Science Publishing Group: A Complete Scam

A threat to science.

A threat to science.

I think Science Publishing Group (SciencePG) is a totally bogus publisher. Here I would like to repeat my warning to all researchers that they not send any papers to this dangerous, pretend publisher.

I have written about this publisher here twice before, once in December, 2012, right after it launched, and once in June, 2014, when it became evident that the publisher would accept and publish absolutely anything, no matter how outlandish or unscientific it was.

I use screenshots from articles published in Science Publishing Group journals to illustrate the concept of “obvious pseudo-science.” Here’s one of the examples I use:

Mathematical proof of the Law of Karma

They will publish anything.

It’s an article entitled “Mathematical proof of the Law of Karma.”

The publisher claims it’s based in New York, but this claim is as false as the science it publishes. I’ve been told they’re really based in Pakistan, but calling their telephone number right now (+1 (347) 688-8931), after many rings, a young woman answers, speaking with what sounds like a Chinese accent.

“Where are you located?” I ask.

“Do you have inquiry about your paper?” she responds.

“What city are you in?”

“We in New York City.”

One of the reasons I am writing a third blog post about Science Publishing Group is that I regularly receive inquiries from people who have published in one of their many journals, researchers who soon realize they’ve made a mistake.

They write asking how to get out of the mess they are in.

Science Publishing Group preys on young researchers. It harvests data from local and regional conferences and, using smarmy language, invites each presenter to convert his or her presentation into an article for one of SciencePG’s journals.

I learned recently of an undergraduate research symposium in Ohio, in which this publisher sent spam emails praising the students’ presentations and inviting an article. In one case, the students thought the invitation was authentic and became excited, but a knowledgeable advisor was able to stop them before any harm was done.

Science Publishing Group now publishes 250 journals, and the titles of many of them begin with “American Journal.”

If you get a spam email from this company, I recommend you delete it immediately. Further, do not submit any papers to any of their journals. Science Publishing Group is a threat to researchers, a threat to science communication, and a threat to science.

