Another Article about Plagiarism — That Contains Plagiarism

International Journal of Health Sciences and Research 1

A torturous read.

Here is another example of an article in an open-access journal about plagiarism that itself contains plagiarism. The 2016 article, classified as a “short communication” in the predatory International Journal of Health Sciences and Research, has only two pages of text and is barely readable, except for the plagiarized parts.

The article is entitled “Plagiarism: A Serious Scientific Misconduct.”

Here’s evidence of the lifted text. First, a screenshot from the offending article:

plagiarism 1

Mostly lifted text, no quotation marks.

The first sentence is lifted from an article called “The ethics of scholarly publishing: Exploring differences in plagiarism and duplicate publication across nations” by Kathleen A. Amos. Here’s a screenshot from her April, 2014 piece showing the original text:

plagiarism source 1

The first original work.

Note that no quotation marks are used, a signal from the authors that the text is their original expression — but that’s not true in this case.

Most of the second sentence comes from an article entitled, “Plagiarism and scholarly publications: An ethical analysis” by Donald Gotterbarn, Keith Miller, and John Impagliazzo. Here’s a screenshot from this 2006 conference paper showing the original text:

plagiarism source 2

The second original work.

There are no quotation marks, but at least the second copied sentence cites the original source.

I realize the amount of lifting is relatively small, but so is the paper itself.

Bitter medicine.

Bitter medicine.

The International Journal of Health Sciences and Research is included on my list. It’s also included in DOAJ, the Directory of Open Access Journals. (My list is actually referred to and cited in the paper.) The journal negligently refuses any responsibility for the lifted content:

Disclaimer: The publisher and journals’ editorial team are not responsible for plagiarism and any other issues raised out of any article. It is the sole responsibility of the concerned author/s about contents/ideas/views expressed in the article.

Like many open-access journals these days, this one emblazons its website with phony impact factors. Note the incredible jump in its Index Copernicus Value:

Fake, fake, fake.

Fake, fake, fake.

This journal is a complete sham. The article was submitted on January 13th and accepted two weeks later. This is a medical journal, where quality and precision are crucial. It costs USD $50 to publish an article in the journal.

In summary, we have an illiterate article about plagiarism that contains plagiarism published in a predatory medical journal. This is the status quo of scholarly open-access publishing.

21 Responses to Another Article about Plagiarism — That Contains Plagiarism

  1. Keith Fraser says:

    Yo dawg, we heard you like plagiarism, so we put some plagiarism in your article about plagiarism so you can plagiarize while you plagiarize.

  2. Ghazal says:

    DOAJ is a primary source of predatory publishers. The new president of this firm uses a language which is not appropriate for scientific community.

  3. Andy says:

    Hi Prof Beall; I admit it is becoming quite complicated here. If I manage a journal how do i ensure that for each issue published with averagely 10articles a phrase, sentence or paragraph hasn’t been copied from somewhere???

  4. Reblogged this on Epidemiology Inside and commented:
    These predatory journals mainly prey on young researchers from developing countries. Everyone should be careful about these journals and their publishers.

  5. herr doktor bimler says:

    Speaking of plagiarism, one predatory journal rips off junk science from another predatory journal:

    • L_C says:

      That was a great RW post. The copycat author, Hitendra J. Jani, has some other winners, notably one in the International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology (I believe Beall wrote about the journal in 2012 stating that the articles read as if they were produced by SCIgen, but that probably would have been an improvement).


      From the original abstract: “It has become pertinent for contamination monitoring and assessment programmes to reduce its levels and trends in the environment and in reducing its hazardous effects on humans.”

      From the copy: “And there is a lot of pollution and Trends in the levels and programs that reduce their pernicious effects on the environment and reduce the Humans.”

      Upon reading that last sentence, I almost thought it was one of those population reduction conspiracy papers.

      • herr doktor bimler says:

        Ha! The guy seems to be a one-man guide to predatory journals, stealing material from places that already seem like the bottom of the barrel and somehow finding even cheaper and nastier ones to reprint it.
        ISESRT must be unique in heading their pages with the Endnote logo as if it were their own.

        Compare and contrast:

        International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, Volume 3, Issue 11, November 2013
        Leachate Characterization and Surface Groundwater Pollution at Municipal Solid Waste Landfill of Gohagoda, Sri Lanka
        (Nirmala Dharmarathne, Jagath Gunatilake)

        International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
        Volume 5 Issue 1, January 2016
        Contamination at Municipal Solid Waste Landfill of Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
        (Hitendra J. Jani )

        Actually there is not much “contrasting” involved, apart from the change of location.

