Beall’s List of Predatory Publishers 2016



Beall’s List of Predatory Publishers 2016

by Jeffrey Beall, January 5, 2016. Each year at this time I formally release my updated list of predatory publishers. Because the list is now very large, and because I now publish four, continuously-updated lists, this year’s release does not include the actual lists but instead includes statistical and explanatory data about the lists and links to them.

Potential, possible, or probable predatory scholarly open-access publishers: This year, 2016, marks the sixth annual release of this list, which is also continuously updated. The list this year includes 923 publishers, an increase of 230 over 2015.

Number of predatory publishers, 2011-2016.

Number of predatory publishers, 2011-2016.

Potential, possible, or probable predatory scholarly open-access journals: This year, 2016, marks the fourth annual release of this list, which is also continuously updated. The list this year includes 882 journals, an increase of 375 over 2015.

Number of predatory, standalone journals, 2013-2016.

Number of predatory, standalone journals, 2013-2016.

Two New Lists: Misleading metrics and Hijacked journals  This year, I started two new lists that track two new areas of questionable practices related to open-access journals. The Misleading metrics list includes companies that “calculate” and publish counterfeit impact factors (or some similar measure) to publishers, metrics the publishers then use in their websites and spam email to trick scholars into thinking their journals have legitimate impact factors. The Hijacked journals list includes journals for which someone has created a counterfeit website, stealing the journal’s identity and soliciting articles submissions using the author-pays model (gold open-access).

Misleading metrics: 38. Last year’s list had 26. (The list debuted in March, 2014.)

Hijacked journals: 101 (The list started in May, 2014.)

Hijacked journals, 2015-2016.

Hijacked journals, 2015-2016.

Here are links to current edition of each list:

Acknowledgement: I am extremely grateful for all the help, support, suggestions, criticism, and advice I have received over the past year. I especially thank those who have forwarded information — such as spam emails — to me, emails providing information about new and questionable journals and publishers.

974 Responses to Beall’s List of Predatory Publishers 2016

  1. Reblogged this on Blog do Pedlowski and commented:
    O professor Jeffrey Beall da University.of Colorado-Denver lança estatísticas da evolução do seu monitoramento sobre a invasão do “Trash science” na ciência mundial. Este material é uma leitura obrigatória para todos os interessados no futuro da ciência.

  2. Sure, can you share some of your grant money with me so I can pay someone to do this?

    • Paul Suwannarat says:
      this one is seemed to be a predatory publisher since it is too east to get publication even it is indexed in SCOPUS.

      • This journal (or its publisher) does not meet the criteria for inclusion on my list at this time. I shall not be adding it to the list.

        UPDATE, AUGUST 21, 2016: This journal’s publisher, the so-called Academy of Business & Retail Management (ABRM), was added to my list recently. This journal is from this publisher, even though this is not made clear on the journal’s website. I recommend avoiding this journal.

      • Be careful, the journal coverage has been discontinued from Scopus.

        Journal of Business and Retail Management Research-Open Access
        Subject Area:Business, Management and Accounting
        Publisher: The Academy of Business and Retail Management (ABRM)
        ISSN: 1751-8202
        Scopus Coverage Years:
        from 2013 to 2015

    • Lj, Jonson says:

      Dear Beal
      you are doing a good job.
      Sir does HARAMAYA LAW REVIEW is fake or not?

  3. Susan Ariew says:

    Thanks for offering the stats on the explosion of publishers, standalone titles, false metrics, and now hijacked journals. Hopefully you will not continue to be a lone voice in the wilderness providing oversight and shedding light on OA Gold publisher misconduct.

    • herr doktor bimler says:

      People grumble about gaps in the List, and about cases that they don’t think should be there, but no-one seems to be offering to maintain a better List.

  4. Ahmad Hassanat says:

    this is an exponential growing cancer!

    • Emmanuel Ugwu says:

      What about international journal of current science research and international journal of innovative research and advanced studies?

      • I cannot find a journal that matches the first title you mention. Do you mean the International Journal of Current Science (without ‘Research’)? If yes, then this journal is included on my list. If not, can you please send a link.

        The second journal you mention is on my list.

      • Nyuiemedi says:

        Thanks prof Beall’s for the good work you are doing. may i know whether Researchjournali’s journal of education is on your predatory list. thanks

      • This publisher is on my list, so I recommend you avoid all the journals it publishes, including this one.

  5. […] From Scholarly Open Access – [Read more] […]

  6. Stuart McKelvie says:

    Dear Jeffrey,

    Thanks for all your work on this.

    Stuart McKelvie

    Sent from my iPad

  7. […] Beall’s List of Predatory Publishers 2016. An update on the now-rolling main list, and links to newer lists for hijacked journals and for dubious purveyors of metrics. […]

  8. Xavier Caro MD says:

    Ditto about the service to science and scientists.

    I’m struck also by the number of growing, seemingly predatory, conferences being espoused as being part of the normal scientific process. I believe them to be predatory because they appear to stem from the same publication groups, such as OMICS. here is one I just got having to do with my specialty, fibromyalgia:

    Boy, this is really getting to be a problem.

    • herr doktor bimler says:

      I get the impression that every two-bit wannabee predatory publisher dreams of moving on to predatory conferences as the next step up to the big time. The Trash Conference invitations outnumber the Trash Journal invitations in my spam-mailbox these days.
      The OMICS scum are particular vile, that is true, but the WASET scum are close contenders.

  9. David Newman says:


    I just made an Excel 2007 listing of both sets of info. If you have any way of uploading (or an email address that I can attach the file to then it can be made available for all. If you simply “click” the listing it will go to the website of the journal or publisher.

    Dave Newman

  10. Diturije Ismaili says:

    Please check about this journal 2016/01/01/vol-vi-issue-i-jan-feb2016/ . It seems to me very doubtful and low quality. They are willing to accept to paper after two hours.

    Kind regards Diturije

  11. Frans Rabung says:

    Thks Mr. Beall for all the efforts.

  12. Marc Kusinitz says:

    Although the news you send today is dismal, it’s also so critical to helping researchers navigate these increasingly foul waters. And whether your list is perfect or not, the question remains, “What in heavens name would we do without it?”

  13. Dear Prof. Beall,
    Thank you! It is a great job, that you have done!
    I received invitations and unfortumately entered in EB some of these journals.
    When I read your list, unfortunately I found some of those journals in the your list.
    I have reviewed manuscripts for those journals. I have done these reviews as I review for well recognized journals of NCP group.
    If EB members work properly in those journals from your list for review of manuscripts, is there possibility to be omitted from your list for some of these journals in future.
    Sincerely yours,
    Ospan A Mynbaev

    • The evaluation of a journal / publisher involves much more than a single factor. Unfortunately, the honest efforts of many editorial board members are wasted because predatory journals publish papers even when the board members recommend rejection. Thus their time and work are wasted. The ed board members are exploited. I recommend that you resign from the editorial boards of any low-quality journals and instead seek to work with reputable journals in your field.

      • Dear Jeff,
        Thank you very much for your reply. I will try to resign, but I am afraid that it is going to be problem bigger than entering into the board membership of those journals.
        Sincerely yours,

      • Ramze A. Elzahrany says:

        We have a temporal distribution of the growth of predatory publishers so far, what about the spatial distribution?! “Geography matters”. Best wishes and regards.

  14. Anonymous says:

    What’s d criteria for the list?? What is dis word predatory means? Why only open access publishers comes under ur list??

  15. Ken Lanfear says:

    Astonishing numbers! These predators corrupt the whole idea of scientific credibility. How is an ordinary person supposed to tell the real scientists from the phonies? Thank you, Jeff, for all your work in highlighting this problem!

  16. Rita Bruun says:

    Thank you for this wonderful service. Your lists are an invaluable resource. I’m using them in the process of reviewing applications for Fulbright post-doc scholarships to USA. It will not surprise you to learn that applicants’ achievements are a lot less impressive when checked against your lists.

    • Ghazal says:

      Your list contains the following

      1. [redacted by editor]: These are looking for fool novice publishers. Examples of the publishers in this group includes OMICS, WASET, WSEA, etc. Many of these publishers on your list have dead link. You had better remove them from your list.
      2. Low quality publishers: These are publishers who only look for publishing papers with an exchange of money. IDOSI is a clear example of this group. They managed to receive a funny Zoological index from ISI and publish low quality papers.
      3. Good quality publisher: Please be fair and note that you are also human and you can make mistake. I hope you remove them from your list.


  17. fernando says:

    Dear Dr. Bealls What is your opinion about PAGEpress journals?

  18. Dear Dr Bealls,

    What is your opinion about Dove Medical Press? Thank you.


  19. Bayeh Abera says:

    Dear Dr Beall, I appreciate your professional services. I would suggest other professionals and institutions very much concerned for blooming predatory should contribute to alleviate the problems.

  20. Jackman says:

    Dear Prof. Bealls,

    I would like to know the problem of the Journal “Thammasat Internanation Journal of Science and Technology “. Why are they in your list?


  21. Dr. Shivani says:

    Hi Jeffrey, I need your comments on this publisher I suspect this publisher has predatory journal using Canadian name whereas it has nothing with Canada. What is your opinion?

  22. […] Beall’s 2016 list of predatory publishers is out. “The list this year includes 923 publishers, an increase of 230 over 2015.” Related: […]

  23. […] fonte di rilievo per identificare “felloni” scientifici è la List of Predatory Publisher di Jeffrey Beall, aggiornata annualmente e giunta ormai alla sesta edizione. Si può vedere come il […]

  24. Raghavan says:

    Dr Beall,

    What do you think of this conference?

    Organised by

    • Suspicious. The address they give looks like an apartment building. Also one of the publishers the list, International Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology (International ASET), is included on my list. You should probably look for a better conference.

  25. fahmi says:

    There is a publisher in the list (scientific research publishing), I don’t think that it is fake. why made you list it here?!!

  26. Patricia Keith-Spiegel says:

    Thank you so much for creating this critically important resource, Fraud and corruption are everywhere, and you shine bright on a scourge that sullies the search for excellent and truth in science.

  27. Emerson Jackson says:

    Dear Beall
    I’m happy and feel you’re doing a great job by publishing list of publishers that may come out suspicious in their practices.

    The word PREDATORY is to some extent wrongly used in your case. I feel truly that some of the editorial board names needs to be thoroughly checked for some of the the publishers about their affiliation with university and in the world of academia, but I’m quite convinced a good numbet of them are fine.

    The well established publishers (Taylor and Francis, etc.) are all predatory in their nature of practice. It is hard for articles published to be accessed by those considered poor in the community (researchers and students from developing countries) who cannot afford the cost of downloading articles every time they want to use them.

    In the case with the OPEN access publication, at least it would’ve given an easy way for other people, particularly the poor to research materials in the research world.

    You may disprove what I’m explaining to you as every individual have a right to express their views in an open democratic society. Established publishers make a lot of money from subscription by fleecing poorer people and they are the ones complaint stupidly about the so-called PREDATORY practices of emerging journals and their profit share is now halved or even less as they were expecting it to be (after wards they are also in the market to make profit, and so what’s the difference?).

    At least with the fee paying open journals, people have the choice of going it free with those that do not charge anything or even just a meagre rate (particularly those linked with academic institutions) so as to allow other researchers work to be reached out to the wider community of researchers.


  28. Emerson Jackson says:

    Dear Beall

    So what do you think about the “European – American Journal”?

    I’ve checked this and realise the names on the editorial board are really credible. So what’s the problem with the journal and why do you think it is predatory?



  29. Emerson Jackson says:

    Dear. Dr. Beall

    So what’s your issue about the IISTE journal publication system?


    • I have IISTE included on my list here (it’s listed as International Institute for Science, Technology and Education (IISTE) (International Knowledge Sharing Platform)), and I think it is a low-quality and even dangerous publisher.

      • borhan says:

        Dear Dr. Beall,
        What you think about :
        Thanks for your kindly support.

      • Somebody’s making a lot of easy money by renting a conference hall at Harvard Medical School and then using the Harvard name to make it appear the conference is sponsored by the university. I recommend not wasting your money on this. Boston is extremely expensive (hotels, food). Find an authentic and specialized conference that matches your field. This has the characteristics of a “scamference.”

      • Emerson Jackson says:

        Dr. Beall,

        Saying something is of a low quality publication without substantive evidence is dangerous and libellous.

        Your statement is not properly substantiated as far as your reason is concerned for adding the IISTE publisher on your list. I suppose you should only add a journal or publisher to the list when you’re pretty quite sure (substantiated) of your evidence.

      • Wrong. In a free society, people are allowed to express opinions about things. Many researchers write book reviews, and sometimes the reviews are negative. My work is like a collective review of journals.

        Don’t let your government suppress your freedom to express your ideas and opinions. Think critically. Tell the world what is good and what is bad.

      • Dear Dr Beall,
        I published two papers with IISTE, could you advise me to withdraw them?
        Thank you.

      • It’s not always that simple. You have to consider copyright. It’s hard to get a new journal to agree to publish a paper that originally appeared in a predatory one. Sometimes the best decision is to start over.

    • Emma says:

      Dear Dr Beall,
      i have submitted a manuscript to one of the journals on your list
      and signed the consent form to pay for acceptance but was taken aback by the speed of acceptance. this provoke my thought to verify only to find them on your list i have not paid
      what do i do?

      • Did the consent form also transfer copyright?

        You may want to request that the journal withdraw and not publish your submission. If you did transfer copyright, you will probably need to formally have them assign it back to you.

        Some predatory publishers will refuse to do this, and they will use tricks to get you to pay. Good luck.

      • Emma says:

        Thanks Dr Beall’s
        Sir can you advice on publishing on this journal not on your list
        Thank you

      • The Wolters Kluwer / Medknow journal Journal of Health Research and Reviews is not on my list.

  30. Reblogged this on Busy Nurse Research and commented:
    Scary to see how the numbers of predatory publishers and journals keep climbing. Huge thanks to Jeffrey Beall for compiling this list to keep us all up to date.

  31. Kimberly Tartt says:

    Dr. Beall,
    I am new to publishing and am thankful for this list. What if you submitted an article to one of these publishers and all revisions are done, it’s formatted and in the “proof” stage ready to publish and found them ok this list? It is ClinMed International Library. Is it too late to withdraw? The fee was not disclosed until now and is very high.. What is next?

    • This is a predatory publisher that will resist your requests to pull the paper and will do everything possible to get the money from you.

      Start by clearly informing them that you want to withdraw the submission. Expect tricks or threats to get you to pay (“we cannot withdraw it because a DOI has been assigned”). The publisher is based in India, and I know of no cases where they’ve been successful in, or even attempted, legal action, so I wouldn’t be afraid of threats along those lines. If you’ve transferred copyright, it’s much more complicated than this.

      • Kimberly Tartt says:

        Thank you for your response. I have not signed authorship agreements/contracts or transferred copyright. I am going to contact them and let them know I am want to withdrawal my submission. I am so thankful I was referred to this site by a colleague. It is very sad to feel those of new to publishing our work can be taken advantage. The fee is outrageous- it is $925. The journal associates is International Archieves of Nursing and healthcare.

  32. Ahmed says:

    Dear Dr Beall,
    What do you think about Lambert Academic Publishing ( LAP)?
    Thank you in advance

  33. Angie says:

    Dear Dr Beall,
    Can you comment on this? Thanks

    • I recommend avoiding Inderscience. I suggest that you find a better publisher for your work.