Appendix: List of Science Publishing Group journals as of 2016-05-23

  1. Advances in Biochemistry
  2. Advances in Bioscience and Bioengineering
  3. Advances in Materials
  4. Advances in Networks
  5. Advances in Surgical Sciences
  6. Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
  7. American Journal of Aerospace Engineering
  8. American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry
  9. American Journal of Applied Chemistry
  10. American Journal of Applied Mathematics
  11. American Journal of Applied Psychology
  12. American Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics
  13. American Journal of Biomedical and Life Sciences
  14. American Journal of BioScience
  15. American Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
  16. American Journal of Chemical Engineering
  17. American Journal of Civil Engineering
  18. American Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
  19. American Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems
  20. American Journal of Electromagnetics and Applications
  21. American Journal of Embedded Systems and Applications
  22. American Journal of Energy Engineering
  23. American Journal of Environmental Protection
  24. American Journal of Health Research
  25. American Journal of Internal Medicine
  26. American Journal of Life Sciences
  27. American Journal of Mechanics and Applications
  28. American Journal of Modern Physics
  29. American Journal of Networks and Communications
  30. American Journal of Nursing Science
  31. American Journal of Optics and Photonics
  32. American Journal of Physical Chemistry
  33. American Journal of Physics and Applications
  34. American Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience
  35. American Journal of Remote Sensing
  36. American Journal of Software Engineering and Applications
  37. American Journal of Sports Science
  38. American Journal of Theoretical and Applied Statistics
  39. Animal and Veterinary Sciences
  40. Applied and Computational Mathematics
  41. Automation, Control and Intelligent Systems
  42. American Journal of Nano Research and Applications
  43. Advances in Applied Sciences
  44. Advances in Psychology and Neuroscience
  45. Advances in Social Psychology
  46. American Journal of Arts and Design
  47. American Journal of Engineering and Technology Management
  48. American Journal of Information Management
  49. American Journal of Laboratory Medicine
  50. American Journal of Management Science and Engineering
  51. American Journal of Materials Synthesis and Processing
  52. American Journal of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering
  53. American Journal of Operations Management and Information Systems
  54. American Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering
  55. Arabic Language, Literature & Culture
  56. Advances in Applied Physiology
  57. Advances in Sciences and Humanities
  58. American Journal of Applied Scientific Research
  59. American Journal of Biological and Environmental Statistics
  60. American Journal of Neural Networks and Applications
  61. American Journal of Pediatrics
  62. American Journal of Theoretical and Applied Business
  63. Advances in Wireless Communications and Networks
  64. American Journal of Applied and Industrial Chemistry
  65. American Journal of Applied Physical Chemistry
  66. American Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology
  67. American Journal of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering
  68. American Journal of Modern Energy
  69. American Journal of Nanosciences
  70. American Journal of Pharmacology and Phytotherapy
  71. American Journal of Polymer Science and Technology
  72. American Journal of Quantum Chemistry and Molecular Spectroscopy
  73. American Journal of Superconductor and Applications
  74. American Journal of Water Science and Engineering
  75. Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
  76. Cancer Research Journal
  77. Cell Biology
  78. Clinical Medicine Research
  79. Communications
  80. Computational Biology and Bioinformatics
  81. Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
  82. Chinese Language, Literature & Culture
  83. Central African Journal of Public Health
  84. Communication and Linguistics Studies
  85. Communications Engineering Journal
  86. Earth Sciences
  87. Economics
  88. Education Journal
  89. European Journal of Biophysics
  90. European Journal of Preventive Medicine
  91. Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
  92. Engineering and Applied Sciences
  93. English Language, Literature & Culture
  94. Emergency Medicine
  95. European Business & Management
  96. European Journal of Clinical and Biomedical Sciences
  97. Frontiers in Applied Chemistry
  98. Frontiers in Applied Physics
  99. Frontiers in Cognitive Psychology
  100. Frontiers in Developmental Psychology
  101. Frontiers in Environmental Microbiology
  102. Fluid Mechanics
  103. Frontiers in Heterocyclic Chemistry
  104. Gene and Cell Therapy
  105. History Research
  106. Humanities and Social Sciences
  107. Hydrology
  108. Hospitality & Tourism Management
  109. International Journal of Archaeology
  110. International Journal of Astrophysics and Space Science
  111. International Journal of Biomedical Materials Research
  112. International Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering
  113. International Journal of Business and Economics Research
  114. International Journal of Computational and Theoretical Chemistry
  115. International Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization
  116. International Journal of Economics, Finance and Management Sciences
  117. International Journal of Elementary Education
  118. International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering
  119. International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis
  120. International Journal of Environmental Protection and Policy
  121. International Journal of Genetics and Genomics
  122. International Journal of High Energy Physics
  123. International Journal of Immunology
  124. International Journal of Intelligent Information Systems
  125. International Journal of Language and Linguistics
  126. International Journal of Literature and Arts
  127. International Journal of Materials Science and Applications
  128. International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Applications
  129. International Journal of Medical Imaging
  130. International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences
  131. International Journal of Oil, Gas and Coal Engineering
