Flawed Article in Canadian Library Science Journal

CJILS

The journal.

This blog post is a review of the article:

Nwagwu, W. E. (2016). Open access in the developing regions: Situating the altercations about predatory publishing. Canadian Journal of Information and Library Science, 40(1), 58–80.

Summary: (Nwagwu 2016) is a very weak article that (1). Includes significant errors of fact; (2). Includes unattributed text and tables that match text and tables from previously-published articles; and (3). Poorly analyzes the status quo of scholarly open-access publishing.

I received a Google alert when this article was published and read it soon after, but I found the article flawed and disappointing. I ask that the journal investigate the findings I share here and take appropriate action.

After I read the article, I emailed the editor of the Canadian Journal of Information and Library Science, Dr. Valerie M. Nesset of SUNY Buffalo, and asked whether I could submit a response to the article to be published in the journal. She responded that any response had to be submitted as a regular article and pass through peer review.

I found this requirement problematic for two reasons. First, the journal’s peer reviewers missed several significant errors in (Nwagwu 2016), so I concluded they must be incompetent and didn’t want to spend my time waiting on their subpar analysis. Second, I’ve learned that, these days, whenever I submit a paper to a “progressive” library science journal, the peer reviewers recognize me as the author and make unreasonable demands, like requiring that I rework my submission to highlight the “noble aspirations” of gold open-access, a publishing model I’ve documented as seriously flawed.

I wrote back to the editor, informing her that the one option was unsuitable. My next plan was to use PubPeer to point out the paper’s flaws and apparent overlap with earlier articles, but I encountered a significant setback: the article lacked a DOI, a standard identifier that’s a requirement for commenting on papers in PubPeer.

How strange, I thought: a library science journal published in 2016 that doesn’t even bother to use standard identifiers. I emailed a contact at Project Muse, the platform that hosts the Canadian Journal of Information and Library Science, to inquire about this and found they were as surprised as I was.

It turns out that the journal used to assign DOIs to its published articles, but for unknown reasons the identifiers stopped being assigned and published after the last 2014 issue. I was the first to notice and report the failure. They are investigating it.

So, I decided to publish my review of the article here.

First, errors of fact.

The paper says, “At the last count in August, 2012, Beall had already identified 136 predatory publishing houses …” (p. 59). At last count in 2012? Why use four-year old data? The blog is constantly updated, and it’s easy to determine the number of publishers on my list. The article has references from at least one paper published in 2014, so there’s no reason the author couldn’t have used more recent data.

On page 60. Nwagwu says, “Methodologically this article is an opinion type …”. Huh? Since when did opinion become a “methodology”?

The author misspells my first name (p. 61) and my surname (p. 63). The names are spelled correctly elsewhere, so I’m surprised the peer reviewers and copyeditors (if there were any) missed these inconsistencies.

The author mistakenly reports that the publisher Hindawi is on my list (p. 64 and p. 73).

The author blunders and completely misunderstands a tongue-in-cheek blog post by M. Eisen. Nwagwu writes:

Eisen created a manuscript that claimed something extraordinary, namely that he had discovered a species of bacteria that uses arsenic in its DNA instead of phosphorus. According to him, he made the science so egregiously bad that no competent peer reviewer would have accepted it.

In fact, Eisen never wrote any such manuscript, and he even admits in the blog post Nwagwu cites (“OK – this isn’t exactly what happened. I didn’t actually write the paper”).

Nwagwu completely misunderstands Eisen’s blog post, and the journal’s clueless editorial board members completely missed the error.

Second, re-publication of unattributed text. I shall refer to two of Nwagwu’ earlier papers, both published in 2015, and each one written with a different co-author. The two papers are:

Nwagwu, W. E., & Ojemeni, O. (2015). Penetration of Nigerian predatory biomedical open access journals 2007-2012: A bibiliometric study. Learned Publishing, 28(1), 23–34. http://doi.org/10.1087/20150105

Nwagwu, W. E., & Onyancha, B. (2015). Back to the beginning: The journal is dead, long live science. Journal of Academic Librarianship, 41(5), 669–679. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.acalib.2015.06.005

(Nwagwu 2016) has this text on pages 64-65:text screenshot 1

The highlighted text matches content that was previously published in (Nwagwu & Onyancha 2015):

text screenshot 2

text screenshot 3

text screenshot 4

(Screenshots above from p. 673 and 672). The 2016 paper does not cite the earlier articles that contain the matching text.