      • billwilliams says:

        Could be I’m missing out on something here, but it seems to me you are possibly being rather harsh on Inderscience, Jeffrey. I don’t find them on your predatory publishers list and when I did some research into their journals in my field a while back and looked at some of their published articles they seemed quite ok. The only warning sign I noted is that they seem to have a rather large fleet of journals.
        Their journals don’t appear to be top level but hover around quartile 2 and 3 in Scimago which places them as being average in my reading of the data and so possible submission venues for perhaps small scale studies which merit publication but would be unlikely to be accepted in A-list journals. So my impression so far is that they are a valid and useful part of the scholarly publication ecosystem.
        I submitted a paper of mine for publication in one of their journals in 2013 and it was handled quite professionally and when it happened that later in the review process I wished to withdraw my submission they were fine with that too. However this was a single one-off experience. I wonder if other folks here have had experience with the publisher.

  34. Tefera says:

    Dear Beall,

    Do you have a comment on the journals entitled “International Journal of Research & Development Organisation” and “Journal of Applied Biology and Biotechnology”

  35. Dr Deepak Batura says:

    Dear Mr Beall,

    Apologies if you already have this on your list and I missed it while looking, but here is another:

  36. Eno Reg says:

    Dear Prof. Beall,
    what do you say about American Journal of Biomedical Sciences published by NWPII with very robust editorial board? Awaiting your reply, please.

    • It’s published by a firm called “New World Publishing.” This publisher is on my list. I say, do not submit papers this journal nor to all the others from this publisher, which is really based in the old world.

  37. Dear Dr. Beall, What do you think of the Electronic Journal of Biology, I would appreciate your answer.

  38. […] year Jeffrey Beall formally releases has updated his list of predatory publishers. The list expanded over the years from 18 identified publishers in 2011 to […]

  39. Good information about counterfeit/bogus journals and publishers.please comment about international journal of scientific research.

  40. Stephanie says:

    Dear Dr. Beall,

    what do you think of the International Journal of Geophysics by Hindawi ?
    I just received a proposition to be Guest Editor for a Special Issue but it seems strange to me.
    And many many thanks for your so useful work !

    • Cairo-based Hindawi is not on my list, but many find it questionable. It often spams for special issues and guest editors, and then expects the editors to recruit papers for them, essentially collecting author fees for the publisher. I would think long and hard before accepting such an offer.

      • Stephanie says:

        I have some info on the International Journal of Geophysics by Hindawi. They claim to have (at least) one colleague from Switzerland on their board that in fact is not anymore. But they still have his name on the list. This is not fair because they are taking advantage of the prestige of his name and his institution to make the journal look good !

        In any case, thank you very much for your answer and hard work !

      • Has he asked them to remove his name?

      • stephanie says:

        I asked him per email if he was on board. he replied he used to be on board but he gave up. This is an ambiguous answer so I don’t know.

  41. Rini says:

    Is it possible that a Journal earlier if present in the list of predatory journals now be not in the list

  42. Biny says:

    Dear Beall,

    Please let me know about “JSM Hepatitis” which has sent me request to join as the Editorial Board Member.

  43. Dr Deepak Batura says:

    Dear Mr Beall,
    What is your opinion on “The Ulutas Medical Journal” and “Ulutas Genetic Research Journal”?
    15 days to publication, impact factors and conference linkages. Sounds a familiar narrative…

  44. Biny says:

    Dear Beall,

    Please inform me the current status of Dove Medical Press that is sending me to join Peer Reviewer Database. I am in dilemma whether to accept the proposal or not.

  45. Chukwunonso Nwokoye says:

    Dears Beall,

    There are some journals I am currently considering. But I want to know whether they are predatory or not as o can’t find them in your list. They include 1. Journal of Digital Content Technology and it’s Applications. 2. Journal of current engineering research.

    I await your response.


    • The first journal you list is published in Korea by the “Convergence Information Society,” a fake society that accepts and publishes pretty much everything. I strongly recommend you avoid this journal; the publisher is on my list. Regarding the Journal of Current Engineering Research, there are at least two journals with this title, so I am unsure which you’re referring to.

  46. Keith Fraser says:

    Hi Jeffrey,

    I got an email advertising this journal:

    Its publisher (Thomson and Ryberg) isn’t currently on your list. Do you know anything about them? (I have no intention of publishing anything with them as they have every appearance of being much the same as many publishers on your list.)

  47. Laura says:

    Is the Journal of Ergonomics ok? I got a suspicious looking email. It invited me to write a short form of an article I had written.

  48. Angie says:

    Hi Prof. Beall,
    Appreciate your comment on this

  49. N McKenna says:

    Can you give your opinion on this title please?

  50. Frankline says:

    Beall, here is another one “”. I strongly believe it is another predatory publisher. What is your take?

    • I agree with you.
      I had not heard of this journal before. It doesn’t look very “American” to me. I’ve analyzed it and added to my list.
      Thanks for letting me know about it.

  51. Sarah says:

    Mr. Beall,
    What can be done when a predatory journal is using your name and institution for calls for papers without permission? Repeated requests to cease and threat of legal response have not resulted in discontinued use.

  52. Adewale Alli says:

    Is Journal of Pharmaceutical, Chemical and Biological Sciences a Predatory Journal?

  53. Duvgo says:

    Many thanks for your work so far!
    Also, I noticed that this year you have not put a link to the criteria (I found it, just saying it would be nice)

  54. Samuel Handelman says:

    What about this publisher?

    They’ve been spamming me with requests to join their editorial boards – are they the same as one of the other scitech publishers?

    They gave this contact info in their spam:
    Shirley Setia
    Editorial Office
    SciTz Medical and Clinical Toxicology
    1692 Coastal Highway
    Delaware 19958, USA

    • I had not heard of it before, so thank you for alerting me to it. I have analyzed it and added it to my list.
      It launched with 15 broad medical journals and pretends to be based in Delaware. It matches the pattern of many other OA biomedical publisher startups. Most definitely, do not accept their editorial board invitation, and please don’t submit any papers to them. Thanks again.

  55. Valentina says:

    Dear Dr Beall,

    I suggest you consider to add this journal to your list:
    “International Journal of Advanced Trends in Computer Applications (IJATCA)”
    I searched for it but couldn’t find it, apologies if I missed it and it is indeed already there. Here is the website:
    The publisher seems to be SM Publication but I couldn’t find much info about them. I was approached by them on LinkedIn, the same way as it happened with Omics Group and I regret ever replying to them!


  56. Biny says:

    Dear Beall,
    Can PubMed indexed journals and publishing houses be predatory?

  57. Dear Jeffrey Beall,
    Could you please help me check if this organization is trustable and is not in the beall’s list sir? I am seeking for the proper one to publish me ph.d. thesis? If yes, could you please suggest me which one I should submit my paper for graduation. Thank you so much.





  58. Katherine says:

    Just received an article solicitation from AIMS Neuroscience. What do you think about this publisher? Also, what are your thoughts on Thomson Reuters’ Emerging Sources Citation Index?

    • I’ve analyzed it before. I found it borderline, so I didn’t add it to my list. It’s not a strong publisher, but it’s also not predatory.

      • Maris says:

        AIMS Geosciences is also sending out “special invitations” to publish with an option to unsubscribe from further spam, although I have never been signing up for anything. Unfortunately spamming indicates on turning to the “dark side”.

      • marisn says:

        I got a “special invitation” from AIMS Geosciences published by AIMS Press. The offer contained an option to “unsubscribe” although I never have been subscribing for it or dealing with AIMS in any way. To make things more fishy, journals published by “AIMS Press” do not show up on the main site of AIMS (
        Although spamming and no cross linking between sites both are not definite indicators of predatory journal, they definitely rise some questions and can be considered a bad practice.

      • Thanks, this is helpful.

  59. Gabriel says:


    What of these publishers – Pushpa publishing house, Mathematics (MDPI publishing) and Hindawi? Are the good journals?

  60. Gabriel says:


    What about Hindawi, MDPI publishing, Pushpa Publishing House?

    Are they good journals?

  61. Popoola O says:

    Dear Prof. Beall,
    Thank you for the great work you are doing in the academia and for enlighten young scholars like me.
    Sir, I do have a few questions that I will appreciate your responses and opinion about.
    1. What do you think about SAGE publications?
    2. Must all credible journals have impact factor?
    3. What is your opinion about Nursing Open Journal published by Wiley Online Library? and
    4. What is the difference between Impact Factor and Science Citation Index Expanded? Is it okay to publish with a journal that has no impact factor but covered by SCIE?
    Thank you for your anticipated response

    • 1. SAGE is a very fine publisher.
      2. No.
      3. Nursing Open is a very fine journal.
      4. The impact factor is a type of scholarly metric, and SCIE is a citation index. Yes, it’s fine to publish in a journal without an impact factur but included in SCIE, unless it or its publisher is included on one of my lists. Good luck.

  62. Popoola O says:

    what do you also think about the Environmental Health Perspective journal?
    Thank you sir.

  63. Joseph says:

    pls sir what do you think about elixir international journal of current research?

  64. priyanka says:

    what do you think about this journal:

  65. Ben Ginsberg says:

    I followed the back and forth with MDPI last year, because journals under their umbrella routinely invite me to submit.

    I noticed the most recent solicitation was from a journal that used a name almost identical to a respected journal: The Journal of Developmental Biology (MDPI) versus Developmental Biology (Elsevier). It took me a while before I realized I was solicited by the former rather than the latter.

    I know MDPI is no longer on your list but the above gave me pause and I wanted to share.

  66. Deepak says:

    Dear Mr Beall,

    I note that the Baishideng Publishing Group is not on your list. I attach a mail thread from them, which suggests that they should be on the list.

    This is what I received by email yesterday.

    Dear Dr. XXX,
    First, I would like to extend my sincere congratulations on the publication of your highly cited original article, ,
    In view of your significant contributions to the field, I would like to invite you to contribute an original article or a review article to the World Journal of Clinical Infectious Diseases (WJCID).
    The original articles are submitted by any author and are written as reports of innovative and original findings in the field of infectious diseases.
    The review article based on your work will focus on the current status quo of the overall research in the field, highlighting the most important research topics, the problems that have now been resolved and those that remain to be resolved, and the future research directions that may maximize the practical impact on the field.
    Once this original article and review article has passed our rigorous peer-review process, it will be published without any Article Processing Charge. In addition, there are no restrictions on the number of words, figures (color, B/W) or authors for this invited submission.
    The WJCID is a high quality, peer-reviewed, and open-access journal. In 2015, the WJCID published 3 issues containing 12 articles. For details, please visit:

    My response is reproduced below:

    Firstly, I am not Dr XXX.

    Secondly the article “YYY” was NOT written by Dr XXX.

    Signed by me

    Their reply today is ridiculous:

    World Journal of Clinical Infectious Diseases reply letter to confirm receipt of the submitted manuscript title
    Dear Dr. XXX,
    First of all, thank you very much for your full trust in and support of the World Journal of Clinical Infectious Diseases!
    I am very pleased that you have accepted our invitation and submitted your proposed manuscript title to the World Journal of Clinical Infectious Diseases. Your participation is greatly appreciated.
    We will inform you whether your submitted manuscript title is accepted or not within the next 5 working days. The information of the submitted manuscript title is as follows:
    Number ID:
    Publication Name: World Journal of Clinical Infectious Diseases
    Author: XXX
    Title: YYY

    Manuscript Type: Observational Study
    Submission Date: 2016-03-03 11:02

    • Thanks for sharing this information. This type of unprofessional spamming is indeed one of the criteria for determining whether a publisher belongs on the list. Overall, is there enough evidence to make a strong case for adding the publisher to the list?

    • Herr Doktor Bimler says:

      Baishideng continue to spam, badly, with crufty software and a template. Please excuse the length of this comment, but the spammogram deserves to be cited in its entirety.

      I particular enjoyed the clause that offers free publication in exchange for signing up as a pimp:

      2.3 Senior scholars shall propagandize the BPG’s journals in the relevant field.

      Needless to say, my

      highly cited original article, , in the field of clinical medicine, biochemistry, and molecular biology

      (where “highly cited” apparently means “more than 1 citations”) was not an original article — it was a commentary on someone else’s paper from 2005. And it was not in any of “the field[s] of clinical medicine, biochemistry, and molecular biology”. The weasels are not only grifters, they’re insultingly incompetent grifters.

      The main point of the spam, with its grotesquely fulsome flattery, seems to be to induce “senior scholars” to send their images and CVs to Baishideng, allowing the publisher to pad out Editorial Boards with unwitting recruits.
      Dear Dr. XXXXXX,

      First, let me congratulate you on the publication of your highly cited original article, , in the field of clinical medicine, biochemistry, and molecular biology. Its current record of more than 1 citations reflects the quality of your paper and influence of your research, as well as your continued and important contributions to the field overall.

      Given your outstanding achievements and reputation in the field of clinical medicine, biochemistry, and molecular biology, we would like to invite you to expand your impact as a senior scholar/peer reviewer of the Baishideng Publishing Group (BPG). The BPG’s policy regarding senior scholars/peer reviewers requires vetting to ensure integrity of the individual and their academic record; passage of this evaluation grants the individual a life-long exemption from publication fee, which is the BPG’s highest honor.

      Please find below the necessary instructions for making your contribution of senior scholars/peer reviewers:

      How to Submit

      Step 1: Submit the basic information about the senior scholar/peer reviewer (closed as of October 31, 2016).

      Step 2: To accept our invitation, please login to the F6 Manuscript Publishing System by clicking ——-. Then, choose the World Journal of Biological Chemistry link.

      Step 3: Provide ten Key Words in your field (to facilitate peer review).

      Step 4: Submit your Curriculum Vitae, Publication List, and Biography. The biography should consist of 250 words and should highlight your academic impact in the field.

      Step 5: Submit the address of your Website. This will be the link to your academic profile, research group, if any, or institution.

      Step 6: Submit your recent professional Photo. The image must be a JPG file. The photo size should be 48 mm in height and 33 mm in width.

      Step 7: Evaluation of the complete submitted information will be performed within 28 days. You will be notified of our decision via E-mail.


      We are very pleased to announce that the 43 open-access, peer-reviewed clinical medical journals edited and published by the BPG will be open to global senior scholars in the field of clinical medicine, biochemistry, and molecular biology. The policy of life-long exemption from publication fee for senior scholars supports publication of these influential clinician-scientists and their high quality academic findings at the earliest possible time and promotes free access to the latest knowledge for readers. You can find the full list of these 43 journals by visiting:

      Another advantage of the BPG is our industry-leading F6 manuscript peer-review and article publishing system, which was developed and implemented based upon our 24 years of working experience in the editing and publishing industry. Continued pursuit of publishing high quality articles to increase the competitiveness of our journals is our core value. In the current Internet era, fundamental changes have taken place in the business models for publishing and our mission has kept pace with identifying innovative strategies to solve the related challenges that senior scholars face.

      One of the key challenges facing senior scholars today is the confounding practice of traditional print journals not charging an Article Processing Charge (APC) but requiring readers to purchase a subscription, thereby limiting access to the full-text article to only those able to afford and willing to pay the charge. As a result, the academic influence of senior scholars is greatly reduced by such a model.

      However, the opposite publication model, in which the senior scholars are required to pay a fee to publish their research findings in open-access journals that require an APC, is equally flawed. While it gives readers free access to the full-text article, promoting the academic influence of senior scholars, it puts the burden of the cost of publishing on the senior scientists. Considering their great contributions to the relevant field, however, makes charging the APC to them appear unfair.

      While it is not difficult for senior scholars to publish an article, it has proven difficult for publishers to solve the conundrum that senior scholars face and provide these senior scholars with generous, convenient services in publishing their high quality articles.