  132. International Journal of Philosophy
  133. International Journal of Science, Technology and Society
  134. International Journal of Secondary Education
  135. International Journal of Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing
  136. Internet of Things and Cloud Computing
  137. International Journal of Sensors and Sensor Networks
  138. International Journal of Sustainable and Green Energy
  139. International Journal of Agricultural Economics
  140. International Journal of Biochemistry, Biophysics & Molecular Biology
  141. International Journal of Education, Culture and Society
  142. International Journal of Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering
  143. International Journal of Journalism and Communication
  144. International Journal of Natural Resource Ecology and Management
  145. International Journal of Ophthalmology & Visual Science
  146. International Journal of Psychological and Brain Sciences
  147. International Journal of Sports Science and Physical Education
  148. International Journal of Systems Science and Applied Mathematics
  149. Italian Language, Literature & Culture
  150. International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences
  151. International Journal of Applied Linguistics and Translation
  152. International Journal of Architecture, Arts and Applications
  153. International Journal of Biomedical Engineering and Clinical Science
  154. International Journal of Clinical and Developmental Anatomy
  155. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medical Sciences
  156. International Journal of Clinical Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
  157. International Journal of Dental Medicine
  158. International Journal of Electrical Components and Energy Conversion
  159. International Journal of Finance and Banking Research
  160. International Journal of Fluid Mechanics & Thermal Sciences
  161. International Journal of Homeopathy & Natural Medicines
  162. International Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
  163. International Journal of Science and Qualitative Analysis
  164. International Journal of Statistical Distributions and Applications
  165. International Journal of Vocational Education and Training Research
  166. International Journal on Data Science and Technology
  167. Industrial and Systems Engineering
  168. International Journal of Accounting, Finance and Risk Management
  169. International Journal of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics
  170. International Journal of Applied Physics: Lasers, Optics and Photonics
  171. International Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
  172. International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Surgery
  173. International Journal of Complex Knowledge and Systems
  174. International Journal of Computational Intelligence and Mathematical Modelling
  175. International Journal of Data Science and Analysis
  176. International Journal of Dual Diagnosis
  177. International Journal of Economy, Energy, Environment and Policy
  178. International Journal of Ecotoxicology and Ecobiology
  179. International Journal of Food Engineering and Technology
  180. International Journal of Fuzzy Mathematics with Applications
  181. International Journal of HIV/AIDS Prevention, Education and Behavioural Science
  182. International Journal of Intellectual Economics and Business
  183. International Journal of Management and Fuzzy Systems
  184. International Journal of Meteorology and Climatology
  185. International Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
  186. International Journal of Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy
  187. International Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy
  188. International Journal of Pharmacy and Chemistry
  189. International Journal of Physical Chemistry and Chemical Physics
  190. International Journal of Research on Data Science
  191. International Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
  192. International Journal of Sustainability Management and Information Technologies
  193. International Journal of Sustainable Development Research
  194. International Journal of Theater and Opera
  195. International Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mathematics
  196. International Journal of Transportation Engineering and Technology
  197. Journal of Anesthesiology
  198. Journal of Cancer Treatment and Research
  199. Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  200. Journal of Energy and Natural Resources
  201. Journal of Finance and Accounting
  202. Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences
  203. Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics
  204. Journal of Human Resource Management
  205. Journal of Investment and Management
  206. Journal of Plant Sciences
  207. Journal of Surgery
  208. Journal of Water Resources and Ocean Science
  209. Journal of World Economic Research
  210. Journal of Diseases and Medicinal Plants
  211. Journal of Drug Design and Medicinal Chemistry
  212. Journal of Family Medicine and Health Care
  213. Journal of Health and Environmental Research
  214. Journal of Photonic Materials and Technology
  215. Journal of Oncology Research and Experimental Medicine
  216. Journal of Plant Protection
  217. Landscape Architecture and Regional Planning
  218. Modern Chemistry
  219. Management Science and Information Technology
  220. Mathematics and Computer Science
  221. Mathematical Modelling in Engineering Applications
  222. Mathematics Letters
  223. Nanoscience and Nanometrology
  224. Optics
  225. Plant
  226. Psychology and Behavioral Sciences
  227. Pure and Applied Mathematics Journal
  228. Personalized Medicine
  229. Pharmaceutical Sciences and Technology
  230. Rehabilitation Sciences
  231. Radiation Science and Technology
  232. RNA and Transcription
  233. Science Discovery
  234. Science Innovation
  235. Science Journal of Analytical Chemistry
  236. Science Journal of Applied Mathematics and Statistics
  237. Science Journal of Business and Management
  238. Science Journal of Chemistry
  239. Science Journal of Circuits, Systems and Signal Processing
  240. Science Journal of Clinical Medicine
  241. Science Journal of Education
  242. Science Journal of Energy Engineering
  243. Science Journal of Public Health
  244. Science Research
  245. Social Sciences
  246. Software Engineering
  247. Spanish Language, Literature & Culture
  248. Teacher Education and Curriculum Studies
  249. Urban and Regional Planning
  250. Women’s Medicine