Third, re-publication of unattributed data.

The 2016 paper contains these tables:table screenshot 1

table screenshot 2

table screenshot 3

I found tables containing the same data in (Nwagwu & Ojemeni 2015):

table screenshot 4

Data vu.

table screenshot 5

table screenshot 6

The submission guidelines for the Canadian Journal of Information and Library Science state,

All articles must be the author’s original work, previously unpublished, and not being reviewed for publication with another journal.

original work

Final point: in (Nwagwu 2016), the author writes glowingly about the potential of scholarly publishing and open-access in Africa, yet he chooses to publish his own article in a toll-access, North America-based journal. This is another example of “Everyone should publish in open-access journals, but I should be able to publish in a respected subscription journal.”

To conclude, (Nwagwu 2016) is full of factual errors, contains unattributed text and data matching content published previously yet presented as original, and is, overall, a shallow analysis.

25 Responses to Flawed Article in Canadian Library Science Journal

  1. Hugo van den Berg says:

    O tempora, o mores. I’ve noticed that quite a few second-rate academics don’t like you much, since they’ve spotted a niche for politicised pandering, and you’re spoiling the game. First-rate academics don’t give a toss, since the rot is yet to infect their world. You have my support and respect, though.

  2. Charles Oppenheim says:

    I have not read the article being critiqued but from what is said, the original article is indeed weak and should be withdrawn. What puzzles me is two statements made by Mr Beall in one paragraph: “I found this requirement problematic for two reasons. First, the journal’s peer reviewers missed several significant errors in (Nwagwu 2016), so I concluded they must be incompetent and didn’t want to spend my time waiting on their subpar analysis. Second, I’ve learned that, these days, whenever I submit a paper to a “progressive” library science journal, the peer reviewers recognize me as the author and make unreasonable demands, like requiring that I rework my submission to highlight the “noble aspirations” of gold open-access, a publishing model I’ve documented as seriously flawed.”. Firstly, there is no reason to suppose that the peer reviewers of the original paper will also peer review a critique of that paper. Secondly, the gratuitously insulting remarks about what Beall calls “progressive library science journals” (whatever he means by that) are quite inappropriate.

    • A visit from the thought police.

      • Guido Berens says:

        Honestly, I agree with mr. Oppenheim. While the main points that mr. Beall raises regarding the article seem valid and well-researched, the negative remarks about the journal seem gratuitous. Why speculate that the journal will not properly review the reaction and that the reviewers will make unreasonable demands? To me it seems that the editor’s demand that mr. Beall’s reaction be peer-reviewed is inappropriate in itself. I think it is good practice that Letters to the Editor or Rejoinders to published papers are not peer-reviewed but only screened by the editor. Otherwise, critical rejoinders could easily be rejected by peer-reviewers who are friends with the original authors or who belong to the same ‘camp’.

  3. coppenheim says:

    Mr Beall, your remarks are so off the mark to be laughable.

    • To marginalize the speech of others with whom they disagree, the thought police use terms like “laughable.” This is oppressive discourse.

      • coppenheim says:

        I *AGREED* with your critique of the original article. I also agree with Guido Berens that the chances of the same referees examining your critique would be almost zero (and in any case, you should have asked that different referees be used if the possibility worried you). My criticism was of your gratuitously insulting description of certain (un-named) LIS journals. You clearly do not know me as I am all in favour of robust debate. I think your remarks were gratuitously insulting; you feel they were justified. Let readers decide which approach they prefer.

      • CZpersi says:

        Dear sir, calling your critics “thought police” is not a good example of academic discussion and it itself becomes a an oppressive discourse. Stick to the facts and leave the insults to the poor academics.

      • I disagree. The open-access movement is full of people who suppress discourse, especially discourse about the weaknesses of open-access publishing itself. My blog is one of the few places on the internet that provides critical thinking about the weaknesses of OA.

        There are many that do indeed police thought on OA, attacking those who dare to express thoughts and ideas that run counter to hackneyed OA rhetoric.

        I find your comment angry and unprofessional. Please take your anger somewhere else. I am going to continue my work here.