      Since the core value of BPG is continued pursuit of publishing high quality articles to increase the competitiveness of our journals, we decided to implement the policy of life-long exemption from publication fee for senior scholars to help overcome this issue. This action also allows us to promote the discovery and transmission of knowledge, provide life-long services for senior scholars, offer readers a free-access knowledge platform, and promote the development of clinical medicine, biochemistry, and molecular biology. In such a system, the rights and obligations of BPG’s senior scholars/peer reviewers are unique, as described below:

      1 Rights of senior scholars

      1.1 Senior scholars shall be exempt from the APC permanently when publishing articles in the BPG’s journals as the first author or corresponding author;

      1.2 The copyright of articles published by senior scholars shall be owned by the author(s) and publisher in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license;

      1.3 Senior scholars understand and agree to become BPG’s senior scholars/peer reviewers;

      1.4 Senior scholars shall reserve the right to quit, at any time, from the list of BPG’s senior scholars/peer reviewers.

      2 Obligations of senior scholars

      2.1 Senior scholars agree to perform peer review of four (4) manuscripts each year for journals published by the BPG and to be invited to contribute review articles;

      2.2 Senior scholars shall comply with the publishing norms and rules;

      2.3 Senior scholars shall propagandize the BPG’s journals in the relevant field.

      3 Rights of BPG

      3.1 BPG shall send the manuscripts contributed by senior scholars for peer review;

      3.2 The copyright of articles published by senior scholars shall be owned by the author(s) and BPG in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license;

      3.3 Senior scholars shall reserve their right to exclude themselves from the BPG’s list of senior scholars/peer reviewers; however, upon exclusion from the list, the senior scholars/peer reviewers shall not enjoy the corresponding rights, including the life-long exemption from APC.

      4 Obligations of BPG

      4.1 BPG shall provide life-long exemption from the APC for senior scholars, but this is limited only to manuscripts for which the senior scholars are the first author or corresponding author;

      4.2 BPG shall allocate an ID number to senior scholars, which should be indicated in the cover letter when submitting the manuscript;

      4.3 BPG shall provide priority to the peer review and publishing of manuscripts contributed by senior scholars;

      4.4 BPG shall publicize the academic achievements of senior scholars actively;

      4.5 BPG shall comply with the publishing norms and rules;

      4.6 BPG shall release the list of senior scholars/peer reviewers.

      If you have any questions, please feel free to contact us via e-mail at:

      Best regards,

      Lian-Sheng Ma, President and Company Editor-in-Chief

      Baishideng Publishing Group Inc

      8226 Regency Drive, Pleasanton, CA 94588, USA

      Telephone: +1-925-223-8242

      Fax: +1-925-223-8243

  67. David King says:

    The implications of publishing in a predatory journal should be explored in terms of its effect on the career of the person publishing an article they have written, in such a journal. Listing such a publication in a job application to a college or university would indicate either extremely poor judgement, or willing participation in the scam. Either way, a ‘kiss of death’ for the aspiring academic.

  68. Joseph says:

    what about elixir international journal of current research? I was invited to publish in their journal. Is it not in your list? Please!

  69. Stalin V says:

    Mr Beall,
    What is your opinion about Elective Medical Journal from Pakistan-it charges to publish , and it is still locked for public viewing( and is indexed in DOAJ)

  70. phutiane1017 says:

    Warm greetings, Jeffrey

    This, Journal of Governance and Regulation

    I looked at this journal and it so feels very suspicious. They demand €340 post acceptance , with the paper meant to be published within 9 months , but if you want your paper to be publishes quickly , you have to pay more.

    I checked your list and this is not present.

    Your views , please.

    • I agree with you. I have this journal’s publisher, Virtus Interpress, included on my list here. Because there are so many individual journals, I prefer to list only the publisher whenever I can, and the listing is for all the journals from each publisher. I would recommend that you find a stronger publisher for your work.

    • help390 says:

      Please can you state the reasons for removing Virtus Interpress. A colleague submitted a paper which came back without any changes and was accepted. It looks like they have a high acceptance rate in order to get publications fees.

      • wandamcgreg says:

        Hi. I have recently come across virtus interpress and found them to be very suspicious as well. I see that you said you have removed it from your list, even though it satisfies the criterias you have listed here: Could you shed some light on this please?

      • AYAD says:

        Mr. Jeffrey Beall
        I need a journal indexed within following publisher ( Elsevier,Springer, Springhouse,Scopus) that gives acceptance letter within one month approximately regarding research article in field of Nursing .


      • Never fails, whenever I remove a publisher from my list, I get lots of communication asking why the publisher is not on my list and telling me it should be. The borderline cases are the toughest, and I do do back and forth on them sometimes, I admit. This one was never an open-access publisher, but I added it to the list as an exception because I found it especially exploitative. Now they informed me that they have cleaned up their act, so I decided to err on the side of caution and remove them. Immediately afterwards, I learned that this Ukraine-base publisher has mostly South African authors, essentially an (easy) vanity press authors from a single country.

  71. Oluwaseyi says:

    Dear Dr. Bealls What is your opinion about Lambert Academic Publishing

  72. Derec Avery says:

    Please remove the following link from your list of predatory journals.

    It leads to a page that simply says, “Hacked By Reza-Atoom” and “You’re security is low” with some really loud, obnoxious music.

    I have broken the link so that nobody else will go there accidentally.

    http://www. experimentjournal. com/

    Again, please remove this from your list as it only leads to a hacked website at present.


  73. Emma says:

    Dear Prof this journal is not on your list kindly advice me on it status
    Journal On Web publisher

  74. abdo says:

    Dear Dr
    i was sent my paper to this journal is it hijacked journal

  75. Said ALEM says:

    Hi Professor, Please look about this journal ;

    European Chemical Bulletin (ISSN 2063-5346)
    Send me on my email please ;
    Abkeur AT

    Thank you in advance,


  76. Ruzabac says:

    Dear prof Beall,
    As a phd candidate in Englissh Language Teaching I am required to publish in an international journal, would it be possible for you to give me some journal’s name that arent in your list
    Thank you very much

  77. Dhaval says:

    Dear Prof Beall,
    Can you check how this journal is?


    • This journal is published by Trans Stellar, a publisher that is included on my list.
      The website you are looking at, the one called Jour Informatics, is a fake impact factor company, and it has this journals included the list of fake impact factors it has assigned.
      Therefore, I recommend that you not send any papers to this journal.

  78. abdo says:

    Dear Dr,
    i have recevied from the journal Ciencia E Tecnica review report and it is accepted and i have paid 454 USD and he says he will sent me acceptance letter soon is it ok?

  79. Percy Okae says:

    hello is this journal fake? Journal of Emerging Trends in Computing and Information Sciences

    • Yes, it’s on my list here.

      • Percy Okae says:

        Thanks Prof. Bealle.
        What about Scientific Research and Essays. It is indexed in DOAJ.

      • DOAJ has made a mistake. This journal is published by Academic Journals, which is on my list.

      • Emmanuel Ugwu says:

        Dear Prof Be all
        What can you say about international journal of current science research-Dr.BGR publications?

      • I had not heard of this publisher before, so thank you for alerting me to it. It’s a disaster. I have added it to my list and recommend that you not join any of its editorial boards and not submit papers to any of its journals.

      • Emmanuel Ugwu says:

        Dear Professor Beall
        Thank you so much for your response. I appreciate your advice. Do you have any list of good Journal outlets where somebody can publish Civil Engineering articles?. Is there any litmus test for good Journals?. I equally saw a journal named South Asian Journal of Engineering and Technology(SAJET) and I’m preparing to send my manuscript to them.What can you say about it?.

      • No, I limit my work to identifying low-quality and predatory journals. I do not identify or recommend good journals. The rule of thumb is to read a lot in you field and then you will be able to identify the top journals. You can also ask your colleagues and professors.

        I think the journal you mentioned is not a high quality one. Have you ever read any of its articles. It appears to be published by a web design service company in India, not a good sign.

      • Sam says:

        Are any of the publishers in the OASPA ( ) on your list? This a tough distinction to make to scholars for whom English is not their first language, but if not GOOD are those journals at least LEGITIMATE? Is ScienceOpen deceptively presenting itself as a peer-reviewed publication?

      • I have not done a side-by-side comparison of OASPA membership and my list.
        I would recommend against assuming that all OASPA members publish the same quality journals. The quality varies.
        I have not heard or seen any evidence that ScienceOpen is being deceptive in its peer review.

      • Herr Doktor Bimler says:

        What can you say about international journal of current science research-Dr.BGR publications?

        This publisher claims that their two journals (IJCSR and IJBER) are indexed on “over 8 databases”… including “Scholarly Open Access”.
        No, really!

        They also inform us that they bought favourable ratings on the “Systematic Impact Factor”. This being a new arrival in the already-crowded “fraudulent IF” market. The owner of the “” domain is one Mangesh Ghonge, originally the proprietor of a particularly low-rent predatory journal… I guess he tired of paying for bogus IFs for his own scam and realised that the real money is in selling services to other predatory journals.

  80. Percy Okae says:

    hello Dr. Bealle:

    what about Africa Journals Online (AJOL) ?
    Would much appreciate your answer.

  81. Percy Okae says:

    what about Scientific and Academic Publishing

  82. Percy Okae says:

    Dr. Bealle:
    what about International Journal of Managing Information Technology (IJMIT)? It is based in India and indexed in DOAJ

    • This journal is published by the AIRCC Publishing Corporation, a publisher that is included on my list here. Please check the publishers to see if they are included on my list.

      I recommend that researchers not submit papers to all the journals from this publisher.

  83. Maulana Yusuf says:

    Dr. Bealle:
    what about International Journal of collaborative Research on Internal Medicine & Public Heald (IJCRIMPH) is predatory?

  84. Percy Okae says:

    Hello Prof. Beall:
    What about International Journal of Advanced and Applied Sciences. It is also indexed in DOAJ and based in California.

    • I think this is a highly-questionable and very low-quality journal. I’ve added it to my list. Please don’t submit any papers to it. I think it’s based in Taiwan.

  85. Percy Okae says:

    Hello Prof:
    Could you please update me on the Journal of Applied Computer Science & Mathematics (JACS & M), based in Romania and indexed in DOAJ?
    Thanks in advance.

  86. Percy Okae says:

    Hello again Prof. Beall:
    Please, what about Academic Direct Publisher of Cluj-Napoca Technical University? They publish Leonardo Journal of Sciences

  87. Reshef Meir says:

    I’ve learned about this one after they published a paper plagiarized from my papers. Definitely meets all you criteria:


  88. Maude says:

    Dear Professor Beal,
    Thank you for your list. I have experienced every thing that you describe about predatory publishing this week. Upon solicitation, I submitted something to “Applied Economics and Finance”. (upon further look at website, the publisher is REDFAME). I thought it was a non-academic sounding name, but I still did it, since the “applied economics title of the journal sounded ok. A few days later they accepted the paper and sent me a template, although some of the review asked to do some more work (which I plan to do). REDFAME also asked me for $300. That is when I started questioning since I have published in very reputable journals, including the RESTAT and never had to pay a fee as high. Upon doing investigation on REDFAME, I came across your list. So I am very grateful. I am about to tell them under any circumstance should they dare publish my paper, and CC that email to my lawyers.
    Another horrendous experience a few weeks ago. This one even worse is described below:
    The so called journal “Journal of Modern Accounting and Auditing, USA.” invited me to submit a paper which I had presented at a conference. I did. Then I received a letter the following day stating that after the paper is accepted I will be charged 60 dollars per page (the paper is 33 pages). I quickly wrote them and said that, this is not academic standard, and I forbid them to touch the paper further. Below is the full exchange. I have removed my name for privacy purpose.

    From: …
    Sent: Thursday, March 24, 2016 9:10 AM
    To: ‘’;
    Subject: Re: Nice to get your article-JMAA-E16032302

    Sorry. I do not agree to paying for publication. It is not really in the academic tradition, as paying undermine the integrity of the peer review process. So please do not review the paper.

    Dear …,
    I am glad you are interested to present your paper in our journal.
    I have received your paper “…”. The paper number is JMAA-E16032302.
    As a kind reminder, after your paper is accepted for publication, you will be charged a service fee incurred in reviewing, editing and printing. The flat price $60 per page after layout. You paper is about 33 pages.
    If you agree with this, I will forward the manuscript to our reviewing committee for comments and inform you the result as soon as possible.
    Thank you for your concern of our journal.
    Best regards
    Editor Office
    Journal of Modern Accounting and Auditing, ISSN1548-6583, USA


    From: …
    Date: 2016-03-24 03:22
    To: Accounting and Auditing Journal
    CC: ,,,
    Subject: RE: Invitation from JMAA, USA
    Dear editor of JMAA
    Thanks for your inquiry concerning the SBA lending paper. That paper has already been published. We do however have a very interesting paper in which we did a lot of meticulous work analyzing …. Attached please find the paper for consideration for publication.
    Looking forward to a response

    From: Accounting and Auditing Journal []
    Sent: Wednesday, March 16, 2016 3:22 AM
    To: …
    Subject: Invitation from JMAA, USA

    From Knowledge to Wisdom
    Journal of Modern Accounting and Auditing, USA
    ISSN: 1548-6583 DOI: 10.17265/1548-6583

    Dear …
    This is Journal of Modern Accounting and Auditing (ISSN 1548-6583), a professional journal published across the United States.

    Nice to find your paper “An Analysis of SBA Loans in Low- and Moderate-Income and Minority Neighborhoods in Detroit and Michigan” on Fourteenth Annual Missouri Economics Conference. If it has not been published in any other journal or you have some new papers, we are very interested in your paper and would like to publish your paper in the Journal of Modern Accounting and Auditing. If you have the idea of making our journal a vehicle for your research interests, please send electronic version of your papers or books to us through email attachment in MS word format. You can know our journal by

    Hope to keep in touch by email and publish some papers from you and your friends in USA. As an American academic publishing group, we wish to become your friends if necessary. If you are interested in our journal, we also want to invite some people to be our reviewers or become our editorial board members. You can send your CV to us. Expect to get your reply soon.

    Best Regards,
    Editorial Office
    Journal of Modern Accounting and Auditing
    Address of Headquarter: 1840 Industrial Drive,Suite 160, Libertyville, IL 60048 USA.

    Call for Papers


    The Journal of Modern Accounting and Auditing is an international, scholarly and peer-reviewed journal (print and online) published monthly by David Publishing Company, USA which was founded in 2001. The journal publishes high quality research papers in finance and economic aspects of accounting and auditing. The scope of the Journal is broad. It includes studies of the functioning of security and exchange markets through to the economics of internal organization and management control. It also includes research papers relating to market microstructure, asset pricing, and corporate financial decision making. A distinctive feature of the Journal is that it recognizes that adverse selection and moral hazard issues are pervasive in financial markets and business organizations, and that accounting (both financial and managerial) plays a part in ameliorating the problems arising from such informational problems. Thus the editors see accounting and finance as being conceptually inter-linked. These linkages are especially apparent in the areas of corporate governance, financial communication, financial performance measurement, and managerial reward and control structures.

    Journal of Modern Accounting and Auditing is collected and indexed by the Library of U.S Congress, on whose official website ( an on-line inquiry can be triggered with their publication numbers, ISSN1548-6583 respectively, as key words in “Basic Search” column. In addition, this journal is also retrieved by some renowned databases:

    ★ Database of EBSCO, Massachusetts, USA
    ★ Australian ERA
    ★ Universe Digital Library Sdn Bhd (UDLSB), Malaysia
    ★ PBN (Polish Scholarly Bibliography )
    ★ ProQuest CSA-Natural Sciences
    ★ Turkish Education Index
    ★ Bielefeld Academic Search Engine (BASE)
    ★ Scholarsteer
    ★ Academic Keys
    ★ CrossRef
    ★ SSRN
    ★ Electronic Journals Library
    ★ Pubicon Science Index
    ★ Chinese Database of CEPS, American Federal Computer Library Center (OCLC)
    ★ Chinese Scientific Journals Database, VIP Corporation, Chongqing, China
    ★ Summon Serials Solutions
    ★ Google Scholar

    Peer review policy

    Journal of Modern Accounting and Auditing is a refereed journal. All research articles in this journal undergo rigorous peer review, based on initial editor screening and anonymous refereeing by at least two anonymous referees.

