewording. Perhaps these people did just enough to get past.

      The immediate disdain for BMC is unsettling. They’re not the Cell Press of the open access world, but they have been in the game for a while and have a number of reasonably well-accepted journals. And I think that if subscription publishers were as good as you suggest, then Retraction Watch would be out of content pretty quickly.

    • Dr.DS says:

      Dr. Beall, please look into the following articles. They contain fake and plagiarised articles published in major publishers journals

      K. Sarayu & S. Sandhya (2010) Aerobic Biodegradation Pathway for Remazol Orange by Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Appl Biochem Biotechnol 160:1241–1253
      http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs12010-009-8592-1

      is verbatim (introduction section) plagiarized from the following publication

      Yan Bin, Zhou Jiti, Wang Jing, Du Cuihong, Hou Hongman, Song Zhiyong and Bao Yongming 2004. Expression and characteristics of the gene encoding azoreductase from Rhodobacter sphaeroides AS1.1737 FEMS Microbiology Letters Vol 236 (1) 129-136 http://femsle.oxfordjournals.org/content/236/1/129.full-text.pdf

      ******

      S. Sandhya, Benedict Bruno and Udaya Ramakrishnan, 2014. Sequestration of CO2 by halotolerant algae, Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering 12, 81-88 http://www.ijehse.com/content/pdf/2052-336X-12-81.pdf

      The same content has already been published in the following

      https://globaljournals.org/GJSFR_Volume14/4-Systematic-Investigation-of-Biomass.pdf
      http://peer-reviewedjournals.com/articles/JMB-MS13-6-01.pdf
      http://peer-reviewedjournals.com/articles/JMB-MS13-4-03.pdf
      http://www.recwet.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp/asian_water2013/docments/program131206.pdf

      ******

      K. Sarayu & S. Sandhya (2012) Current Technologies for Biological Treatment of Textile Wastewater–A Review Appl Biochem Biotechnol. 167(3):645-61
      http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs12010-012-9716-6

      has considerable verbatim textual overlap with

      Hai, F. Ibney., Yamamoto, K. & Fukushi, K. (2007). Hybrid treatment systems for dye wastewater. Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, 37 (4), 315-377.
      http://shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/4801/11/11_reviw of literature.pdf
      http://cdn.intechopen.com/pdfs-wm/29369.pdf
      Idil Arslan-Alaton & Sebnem Koyunluoglu (2007) Ozonation of Two Commercially Important Biocidal Finishing Agents, Ozone: Science & Engineering: The Journal of the International Ozone Association, 29:5, 335-342
      S. Kapoor & A. Kanwar, (2008) Photocatalytic Decolorization Of Reactive Black 5 Dye In Aqueous TiO2/ZnO Suspension Under UV Light
      Neifar M, Jaouani A, Kamoun A, Ellouze-Ghorbel R, Ellouze-Chaabouni S. Decolorization of Solophenyl Red 3BL Polyazo Dye by Laccase-Mediator System: Optimization through Response Surface Methodology. Enzyme Research. 2011;2011:179050.

      ******

      Solar Light Induced Photo Catalytic Disinfection of Gram Positive and Negative Microorganisms from Water with Highly Efficient AuTiO2 Nanoparticle Sandhya S, Sadhana Rayalu and Benedict Bruno, J Bioproces Biotechniq 2014, 4:6
      http://www.omicsonline.org/open-access/solar-light-induced-photo-catalytic-disinfection-of-gram-positive-and-negative-microorganisms-2155-9821.1000176.pdf

      plagiarised from

      I.-H. Cho, I.-Y. Moon, M.-H. Chung, H.-K. Lee and K.-D. Zoh, 2002. Disinfection effects on E. coli using TiO2/UV and solar light system, Water Supply 2 ( 1 ) 181–190
      R. Vasant Kumar, Ghulam Raza, 2009. Photocatalytic disinfection of water with Ag–TiO2 nanocrystalline composite, Ionics, 15(5), 579-587
      Kubacka, A.; Cerrada, M. L.; Serrano, C.; Fernández-García, M.; Ferrer, M.; Fernández-García 2008. Light-Driven Novel Properties of TiO2-Modified Polypropylene-Based Nanocomposite Films, M. Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 8(6), 3241-3246
      Jae-Hong Park, Il-Hyoung Cho & Young-Gyu Kim, 2004. Solar Light Induced Degradation of Reactive Dye Using Photocatalysis, Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part A: Toxic/Hazardous Substances and Environmental Engineering, 39(1), 159-171
      Dieqing Zhang, Guisheng Li and Jimmy C. Yu, 2010. Inorganic materials for photocatalytic water disinfection, Journal of Materials Chemistry, J. Mater. Chem.,20, 4529-4536
      A Rose, et al., 2006.Solar disinfection of water for diarrhoeal prevention in southern India Arch Dis Child 91 :139–141.