  4. Robert Cameron says:

    I am currently involved in framing a response to a paper in a very traditional journal, where I and others think there are serious flaws. So far the corrective action by the journal has been correct, even passing our text to legal authorities to ensure there is nothing defamatory.
    I think it is worth pointing out that although, so far, the journal’s response has been entirely proper, the paper concerned had been through 8 independent reviewers, indicating some problems. I make the point simply because editors have to walk a tightrope between censorship of the unconventional and garbage.
    To reinforce Jeffrey, I doubt if many open access journals would go to these lengths when there are disagreements among reviewers. On the other hand, I am told that a journal like Nature will automatically reject if there is one bad review out of many.
    It highlights another problem: the increasingly difficult task of getting competent reviewers: i.e. those who really know the field in which the paper is situated

  5. Andy Gilbey says:

    Dear Jeffrey, I have found that paracetamol works best for when one bangs one’s head on a wall. Excellent post! Andrew

  6. Vijay Raghavan says:

    I second Hugo – you have my support and respect. You also have my admiration for the selfless crusade you are carrying on. More speed to you Jeffrey!

    This time your criticism was gentle, almost meek. For the number of deficiencies in the paper, I should have expected it to be blasted outright. If you receive even 1% of all the money you help us save by avoiding predatory journals, you would be a millionaire (if you are not already one)!

    • MC says:

      I find comments like this one humorous, strange, and important all at the same time. I still have trouble understanding how promising (even young and inexperienced) researchers would have trouble easily identifying terrible journals in their field. I get that there are language issues and etc, but does someone really actually completely honestly get tricked that often? I think that predatory journals must have a lot more knowing customers now than they do saps. I see Beall’s list as more of a blacklist than a “let’s go consult this list so that we don’t accidentally submit our careful, well-thought out research that we spent thousands of hours and dollars on accidentally to a fake journal”.

      Jeff – Rolls Royce or Bentley today? Enjoy the drive home.

  7. Coqa qola says:

    Once more, this illustrates that the publishing industry is getting biased and SICK, more and more!
    First, although I do not agree with you on many issues, the publishing journal you refer to SHOULD allow you to respond. It is your right to do so in a paper citing your own work.
    Second, for the DOI, it is not as standardized as it may appear. In fact, DOI is not more than a new way to gather money. All journals have been doing a good job before the introduction of DOI. Moreover, editors should keep their journals alive, contrary to what is announced that the goal of DOIs is to perpetrate the papers even if the journal is down!
    This is simply untrue because the issuer of DOI say that the journals should be alive to maintain the DOI links, which is obviously in a full contradiction with what they claim as a role of the DOI!
    Third, it is UNETHICAL that when journals recognize you, they ask you to make unreasonable change (=reject you politely?). This is another example of the biased publishing industry. An anonymous submission system should solve the issue.

  8. tooi says:

    Now the bogus conferences business running by Academic Fora (http://academicfora.com), which is based in Indonesia and Malaysia. The company organizes conferences like a Saturday and Sunday classes of MBA course for job holders. Every week conference in Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, China, UAE and Turkey. They rent out one room in the hotel, and one person is sitting there to say welcome and charge USD 550 for the certificate of the presentation to empty chairs. If you are not able to reach the conference hotel room, no need to worry, there is a facility available to present through Skype. Your presentation will lesson from the company employ and send you the certificate by post. If you English speaking is not good no need to worry certificate available in USD 550 without doing any thing.