    The Journal welcomes both theoretical and empirical contributions, especially theoretical papers that yield novel testable implications and empirical papers that are theoretically well motivated. We would welcome manuscripts on all aspects of accounting and auditing, such as:

    ● Accounting Theory and Practice, including Accounting Information and Systems, Behavioral Accounting, Cost/Managerial Accounting, Government and Non-profit International Accounting and Finance, E-commerce Accounting and so on.
    ● Auditing Theory and Practice, including Auditing Education, Auditing Industry, CPA Firms, Capital Market, Auditing Engagement and so on.
    ●Internal control, Corporate Governance, Corporate Performance, Corporate Accountability, Corporate Social Responsibility.
    ● Other topics on accounting, auditing and finance.

    David publications are strived to provide the best platform for researchers and scholars worldwide to exchange their latest findings and results. We admire your achievements, and we understand how important your research impact to other peers in the same interest field and other disciplines, and how delighted you would be when communicating with global professional peers. Your contribution to our journals would be very much welcome!


    1) The manuscript should be original, and has not been published previously. Do not submit material that is currently being considered by another journal;
    2) Manuscripts may be 3000-12000 words or longer if approved by the editor, including an abstract, texts, tables, footnotes, appendixes, and references. All other scholars’ words or remarks as well as their origins must be indicated if quoted. The paper title should be on page 1 and not exceed 15 words, and should be followed by an abstract of 100-200 words.3-5 keywords or key phrases are required;
    3) Authors of the articles being accepted are required to sign the Transfer of Copyright Agreement form;
    4) Author will receive one copy (100 pages or so) of the issue of the journal containing their article.
    5) Patterns or forms should be conformed to the standard listed on our website;

    Editorial Procedures

    All papers considered appropriate for this journal are reviewed anonymously by at least two outside reviewers. The review process usually takes 4-5 weeks. Papers are accepted for publication subject to no substantive, stylistic editing. The Editor reserves the right to make any necessary changes in the papers, or request the author to do so, or reject the paper submitted. A copy of the edited paper along with the first proofs will be sent to the author for proofreading. They should be corrected and returned to the Editor within seven days. Once the final version of the paper has been accepted, authors are requested not to make further changes to the text.

    Submission of manuscript

    All manuscripts submitted will be considered for publication. Manuscripts should be sent online or as an email attachment to:,,
    Address of Headquarter: 1840 Industrial Drive,Suite 160, Libertyville, IL 60048 USA.

    This e-mail message, including attachments, is for the sole use of the intended recipient(s) and may contain confidential or proprietary information. If you are not the intended recipient, immediately contact the sender by reply e-mail and destroy all copies of the original message.

  89. Abdulkadir Sani says:

    How can i get the authentics list of journals in technology or engineering becouse i have already published in some of the journals listed above so what should i do now? Thanks.

  90. yash says:

    Is International Journal of Diagnostic Imaging, Sciedu Press a predatory one?

  91. Percy Okae says:

    Hello Prof:
    Please, what about Carpathian Journal of Electronic and Computer Engineering published by UT Press Publishing House in Romania indexed in DOAJ?
    Thanks in advance.

  92. Percy Okae says:

    hello Prof:
    Please, what about IJCNC (international Journal of Computer Networks & Communications) by AIRCC?

  93. Ahmad jammal says:

    Thank you
    This is really a caner. We must think about the way to face this kind of publishers

  94. nciblak says:

    Could not find International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Technology ( in the list of stand alone journals. Must be a new predatory journal from India.

  95. Julius Kravjar says:

    Dear Jeffrey,

    You are doing huge work. Try to see, please, I think it is a candidate to your list.

    And how to fight to the very setrious danger that was mentioned by Prof. D. Weber-Wulff at “Gaming Metrics” conference at the University of Davis in Feb. 2016 about “It is indeed a grave danger – and it is getting harder to tell the difference between predatory publishers and traditional publishers”?



  96. Hermawan Kusumartono says:

    Dear Dr. Bealls What is your opinion about International Journal of Humanities and Social Science ?

    • There is a journal by this title published by the so-called “Center for Promoting Ideas.” It’s a completely fake publisher, and I recommend that you not submit any papers to this journal or any others from this bogus company.

  97. Hermawan Kusumartono says:

    Dear Dr. Bealls What is your opinion about International journal of Humanity and Social Science ?

  98. Hermawan Kusumartono says:

    Dear Dr. Bealls What is your opinion about International Journal of Sustainability in Economic, Social and Cultural Context ?

    • The International Journal of Sustainability in Economic, Social and Cultural Context is published by Common Ground, which, as a subscription publisher, is out of scope for my list.

  99. kukushe kukushe says:

    is Asian journal of science and technology /science in education publishing (sciep) a plagiarized journal

  100. Dr Deepak Batura says:

    Dear Mr Beall,

    Could you please guide me with regards to the following.

    1. A publishing house called PAGEpress. A link to one of their recently promoted journals:

    2. A publisher called sciencedomain international. A link to one of their journals:

    Many thanks,

  101. Krishna Prasad Acharya says:

    Dear Sir,

    Could you please help to know whether this journal is predatory?

  102. Aamir Memon says:

    Dear Jeffrey,
    Please take into consideration, International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research ( think you have not listed it yet.

  103. Jeanette McKenzie says:

    I found this publisher rather dodgy: Boasts a “global impact factor”

  104. says:

    Dear Sir,

    Please check about this journal

    It seems like this journal has been created to support someone or some group. I saw the name of chief editor in many publications.

    Moreover, many publications did not mention the number of project or reference number which approved by Ethical Committee. (It seem like the researcher cheating to publish without permission from Ethical committee).

    They just write the broad sentence such as……. This study was approved by the Ethics Committee of………Also, written informed consent forms were obtained.

    The high standard journal always requires the reference number of project.

    It seems to me very doubtful and low quality. They are willing to accept to paper.

    Thank you very much for your hard work.

    Best regards,


  105. Can I just say, Jeffrey, thank you so much for pulling these lists together. I can imagine how much work it is to keep up with what is obviously an ever-expanding list.

  106. Achukwu Chimezie B says:

    Dear Beall, thanks for the good work you are doing by enlightening with information on what to look out for when choosing a journal or publisher for our articles. But how can i find journals that are not predatory for my publications? Do you have a list for non-predatory Journals and Publishers?

  107. Wazabi says:

    Dear Mr. Beall,

    I’m not quite sure about this journal, PAKISTAN JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCES

    I found that the contact address is
    Room No. 522, 5th Floor, Panorama Centre
    Building No. 2, P.O. Box 8766, Saddar, Karachi – Pakistan.

    The Panorama Centre is shopping mall.

    What do you think?
    Thank you very much.

    • I will examine this journal, but I don’t think having an office in a shopping mall is necessarily a bad sign. At least the publisher is behing honest about it’s address. Many publishers in Pakistan claim to be based in the U.S. state of Delaware, a state where online business incorporation is common.

  108. Dr Deepak Batura says:

    Dear Mr Beall,

    This one appears quite dodgy as well. Did not find it on your list, though.

  109. […] I am receiving more and more emails from predatory publishers, so I have updated the filter which will send all the emails from those in the updated (2016) Beall’s list Beall’s list (2016) […]

  110. Tijir says:

    I have come across a predatory journal that charges a ‘page-charge’ of 19500 INR. And its papers are not even formatted. It is an Engineering journal which also publishes related to English Studies and Economics.
    International Journal of Applied Engineering Research (IJAER). The comedy is that even this is indexed by Scopus! Please do not publish with this sub-standard journal.

    • I agree. I have this journal’s publisher, Research India Publications (RIP), included on my list (as an exception, because it’s a subscription publisher that behaves like a predatory publisher).

      • Samuel Handelman says:

        “(as an exception, because it’s a subscription publisher that behaves like a predatory publisher).” How about Bentham Science? Their open-access arm, Bentham Open, is on your list, but their subscription-based offerings are also highly-dubious – and concerning, because they appear to have scammed a professional society into giving them their journal. I went ahead and forwarded you the corresponding e-mail.

      • Sanjay says:

        Research India Publication is making authors fool by publishing english , economics and social science articles in International journal of applied Engineering Research . I wonder why SCOPUS is still not taking action against the journal.

  111. […] Bealls List of Predatory Publishers 2016 […]

  112. me says:
    “American Institute of Science”.

    This is a copy from Wikipedia – just check for “Wikipedia” in the article.

  113. Frederick Ehiagwina says:

    I’m surprised to find ScienceDomain international among your list of predatory publishers. Kindly let know the reason(s) behind the inclusion

  114. Morita says:

    I tell you, it’s the Xhinese. They’re making their scientific status to grow in their way of doing things. And we have some of the developed country people that needs a longer publication lists to get funds. It their tag-up.

    I think we got two problems:
    There’s no standards for a PhD. Not in my country, not even in my university. Needless to say is there an international standard. A guy with an Harvard PhD and a guy who god a PhD some where in arctic region are, for some mechanism I have no idea how it works, are both same PhDs. How is one supposed to deal with a guy across the table that gives you a business card with a PhD on it?

    The peer-review system relies 100% on the goodness of human. Is this an adequate behavior as a scientist? I’m sorry for being irresponsible since I have no remedy or alternative for this system, but let’s start facing the fact that we all know now. Peer-review doesn’t work. It relies on some ethical spirit you find in Disney CG animations and it get’s too strong influence of personal view. It’s way far, too far to just say it’s the best effort, from the reviewing process being subjective.

    Please, to the people with authority in their own field and specialty. By the name of god do something about these problems or sooner
    but not later, our degrees will be worth nothing.

  115. Kusumartono says:

    Could you please help to know whether The International Journal of Climate Change: Impacts and Responses, publish by Common Ground is predatory? if it’s not predatory, how about impact factor ? thank

  116. Rajesh Singh says:

    Look at another predatory journal, all for money:

  117. Skillcano says:

    Who made you judge over academic publishers? You said, one of the reason journal publishers are blacklisted is because they set up their publishing house just to make money. Can you mention one publishing house that doesn’t have the interest of making money through its publications? Even the so called “Not for Profit” Organisations needs money to grow, which led them to use the donation method. Even Facebook that is free for all its users is among the top richest in the world. I think you have a bias mind toward journal publishers. It could be that you were dismissed from your service as editorial board member or you have a journal publishing house but have slow response from authors; and the only option left, is to criticize publishers who you think are doing well in their respective businesses. There is a saying that says, “You are what you said you are”. The bible says, “Do not Judge and you shall not be judged”. Each and every one of us have flaws. You don’t have the right to publish someone’s information and say all manner of ill things about them. You created this website to have followers and possibly get busy with something. I will tell you that you have an ulterior motive for creating this website. Possibly to extract authors email addresses into your database and use them for adverts. If not so, why do you have them signup and input their names and email addresses? You are not a saint. Stop criticizing and do your thing. I think after this, you may restrict my access to your website.

    • You obviously come from a country where individuality is suppressed, and you may be associated with one of the loser publishers on my list. At my university, we teach critical thinking, and we encourage individuals to make judgements, write reviews, and to freely speak their minds. I reject the pathological suppression you support here. What publisher are you associated with? I want to sound an even louder warning about it so that honest researchers can avoid it, and you.

  118. Andrew says:

    I think that you may be missing Applied Physics Research. For 300$ one can publish any garbage.

  119. […] After a fabulous lunch with Shea and Matt it was off to see some student posters, the calibre of the projects was astounding especially since many were undergraduates – so much talent and inspiration.  I will be working with the Researcher Support Services to develop a workshop aimed at graduate students – our first meeting went well and I was very happy to meet Jeffrey Beall author of Beall’s List of Predatory Publishers […]

  120. Elias E.E. says:

    what about Indo American Journal of Pharmaceutical Research?

  121. says:

    hello sir, why is it that Bioflux society is included in the list?

    • It’s on my list as a warning to honest researchers that they should avoid submitting their work to any of this publisher’s journals. It’s a low quality publisher that is sloppy and doesn’t adhere to industry standards. There are many batter options.

  122. en says:

    Sir have you checked JOURNAL OF NATURAL SCIENCES?

  123. Ramze A. Elzahrany says:

    We have a temporal distribution of the growth of predatory publishers so far, what about the spatial distribution?! “Geography matters”. Best wishes and regards.

  124. Sam Kagawa says:

    AASCIT are complete spammers beware. Recently i sent an article to the American journal of science and technology. After a bogus review they replied they have accepted my article. they asked me to pay article processing charges. The bank transfer address is Hong Kong while the journal is American! I transferred USD 200. After acknowledging the receipt of the money they refused to publish my article. I pleaded with them but since then they refused to reply. The address there is no person full name, no address, no contact. Only Gmail address. These are complete spammers. Do not ever send your journal to AASCIT. I have all the evidence of the communication i had with them. If need be i can give you the details.

  125. Valentina says:

    Dear Dr Beall,
    Could you please explain the reasons behind the inclusion of Frontiers in your list? Many respected researchers in my research field are involved in the editorial board of one of their journals and I myself am currently a Guest Associate Editor and did not find any irregularity in the paper acceptance process. They even have a contract with my university (Imperial College London) to cover for open access fees.

  126. […] which lack ethical procedures, particularly those that protect against plagiarism.[1] According to Beall’s list of Predatory Publishers 2016, there were only 223 publishers listed in 2013 which has increased significantly to 923 in 2016. […]

  127. Frew Amsale says:

    Dear Dr. Beall, what can you say about the European Scientific Journal in 2016?

  128. Yusuf Arief Afandy says:

    beal, please confirm if taylor and francis are predatory or not? i can not see this name in your list. tq

  129. okeoghene isaaac says:

    Good day Dr. Beall,
    what about Elixir International Journal, are they okay? can i get the lost of reputable journals on Library and information science.

  130. siam says:

    Could you please tell me about the conference publication > Machine Learning and Data Mining in Pattern Recognition … – Springer (by IBAI publisher) and Advances in Mass Data Analysis of Images and Signals in Medicine, Biotechnology, Chemistry and Food Industry – springer (by IBAI publisher). As they are in springer so not sure whether they are predatory or not. please let me know.

    • The proceedings for this are published as monographs (books), not scholarly journals, so they are out of my scope. But I can tell you that neither the conference nor the series of books appear to be predatory. It appears to be a good quality effort.

  131. Aamir Memon says:

    Dear Jeffrey,
    Please consider including Asia-Pacific Journal of Research ( in your list and also the International Journal of World Research ( I came across their names in an online course on research writing offered by AuthorAid where one of the participants had question regarding the credibility of this journal.

  132. Aamir Memon says:

    Dear Dr. Jeffrey,
    International Journal of Education, Development, Society and Technology (IJEDST) ( and others by IJBST Journal Index need your attention ( I’m doubtful about their quality!

  133. Is the Journal “Global Journal for Research Analysis” a predatory journal ?

  134. Emmanuel says:

    If somebody unknowingly publishes in any of the predatory journals what will happen to the papers published there already?.

  135. Olu says:

    Hi beall,
    What do you think about Journal of Internet banking and Commerce?

    • Proceed with much caution. This journal is published by Allied Academies, and this publisher is on my list. I recommend finding a stronger journal and publisher for your work.

  136. Alhassan Lansah Abdulai says:

    Dear Dr Jeffrey,
    What can you say about the International Journal of Agricultural Research and the Crop journal? Are they predatory or not?

    • Do you mean the International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Sciences (IJACS)? If yes, then this journal is included on my standalone journal list here, and I recommend that you not send any papers to it.

      • Alhassan Lansah Abdulai says:

        I actually referred to International Journal of Agricultural Research (IJAR). There is another one known as the Crop Journal

  137. Candy says:

    Dear Dr. Jeffrey Beall,
    First of all, I would like to sincerely thank you for your great effort in posting this valuable information. I would like to ask if MTMI (Modern Technology and Management Institute, Inc.), a predatory publisher? This is there website and the list of journals: (

    • I think their journals are not open-access, and I generally limit my work to OA journals. The organization itself looks fishy and unprofessional (and sloppy). If you are able to access the journals, please let me know; I did not see any links to full text. Thanks.

