The Growing Parallel Economy in Scholarly Publishing

Scientific Object Identifier

Scientific Object Identifier ?

There is increasing evidence of a parallel economy developing around the scholarly publishing industry. The components of this parallel economy include predatory publishers, contrived metrics companies, bogus proofreading services, and now, a company supplying non-standard identifiers.

The company selling the non-standard identifier is called Scientific Object Identifier (SOI). This is clearly an attempt to create an identifier along the lines of the DOI, the Digital Object Identifier.

However, the term Scientific Object Identifier is poorly chosen, for “scientific object” sounds like a term for a piece of laboratory equipment — such as a microscope — rather than a digital object, essentially a computer file.

The main thing promoting the gray market in scholarly publishing is the system of payments from authors. There are numerous small and startup companies or sole proprietors that copy the functions and business plans of existing publishers and support companies.

The gray market provides services directly to scholarly authors or to other companies that market to authors.

They all seek revenue from scholarly authors, directly or indirectly. They want grant money, personal funds, money from APC funds, money from academic libraries, and money from provosts.

The problem is that these companies — like the Scientific Object Identifier company — are silly knock-offs of legitimate firms.

Generally, each new company means thousands of additional spam emails that academics will receive.

While it’s great that the open-access movement has helped make published research more accessible, the movement has resulted in the destabilization of scholarly publishing and the creation of much chaos.

Halitosis

Winning the OA battle, losing the scientific war.

Notes:

  1. Thanks to: Ravi Murugesan for alerting me to the halitosis article.
  1. I acknowledge that gray is the American spelling, with grey the preferred Canadian and British spelling. Not sure about Australia and New Zealand.

23 Responses to The Growing Parallel Economy in Scholarly Publishing

  1. siebers says:

    Grey is the New Zealand spelling.

  2. Ghazal says:

    Good OA publishers definitely prefer to work with CrossRef. It costs OA publishers mostly 275$ annual membership plus one dollar per article. This is nothing compare with what they can get. I have learned that many Universities give credit to papers with valid DOI. In fact I know a University that asks scholars to identify a paper with DOI number. DOI is a unique well recognized identification that helps OA publishers take care of their records. ORCHID, is a new business plan, which tries to assign a unique ID for each author. This business model will die since they charge significant amount of money for subscription Fee. A legitimate OA publisher never escape from CrossRef. During the past few years, there have been increasing trend on good and poor OA publishers. I believe sooner or later, you need to split your list to Good, Bad, Ugly :-)

    • ORCID is free for researchers.
      Universities should not use the DOI as a sign of quality. That is not its purpose, and there are many corrupt journals that have DOIs, so it’s not a measure of legitimacy.

      • Ghazal says:

        Nearly all ISI and Scopus indexed journals maintain valid DOI numbers for their articles. When a publisher claims it has DOI but does not validates it for its articles, this is a good sign of poor publisher, I have checked randomly several doi numbers with IDOSI and found most of them invalid. Having a valid doi number is a necessary sign of quality and not a sufficient one. Most universities rely on their own list to prevent their scholars from publishers who publish a paper quickly with an exchange of money. Recently, Islamic Azad University has announced that Ph D students could have their pre-defence sessions and if they pass they could wait until their papers are getting accepted within few years. This helps students pay no tuition and wait for high quality publishers to review their papers. I predict that ORCID will die within few years. Scopus has already launched an identifier for authors and if they work on their ID, they will win the competition against ORCID.

    • JanosToth says:

      Having a DOI is not an indicator of quality. F.e. everyone can assign a DOI to almost anything they upload to the internet through ResearchGate.

    • Chris says:

      ORCID is a non-profit with a mission to solve the author disambiguation problem in scholarly communication. ORCID has already been integrated into Scopus, and indeed Elsevier is represented on the ORCID Board of Directors. They are not competing with each other.

  3. […] Por Jeffrey Beall, publicado originalmente em inglês Aqui! […]

  4. Nils says:

    Well, we know that grey/gray comes in many shades.

  5. bantelr@gmail.com says:

    Would you please send this to me? Thanks!

    Sent from my iPad

    >

  6. Jean Kollantai says:

    But it would be nice if the authors of the halitosis article (or the self-proclaimed journal) knew how to spell “abstract”.

  7. tui says:

    Published in 48 hours

    Dear Dr. Tui pooi

    We are pleased to inform you that your manuscript entitled “Approximate Calculation of the Multiple Integrals’ Value by Repeated Application of Gauss and Simpson’s Quadrature Formulas” has been conditionally accepted for publication in the journal Scientific Review. The manuscript was evaluated and reviewed by two referees. According to the review report you need to make minor correction in the manuscript. Revise your manuscript according to the review report and submit again. Here is attached the review report for your assistance.

    Your manuscript number is 44037-SR-15, please remember to quote for future correspondence.

    Also pay publication fee of USD 220 and send the scan copy of the payment slip as soon.