    Coming Conferences in China
     April 2016
     Shanghai 8th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 2-3 April, 2016 Shanghai,China
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     March 2016
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    Indonesia
    March 2016
     Jakarta, Indonesia
     Jakarta 9th International Conference on “Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences” (MMHS- 2016 Jakarta, indonesia) March 28-29, 2016 Jakarta, indonesia
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     Bali, Indonesia
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     Jakarta, Indonesia
     Jakarta 10th International Conference on “Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences” (MMHS- 2016 Jakarta, indonesia) 14-15 April, 2016 Jakarta, indonesia
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     Bali 15th International Conference on “Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences” (MMHS- 2016 Bali, indonesia ) 23-24 June,2016 Bali, indonesia
     Jakarta, Indonesia
     Jakarta 14th International Conference on “Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences” (MMHS- 2016 Jakarta, indonesia) 14-15 June, 2016 Jakarta, indonesia
     Jakarta 15th International Conference on “Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences” (MMHS- 2016 Jakarta, indonesia) 28-29 June, 2016 Jakarta, indonesia
    July 2016
     Bali, Indonesia
     Bali 16th International Conference on “Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences” (MMHS- 2016 Bali, indonesia ) 7-8 July,2016 Bali, indonesia
     Bali 17th International Conference on “Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences” (MMHS- 2016 Bali, indonesia ) 23-24 July,2016 Bali, indonesia
     Jakarta, Indonesia
     Jakarta 16th International Conference on “Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences” (MMHS- 2016 Jakarta, indonesia) 14-15 July, 2016 Jakarta, indonesia
     Jakarta 17th International Conference on “Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences” (MMHS- 2016 Jakarta, indonesia) 28-29 July, 2016 Jakarta, indonesia
    Bali
     April 2016
     Bali 10th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016) 7-8 April, 2016 Bali, Indonesia
     Bali 11th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016) 23-24 April, 2016 Bali, Indonesia
     May 2016
     Bali 12th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016) 7-8 May, 2016 Bali, Indonesia
     Bali 13th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016) 23-24 May, 2016 Bali, Indonesia
     June 2016
     Bali 14th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016) 7-8 June, 2016 Bali, Indonesia
     Bali 15th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016) 23-24 June, 2016 Bali, Indonesia
     July 2016
     Bali 16th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016) 7-8 July, 2016 Bali, Indonesia
     Bali 17th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016) 23-24 July, 2016 Bali, Indonesia
    Jakarta
     March 2016
     Jakarta 9th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016 ) 28-29 March, 2016 Jakarta, Indonesia
     April 2016
     Jakarta 10th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016 ) 14-15 April, 2016 Jakarta, Indonesia
     Jakarta 11th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016 ) 29-30 April, 2016 Jakarta, Indonesia
     May 2016
     Jakarta 12th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016 ) 14-15 May, 2016 Jakarta, Indonesia
     Jakarta 13th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016 ) 28-29 May, 2016 Jakarta, Indonesia
     June 2016
     Jakarta 14th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016 ) 14-15 June, 2016 Jakarta, Indonesia
     Jakarta 15th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016 ) 28-29 June, 2016 Jakarta, Indonesia
     July 2016
     Jakarta 16th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016 ) 14-15 July, 2016 Jakarta, Indonesia
     Jakarta 17th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016 ) 28-29 July, 2016 Jakarta, Indonesia

    Bali
     April 2016
     Bali 10th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 7-8 April, 2016 Bali, Indonesia
     Bali 11th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 23-24 April, 2016 Bali, Indonesia
     May 2016
     Bali 12th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 7-8 May, 2016 Bali, Indonesia
     Bali 13th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 23-24 May, 2016 Bali, Indonesia
     June 2016
     Bali 14th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 7-8 June, 2016 Bali, Indonesia
     Bali 15th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 23-24 June, 2016 Bali, Indonesia
     July 2016
     Bali 16th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 7-8 July, 2016 Bali, Indonesia
     Bali 17th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 23-24 July, 2016 Bali, Indonesia
     August 2016
     Bali 18th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 6-7 August, 2016 Bali, Indonesia
    Jakarta
     March 2016
     Jakarta 9th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” March 28-29, 2016 Jakarta, Indonesia
     April 2016
     Jakarta 10th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 14-15 April, 2016 Jakarta, Indonesia
     Jakarta 11th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 29-30 April, 2016 Jakarta, Indonesia
     May 2016
     Jakarta 12th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 14-15 May, 2016 Jakarta, Indonesia
     Jakarta 13th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 28-29 May, 2016 Jakarta, Indonesia
     June 2016
     Jakarta 14th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 14-15 June, 2016 Jakarta, Indonesia
     Jakarta 15th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 28-29 June, 2016 Jakarta, Indonesia
     July 2016
     Jakarta 16th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 14-15 July, 2016 Jakarta, Indonesia
     Jakarta 17th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 28-29 July, 2016 Jakarta, Indonesia
     August 2016
     Jakarta 18th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 13-14 August, 2016 Jakarta, Indonesia
    Bandung
     August 2016
     Bandung International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 23-24 August, 2016 Jakarta, Indonesia

