Does Everyone in India Want to be a Scholarly Publisher?

Bad management.

Bad management.

The number of scholarly open-access publishers and standalone journals based in India is skyrocketing. Everyone there — it seems — wants to get in on the open-access gold rush. Here I describe a typical Indian open-access publisher, the so-called Jabalpur Management Association.

I don’t think the Jabalpur Management Association is really an authentic “association.” Instead, I think it’s really just a one-man operation, the man being Mr. Anil Mehra, who is running the operation out of his house or a small storefront. Jabalpur is a city in India’s Madhya Pradesh state, located in the center of the country.

More rubbish in a colorful package.

Colorful rubbish.

One of the things that distinguishes this publisher is the colorful design of its journal covers. The design makes the covers stand out — much like children’s books. Some include pictures lifted from the internet.

The “association’s” twenty journals are all broad in scope and cover academic fields already saturated with open-access journals, so they’re just noise. In fact, they have few published articles, as researchers have increasingly learned to avoid phony open-access journals.

Global journals 2

More rubbish in a colorful package.

The Jabalpur Management Association offers two degrees: Diploma in Caterinng Management [sic, they mean “catering”] and a Diploma in Digital Marketing. So, the same guy publishing Global Journal of Surgery is also teaching classes on catering.

Some of the journal covers display ISBNs instead of ISSNs, additional evidence of non-standard or inept practices.

Everybody in India wants to be a scholarly publisher, it seems. India’s population is 1.2 billion, so soon there will be 1.2 billion scholarly publishers in India.

While we want to maintain freedom of the press, there is an increasing need to credential scholarly publishers. Science and other research is too important to humans to allow its publication by inexperienced, open-access profiteers.

Appendix: List of Jabalpur Management Association journals as of 2016-08-03

  1. Global Journal of Basic and Applied Chemical Sciences (GJBACS)
  2. Global Journal of Basic and Applied Medical Sciences (GJBAMS)
  3. Global Journal of Basic and Applied Medical Sciences (GBAMS)
  4. Global Journal of Bio-Protocols (GJBP)
  5. Global Journal of Biotechnology
  6. Global Journal of Engineering, Science and Social Science Studies (GJESS)
  7. Global Journal of Fundamental and Applied Life Sciences (GJFALS)
  8. Global Journal of Innovative Research and Review (GJRR)
  9. Global Journal of Law (GJL)
  10. Global Journal of Library Sciences (GJLS)
  11. Global Journal of Medical Case Reports (GJMCR)
  12. Global Journal of Microbiology (GJM)
  13. Global Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies (GJMS)
  14. Global Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences (GJPHS)
  15. Global Journal of Physics and Mathematical Sciences (GJPMS)
  16. Global Journal of Plant Sciences (GJPS)
  17. Global Journal of Surgery (GJS)
  18. Global Journal of Zoology (GJZ)
  19. International Journal of Animal, Veterinary, Fishery, and Allied Sciences (IJAVFAS)
  20. South Asia Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies (SAJMS)

31 Responses to Does Everyone in India Want to be a Scholarly Publisher?

  1. Nitish Puri says:

    Respected sir,
    I am following your work from past 2-3 years and I really appreciate it. But you don’t have any right to degrade an entire nation, just because few thousands (out of 1.2 Billion) are doing wrong. This was not expected from a senior librarian like you. People like your work (including me) but few lines in this post are unbearably naive.

  2. Koushik Pal says:

    I have deep respect for you Sir. But how can you generize: ?
    There are many shooting incidents in America. Can anybody generalize that all Americans are potential shooters?
    In fact, there are many people who are fighting against the predatory publishers. You initiated such fight and we are with you!

  3. Sudesh says:

    Excellent work again.
    99% of such publishers will cease operation in a few years when money will not be as expected
    0.5% publishers will turn out to be like OMICS – corrupt but smart
    0.5% publishers will actually make a name for themselves and turn into publishers with good journals
    On a sympathetic note for authors, work of authors publishing in journals in the above list, has almost no chance to be accepted by established journals. so why not give them a chance to see their name on a published article, even if it is in a low quality journal which no one will ever read?

  4. Chan Jacki says:

    What is the difference between this journal ( that charges USD500 and is published by a university and other journals in your list. As far as we know, any journal charges author fee is potentially predatory. Please confirm.