      • Candy says:

        Thank you so much, Dr. Beall. I will let you once I get the link to full text. All the best

  138. Said Mussa says:

    Dear Beall,
    I am said from Mekelle University, Ethiopia. I have the interest to publish my articles in reputable journals. While browsing i come across to a publisher called Pushpa Publishing house whose journal is “Far East journal of Mathematical Education”.
    If you don’t mind i would like to bet your time in knowing the status of he publisher and the journal?

  139. Percy Okae says:

    Dear Prof. Bealle:
    What do you say about journal of software by Academy Publisher?
    Is it genuine?

    Address is San Bernadino, CA.

    • I have a journal with this title included on my list here. Is this the journal you are referring to?

      If so, then I recommend that you avoid this journal. I would recommend finding a stronger journal for your work.

  140. Norman says:

    Prof Bealle

    What about Applied Environmental Ecology (AEE)?

  141. Percy Okae says:

    Hello again Prof.
    What about Applied Computer Science Journal based in Poland and published by Lublin University of Technology, Institute of Technological Systems Information

  142. Emmanuel Ugwu says:

    Dear Professor Dr.Beall
    Thank you so much for educating us on the Journals to avoid. May God replenish your efforts.
    I am thinking of sending my research work to Pacific Journal of science and Technology (Akama University Journal). What can you say about the Journal?.
    I am just confused about where to send my research work for publication owing to the fact that some of my senior colleagues who I would have asked about the good Journals where I can send my manuscript publish their work in Predatory Journals. How do I know good Journals?.Can you send me the lists of good Journals in Engineering?.

    • I limit my work to identifying low-quality and predatory journals and publishers and do not provide information about good journals. I have not heard of this Pacific Journal before and will have a look as soon as I can.

  143. Katherine says:

    Dear Prof. Beall, would you say it is ok submitting to present for IAFOR? They offer publishing the conference proceedings and a full paper in a peer-reviewed journal. This is their website: Thank you for your great help.

    • It’s your decision. It’s not on my list.
      I regularly receive inquiries about it, so perhaps this is an indication that people find it questionable. I personally would never associate with this company.

  144. Percy Okae says:

    hello Prof. Bealle:
    Please, what about IISTE journals.
    Are they genuine?

  145. Percy Okae says:

    hello Prof. Bealle:
    Please do you know of International Journal of Computer Science & Network Security (IJCSNS) ? Is it predatory? It is based in Seoul South Korea.

  146. […] Finally, this publisher is listed on Beall’s List of Predatory Publishers 2016. […]

  147. hi there DR. Beall
    I am looking for list of non predatory research conference…



  148. […] Beall’s list is an excellent resource for anyone with questions about an OA publisher or journal. The 2016 index post to Beall’s List of Predatory OA Publishers, with links to each list, can b… […]

  149. Victor says:

    Dr, Beall,

    I commend you for the good work you are doing to the research community, many people have gotten illicit credit from this masquerading “journals”

    What Algorithm, technique or process is used to determine if a journal is predatory or not? We have a lot of publishers that ask for money but they publish very credible work. I know some of these journals even host servers in their bedroom and the paper is received in the morning accepted in the afternoon and published before dinner.

    So how does a journal/conference qualify in the list. Something else, is the study 100%, are there no others that should be there that are not there or are there others that are there and should not be there. I am just asking out of curiosity

    • Some of the premises of your questions are incorrect. There is no algorithm used. The decisions are made using an established criteria. Simply charging authors is not among the criteria. Moreover, I do not keep any list of conferences.

  150. Sharmistha Bhattacherjee says:

    Dear Dr. Beall

    Thanks for doing a wonderful work which is of immense help to people like us. I would like your opinion on IOSR Journals (, especially their medical and dental journal ( They seem to accept manuscripts on the drop of a hat.

    Please advise

    • This publisher is included on my list. It is a massive spammer, among other weaknesses. I recommend that all researchers avoid this publisher’s journals and instead seek publishing opportunities with higher-quality publishers.

      • commander says:

        I really appreciate the good work you are doing here sir, i got a mail from IJRTEM-Invention journal of research technology in engineering and management, website – I checked through your list but i can’t locate the publisher on it, please look into it sir.

  151. Alabi, oladunni says:

    i will like to know if this publisher is among the predatory ones before i send my journals to them.Thank you.
    Alabi Oladunni

  152. Nyuiemedi says:

    I would like to know if Researchjournali is on the predatory list.
    Thank you

  153. Nyuiemedi says:

    Please suggest some journals in education, psychology, public health and sociology that are on the predatory list.

  154. S.M. says:

    This publisher seems to be new. Any comments on this journal Trends in HIV/AIDS

  155. Prof says:

    Weldone prof, please help me run a check on this journal, Jordan journal of chemistry and Journal of the Turkish Chemical Society, website – and I like to know if it is safe to send my latest research to them for publication

  156. Is endocrinology and metabolism international journal a predator journal? please advise

  157. Nyuiemedi says:

    Thanks Prof for assisting us especially we young researchers. I’ll like some suggested journals in the area of education, psychology, public health and sociology.
    Thanks again

  158. Dwarik says:

    Dear Beall
    Is American Journal of Public Health Research fake?

  159. Samuel says:

    Dear Bell, Please is Imperial Journal of International research on your list?

  160. sermoeyilisu says:

    Dear Dr. Beall,

    Could you please check the “International Journal of Engineering and Advanced TechnologyTM (IJEAT)” is included in the Beall’s list or not?

    Thank you.

  161. Oton Kings says:

    Hello Jeff,
    IJAERS – international journal of advanced engineering and sciences appears on your list even when then meet your key criteria of displaying the qualifications of its editorial board members; I wonder what maybe wrong with them even when they have an ex-NASA staff as chief editor? What is your opinion of the international journal of energy and environmental engineering, IJEEE; and also international journal of energy and environment, IJEE?

    • I don’t have a journal named International Journal of Advanced Engineering and Sciences on my list.

      The other titles are also not on the list. I wonder if the NASA guy even knows he is the “chief editor.”

      • Oton Kings says:

        Thanks for the quick reply. The Journal is actually – International Journal of Advanced Engineering Research and Science (IJAERS). The Editor-in-Chief actually was a Post Doctoral Fellow at NASA; And all members of the editorial board list their qualifications and specialty. The journal was also recently listed as a Thomson Reuters Emerging Sources Citation Index. The IJEE is sponsored by the international energy and environment foundation (IEEF), and do not charge any fee for publication. The other IJEEE is based in Tehran, Iran.

      • This journal is a complete joke. I stand by its inclusion on my list.

  162. Sitti says:

    Panoply Consultancy is the organizer of 2nd International Conference on Advanced Research in Business and Social Sciences in Bali, Indonesia. They have mentioned in publication opportunity All Accepted full Papers will be published in the special issue of either any of the following journals I did not find any published paper or link on the web of 1st International Conference on Advanced Research in Business and Social Sciences 2015 was held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Prof. what is your opinion about this conference?

  163. […] Untuk cek apakah masuk Beall’s List ? bisa search di daftar jurnalnya : Perhatikan: Predatory Journals (Ada bbrp Terindex di Scopus) […]

  164. Commander says:

    Good day Prof, i got a spam message from India journal of research, website – I didn’t see their name on your list, kindly look into the journal and see if it should be included in your predatory list

  165. Katherine says:

    Prof, Beall please guide with this conference World Congress on Education offering publications of selected papers in any of these journals (I checked them and couldn’t find them in your list): International Journal of Technology and Inclusive Education, International Journal for Infonomics, International Journal for Digital Society, Literacy information and computer education journal, International Journal for E-learning security, International Journal for Cross-disciplinary subjects in Education.

    Thank you for your help! Katherine

  166. Bill Nada says:

    Anything on AgroPub? More specifically the Journal of Environmental & Agricultural Sciences? Their official FB page is filled with woo.

  167. Ramneet says:

    Dear Dr. Beall,
    kindly comment about JEMDS, is this one also a predatory journal.

  168. Roman says:

    Dear Jeffrey Beall,
    IS this a fake conference:
    Thank you

  169. Roman says:

    Dear Jeffrey,
    Is this a fake conference:

    Thank you so much.

    • I wouldn’t call it fake exactly, but with large, for-profit, and expensive conference organizers like this one, it’s probably better to avoid them and find a conference organized by a non-profit, scholarly society in your particular field of study.

  170. Commander says:

    Good day Prof, please what do you think of journal of medicinal plants research –

  171. Tefera says:

    Global Journal of Animal Scientific Research

  172. Sileshi says:

    Good day what do say on the journal Transylvanian review which operate on will it hijacked journal ?

  173. Bernice says:

    Hello, What about “Greener journal of physics and science?”

  174. Sileshi says:

    What about Journal of Forestry Research ?

  175. adetola a. says:

    Please I would like to ask if you can give a list of authentic journals where we can publish our work thank you

  176. […] out for predatory journals and publishers. Avoid these like the plague, since they will publish anything that gets sent to them. (What is a […]

  177. DES says:

    any body to tell me about “Journal of Scientific Research in Pharmacy”. is it predator? please share me ur ideas

    • Yes, I think it is. It’s a deceptive, non-transparent, and low-quality journal. I recommend all researchers not associate with this journal in any way. I have added it to my list. Thanks for alerting me to it.

  178. martin says:

    Dear, Prof Beall.
    What about Scialert ( It’s on your list. But now they’re members of SSP ( They now have the same stand as MIT press, EBSCO, CrossReff, Thomson Reuters, etc. Does that mean that Scialert still very bad (predatory) publisher?. I’m still confused about your criteria, Does your method can be quantified? or you can show me your publication regarding how you analyzed or concluded that this publisher is predatory, this journal is predatory, and so on. It would be very good if your method to identified this predatory publisher can be peer reviewed by other scientists.

    Best Regards,

  179. ib says:

    Dear Dr Beal, i admire your work so much.i did an online course in research writing that was where i realized that we have predatory journals. It would be a good idea if you can start a list for authentic journals,that would encourage journals with good intention to improve.Can a predatory journal in your list who have improved their quality be removed from your list in future?

  180. rezait says:

    hello Dr. Beal, waht is your opinion about “IJCSIS”.
    It is indexed by WoS and DBLP, googles cholar and Scopus.

  181. Dear Dr. Beal, my manuscript was accepted from FSSH Journals only to find out later on that it is listed in your blog as potential predatory journal. I have formally requested them to clarify it to me for my own sake, saying that I will not allow my paper to be published if they cannot provide a substantial response. However, it’s been almost three months and I received nothing until when the editor emailed me about viewing my article in this particular site ( I’ve requested them to not to publish my article. My worry is that they might pull out some tricks on me to force me pay the publication fee.

    Our university has a strict policy on Journals listed under your blog Dr. Beal. i’m glad i did not pay for the fee.

  182. Yes I did that exactly. They have not responded to my emails. In the meantime I have restructured and reorganized the article and submitted it to a reputable academic journal–it’s not found in your list. It is under peer review now. My worry is that the new Journal to which I’ve submitted my newly revised manuscript might notice this because FSSH Journal website is still posting my article, saying I might self-plagiarized. What are the chances this might happen? Or worse, would the FSSH Journals might press charges against me should the manuscript be considered for publication to this new journal i have submitted?

    Please enlighten me on this.

    • Did you transfer copyright to the first publisher?
      I recommend that you not submit an article that is previously published elsewhere. Many in this situation have “lost” the article. In some cases, the best solution may be to use it as a learning experience and write a new and better paper and submit it to a high-quality journal.

      • I did not signed anything. But they send me a Copyright policy together with the acceptance letter, which they drafted saying that the copyright is theirs. In my mind, is this even the correct practice? Should it be that I will stamped my signature FIRST before they will consider the article as theirs to publish? The mere fact that I did NOT sign anything means that I have not given them the RIGHT to publish my article, right?

        I have already submitted the article to this second publisher but in a completely different tone. So if worse comes to worst, will this work against me? Shall I just inform the second publisher that the article which I had previously submitted was predatory and I made repeated request to refrain them from publishing the article due to indications of predatory behavior?

        Please help me on this.

  183. Deepak Batura says:

    Dear Mr Beall,

    I find the journal Aging on your list of predatory standalone journals ( I also note it MEDLINE indexed.
    ( Where do we finally stand regards this publication?

    • I don’t know where “we” stand, but I think Medline should stand and correct itself. Aging is a sister journal to Oncotarget. I think it’s a house of cards that will soon fall. Submit at your own risk.

      • Deepak says:

        Thank you. By “we” I meant the scientific community that keenly follows your work.

  184. […] Not all journals have a legitimate peer-review process. Knowing where an article has been published can give you information about whether it has been reviewed and critiqued by experts in the methods used or subject matter. See Beall’s lists of ‘predatory’ journals and publishers here. […]

  185. Commander says:

    Good day Prof , what can you say about this journal- . Isn’t it predatory?

  186. yibrah tekle says:

    i worry always by now may one journal not predatory but i could be predatory by next time so what could be the fortune of the research articles which published by this journal, prof. do you some idea about these research articles?

    in generally in my observation a number of research articles were published in those predatory journal and they cited in the non-predatory journals published research articles. so you see prof. the non predators journals recognized as legal or accepted the work of those predator journals— here there is a gap ; you said those papers published in predatory journals are not scientific or not hold the truth if so why those non-predatory journal publishers and your institute develop the system to extraction those cited papers which published in predatory journals before the non-predatory journals published their research articles????????

    b/c many many many articles published in predatory journals which are classified by you as not significant for contribution rather than they are devastating papers, isn’t it? i need to hear your clear decision up on these question and their solution.
    thanks prof.

    • Yes, sometimes good research is published in bad journals. My work aims to help researchers avoid submitting their work to low-quality, deceptive, and predatory journals. If someone publishes his work in borderline journals, the journals may go to the bad side of the border. Always submit your work to high-quality, established, and respected journals.

  187. KY says:

    Dear Sir,

    Could you tell me how about “Health Science Journal” from Insight Medical Publishing ? And how is ASIAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED SCIENCES from Science alert?

    These journals have been found on Scimago Journal ranking.

    Thank you very much

    • Both of these publishers are low quality and should be avoided by all researchers, in my opinion. If you rely on Scimago, you may become a victim of predatory publishers.

  188. Journal says:

    Please check this journal – is it predatory?

    • This journal is published by the so-called “Academy of Business and Retail Management (ABRM),” and this publisher is on my list of questionable publishers. I recommend you avoid all their journals and conferences.

  189. Lemma Gulilat Nigatu says:

    Dear Beall;
    tell me please the status of international journal of scientific and technology research,insight publishing i am ready to submit my article for them

  190. Jennifer says:

    Dear Beall

    I just realize the journal I submitted and got accepted last month belongs to the publisher on your list. When I submitted last year, it wasn’t on your list. I tried to contact them asking to retract the paper, and are waiting for their response. Normally, is it possible to retract the paper? Thank you.

  191. I did not signed anything. But they send me a Copyright policy together with the acceptance letter, which they drafted saying that the copyright is theirs. In my mind, is this even the correct practice? Should it be that I will stamped my signature FIRST before they will consider the article as theirs to publish? The mere fact that I did NOT sign anything means that I have not given them the RIGHT to publish my article, right?

    I have already submitted the article to this second publisher but in a completely different tone. So if worse comes to worst, will this work against me? Shall I just inform the second publisher that the article which I had previously submitted was predatory and I made repeated request to refrain them from publishing the article due to indications of predatory behavior?

    Please help me on this.