    Malaysia
     April 2016
     Kuala lumpur 10th International Conference on “Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences” (MMHS- 2016 Kuala lumpur, malaysia ) 1-2 April,2016 Kuala lumpur, malaysia
     Kuala lumpur 11th International Conference on “Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences” (MMHS- 2016 Kuala lumpur, malaysia ) 17-18 April,2016 Kuala lumpur, malaysia
     May 2016
     Kuala lumpur 12th International Conference on “Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences” (MMHS- 2016 Kuala lumpur, malaysia ) 2-3 May,2016 Kuala lumpur, malaysia
     Kuala lumpur 13th International Conference on “Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences” (MMHS- 2016 Kuala lumpur, malaysia ) 16-17 May,2016 Kuala lumpur, malaysia
     June 2016
     Kuala lumpur 14th International Conference on “Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences” (MMHS- 2016 Kuala lumpur, malaysia ) 2-3 june,2016 Kuala lumpur, malaysia
     Kuala lumpur 15th International Conference on “Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences” (MMHS- 2016 Kuala lumpur, malaysia ) 16-17 June,2016 Kuala lumpur, malaysia
     July 2016
     Kuala lumpur 16th International Conference on “Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences” (MMHS- 2016 Kuala lumpur, malaysia ) 6-7 July,2016 Kuala lumpur, malaysia
     Kuala lumpur 17th International Conference on “Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences” (MMHS- 2016 Kuala lumpur, malaysia ) 16-17 July,2016 Kuala lumpur, malaysia
     April 2016
     Kuala Lumpur 10th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016 ) 1-2 April, 2016 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
     Kuala Lumpur 11th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016 ) 17-18 April, 2016 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
     May 2016
     Kuala Lumpur 12th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016 ) 2-3 May, 2016 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
     Kuala Lumpur 13th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016 ) 16-17 May, 2016 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
     June 2016
     Kuala Lumpur 14th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016 ) 2-3 June, 2016 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
     Kuala Lumpur 15th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016 ) 16-17 june, 2016 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
     July 2016
     Kuala Lumpur 16th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016 ) 6-7 July, 2016 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
     Kuala Lumpur 17th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016 ) 16-17 july, 2016 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
     April 2016
     Kuala Lumpur 10th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 1-2 April, 2016 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
     Kuala Lumpur 11th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 17-18 April, 2016 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
     May 2016
     Kuala Lumpur 12th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 2-3 May, 2016 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
     Kuala Lumpur 13th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 16-17 May, 2016 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
     June 2016
     Kuala Lumpur 14th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 2-3 June, 2016 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
     Kuala Lumpur 15th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 16-17 June, 2016 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
     July 2016
     Kuala Lumpur 16th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 6-7 July, 2016 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
     Kuala Lumpur 17th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 16-17 July, 2016 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
     August 2016
     Kuala Lumpur 18th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 6-7 August, 2016 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
     Kuala Lumpur 19th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 16-17 July, 2016 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

    Singapore
    2016
     March 2016
     Singapore 9th International Conference on “Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences” (MMHS- 2016 Singapore) March 25-26, 2016 Singapore
     April 2016
     Singapore 10th International Conference on “Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences” (MMHS- 2016 Singapore) 11-12 April, 2016 Singapore
     Singapore 11th International Conference on “Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences” (MMHS- 2016 Singapore) 25-26 April, 2016 Singapore
     May 2016
     Singapore 12th International Conference on “Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences” (MMHS- 2016 Singapore) 11-12 May, 2016 Singapore
     Singapore 13th International Conference on “Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences” (MMHS- 2016 Singapore) 25-26 May, 2016 Singapore
     June 2016
     Singapore 14th International Conference on “Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences” (MMHS- 2016 Singapore) 11-12 June, 2016 Singapore
     Singapore 15th International Conference on “Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences” (MMHS- 2016 Singapore) 25-26 June, 2016 Singapore
     July 2016
     Singapore 16th International Conference on “Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences” (MMHS- 2016 Singapore) 11-12 July, 2016 Singapore
     Singapore 17th International Conference on “Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences” (MMHS- 2016 Singapore) 25-26 July, 2016 Singapore
     March 2016
     Singapore 9th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016 ) 25-26 March, 2016 Singapore
     April 2016
     Singapore 10th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016 ) 11-12 April, 2016 Singapore
     Singapore 11th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016 ) 25-26 April, 2016 Singapore
     May 2016
     Singapore 12th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016 ) 11-12 May, 2016 Singapore
     Singapore 13th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016 ) 25-26 May, 2016 Singapore
     June 2016
     Singapore 14th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016 ) 11-12 June, 2016 Singapore
     Singapore 15th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016 ) 25-26 june, 2016 Singapore
     July 2016
     Singapore 16th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016 ) 11-12 July, 2016 Singapore
     Singapore 17th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016 ) 25-26 july, 2016 Singapore
     March 2016
     Singapore 9th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 25-26 March, 2016 Singapore
     April 2016
     Singapore 10th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 11-12 April, 2016 Singapore
     Singapore 11th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 25-26 April, 2016 Singapore
     May 2016
     Singapore 12th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 11-12 May, 2016 Singapore
     Singapore 13th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 25-26 May, 2016 Singapore
     June 2016
     Singapore 14th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 11-12 June, 2016 Singapore
     Singapore 15th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 25-26 june, 2016 Singapore
     July 2016
     Singapore 16th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 11-12 July, 2016 Singapore
     Singapore 17th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 25-26 july, 2016 Singapore
     August 2016
     Singapore 18th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 11-12 august, 2016 Singapore
     Singapore 19th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 25-26 august, 2016 Singapore