      *****

      Swapnil G. Sanmukh, Dilip B. Meshram, Waman N. Paunikar, Sandhya Swaminathan, 2012. Interaction of fishes with pathogenic micro-organisms and application of phages for their control: a review Rev Fish Biol Fisheries, 67(3):645-61
      http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs12010-012-9716-6

      has ample content plagiarized from

      Adelaide Almeida, Ângela Cunha, Newton C.M. Gomes, Eliana Alves, Liliana Costa and Maria A.F. Faustino, 2009. Phage therapy and photodynamic therapy: low environmental impact approaches to inactivate microorganisms in fish farming plants, Mar. Drugs 7, 268-313 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2763101/pdf/marinedrugs-07-00268.pdf

      and many more….

  11. Dom says:

    Yes, it sounds like this should have been caught and the question now is how quickly something will be done – obviously you have reported this to the journal.

    I am interested to know what you think would be different if BMC ran on a subscription model? Biomedical funders now require that articles are made freely available (tax payers’ money, so the tax payer needs to be able to see the product).

    So if we get rid of the good open access publishers (in passing helping to keep librarians in a job), libraries have to pay for subscriptions and authors need to find money pay for very substantial open access fees.

  12. 192.129.24.0/23, biomedcentral.com and clinicalepigeneticsjournal.com are listed as Scientific Spammers since June/July 2015.

  13. Angela Cochran says:

    This could have happened in a non-OA journal just as easily.

    • tekija says:

      Yes of course, if it has the same Editor who passes papers like this to print. I have the feeling, however, that it far more difficult to become an Editor of a non-open-access journal, because gaffes like this are expected to lead to a decline in subscriptions and thus income, whereas in an open-access journal they just increase income. Now, who has not been invited to edit an open access journal, throw the first stone.

    • From Morocco says:

      Yes, but in OA the probability is very high due to the corrupted business model (gold OA)!
      The OA movement refuse to think about/deal with this type of corruption, simply they bury their heads in the sand (as Ostriches do!).

      Still I prefer BioMed Central (a legitimate OA) but this bogus article really irked me!

  14. Jorge says:

    Because closed access journals have negative incentives to publish an article (the money to do so comes from their pockets) while an open access journal has a positive incentive (they pocket for instance $2000) to publish an article, even if it is garbage like this one. I think it is pretty obvious.

    • J.J. says:

      Maximillian, do you work in science? I guess you do, so you know that the vast majority of author-pay open access journals don’t give a flying futz about their reputation, the content of the article they publish, or science itself.

      They are only taping into the large sums of un-monitored taxpayer money that researcher-wannabes use to quickly add lines on their CV.

      At the end the scientific community loses on every front, junk science floods the internet, research funding is thrown out of the window, and on the longer haul, there will be more trust issues from the general public.

    • L_C says:

      Scientists from weird places? Would you care to operationalize your usage of weird? OA journals are supposed to be an asset for scientists in developing countries, the majority of whom are not part of the old boys clubs that can be found in certain prestigious journal boards. The hope was that they would be equalizers for both scientists and interested lay readers who wanted access to pertinent data and information. The predatory aspect was merely an inevitable byproduct. I may be overly optimistic, but I’m assuming many commenters do not wish to revert to the Stone Age. Instead, I’d like to believe that they’re here to draw attention to the worst of the journals, help improve the system, and emphasize quality over quantity.

  15. Spaghetti says:

    A section editor of Diagnostic Pathology, Rodolfo Montironi, of the Section of Pathological Anatomy, Polytechnic University of the Marche Region, School of Medicine, United Hospitals, Ancona, Italy, has a retraction to his name:

    Original:
    http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2559.2011.04000.x/abstract
    Montironi, R., Scarpelli, M., Mazzucchelli, R., Cheng, L. and Lopez-Beltran, A. (2012), Retracted: The spectrum of morphology in non-neoplastic prostate including cancer mimics. Histopathology, 60: 41–58. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2559.2011.04000.x

    Retraction:
    http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/his.12418/abstract
    The reason: plagiarism
    http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/his.12418/epdf

    How were editors selected?

  16. L_C says:

    There is another article of Aram Mokarizadeh’s (the corresponding author of the copycat paper) that reads odd:

    Down-regulation of miR-133a and miR-539 are associated with unfavorable prognosis in patients suffering from osteosarcoma.
    http://www.cancerci.com/content/pdf/s12935-015-0237-6.pdf

    I’m not certain if this too is a copy and could not speak for the original source in such a case. However, the article seems rather like a patchwork paper. First, it appears to have a structure similar (albeit shorter) to the one found in a paper titled:

    MiR-133a is downregulated in non-small cell lung cancer: a study of clinical significance.
    http://www.biomedcentral.com/content/pdf/s40001-015-0139-z.pdf

    The two papers share sections, although the wording has been morphed:

    Original paper’s section:
    “Correlations between the miR-133a expression and clinicopathological parameters in NSCLC”

    Mokarizadeh’s section:
    “Correlation of miRNAs expressions with the clinicopathological fetures”

    The original article shares a corresponding author (Gang Chen) with the other paper from which Mokarizadeh potentially copied (the ‘Decreased’ paper above)

    Then, some of the wording seems to be modified from a paper titled:

    MicroRNA-133a, downregulated in osteosarcoma, suppresses proliferation and promotes apoptosis by targeting Bcl-xL and Mcl-1.
    http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S8756328213002160