  5. Lalitha Pasam says:

    Good work Jeff,
    All the employees of Indian predatory publishers love your posts, I am the one among them.
    I follow your blog almost daily for updates. .

    Good one, keep going. . .

  6. IndRes says:

    Please remove that misleading title and reactions aganist the nation. YOU CAN WRITE ABOUT THE ASSOCIATION OR ANYTHING ;BUT NOT THE NATION.

  7. Roger Carter says:

    I just looked inside the Global Journal of Microbiology and it has published no articles. As its a global journal I suppose this proves “its a small world after all” . Seriously, I was pleased that no authors have yet to fall for that scam at least.

  8. Harriman Saragih says:

    I appreciate your effort, Mr. Beall.

  9. Jyothika says:

    Everybody in India wants to be a scholarly publisher, it seems. India’s population is 1.2 billion, so soon there will be 1.2 billion scholarly publishers in India.

    What is this. How dare you are to give this statement.

    In fact all American universities are robbing Indian students pockets.

    • Sanjay says:

      feeling very bad after Mr. Anil Mehra destroy the image of Indian journals in global platform. Every comment made Mr. Beall is read by over many lakhs of academicians over the world.

      • Denish Brown says:

        Sir mehra is not destroying the image of indian journal ,as westen policy to show indian journals worst as compare to american …they want to capture alll research to america only ….as scopus and thomsun attractiing indians …

  10. sukumar shanmugam says:


  11. shyam says:

    Dear Jeff,
    Yes, there are thousands of such journals appearing everyday in India. This is happening mainly because recently the Indian regulatory body that looks after Higher education made it mandateory for PhD students to publish one journal article to be eligible for the award of the degree. Without seeing the preprint of the article, universities hence do not allow doctoral students to submit the thesis. So, most of the students are forced to pay money and get their essays printed in these bogus journals. Nobody cares about the quality of the publication. Therefore, this trend is going to stay!
    Thanks for keeping me updated! You are doing a great job.
    with best wishes,

  12. Krishnamurthy Bhat says:

    Dear Jeff,
    Like many other Indians I too follow, appreciate and admire your effort to keep these predatory journals away from the mainstream genuine science. In our University (I work as a professor at Manipal University, India) we often mention your blog as a Gold Standard for predatory journals. We also educate many when ever possible about your service to the science. I felt bad reading this title and I didn’t expect this. Pl. desist from generalizing 1.2 billion for the fraud of may be less than 1% of the population.

  13. lisaamartin says:

    I must say that as a regular reader of your blog, I too am somewhat uncomfortable with some of the statements you make in this post, Jeff. Well done for calling out Jabalpur Management Association and the Global Journals series – and yes, there does seem to be a particular problem with predatory publishers in India. However, it’s not just an Indian problem, and it’s a bit harsh to suggest that every person in India wants to get in on this scam.

    • Denish Brown says:

      Dear madam , but try to know blog msy be sponsered frm somewhere , as i m seeing blogs of jeff , he is trying to become final authority to decide velidity of journals, scopus and thomsum become big shot in market only becoze of this practice …as jefff is doing …

  14. Ghazal says:

    Dear Mr Beall

    I see many people oppose your recent comment on Indian predatory publishers.

    The real problem is that it is possible to launch hundreds of journals and try to get money and publish something but is it possible to receive a valuable index out of poor articles they publish? How many Indian ranked one journals do you know? According to this link the number of Q1 journals are fewer than our fingers

    This means the entire nation has not been able to build a very high quality journal. While there are journals with high SJR in other countries we see very limited number of journals with SJR more than 1. Why is that? Indian nation are the best to publish high quality articles in well-established journals. However, when it comes to OA publishers headquartered in India, things are different!

    Many Indian authors try to publish their works in OA journals publishers headquartered in other countries just to make sure their work would be appreciated more.

    The government of many countries try to guild their students to only publish their papers in indexed and reputable journals. In many cases, they publish Black or White lists and try to prevent junk publications. What has Indian government done? For instance, the government of Iran gives a privilege to journals published by Iranian societies and universities after a comprehensive review is accomplished on the content of the journal and allow graduate students to publish on such journals and use it as partial requirement for PhD graduation. Although it has some disadvantages but it is partially good. On the other hand, publishing at least one ISI indexed paper in Expanded Science Citation list is another requirement of Iranian Universities.