    UAE
    2016
     March 2016
     Dubai 8th International Conference on “Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences” (MMHS- 2016 Dubai, UAE ) March 25-26, 2016 Dubai, UAE
     April 2016
     Dubai 9th International Conference on “Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences” (MMHS- 2016 Dubai, UAE ) 1-2 April, 2016 Dubai, UAE
     Dubai 10th International Conference on “Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences” (MMHS- 2016 Dubai, UAE ) 15-16 April, 2016 Dubai, UAE
     May 2016
     Dubai 11th International Conference on “Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences” (MMHS- 2016 Dubai, UAE ) 6-7 May, 2016 Dubai, UAE
     Dubai 12th International Conference on “Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences” (MMHS- 2016 Dubai, UAE ) 20-21 May, 2016 Dubai, UAE
     June 2016
     Dubai 13th International Conference on “Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences” (MMHS- 2016 Dubai, UAE ) 10-11 June, 2016 Dubai, UAE
     Dubai 14th International Conference on “Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences” (MMHS- 2016 Dubai, UAE ) 24-25 June, 2016 Dubai, UAE
     July 2016
     Dubai 15th International Conference on “Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences” (MMHS- 2016 Dubai, UAE ) 8-9 July, 2016 Dubai, UAE
     Dubai 16th International Conference on “Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences” (MMHS- 2016 Dubai, UAE ) 22-23 July, 2016 Dubai, UAE
     March 2016
     Dubai 8th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016 )25-26 March, 2016 Dubai,UAE
     April 2016
     Dubai 9th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016 )1-2 April, 2016 Dubai,UAE
     Dubai 10th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016 )15-16 April, 2016 Dubai,UAE
     May 2016
     Dubai 11th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016 ) 6-7 May, 2016 Dubai,UAE
     Dubai 12th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016 ) 20-21 May, 2016 Dubai,UAE
     June 2016
     Dubai 13th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016 ) 10-11 June, 2016 Dubai,UAE
     Dubai 14th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016 ) 24-25 June, 2016 Dubai,UAE
     July 2016
     Dubai 15th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016 ) 8-9 July, 2016 Dubai,UAE
     Dubai 16th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016 ) 22-23 July, 2016 Dubai,UAE
     March 2016
     Dubai 8th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 25-26 March, 2016 Dubai,UAE
     April 2016
     Dubai 9th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 1-2 April, 2016 Dubai,UAE
     Dubai 10th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 15-16 April, 2016 Dubai,UAE
     May 2016
     Dubai 11th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 6-7 May, 2016 Dubai,UAE
     Dubai 12th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 20-21 May, 2016 Dubai,UAE
     June 2016
     Dubai 13th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 10-11 June, 2016 Dubai,UAE
     Dubai 14th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 24-25 June, 2016 Dubai,UAE
     July 2016
     Dubai 15th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 8-9 July, 2016 Dubai,UAE
     Dubai 16th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 22-23 July, 2016 Dubai,UAE
     August 2016
     Dubai 17th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 12-13 August, 2016 Dubai,UAE
     Dubai 18th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 26-27 August, 2016 Dubai,UAE