    • Jennifer says:

      You said you made repeated request for withdrawal, how did they respond? I have the same problem, and are still waiting for them to respond for a week now. No response at all. Can you submit to the second publisher before you clear things out with the first publisher.

  192. hodjat1369 says:

    Dear Dr. Beall,
    Last month i submitted a paper to IJCSIS, the review process took about one month and the article review form was also sent to me. It was obvious that referees had studied my paper and i also know some of the editorial members of this journal. Some of them are well-known professors in Iran and other countries. Thomson Reuters has also indexed this journal as ECSI since 2015.
    What is the reason that motivated you to put this journal in your list?

  193. Dan says:

    Dear Jeffrey,
    Thank you for your efforts.

    Is the following journal considered as a predatory journal, International Journal of Advances in Computer Science and Technology? It belongs to The World Academy of Research in Science and Engineering (WARSE) publisher.

    I’d like to know whether this journal is a good one or not. I found two websites for it, which are the following:

    So is it a good journal?


  194. Jennifer says:

    Dear Beall

    What do you think about Journal of Business Inquiry? I’ve got a lot of emails from them promoting its journal.

  195. Osarobu Emmanuel Igudia says:

    Hi, Beall! Thanks for a good job, well done. I have fallen aprey to predatory journals. Now, I’m sceptical of who to send my articles to. Could you kindly recommend credible journals in the fields of publishing, humanity, communication, librarianship and languages?

  196. Mahesh Babu says:

    Dear Dr Beall,
    Are the journals published by IPASJ predatory? They are given ISRA JIF impact factor.Plz find it.Address:

  197. Gunadi says:

    why does oncotarget include in your list? the journal has been indexed in Scopus and Web of Science (IF: 6.359)

    • The impact factor is not a measure of quality.
      Scopus has made a mistake here.
      It’s on my list because of questions about its peer review. This not really a journal; it’s just a massive repository of articles, with a hundred or so lightly reviewed new ones each week.

      • Gunadi says:

        how did you come to conclusion that the peer-reviewed process of oncotarget was so lightly? since the journal publish article every week doesn’t mean bad review process? how do you compare it with Nature/Science?

  198. Commander says:

    Trust you are doing well prof, please check this journal and see if it is predatory – international journal of pharmaceutical, chemical and biological Sciences –

  199. Mahzad says:

    Hi . Would you please check ;
    I am not sure if it is fake.

    • This journal is from a publisher called “Science and Education.” I have it included on my list. I recommend that you not send any papers to any of its journals, including this one.

  200. TBOU says:

    I know you’ve said the following publisher is predatory.

    But, what is your opinion on being an editor for these journals? On one hand, it gives them legitimacy, on the other, does it help a CV?

    • In my opinion, it would be a really bad idea to agree to be an editor-in-chief or editorial board member for any MedCrave journal. I strongly recommend that all researchers avoid all association with this highly questionable publisher.

    • Sam says:

      It does not help your CV. I have first or second-hand knowledge of several instances of candidates/applications/packages which were thrown out, or severely weakened, because they listed associations with journals or publishers on Jeff’s list. This is a relatively recent phenomenon so you might get away with it, but association with these imprints is an indicator of poor judgment and of a lack of familiarity with your own field; especially as knowledge of the problem becomes more widespread, you can expect it to be held against you.

    • TBOU says:

      Thanks. In our department, they don’t check editorial-ship against predatory journals, so it wouldn’t “hurt” my CV. Possibly it might if I tried to move. And then there’s the aspect that it helps bad people.

      The real litmus test was reaching out to someone I know in the editor list (it didn’t impact good or bad her tenure package), but she said they were annoying and constantly spam you.

  201. […] away from predatory publishers. Here is some information on them: Beall’s list of predatory publishers 2016. (In a review I recently did for a funding application, the funding agency asked explicitly if […]

  202. vakalutusau says:

    Dear Dr Beall, Can you advice me on the journal: International Review of Business Research Papers?

  203. Radyad says:

    Dr Beal, what is your opinion on this conference

  204. rindorj says:

    Is this a real or fake Cambridge Scholars Publisher? They have given this link.

  205. Dr.(Engr.) wasiu Agunbiade Lamid says:

    Sir, I want to publish in two journals, Heliyon Elsevier and Ethopian Journal of Environment ( a member of African Journal on line). Are they okay sir?

  206. drjha says:
    Global Journal For Research Analysis (GJRA) seems to be a predatory journal

  207. Karno Ng says:

    Is the International Journal of Science Education from Taylor and Francis an OK journal?

  208. rollando says:

    Is the Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research is the predatory journal?

  209. Athanda says:

    Sir, i will like to know whether the Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science (ISOR-JAVS) is a good journal.

  210. michael says:

    What about international journal of innovation and development. Is it fake.

  211. Musa BISHIR says:

    Can you please check whether American Journal of Food Science and Health is on the list ? Thank you

  212. Dear Dr. Beall,
    Could you please check this publisher?
    Thank you!

    • I’ve checked this publisher before.
      It uses the “delayed open-access” publishing model.
      The publisher is not on my list at this time. However, it is not a top-tier publisher.
      If you are thinking of publishing in one of its journals, it might be a good idea to find a better publisher.

  213. Lina says:

    How about the journal International Journal of Modern Chemistry and applied sciences?

  214. Lina says:

    Here is the link for International Journal of Modern Chemistry and applied sciences :

    • Okay, thanks. I had not heard of this journal before. I analyzed it and added it to my list here. I recommend that you not send any papers to this journal. Thank you for bringing it to my attention.

  215. Michael Carter says:

    Just got a request to publish from Journal of Nature and Science (JNSCI) ISSN 2377-2700 | I did not find these folks on your lists. Interesting model – author obtains peer review (if wanted) prior to submission and there seems to be no cost for publishing.

    Have you heard of these folks?

  216. Dr Deepak Batura says:

    Dear Mr Beall,

    Could you please advise on The European Medical Journal.

  217. what you say about the imperial journal of interdisciplinary research (IJIR)

  218. what about the international journal of sciences:basic and applied research (IJSBAR)

  219. Farzin says:

    Please check these following journals . Are they predatory?

    The Historical Journal

    History Of Science

    Journal of Global History


  220. Hello Sir,
    Thanks for wonderful job, infact my university is taken the list serious and journal from predatory journal cannot be consider for promotion purpose. On the list intech-mirror site was listed as predatory publishing house. What is the difference between intech and intech-mirror site?

  221. amara says:

    Dear Dr. Beall, what can you say about the european journal of scientific research in 2016 ?

  222. […] Beall’s List of Predatory Publishers 2016 […]

  223. Radyad says:

    Dear Dr Beall, would you advice me on the journal of agricultural engineering and Biotechnology

  224. Dr Deepak Batura says:

    Bentham open is on your list. What about Bentham Science Publishers? (
    Also, what is your opinion about the journal of Acute Diseases (

    • Bentham Science is out of scope for my work; it’s not an open-access publisher.
      The Journal of Acute Diseases is one of several journals published by Elsevier for Hainan Medical University. Most of the HMU journals are low quality and should be avoided, in my opinion.

  225. Paul Suwannarat says:

    Dear Professor Jeffrey,

    Again, I get acceptance from this publisher (organizer) for joining conference so easily and my friend gets acceptance to publish her research work in one of its journals without receiving feedbacks from reviewers.

    I (seriously) just wonder if it is in your black list or not.

    Please help me to verify this point so if it is OK I will submit too (by pay money like my friend) since its journals are indexed in SCOPUS too.

    Thank You so Much!

    Best regards,


    • No, I have not heard of this publisher before.
      If it is publishing research without any peer review, then I recommend you avoid this publisher. Please find an honest publisher that manages a strong, standard peer review. It’s possible that this publisher may appear on my list soon.

  226. Ab says:

    Dear Jeffrey Beall, thank you for your help
    Is this journal a predator or not?
    “Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare”

  227. Naz says:

    Hi Beall,
    Is this a predatory publisher? They do not ask for publication fee?
    Inter science Publishers.

    • It’s out of scope for my work because it’s not an open-access publisher.
      Does your library subscribe to its journals? Mine does not, and I think most libraries do not subscribe to this publisher’s journals. I recommend against hiding your work in this publisher’s journals. Find a better publisher.

  228. Gunadi says:

    Hi Beall,

    Are Elyns journal of surgery and Elyns publishing groups considered as predatory journal/publisher?

  229. berhanu says:

    dear bell, thank you for your excellent work. you listed intenational journal of pediatrics as a predatory journal, but you didn’t list the publisher “Mashhad University of Medical Sciences ” in the predatory list, would you explain please?
    also there is another journal in hindawi publishing corporation with the same name “international journal of pediatrics” and i is better to put the ISSN number to distingush this kind of confusion.

  230. Stephen says:

    Hi Jeffrey
    You are doing a great job. I wanted to send my paper to Virtus Interpress but I saw it listed the other day but I am not seeing it on the list. Have you de-listed Virtus Interpress?

  231. Fawole Ibrahim says:

    Good day Dr. Beall,
    Are these journals predatory?
    1. Central European Journal of occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    2. International Journal of Environmental Sciences (IJES)

    • Neither journal is on my list at this time.
      The second one appears to be a dead journal, having published only a single issue in 2013. I recommend avoiding it. Given the common title, it’s possible we’re talking about two different journals, however.

  232. Dr. Vincent Aduramigba says:

    Dear Jeffrey,

    Please help to verify the integrity of :
    International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research (IJSER)

  233. Ponco Budi says:

    Dear Dr. Beall,

    According to your
    which is Trans Stellar is including in the list. But I found that one of its journal is indexed by Index Copernicus International here

    What is your opinion regarding this.

    Thank you in advance

    • In my opinion, Index Copernicus is a bogus metric. So I’m not surprised to see that a questionable journal is displaying it.

      • Ponco Budi says:

        Thank you for your comment. But why that particular journal namely International Journal of Communication and Media Studies (IJCMS) is not including in your list. Is it mean ok if I publish my article there…?
        Thank you.

      • I have this journal’s publisher, Trans Stellar, included on my list.

  234. Purwanto says:

    Dear Dr. Beall,
    Journal ” Actual Problems of Economics”, International Journal of Banking, Accounting and Finance”, those publishers are predatory journal or not

  235. Johnson Upahi says:

    Dear Jeffrey,
    Thank you so much for the good work you are doing to bring and retain sanity in academics with respect to scientific writing and publishing.
    You listed Eurasian Journal of Physics and Chemistry Education published by iSER. Please, how come EJPCE is on list as a predatory journal?

    • Johnson Upahi says:

      Dear Prof. Jeffrey,

      I’m still waiting for your reply on whether or not, Eurasian Journal of Physics and Chemistry Education is a predatory journal…

      Thank you.

      • This journal is published by a firm called iSER Publications. The publisher is included on my list here. I recommend you avoid this journals and the other journals from this publisher.

  236. Dear sir,
    First let me thank you for the good work you are doing of letting the junior researchers getting to know the appropriate journals to publish their work. Am new in this field and i have submitted a paper to the International Journal of Innovative Research and Advanced Studies. Is this journal credible? Please advice

    • I had not heard of this journal before. Therefore, I had a close look and analyzed it. I found that it meets the criteria for inclusion on my list, so I have added it to the list.

      Accordingly, I recommend that you not submit any papers to it. It is a very low quality journal. Thank you for alerting me to it.

  237. Radyad says:

    Dear Jeffrey,
    Thank you so much for the good work you on scientific writing and publishing. what would you suggest on Journal of Advanced Agricultural Technologies.

  238. Chacha says:

    Dear Jeffrey,
    Please help me, I received an email from Lambert Academic Publishing ( inviting me to submit a thesis, dissertation or monograph after they saw my published papers on aflatoxin and fumonisin. Do you think this publisher is a genuine one.


  239. Badri K.C says:

    Dear Jeffrey,
    Thank you so much for these lists for it is very beneficial for those who want their research paper, to choose the genuine journal.

    My general inquiry is –
    a. If the journal was in your list in 2013 or 2014 but not in 2016, can we assume that the journal is authentic now.
    b. If the publication group is in predatory list this year should all the journals that publishing house releases be assumed as predatory journals ?

    Please make me clear.

    • Journals or publishers are removed from the list for different reasons, including name changes. Each case is different.
      To answer your second question, yes, if the publisher is listed, this listing applies to all of the journals it publishes.

  240. Is International Journal Of Medical Science And Clinical Invention a predator journal?

  241. jack says:

    Is Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences a predator journal ?

  242. I would like to know if journals belong to kambohwel ( are credible or not.

    • Thank you. I had not heard of this publisher before. It is now on my list, and I strongly recommend that you do not send any papers to its journals. This is a very low-quality publisher.

  243. Sourav says:

    Dear Jeffrey,
    Thanks for maintaining the list. Its really helping us to identify bogus journal. What’s your opinion about European Journal of Education Studies ( Regards

    • This journal seems to have two publishers: Open Access Publishing Group and European Journals of Education Studies. Both are included on my list, so I recommend that you avoid this journal. I would recommend you not submit any papers to it or serve on its editorial board.

  244. Dinesh says:

    A friend of mine has submitted a research work in a journal entitled “Research and reports in urology” published by Dove press. My concern is about the authenticity of the journal, since I am a co-author of the submitted paper. Furtermore, my friend didn’t consult me prior to the submission. Now I am not sure whether to proceed with submission procedure and wait for the decision or retract the paper and decline the submission. Please suggest me the best option.
    Thanks in advance.

    • I’m not sure what to advise either.
      I find this publisher borderline, and it’s not on my list at this time.
      I think it’s safe to assume the publisher will accept the paper. That’s what they do.

  245. Badreldin A. Ahmed says:

    Dear, Jeffrey
    Thank you so much for the good work you on scientific writing and publishing. what would you suggest of
    Scholars Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences isit on your list this year 2016 because you list it as (SAS publishers). o your list in 2014
    Dr. Badr A Ahmed

    • Yes, I have this publisher on my list now: Scholars Academic and Scientific Publishers (SAS Publishers). When I include a publisher on the list, this means that I recommend researchers avoid all the journals from that publisher.

      Therefore, I recommend you not submit any papers to the Scholars Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences.

  246. Badreldin A. Ahmed says:

    dear, Prof.
    I’m not sure if this journal if on your list
    MAYFEB Journal of Agricultural Science

    • Yes, I have this journal’s publisher on my list. The publisher’s name is: MAYFEB Technology Development.
      When I include a publisher on the list, this means I recommend that you not send any papers to ALL the journals from that publisher.
      Thank you.

      • Badreldin A. Ahmed says:

        dear, Prof.
        We seek about low cost or free good journals to publish our papers>
        Can you give us list of these good low cost price journals?

  247. Victor says:

    Dear Prof. Beall,

    I would like to ask you about Google Scholar h5 index and h5 median. Are these Metrics reliable when compared with those of WoS and Scopus?
    If yes, please give us a rough estimation of lower bounds of Google Scholar h5 index and h5 median, in order a journal to be good.

    • I find all Google Scholar metrics questionable. GS can be easily gamed. I recommend against relying on or using Google Scholar metrics in academic evaluation.

      • Victor says:

        Thank you very much for your prompt response.
        By this occasion, I would like to ask you about ResearchGate Scores and ResearchGate Journal Impact. The latter was introduced by ResearchGate a few months ago and has the same order of magnitude with isi IF.

      • I think metrics calculated by ResearchGate have no credibility. The service is easily subject to gaming. I recommend ignoring ResearchGate-calculated metrics for all serious purposes.

  248. Sarah Chan says:

    HI all, Has anyone heard of Sharon Publishers before?

  249. Joe Kainja says:

    Are these journals on the list;
    – Journal of Financial Risk Management (JFRM)
    – Journal of Applied Finance and Accounting

    Thank you

    • There is a Journal of Financial Risk Management published by Scientific Research Publishing. I have this publisher included on my list and recommend against publishing in any of its journals.