        “International Journal of Science and Nature” 2011
        (Shukti Tomar, Rana Pratap Singh and Rubina Chaudhary)

        (ISESRT again)
        (Hitendra J. Jani)

      • herr doktor bimler says:

        I believe Beall wrote about [IJESRT] in 2012 stating that the articles read as if they were produced by SCIgen, but that probably would have been an improvement

        IIRC, the enterprising publisher (Mr Somil Shah) had invented a fictitious history for the journal and used SciGen to fill its ret-conned back-issues.
        He has since branched out with a number of other International Journals of This and Global Journals of That.

  6. lenandlar says:

    Random question – are there non open access journals that fit the predatory label?

  7. Arnaw says:

    Dear Bell,
    Another Article about Plagiarism — That Contains Plagiarism
    Here is another example of an article in an open-access journal about plagiarism that itself contains plagiarism. The 2016 article, classified as a “short communication” in the predatory International Journal of Health Sciences and Research, has only two pages of text and is barely readable, except for the plagiarized parts.

    I object that the article is barely readable , PFA of the pdf link
    The article can be read.
    It is indexed In Index copernicus and other indexing bodies.??

    What will you comment about Sci Hub of Russia? Don’t you think that judging researcher with the kind of work they do will be apt , rather than in which journal and where they publish. How can developing and underdeveloped world cope with the hefty charge the Journals like Elsevier ask??

    • By “barely readable,” I was referring to the level of language in the paper, including the grammatical and editing errors.
      There are many journals published by Elsevier and others that do not charge authors.

  8. OffHours says:

    I disagree with Arnaw and the plagiarism article that Indian or Russian “young researchers” or simply “researchers” should be excused for plagiarism because they are from “developing and underdeveloped world”. Do Indians and Russians really claim that they are “underdeveloped” in terms of their academic training and intellectual capital?.. If researchers of any age of any country struggle to comprehend what plagiarism is, they ought to ascribe it to their own limited intelligence as well as to the low standards of research integrity in their academia, not to the level of income inequality in their home country.

    As a student from a developing country, I find this “young researchers from developing countries” begging excuse immature, manipulative and miserable when it comes to research integrity. For instance, there’s a widespread public opinion among Russian speakers that the West has an inferior human capital due to its inferior general education in natural sciences, the hurdles of political correctness, politics of inclusion and empowerment. So, what is the reason behind this beggar’s excuse when we don’t really think so? I can think of nothing but a deliberate shortcut to publication trying to play on Western affluenza. Predatory publishers, the tender age of researchers, their corrupted academic supervisors, their country’s income inequality, is this a soap opera?..

  9. Steve Clancy says:

    Jeffrey, thanks for the work you do in this area. Most appreciated by the rest of us is in the library community. I notice in this article that this journal IS included in the Directory of Open Access Journals.

    This is troubling especially given their claim that theirs is a “… is a service that indexes high quality, peer reviewed Open Access research journals …”

    I curious as to your opinion of DOAJ in general. Do they do any vetting of the titles they include?


    • Thanks, after it got caught badly in the 2013 Science sting (45% of a sample of DOAJ journals accepted a flawed scientific manuscript for publication), the directory tightened its criteria. They now rely on volunteers to help vet journals seeking inclusion. There is some overlap between DOAJ and my lists. DOAJ has focused too much on OA ideology and too little on functioning as a reliable directory. Its value as a journal whitelist is marginal.

  10. Carolyn says:

    You think this example is bad? I recently came across an article published in OMICS International’s Journal of Socialomics that is almost entirely verbatim text lifted from several articles, including my own. There is virtually no original content whatsoever. Paragraph after paragraph, including diagrams and tables, stolen from other authors’ work. This is the second time these authors have published plagiarised work – the first incident was in a paper called the International Journal of Research and Current Development. How the heck do papers like this get through ‘peer review’? Threats to sue from a lawyer resolved that incident, but having contacted OMICS directly a week ago now we have yet to see any action taken, and the offending article is still available online.

  11. Nirmala Dharmarathne says:

    This article followed almost my paper… in some location data same… I can not believe… how it was happen?? this is my paper.

    You can compare both… more than 50% plagiarism….

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