    You are requested to complete the payment formalities within 48 hours so that your article can be accommodated in latest issue of journal as you requested for fast publication.
    We recommend electronic fund transfer to avoid postal delay in receiving the article publication fees at the editorial office.

    Please find the payment methods details in the attachment.

    Dr. Khurram Imran Khan
    ——————–
    Director
    Academic Research Publishing Group
    URL: http://www.arpgweb.com
    Address: Rahim Yar Khan, 64200 Punjab, Pakistan
    Office2: 47 Kasselbergweg 63619 Bad Orb, Germany
    Email: editor@arpgweb.com ; info@arpgweb.com
    Voice: +92685874044

  8. tui says:

    Published article in 48 hours

    Dear Dr. Tui pooi

    We are pleased to inform you that your manuscript entitled “Approximate Calculation of the Multiple Integrals’ Value by Repeated Application of Gauss and Simpson’s Quadrature Formulas” has been conditionally accepted for publication in the journal Scientific Review. The manuscript was evaluated and reviewed by two referees. According to the review report you need to make minor correction in the manuscript. Revise your manuscript according to the review report and submit again. Here is attached the review report for your assistance.

    Your manuscript number is 44037-SR-15, please remember to quote for future correspondence.

    Also pay publication fee of USD 220 and send the scan copy of the payment slip as soon.

    You are requested to complete the payment formalities within 48 hours so that your article can be accommodated in latest issue of journal as you requested for fast publication.
    We recommend electronic fund transfer to avoid postal delay in receiving the article publication fees at the editorial office.

    Please find the payment methods details in the attachment.

    Dr. Khurram Imran Khan
    ——————–
    Director
    Academic Research Publishing Group
    URL: http://www.arpgweb.com
    Address: Rahim Yar Khan, 64200 Punjab, Pakistan
    Office2: 47 Kasselbergweg 63619 Bad Orb, Germany
    Email: editor@arpgweb.com ; info@arpgweb.com
    Voice: +92685874044

  9. JanosToth says:

    “There is increasing evidence of a parallel economy developing around the scholarly publishing industry. ” I’ve written a short essay about the phenomena of the academic bubble economy in 2012, when these signs were already manisfesting, though the process itself was much less visible. http://goo.gl/UYCYiu
    Now we have an almost fully developed alternate reality of scholarly products, scientific capital & reputation etc. which can positively influence academic carreers not only in third world countries, but also in some highly developed non-westerns countries like India or China and in the meantime, have nothing to do with science.

    • The Grim Reaper says:

      “Besides effective simulation, these scenes can provide almost all the formal attributes of a symbolic scene: for example, a scam journal may have an extended international editorial
      board, an editorial advisory board, a system of pre-publication peer review, a professional website and—as it can be seen from the case of the six fake journal published by Elsevier (Hutson 2009: 598., Collier 2009: 254-255.)—even a professional publishing background and may be included in scientific databases, as well.” Janos Toth

      Dr. Toth, in your opinion, what differentiates a “predatory” publisher on the Bell list from Elsevier?

  10. tui says:

    New director of Academic Research Publishing Group

    Dr. Zafar Iqbal received his Ph.D. (Applied Linguistics) from Aston University Birmingham, UK in 1987. He has 30 years’ teaching and administrative experience in different Universities as Lecturer, Assistant Professor, Professor, Chairman and Dean. He has membership of many Academic Bodies of different Universities in Pakistan. Also he has been member of different national and international professional organizations. He received his award as Man of the Year in 1997 by ABI(American Biographical Institute, mc, USA). He received his second award of COT 1980 by Ministry of Education of Pakistan for PhD Abroad. He attended 9 international conferences held in UK, Canada, India, Malaysia, Thailand, Japan and Pakistan. He has editorial membership of many international journals. He has published two books titled (Pedagogical Lexicography, a Pakistani Perspective published by Lambert Germany) and (Effectiveness of Online Teaching of Business and Technical English: A Case Study of Virtual University of Pakistan. by Lambert Germany (Co-Author)). He has 39 publications and visit of 9 countries: India, Iran, Malaysia, Japan, U. A. E, Saudi Arabia, UK, Canada and Egypt.

  11. Maan Al-Salihi says:

    HelloPlease send the list of approved journals sober and universally acceptable and the list of magazines that are not supported and is universally acceptedDr. Maan Al-Salihi

  12. John says:

    Hi Jeff,
    received today an invitation for sunmitting a manuscript to Edelweiss Publications based in Illinois, USA. This publisher is not on your list but after a look at the homepage (edelweiss.com) I think that this “publisher” should be.
    Greetz John

  13. John says:

    Hi Jeff,
    what about Edelweiss Publications (edelweiss.com)?

  14. Yawning Enthusiast says:

    Edel Weiss is the name of a porn star in Europe! That’s hilarious.

  15. It was definitely a good read and an eye opener for me. Out of many black hat business tactics, this one needs more attention.

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