      I see a Journal of Applied Finance and Accounting that appears to be dead (i.e. last issue published three years ago). I haven’t analyzed it, but I recommend against submitting papers to dead journals.

  250. Jeremiah says:

    Hi Thank you Professor Beall for your kind effort in filtering all the bogus and low quality publishers and journals. However, i do have a question for the journal name International Journal of the Commons. Whether it is predatory or borderline or so-called low quality. However, it seems pretty legit to me, still, I kindly need your advice and confirmation.


  251. Aljon says:

    Sir is the Imperial Journal of Interdisciplinary Research a reliable publisher? I just sent my paper to them and it is now accepted.

    • No, this journal is completely bogus, as you discovered when they accepted your paper with no peer review. It’s from a publisher that calls itself Finlogy. The publisher is on my list, and I recommend that all researchers completely avoid this publisher and its journals.

  252. Hayford Danso says:

    Hello Prof,
    Please what is your views on university based journals. I am a young academics and I look out for university based journals to publish in. Is this a good starting point as a young academics?

    • Usually these journals prosper for a time, often supported on the enthusiasm of a single person. When that person moves away, the journal typically withers and dies. Be wary of any open-access journal published by a university, especially new ones. They might be quite good for a time, but after several years they may end up abandoned.

      • Hayford Danso says:

        Hello Prof,
        . Thank you so much for your response. Well noted. I want to know whether these university based journals could be considered as predatory.

  253. SABA, T.M says:

    Please tell us journals that are good.

  254. abdu says:

    Dear sir
    Does G-journal of environmental science and technology a fake journal?
    DR kj.

    • I have added the following two low-quality journals to my list:

      G-Journal of Environmental Science and Technology (GJEST)
      G-Journal of Education, Social Science and Humanities (GJESH)

      Thank you for bringing them to my attention.

  255. Faraz Farooq says:

    Hi Beall

    Thanks a lot for all your hard work. You are doing a great job in finding and sharing these predator journals/publishers.

    I am making a powerpoint presentation on the predatory journals and wanted to ask for your permission to use data and information from this web page.

  256. please help me confirm if this journal is a predatory….. International journal of applied and basic medical research. a journal of basic medical Scientist association.

  257. Barry says:

    I am started to get really concerned at the number of journals tagged as being published by predatory publishers by this blog but also being indexed in Emerging Sources Citation Index (Thomson Reuters Web of Science). Dr. Beall, have you started to notice this phenomenon and are you expecting to write a blog entry about this? I’m getting spam emails now where they indicate the indexing in the Emerging Sources Citation Index as legitimizing these journals.

  258. eyitayo says:

    Prof., kindly help me find out about international journal of basic and applied science published by insan akademika. Thanks Sir

  259. manal says:

    Journal of Medicine and Medical Research and Journal of Microbiology Research and Reviews
    are these also hijacked journals

    • These are not hijacked journals, but they are low-quality or predatory journals. The publisher is called Discourse Journals. I recommend you not send any papers to any of this publisher’s journals. Please find a better publisher.

  260. Heather Larkin says:

    Hello! I received a suspicious email from “Advances in Plants & Agriculture Research”

    I didn’t see an email forwarding option listed on this site, but I think that would be helpful for crowd sourcing the project!

    Kind regards

  261. otto says:

    Dear sir,
    Thanks for your work hard. I have a question about Predatory Publishers. how can i check predatory publisher list 2015? I think predatory publisher list show only update list (list 2016).
    Best Regards

  262. Sam says:

    How about the Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences (IJPS) – ? I notice that it has a similar name to journals like and which you have identified as predatory.

    (As this is, for once, actually my field I can say that the articles are a mixed bag, but so are the articles in Nature).

  263. yash says:

    Dear Beall, what is your take on ‘La Prensa Medica’ under elsevier publications?

    • I am not familiar with this.

      • Keith says:

        It’s published (or a clone of it may be published) by SciTechnol, which is on your list of publishers. I had a spam email from the journal today:

        Dear Dr. Keith Fraser,

        Greetings from La Prensa Medica!!

        It is my pleasure to introduce the 102 Years Old ISI and Elsevier Indexed Medical Journal – La Prensa Medica led by scientists (Editorial Board) from all over the world for publication of works related to all the Sub Specialities of Medical Sciences.

        We have seen your research profile and publications adding valuable knowledge to the existing scientific literature and strongly believe that your papers will attract the readers of the journal and so cordially invite you to contribute papers for the journal’ s forthcoming issues.

        Indexing: Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) / Current contents, Thomson Reuters – BIOSIS – Thomson Scientific, SWETS information services, British Library, Elsevier Bibliographic Databases, Google Scholar.

        Journal Achievements

        ü Volume 102: Successfully completed 101 Years in publication world publishing scholarly papers from researchers all over the world.

        ü Rapid Publication: The articles receive a peer review decision within 14 days after submission and will be online in 7 days from acceptance.

        ü Editorial Manager System: Review process is carried out using Editorial Manager System maintaining quality peer review.

        ü Regular Issues: Regular Bimonthly issues are released and the frequency of the journal is maintained.

        E-mail to: and Submission Deadline: September 30th, 2016

        I wish you all success for your ongoing research works and future endeavors. Feel free to contact us for any further details.

        Thanks & Best Regards,
        Muntha P
        Journal Coordinator
        La Prensa Medica

  264. Rietie says:

    Thanks for your great work Dr Beall. What about the Institute of Science Publishing ( It is not on your list; probably because it seems to be a brand new publishing group. IOS lists 8 journals, but none of the journals have any contributions yet. In general they do not carry the hallmarks of a typical predatory journal. However, I was alerted by the fact that they do not state their publication fee anywhere just mentioned that IOS are ‘committed to keeping its open access publication charges at a minimum level.’ Also, I am very intrigued about the inclusion of the Frontiers Journals in your list. I noticed that you replied to an earlier comment that it is a long reply and you will email an answer. I think a blog about this issue would be of great interest.

    • Thank you for alerting me to IOS Publishing, which I had not heard of before. I have analyzed this publisher and found that it easily meets the criteria, so I’ve added it to the list. For more information on Frontiers, I would refer you to Leonid Schneider’s blog For Better Science. He often describes this publisher’s many weaknesses.

  265. Umber says:

    Please let me know if this journal is fake or authentic?

  266. Selim says:

    Dear Prof. Thanks for the great work. Is Brazilian Journal of Aquatic Science and Technology (BJAST) among the predatory journals

  267. Joe Kainja says:

    Can you please let me konw if these journsls are authentic

    Journal of Applied Finance and Accounting(AFA)

    Journal of Financial Risk Management (JFRM)


  268. Anand Deep Shukla says:

    Respected sir, what is your view about international journal of oral health and medical research?

    • I think this journal has some serious problems. I had not heard of it before. I have analyzed it and added it to my list. I recommend that you not submit any manuscripts to this journal. I recommend finding a stronger journal for your work.

  269. Internal Medicine Review

    It’s on your potential list and is clearly predatory. I’ve received numerous automated emails and reminders (!!) for invited articles which are clearly Pubmed email scrapes.

    The “board” is highly questionable based on locations and diversity of claimed expertise and there is a staggering publishing fee of $1250 – $3000 per article.

    Please upgrade them to DEFINITELY PREDATORY

  270. Michael says:

    Hi Beall

    As much as you trying to share the information accordingly to your criteria, which l think is overly simple and opportunistic. The fact that you focusing on OA means you have a hidden agenda of protecting mainly subscribe journals that you are part of. OA is reducing a number of scholars from being preyed upon by western journals. There is a lot of good research in some of the listed journals. But, you choose to avoid screening a number of bogus journals some which do not want to share serious findings in developing countries. For instance, findings pointing that the US government is exploiting people through its USAiD program won’t be published by Wiley, Springer,Elsevier which are financed by western government. Unfortunately, your list won’t stop scholars from getting the truth. If you genuine, why avoid the subscribed publishers and journals ? Otherwise, you just one loser, anyone can come with a criteria, and funny enough those subscribed journals are the one exploiting universities in developing countries. Let people share information, and how does that affect you? So where you publish that’s non predatory? Wonder who gave you a voice as High court judge for journals

    • Barry says:


      Why not start your own list and blog? You can call it ScholarlyPayWall.

    • Hayford Danso says:

      Hello Prof,
      . Please check on these journals for me. Journal of Energy Technology and Policy and Journal of Marketing and Consumer Research

      • These journals (for the first one I assume you really mean Journal of Energy Technologies and Policy) are published by IISTE, a publisher included on my list. I recommend you not submit any papers to these two journals or any others from this publisher.

  271. Gul says:

    Dear Beall, Are these journals predatory? Global Media Journal Open Access
    Middle East Journal Of Scientific Research

    • Yes, I recommend you not send any papers to either journal.
      The second one is from the publisher IDOSI, which is on my list of questionable publishers. I recommend you avoid all journals from this publisher.

  272. Tobie Kuritsky says:

    Dear Prof. Beall
    Thank you so much for your list.
    Here is an example of how you help me….

    I am a medical librarian in a hospital, and my docs get emails from legit and non-legit journals asking them to publish with them….
    So for instance one of my docs asked me about
    The World Journals of Medical and Surgical Case Reports (ISSN 2320 –2432). Sounds pretty good, right?

    Well, I found the “publisher” on your list of possible predators, so I decided to look into it…. and this is how I did it and what I found.
    All I can say is…. they really invest in these SCAMS!

    1) Narain Publishers Pvt. Ltd (NPPL) is on the list of SUSPECTED PREDATORY PUBLISHERS.

    So this got me really curious.
    2) The so-called editor-in-chief of this journal is Dr. Monika Roychoudhury of PRINCETON, USA (see below)
    Sounds like she’s from Princeton University – a very prestigious school. Right? Well…. NO!

    So I looked up this “Editor in chief” online and found this….

    3) The Internet says:
    “Dr. Monika Roychowdhury is a pathologist in Boston, Massachusetts and is affiliated with Princeton Community Hospital. She received her medical degree from Banaras Hindu University Institute of Medicine and has been in practice between 11-20 years. She is one of 2 doctors at Princeton Community Hospital who specialize in Pathology.”

    She received her degree from the ‘very well known’ (hmmmm…) Banaras Hindu University and she practice in Boston at PRINCETON Community Hospital.
    Hey, wait a minute – I’m from Boston and I’ve never heard of Princeton Community Hospital.

    4) So I look up Princeton Community Hospital and I find…..

    Princeton Community Hospital
    Address: 122 Twelfth Street, Princeton, West Virginia 24740, United States

    Look at that! It’s in West Virginia! WOW! She commutes from Boston to West Virginia!!!!!!!!!
    That would be a real feat, except that………

    WHAT A SURPRISE! A total scam!

    6) So…. Just for good measure I look up this Banaras Hindu University, and guess what….. NO MEDICINE!!!!

    Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi

    Promotes the study of the Hindu shastras and Sanskrit literature, with learning and research in arts and science.

  273. Emelia says:

    I need a good journal for publication in the field of management or entrepreneurship.

  274. Knud Sinding says:

    Is “Layman Poupard Publishing” familiar to you?

  275. Joe Kainja says:

    Dear Prof

    Can you please let know if the following journals are genuine?

    Journal of Financial Risk Management (JFRM)
    Journal of Journal of Applied Finance and Accounting (AFA)

  276. gade kalyani says:

    Dear prof
    I found AJPTR journal in ur predatory list..after i have sent my article to it…U r doing a lot of societal scientific help..Thank u ..Can u plz help us with the journals list which are not vulnerable for predating.

  277. Chacha says:

    Dear Prof Beall,
    I came across this advertisement calling for paper submisssion.

    The African Network of Scientific and Technological Institutions (ANSTI) is pleased to announce call for papers on the theme Mobilising science and innovation for achieving the SDGs in Africa for publication in the African Journal of Science and Technology(AJST).

    When I visited the journal link, I found out that the last issue was published 10 years ago. Can you assist if it is a good one.
    Kind regards

  278. Michael Mehari Moges says:

    Thanks for the exhaustive list Prof. Is International Journal for Quality Research and International Journal of Research in Commerce, IT and Management in your predatory list?

  279. Dear Prof Beall,

    My colleague submitted an article to JSciMed. They published the article. She recently received an invoice for over $2000. In research to see if it was a scam, I came across this article. What do you advise I do at this point? Are we responsible to pay this?? We were completely unaware of predatory publishers. We are new to using online journals for publishing.


    • Tell them you want to withdraw the article. They will probably refuse or offer to withdraw it for a fee. For others who have refused to pay, I know of no cases where the publisher took action against the author(s). Many open-access publishers like this are really criminal organizations. It is possible you will lose the paper, unfortunately, if they publish it and refuse to remove it. Try to get your university attorney to help. I am sorry you have been victimized by this Indian publisher.

  280. Hala says:

    I wanted to ask please about international archives of medicine.
    Thank you in advance

  281. Ismael T. Fortunado says:

    Can you check the validity of papers?

  282. Matovu Augustine says:

    Kindly help, do you think this journal is predatory and if so, is my publication valid. Can I later send it to a valid journal?

  283. I need your comments on this journal. Is this journal having any worth to publish my research article.

    Journal of Business Studies Quarterly (JBSQ).


    Ghulam Muhammad

  284. Rawezh Q.Salih says:

    Please check on these publisher for me, edorium journals .

  285. Katherine says:

    Here’s a new publisher: Hendun Research Access.

  286. Dr. Rauf K. says:

    Dear Sir,

    I wish to know whether Horizon Research Publishing Corporation (HRPUB). is in the current list of Predatory journals

  287. mansour says:

    Dear sir,

    I wanted to ask please about International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health

    I did not found this journal in your list but i found the publisher “medip academy”

    Thank you in advance

    • When I add a publisher to my list, the listing applies to all the journals from that publisher. So, in this case, I recommend that you not send any papers to this International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health and all other journals from the Medip Academy.

      • mansour says:

        Thx sir for your response.

        I already published an article there, i just now read about the predatory journals and read your valuable list.this is the first article for me.

        So, what i have to do now. Is it possible to withdrew my article ?

        thank you again and best regards,

      • It may be possible, but it’s probably more trouble than it’s worth, and it’s unlikely that another journal will accept an article previously published in a low-quality journal. So, just use it as a learning experience, and write a new and better article and submit it to a strong journal.

  288. Amith says:
    Hosts four journals all of which appear predatory.

  289. yeni widiawati says:

    Dear Sir,
    Could you suggest me about “Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology A & Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology B
    USA” website of publisher :
    I frequently invited to publish paper in the journal by their editor. Are they including in Predatory journal ?

    • Yes, I recommend you avoid all journals from David Publisher (also called David Publishing). They spam a lot. David Publishing is on my list. Please find a stronger publisher for your work.

  290. Benjawan Chutichudet says:

    Dear Sir,
    I want to ask you about Asian Journal of Plant Sciences is in Beall’s List on 2016?

  291. Nav Raj Simkhada says:

    I have got email form:
    asking to submit research work to be published in the journal “International Journal of Business and Finance Management”. Is it authentic or predatory?