    For instance:

    Original wording:

    “Human important anti-apoptotic moleculars Bcl-xL and Mcl-1 are identified to be new direct targets of miR-133a in osteosarcoma,
    suggesting that miR-133a may exert its pro-apoptotic function via inhibiting Bcl-xL and Mcl-1 expression”

    Mokarizadeh’s copy:

    “Human important anti-apoptotic molecules Bcl-xL and Mcl-1 are determined to be new direct targets of miR-133a in osteosarcoma indicating that miR-133a may exert its pro-apoptotic function throughout inhibiting Bcl-xL and Mcl-1 expression”

    Next, the image sources of the paper are also questionable, although a few of the chart structures and images are similar to ones I have seen in an article titled:

    miR-185 and miR-133b deregulation is associated with overall survival and metastasis in colorectal cancer
    (which is found a journal by the aforementioned Spandidos Publication should you desire to locate it)

    Finally, as far as positives go, Mokarizadeh noted that no one potentially misallocated funding for this peculiar paper:

    “Acknowledgements:
    This work had no fund.”

  17. Anant says:

    There are many such cases as this

    K. Sarayu & S. Sandhya (2010) Aerobic Biodegradation Pathway for Remazol Orange by Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Appl Biochem Biotechnol 160:1241–1253
    http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs12010-009-8592-1

    is verbatim (introduction section) plagiarized from the following publication

    Yan Bin, Zhou Jiti, Wang Jing, Du Cuihong, Hou Hongman, Song Zhiyong and Bao Yongming 2004. Expression and characteristics of the gene encoding azoreductase from Rhodobacter sphaeroides AS1.1737 FEMS Microbiology Letters Vol 236 (1) 129-136 http://femsle.oxfordjournals.org/content/236/1/129.full-text.pdf

  18. lf says:

    Have anybody tried to contact authors of this paper?

  19. Anant says:

    and more..

    S. Sandhya, Benedict Bruno and Udaya Ramakrishnan, 2014. Sequestration of CO2 by halotolerant algae, Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering 12, 81-88 http://www.ijehse.com/content/pdf/2052-336X-12-81.pdf

    The same content has already been published in the following
    https://globaljournals.org/GJSFR_Volume14/4-Systematic-Investigation-of-Biomass.pdf
    http://peer-reviewedjournals.com/articles/JMB-MS13-6-01.pdf
    http://peer-reviewedjournals.com/articles/JMB-MS13-4-03.pdf

    Sumana. B, Sarayu. K, Bruno. B, Udhaya. R, Sandhya. S 2013. Solar light induced bactericidal activity of silver loaded TiO2, International Journal of Environmental Sciences 4(1),106-112

    has been copied from

    Michael V. Liga, Erik L. Bryant, Vicki L. Colvin, Qilin Li, 2011. Virus inactivation by silver doped titanium dioxide nanoparticles for drinking water treatment, Water Research, 45(2), 535–544

    Swapnil Sanmukh, Benedict Bruno, Udhaya Ramakrishnan, Krishna Khairnar, Sandhya Swaminathan and Waman Paunikar, 2014. Bioactive Compounds Derived from Microalgae Showing Antimicrobial Activities J Aquac Res Development, 5:3

    has been plagiarized from

    Helena M. Amaro, A. Catarina Guedes, F. Xavier Malcata, 2011. Microalgae as sources of high added-value compounds-a brief review of recent work, Biotechnology Progress 27(3):597-613

    Swapnil G. Sanmukh, Dilip B. Meshram, Waman N. Paunikar, Sandhya Swaminathan, 2012. Interaction of fishes with pathogenic micro-organisms and application of phages for their control: a review Rev Fish Biol Fisheries, 67(3):645-61

    has ample content plagiarized from

    Adelaide Almeida, Ângela Cunha, Newton C.M. Gomes, Eliana Alves, Liliana Costa and Maria A.F. Faustino, 2009. Phage therapy and photodynamic therapy: low environmental impact approaches to inactivate microorganisms in fish farming plants, Mar. Drugs 7, 268-313

    • Bobo says:

      “peer-reviewedjournals.com”

      How could they not be legit with such a prestigious URL?

      • Anant says:

        The irony is the corresponding authors are heads of famous government institutes in India like National Environmental Engineering Research Institute

  20. Jeff you are doing a wonderful job. However, you need to turn your search light on subscription journals also, because publication frauds are not limited to open access journals only. BMC will be horrified by this accident indeed

  21. […] di plagio evidente già dal titolo del paper, dopo quello di uno  "spazzatura" di cui parlava due settimane fa. Di nuovo, il doppione (iraniano) è stato pubblicato a pochi mesi di distanza dall'originale […]

  22. […] She confirmed that one of the articles that launched the investigation was one we flagged in 2015 as being under investigation by BMC,  “Decrease expression and clinicopathological significance of miR-148a with poor survival in hepatocellular carcinoma tissues.” That paper — now retracted — had been pegged by librarian Jeffrey Beall for allegedly using a 2014 paper as a template from which to plagiarize. […]

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