    Thailand
     March 2016
     Bangkok 15th International Conference on “Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences” (MMHS- 2016 Bangkok, Thailand ) March 28-29, 2016 Bangkok, Thailand
     April 2016
     Bangkok 16th International Conference on “Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences” (MMHS- 2016 Bangkok, Thailand ) 4-5 April, 2016 Bangkok, Thailand
     Bangkok 17th International Conference on “Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences” (MMHS- 2016 Bangkok, Thailand ) 13-14 April, 2016 Bangkok, Thailand
     Bangkok 18th International Conference on “Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences” (MMHS- 2016 Bangkok, Thailand ) 20-21 April, 2016 Bangkok, Thailand
     Bangkok 19th International Conference on “Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences” (MMHS- 2016 Bangkok, Thailand ) 28-29 April, 2016 Bangkok, Thailand
     May 2016
     Bangkok 20th International Conference on “Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences” (MMHS- 2016 Bangkok, Thailand ) 4-5 May, 2016 Bangkok, Thailand
     Bangkok 21th International Conference on “Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences” (MMHS- 2016 Bangkok, Thailand ) 13-14 May, 2016 Bangkok, Thailand
     Bangkok 22th International Conference on “Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences” (MMHS- 2016 Bangkok, Thailand ) 20-21 May, 2016 Bangkok, Thailand
     Bangkok 23th International Conference on “Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences” (MMHS- 2016 Bangkok, Thailand ) 28-29 May, 2016 Bangkok, Thailand
     June 2016
     Bangkok 24th International Conference on “Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences” (MMHS- 2016 Bangkok, Thailand ) 4-5 June, 2016 Bangkok, Thailand
     Bangkok 25th International Conference on “Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences” (MMHS- 2016 Bangkok, Thailand ) 13-14 June, 2016 Bangkok, Thailand
     Bangkok 26th International Conference on “Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences” (MMHS- 2016 Bangkok, Thailand ) 20-21 June, 2016 Bangkok, Thailand
     Bangkok 27th International Conference on “Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences” (MMHS- 2016 Bangkok, Thailand ) 28-29 June, 2016 Bangkok, Thailand
     July 2016
     Bangkok 28th International Conference on “Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences” (MMHS- 2016 Bangkok, Thailand ) 4-5 July, 2016 Bangkok, Thailand
     Bangkok 29th International Conference on “Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences” (MMHS- 2016 Bangkok, Thailand ) 13-14 July, 2016 Bangkok, Thailand
     Bangkok 30th International Conference on “Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences” (MMHS- 2016 Bangkok, Thailand ) 20-21 July, 2016 Bangkok, Thailand
     Bangkok 31th International Conference on “Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences” (MMHS- 2016 Bangkok, Thailand ) 28-29 July, 2016 Bangkok, Thailand

     March 2016
     Bangkok 15th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016 ) 28-29 March, 2016 Bangkok, Thailand
     April 2016
     Bangkok 16th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016 ) 4-5 April, 2016 Bangkok, Thailand
     Bangkok 17th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016 ) 13-14 April, 2016 Bangkok, Thailand
     Bangkok 18th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016 ) 20-21 April, 2016 Bangkok, Thailand
     Bangkok 19th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016 ) 28-29 April, 2016 Bangkok, Thailand
     May 2016
     Bangkok 20th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016 ) 4-5 May, 2016 Bangkok, Thailand
     Bangkok 21th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016 ) 13-14 May, 2016 Bangkok, Thailand
     Bangkok 22th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016 ) 20-21 May, 2016 Bangkok, Thailand
     Bangkok 23th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016 ) 28-29 May, 2016 Bangkok, Thailand
     June 2016
     Bangkok 24th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016 ) 4-5 June, 2016 Bangkok, Thailand
     Bangkok 25th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016 ) 13-14 June, 2016 Bangkok, Thailand
     Bangkok 26th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016 ) 20-21 June, 2016 Bangkok, Thailand
     Bangkok 27th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016 ) 28-29 June, 2016 Bangkok, Thailand
     July 2016
     Bangkok 28th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016 ) 4-5 July, 2016 Bangkok, Thailand
     Bangkok 29th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016 ) 13-14 July, 2016 Bangkok, Thailan
     Bangkok 30th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016 ) 20-21 July, 2016 Bangkok, Thailand
     Bangkok 31th International Conference on “Engineering & Technology, Computer , Basic & Applied Sciences” ( ECBA- 2016 ) 28-29 July, 2016 Bangkok, Thailand
    Bangkok
     March 2016
     Bangkok 15th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 28-29 March, 2016 Bangkok, Thailand
     April 2016
     Bangkok 16th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 4-5 April, 2016 Bangkok, Thailand
     Bangkok 17th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 13-14 April, 2016 Bangkok, Thailand
     Bangkok 18th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 20-21 April, 2016 Bangkok, Thailand
     Bangkok 19th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 28-29 April, 2016 Bangkok, Thailand
     May 2016
     Bangkok 20th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 4-5 May, 2016 Bangkok, Thailand
     Bangkok 21th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 13-14 May, 2016 Bangkok, Thailand
     Bangkok 22th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 20-21 May, 2016 Bangkok, Thailand
     Bangkok 23th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 28-29 May, 2016 Bangkok, Thailand
     June 2016
     Bangkok 24th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 4-5 June, 2016 Bangkok, Thailand
     Bangkok 25th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 13-14 June, 2016 Bangkok, Thailand
     Bangkok 26th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 20-21 June, 2016 Bangkok, Thailand
     Bangkok 27th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 28-29 June, 2016 Bangkok, Thailand
     July 2016
     Bangkok 28th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 4-5 July, 2016 Bangkok, Thailand
     Bangkok 29th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 13-14 July, 2016 Bangkok, Thailand
     Bangkok 30th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 20-21 July, 2016 Bangkok, Thailand
     Bangkok 31th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 28-29 July, 2016 Bangkok, Thailand
     August 2016
     Bangkok 32th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 1-2 August, 2016 Bangkok, Thailand
     Bangkok 33th International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 20-21 August, 2016 Bangkok, Thailand
    Phuket
     August 2016
     Phuket International Conference on “ Business, Economics, Social Science & Humanities- BESSH-2016” 27-28 August, 2016 Phukat, Thailand