  292. […] category, the AAPS’ journal isn’t listed at all. It is, however, included on an oft-cited list of “potential, possible, or probable predatory scholarly open-access journals” put out by a […]

  293. […] category, the AAPS’ journal isn’t listed at all. It is, however, included on an oft-cited list of “potential, possible, or probable predatory scholarly open-access journals” put out by a […]

  294. […] category, the AAPS’ journal isn’t listed at all. It is, however, included on an oft-cited list of “potential, possible, or probable predatory scholarly open-access journals” put out by a […]

  295. […] the AAPS’ journal isn’t listed at all. It is, however, included on an oft-cited list of “potential, possible, or probable predatory scholarly open-access journals” put out […]

  296. […] the AAPS’ journal isn’t listed at all. It is, however, included on an oft-cited list of “potential, possible, or probable predatory scholarly open-access journals” put out […]

  297. […] category, the AAPS journal isn’t listed at all. It is, however, included on an oft-cited list of potential, possible, or probable predatory scholarly open-access journals put out by a librarian […]

  298. […] category, the AAPS journal isn’t listed at all. It is, however, included on an oft-cited list of potential, possible, or probable predatory scholarly open-access journals put out by a librarian […]

  299. Sunday Brownson Akpan says:

    Please comment on this journal (Path of Science: International Electronic Scientific Journal)
    I have interest submitting paper

  300. RC says:

    Hi Mr. Beall,

    Kindly let me know whether “United Scholars Publication” is a credible publishing company. Here’s the link:

    Thank you.

  301. Nadia R says:

    Hello Mr. Beall,

    kindly let me know if Gavin publishers( journal of dermatology research and therapy) , Henry publishers ( journal of experimental, clinical and cosmetic dermatology) and Piscomed publishers ( journal of surgical dermatology) authentic. I was requested to be editorial board member and I accepted it. I have also submitted my manuscript written with lot of hard work , to the gavin publishers. But now, I am wondering if gavin and henry publishers authentic ? Please kindly let me knoe asap.

    Thank you

    • Nadia,

      I invite you to examine my list of questionable publishers. It is here:

      On this list, you will find all three publishers that you mention in your inquiry, (Gavin, Henry, and PiscoMed). I recommend that you decline all editorial board invitations from the three publishers (write them again and tell them you changed your mind), and I also recommend that you do not send any papers to the three publishers’ journals.

      Best wishes,

      Jeffrey Beall

  302. William McMillan says:

    I am not in the “Medical Community”, but I was an Senior Internal Auditor with Management Board Secretariat of the Government of Ontario. I would like to suggest that a research website be established from which professionals, or the public could perform their medical searches, that would include only recognized, peer-reviewed medical publishers. This would automatically block all questionable medical reports and documentation.

    It might be possible to convince Google to provide the search algorithms with this “Source List Driven” search capability.

  303. hussein abd el latif says:

    sir, i am really disappointed, have recently published paper at journal of regenerative medicine, on of SCITECHNOL publisher, is it included in your list. really need your help and what can I do in order not to loose my work and money. need your quick reply.

    • Yes, SciTechnol is owned by OMICS International, of India. You can ask them to withdraw your article (and refund your money), but this publisher does not like to give money back. I am very sorry, this is a dangerous publisher, and there are no easy solutions to this problem.

  304. brocktoon666 says:

    Hi, thanks for compiling this list. Can you make an email list, or email extension list that one can load into our email client to block these? I literally get 2-4 of these a day and have to filter them them individually, or using * They keep coming and changing their domain names too.

    Thank you,


  305. Chinnu says:

    Dear Prof Beall,

    I would like to know if “Pharmacognosy Magazine” published by is a predatory journal.

    Thank you

    • This is just another lower-tier journal from Wolters Kluwer – Medknow. It is not on my list at this time.
      Its website provides misleading information. The website currently (2016-10-01) states “Impact Factor® for 2014 : 1.256”. This should have been updated months ago to reflect the new and lower IF, which is 0.831. This outdated information is typical of the Medknow journals.

      • Percy Okae says:

        Hello Prof.
        What can you say about multicraft publishing on the list of ajol? Counting on your reply.

      • It appears this publisher has only one journal, the International Journal of Engineering, Science and Technology (IJEST). I have this journal included on my list here. Their “archives” indicate the most-recent article is from 2014, so perhaps this journal has died.

  306. Momotaz Ali says:

    Open Journal of Animal Sciences (Scientific Research Publishing) recently published articles from USA, Canada, Europe, Japan. Research gate showing it’s impact factor also? Is the Journal fake?
    Waiting comments from you-please.

    • Scientific Research Publishing (SCIRP) is a completely bogus publisher. I strongly recommend that researchers NOT submit their manuscripts to this very low-quality publisher.

  307. yusra raees says:

    Kindly let me know that whether AIJCR is a reliable journal or not? I have sent my research article to them and they are now asking to pay 200 USD on some Bangladesh address.

  308. Momotaz Ali says:

    Dear Sir, Thanks for your valuable comments.
    How we can believe a journal is not fake? by Thomson Reuters indexed/ intellectual property? Actually I want to know exact criteria-Please.

  309. Great work! Do you possibly collect ISSN and DOI identificators as well? We use an Excel based collection of various “top journal” rankings as a reference tool for publication evaluation. Now that both the EU and the Swedish funders strongly promote and require OA publising, I’d very much like to add your “predatory journals” list to our tool. It works with ISSN/DOI as keys for the data though.

    • Sorry, I don’t collect that data.
      Many of the predatory journals use fake DOIs (or don’t use DOIs at all).
      Most use ISSNs, but some are not official; they are made up.

  310. YT says:

    Should I submit my paper to ATINER’s “4th Annual Conference on Library and Information Science” ? Saw their website, seems legit, but after seeing your list, I am confused about their validity. Please help. Thanks.

    • No. This “institute” is on my list. Please don’t be fooled by a fancy website. This is merely a money-making operation for its owners.

      • YT says:

        Thank you, Mr. Beall. I was so close to registering, at first I thought maybe it was real because of their claim that: “we don’t charge publication fees from authors”. I even saw that one of my professors presented a paper at one of their conferences.

        I am so grateful I found your blog. Thanks again.

  311. What about
    Endocrinology & Metabolism International Journal (EMIJ) (ISSN: 2473-0815)

    • Endocrinology & Metabolism International Journal (EMIJ) is from the publisher MedCrave, which is on my list. This is a completely bogus publisher that only wants to take money from honest researchers.

  312. Radhitio Adi Nugroho says:

    Dear Prof. Beall,
    I want yout comment for this journal, “current trends in immunology” from Research Trends publisher. Is it same with Research Trend?
    Is it a predatory journal?

    Thank You

    • Okay, there are two publishers here: Research Trend and Research Trends. They both stink.
      Research Trend is an open-access publisher and is included on my list.
      Research Trends, the publisher of the journal you mention, is a subscription publisher (not open-access) and is therefore out of scope for my list. I assume Research Trends is spamming right now, desperate for articles, because several others have also inquired about them.
      Short answer: Avoid all journals from both Research Trend and Research Trends.

      • Radhitio Adi Nugroho says:

        Thanks for the answer. I have submit my paper to Research Trends, it is accepted for short period. that makes me wonder about this publisher. i will cancel my submission.

  313. Abdulkareem Alsammarraie says:

    Dear Prof. Beall,
    What about the Asian journal of chemistry it is indexed in SCOPUS

  314. Radhitio Adi Nugroho says:

    Dear Prof Beall,

    May i have your opinion about Research Journal of Immunology from Asian Network for Scientific Information.
    it it quite good for my paper?

    Thank You

  315. Arnold Hamilton says:

    is the IRJET ok . Can I publish in this journal.

  316. Arnold Hamilton says:

    I can not find in your list pleas can you send me the link. Thank you.

  317. Thampan says:

    what is your opinion about international journal of scientific study ?

  318. T.S.Kumar says:

    Dear Prof.Beall,
    I found Current Biotica in your predatory standalone list. Can you please clarify the criteria of putting this journal to the list? According to my experience, they will do peer review with two referees and this process will take time also. They charge a nominal rate only. Expect your valuable reply.
    with best regards
    T.S. Kumar

  319. Momotaz Ali says:

    JOBAZ (The Journal of Basic & Applied Zoology) is OK or fake? Please- I am waiting for you reply. One of my colleague published an article there? I want to submit one.

  320. Biny says:

    Dear Beall,
    I have received one email from “Science Advisory Board” regarding the invitation to become editorial board member. I want to know whether it is predatory or not. I am sending you the detailed email for your review.

    The Science Advisory Board invites you to join a global community of scientific professionals to collaborate on shaping the future of science and technology.
    Established in 1997, The Science Advisory Board is an international community of science and medical experts.
    Members advise and consult major life science companies and earn honoraria for their feedback.
    Only professionals working in a scientific field are permitted to join.
    Our clients include industry leaders such as GE Healthcare, Roche, Merck, Thermofisher, Roche, Illumina, etc.
    We have pre-identified you as a scientist. If you answer the brief demographical questionnaire by clicking on the link below, you will be automatically approved as a Science Advisory Board member. Membership is free and gives you access to paid consulting & job opportunities.

    Click here
    Time to complete: 1-3 minutes

    Please note that we never release our members’ personal or contact information without explicit consent and we will never attempt to sell you anything.
    Your personal opinions, expertise, and insights are all that we seek.

    Thank you for your time and consideration.


    The Science Advisory Board
    2111 Wilson Blvd #250
    Arlington, VA 22201
    For questions about the application form, please visit
    If you would like to stop receiving emails from us, please Click Here
    Or respond to this email with: UNSUBSCRIBE

  321. M.L. Rahman says:

    What about Plos one journal? I think, it is good. Is there any story?

  322. Harun-or-Rashid says:

    Dear Sir Prof. Beall.
    I want to know about European Journal of Biotechnology and Bioscience; and, Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies. Both are fake? Please ?

  323. James says:

    Can you please confirm if this is a predatory Journal, sir?International Journal of Academic Journal and Reflection

    • Yes, it is. It is published by a firm called Progressive Academic Publishing. I have this publisher included on my list here, and I recommend that you not send your papers to any journals from this publisher.

  324. yash says:

    Dear Beall please tell me about American Journal of Gastroenterology as I have recently received a reviewer invitation from this journal. Should I be cautious about this journal? Please help.

    • There’s a journal with this title published by Springer Nature, and it’s not a predatory journal. If this is the journal you are asking about, there is no need to be cautious about this one.

  325. James says:

    Hi Beall: So there is so much junk passing around as credible academic work, right? Thanks for keeping this conversation ongoing. Can you please confirm the following as predatory publishers, sir?

    The Exchange: A Journal of Academic Forum

    Canadian Center of Science and Education

    • I don’t have the The Exchange: A Journal of Academic Forum on my list at this time.
      I do have the so-called Canadian Center of Science and Education included on my list of questionable publishers and recommend against submitting papers to any of its journals.

      • James says:

        Excellent. I have just read that the Federal Government is beginning to take action against some of these scammers. That must be good news. Anyway, my last check: International Journal of Communication and Health. Can you please confirm if it is predatory. Thanks.

      • Hasiati says:

        Dear Prof. Beall
        Please tell me about this journal, International journal of Mathematics and mathematical sciences, from Hindawi Publishing Corporation.

        Best regard

      • The publisher Hindawi is not included on my list at this time.

    • Masrini says:

      Dear Dr. Beall
      Please tell me about Journal of Systems, control and communication from Inderscience publishers. Is it ok to publish in this journal ?

      • I cannot tell if it is ‘okay’ to publish in a particular journal. I can tell you that this journal’s publisher is not included in my list.

        Note that the International Journal of Systems, Control and Communications is not an open-access journal. Does your university’s library subscribe to this journal? Would you want to publish in a journal that your library does not make available?

  326. Adriana A says:

    Hello, I was wondering what do you think about Inderscience Publishers . I am looking at their Interdisciplinary Environmental Review Journal, it looks kind of predatory. I will greatly appreciate your input, thank you.

    • Inderscience is chiefly a subscription publisher. I haven’t considered it or analyzed it for my list.
      I would never publish in one of this publisher’s journals, and I would recommend that my friends not publish there.

  327. James says:

    Beall: you still have not answered my question: Is the International Journal of Communication and Health a predatory journals?

    • Sorry, I have added the International Journal of Communication and Health to my list of standalone journals. I recommend that you not submit any papers to this journal. It is an amateurish, one-man operation.

  328. Smith says:

    Prof. what of “Novelty Journals”. Are they ok

    • Basia says:

      Dear Prof. Beall
      Please tell me about this journal “Pakistan Journal of Nutritions”.
      Is it on your list ?

      Best regard
      Basia Dawoa

      • The Pakistan Journal of Nutrition is published by SciAlert, and I have this publisher included on my list. I recommend you find a better journal from a better publisher.

  329. Noviaty Kresna Darmasetiawan says:

    Dear Prof. Beall
    Please tell me about TIJOSS-International Journal of Social Sciences. Is it on your list?

    Thank you and best regards

  330. abu says:

    Given the huge list of fake journals I wish to know the list of authentic journals for statistical related work. Thanks

  331. Domingo Stalin says:

    Dear Prof. Beall

    Please, I wonder your opinion about Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology.

    Best regards,

  332. Jim says:

    A lot of people mentioned Elsevier, but elsevier publishes journals like Applied Energy, Fuel, and Bioresource technology. Could you comment on the quality of these journals please? Thank you

  333. Tosin Popoola says:

    Hello, Professor Beall. Thank you for a great job that you are doing. Can I please have your email address so that I can also forward you emails of journals that seem to me as questionable

  334. Nia says:

    Dear Prof. Beall,
    I haven’t seen International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanity Studies (IJ-SSHS)
    ( on your list.
    Is it okay to submit to this journal?
    Thank you

    • This journal is from a Turkish publisher called Sosyal Bilimler Araştırmaları Derneği (SoBiAD, The Social Sciences Research Society). I don’t have enough information to complete an analysis of this publisher right now. It may be another fake “society.” I recommend you find a respected and better-known publisher for your work. I think if you publish in this “society’s” journals, your work will be largely hidden.

  335. sahandvahidnia says:

    Dear Prof. Beal,

    I am wondering if is a fake journal or not? It has some predatory factors and is not in your list. (Has no address and has a small board)

    Also I did submit a paper for IJCSIT of AIRCC. Then I saw your list yesterday , which was pretty late. May I ask why AIRCC is a predatory publisher?

    Thank you very much for your time.

    • Yes, I have this journal included on my list here. I recommend that you do not submit any papers to this journal.

      • sahandvahidnia says:

        Thank you Prof. Beal,
        And may I ask why AIRCC publication (which I already submitted a paper) is predatory? Should I retract the paper?

      • AIRCC is a massive, low-quality open-access publisher. It’s more like a paper factory. If it’s not too late, yes, I would pull a submission and find a stronger publisher. If you have already transferred copyright, it’s probably too late.

      • Abun Tefera says:

        Dear Beal,

        What do you think ITECK open access publisher. It primary publishes books.

        I need your advise.


        On Wed, Oct 19, 2016 at 7:34 PM, Scholarly Open Access wrote:

        > Jeffrey Beall commented: “Yes, I have this journal included on my list > here. I recommend that you do not submit any papers to this journal.” >

      • I think you mean InTech Open Access Publisher. My advice is to avoid this publisher. It is on my list.

  336. MADHURJYA says:


    What about this journal

    Biosciences, Biotechnology Research Communication

    Is this a fake and predatory journal?

  337. BIFOSTER says:

    Dear Dr Beall,

    What do you think about the “Journal of Experimental Biology and Agricultural Sciences (JEBAS)”.


    Please comment…

  338. Harun-or-Rashid says:

    Journal of Microbiology, Biotechnology and Food Sciences. I want to status about it-Please

  339. Carol M says:

    Hello, I was curious what you know about Scientia and this group

    • It’s outside the scope of my work.
      It’s basically an advertising agency for scientists. You pay them (a lot) and the draw up glossy magazine articles about your research. Most researchers do not need this service, and using it may make you look desperate for attention.

  340. Bryan Zimmer says:

    I see that Common Ground Publishing is changing their name to Common Ground Research Networks, why is that?

  341. Harun-or-Rashid says:

    I think journal Insects-MDPI is OK. Am I right?

  342. BIFOSTER says:

    Dear Dr Beall,

    Please comment on this journal

    Molecular Biology Research Communications (MBRC)

    Is this fake one?