22 Responses to Science Publishing Group: A Complete Scam

  1. John Sloan says:

    To illustrate how much money this publisher is likely making from its bogus journals, assume that 10 papers are published annually in each of the 250 journals, or 2,500 total papers (an unrealistically low figure). If publication charges applied to each paper are between $90 US and $370 US, the publishing house earns between $250,000 US and $925,000 in “profit” annually. If we double the above estimates (a more likely scenario), this publisher is earning – at minimum – some $500,000 (gross) profit each year. Not a bad “return on investment.”

    • Ghazal says:


      Your calculation is wrong. Most OA publishers with tens of journals normally have very few active journals.

      • MC says:

        There’s a known solution, just add ‘International’ somewhere in the journal titles and double your money.

  2. […] Update May 24th 2016: Beall is now very clear on this publisher: “Science Publishing Group is a threat to researchers, a threat to science communication, and a threat to science.” (see: Science Publishing Group: A Complete Scam) […]

  3. Ghazal says:

    Isn’t it possible to find out where they have registered the ISSN of their journals?

    • D. Lawrence says:

      Quite a few of their journals do not have ISSNs. Some of those that do list ISSNs the identifier is actually for another journal that isn’t published by SPG. Good luck getting most of their “DOIs” to resolve. 2-year old articles with alleged DOIs are still not registered with CrossRef.

      The tragedy is that a few of the articles published in SPG journals are actually rather good. A tragedy because these articles become essentially “lost” literature.

  4. lisaamartin says:

    I’m sure you are absolutely right about SPG being a bogus publisher and not being based in New York, but in general, be careful in linking that assumption with the accent of the person on the end of the phone! Just because someone doesn’t sound American doesn’t mean they’re not in the US, and just because a company uses a call centre in another country doesn’t mean the company’s HQ isn’t based somewhere entirely different. I was made redundant from a London-based journal publisher a few years ago because they decided to outsource nearly the entire editorial department to the Philippines. Just sayin’…

    • MC says:

      Seems like a pretty fair assumption, in this case. They all lie about their location (no, this isn’t some over reaching blanket statement, they all do), so the larger point highlighted by that asinine exchange over the phone is, again, correct.

  5. herr doktor bimler says:

    It’s an article entitled “Mathematical proof of the Law of Karma.”

    That was a window into an interesting but unproductive way of thinking. The author seems to be an alt-health scammer, promising to cure concussion injuries using acupuncture and a Mongolian technique of massage / selective bruising.

    • MC says:

      I just love this pseudo-science, ‘I am smart’, bullshit:

      “If an athlete has lost consciousness, that individual should not return to play for a period of 15 minutes, several hours, days, or up to 3 months, depending on the severity of the concussion. [American Academy of Neurology, 2004]”


  6. […] via Science Publishing Group: A Complete Scam — Scholarly Open Access […]

  7. MUSS Dr. Wolfgang says:

    Thank you for that really informing and stirring me up information on that predatory “publisher”/ these predatory journals. We should circulate the blog as much as possible.

  8. d0 says:

    The website is also promoting the bogus research. The Dr. Jallat Khan Ph.D (Organic chemistry) is involved in this. This publication company also fake articles

    Identification of the Teacher’s Debilitating Attitude Involved in Acquiring Oral Competency of ESL Students at Graduate Level
    Authors: Sadia Ayub ; Muhammad Arfan Lodhi
    Issues of Language Diversity for Today’s Refugees
    Authors: Judith A. Cochran

    Dr. Claudia-Neptina Manea (Ovidius University of Constanta, Romania) is always given the comments on the articles.

  9. herr doktor bimler says:

    Readers might also enjoy Edward Wu’s “Unified Field Theory Based on Yangton and Yington”, these being the two basic particles, discovered by himself. Reported extensively at SPG’s American Journal of Modern Physics (and also at the Science Journal of Physics, from SJPub, a Nigerian hustle).

  10. Florence Craye says:

    Another one for your list, Jeffrey:
    Will they never stop? Argh!

    • Thanks. I only see conferences that they organize, but no journals. If you think I am missing something, please let me know. Otherwise, I will not add this to the list at this time, as it is only a (low-quality) conference organizer.

  11. Yousoph says:

    Hi everyone,

    Please take a look at the following website regarding SciencePG:

    All of these severe criticisms cannot be true regarding SciencePG.


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