    The company using the bogus ISBN and also using the journals name without the consent of journals.

  9. fulkiz says:

    While these are clearly flaws, some of these are minor flaws.

  10. herr doktor bimler says:

    The author blunders and completely misunderstands a tongue-in-cheek blog post by M. Eisen.

    Eisen was referring to Wolfe-Simon’s “Arsenic Life” claim when he facetiously claimed to have made that click-baity, unsupportable discovery himself.

    FWIW, a guest post at RetractionWatch argued that the original paper was indeed bad enough to be an indictment of the depths to which academic publishing has sunk, and Science should have retracted it:
    http://retractionwatch.com/2012/07/09/despite-refutation-science-arsenic-life-paper-deserves-retraction-scientist-argues/

  11. MC says:

    Glad to see my home countries’ shitty journals are all being taken over by competent American editors.

  12. Amanda says:

    It seems the change in obtaining DOI numbers occurred when it moved from University of Toronto Press to Project MUSE.

  13. Ken Lanfear says:

    Most reputable journals tread lightly in editing Discussions, so as not to stifle dissent, but it is not at all unusual to have reviewers check facts and adjudicate technical matters. In this case, for example, I would ask the reviewers to check the facts on plagiarism you assert. (I’m not saying you’re wrong, but legal eagles probably would advise checking!)

    Discussions don’t get a free ride in terms of reviews. Too many are promotional, advocate widely discredited science, or make venemous personal attacks. Publishing unreviewed every letter to the editor would not further the interests of good science.

    • Ken, there’s also editor review. I had a letter to the editor published in a peer-reviewed journal once. It was reviewed by the co-editors, not by the members of the editorial board. It did further the interests of science because it identified flaws in the article it was talking about.

      • Ken Lanfear says:

        Jeff, some letters/discussions are straightforward enough they don’t go to peer review and can be handled by the editors. (Keep in mind, the original authors can reply.) Although we try to give everything the appropriate level of review, editors tend to be cautious in making sure controversial subjects get thoroughly checked. There have been times I’ve felt the need for a striped shirt and a whistle!

        Also, as much as some might think the incentive is for an editor not to accept discussions, there is nothing like controversy to increase a journal’s Impact Factor!

  14. Maan Al-Salihi says:

    HiI am a specialist entomology and biological controlI want to publish search in specialized and a global Journal with a high impact factor and requests a small amount not to exceed $ 100 for publicationI hope you send more than one magazineBest RegardsDr. Maan Al-Salihi

  15. Open@IDRC says:

    […] Nwagwu’s piece has been strenuously criticized by Jeffrey Beall for its significant errors, unattributed text and tables that match text and tables from […]

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