    As long as we have cases like OMICS group which is originated in India, there are some discussions here about journals published in Heydarabad, India :-)

  15. OffHours says:

    I apologize for drifting away from the topic, but some of the comments to this particluar post made me think of some unrelated news bits regarding recent sporting events. Why the Netherlands are capable to voluntarily send home their athlete for broking the rules, to their own disadvantage? Do some nations simply have in their mindset that ability to self-regulate and respect the rules, even being left on their own? Why do some other nations sincerely perceive that the opposite way of behavior is the right one – to be caught cheating many times, but anyway they would deny it, cover it and demand respect to their national pride? I assume I may be not the only one lazy non-Western person often relying on stereotypes that the Western authors or journals are more likely to genuinely do a research (and peer review) while (to spare everyone’s national pride) young researchers from developing countries cordially with young publishers from developing countries craft and publish some hocus pocus. To admit the problem is the first step to solve it. Personally, I think if I were so much comfortable with these stereotypes and the underlying state of affairs which causes them, I wouldn’t even bother to check this blog.

  16. herr doktor bimler says:

    I can sympathise with your impatience and irritability. The greed of the predatory wannabees, who see the example of OMICS as a model of entrepreneurial success, have made it harder for more science-focused Indian publishers to be taken seriously.
    But that said, I’m agreeing with the previous comments — you do not need to malign Indian intellectual culture.

  17. Miranda Yeoh says:

    To be honest, I think they only want to make a decent living, and if publishing allows this, they may have to seize the opportunity. (Is there a social security system, where the poor and unemployed can be on the dole?) As researchers, we know that quality needs to be maintained, but my recent study shows that only a small percentage of my respondents are willing to review for such journals.

  18. Sam says:

    Indian predatory journals simply reflect the downward spiral of the Indian educational system. While there are some old reputable institutions exist in India, most of the new universities and ‘self-financing’ collages are run for profit but without any ethics. The power of the academics from the old state universities shifted to politicians. Even in the eighties, university vice-chancellor positions were given to the highest bidder. State university positions are often sold. Systemic corruption & disregard to merit are very common in both state and private higher educational institutions in India. Education did help many to get out of the cycle of poverty but good, internationally recognizable education remains elusive.

  19. anand says:

    Mr. Beall, you made very improper comments again Indian researchers and Indians who working towards better nation in coming years. With this words you proved that you very narrow minded person against research going on in Asian Countries.

    We actually don’t buy, Grab or sell the research to others we are just publishing, The countries which you supporting concentrate on money making out of research instead for developing mankind.

    But still you doesn’t rise any comments again them but you are saying every citizen of India is Scholarly Publisher.

    This last time I going to follow your blog.

    bye forever

  20. Tapas Chakrabarty says:

    The penultimate paragraph contains derogating remarks about Republic of India. Being an Indian I strongly protest it. This post must be deleted.

  21. Tapas Chakrabarty says:

    Stop using derogatory remarks on India.

  22. Lucas says:

    I always check scholarlyoa to keep me update about potential predatory journals. Most of your posts Mr. Jeff are really helpful and its a great service that you’re doing exposing gold digger publishers in this blog. However, this post is unbelievable racist. Not only you written a completely misleading title as you also generalized an entire nation of scamming pratices.
    Really disappointing…

  23. SK says:

    Sir I liked your hard work but as far as this post is concern you must change the title.

    I have one question for you do you think that only American or European publish original research that is far away what you understand as reality. Those so called publishers have discrimination for researchers from Asian and African countries and reject good research work at the same time they publish substandard work from American and European countries.

    To get our work publish in so called reputed journals we have to add a author name from American and European countries. Do you think is it possible to carry out and experiment in collaboration between two people who are far far away from each other but this is truth.

    Please don’t generalize any country and change the title

  24. Hi Jeffrey Beall,
    This is a good post as ever. I have set up some of my students at an Indian science institute to investigate these guys further, as a part of the scientific writing course I teach. To possibly answer your question, which you might not necessarily have wanted answered (my prof said that to me once) “Does Everyone in India Want to be a Scholarly Publisher?”, turns out not really. But Everyone in India who is in engineering colleges (1,500,000 engineers get degrees per year) [1] now needs to ‘show research output’. There are recent efforts to do what you are doing, on an “official platform”- the agency accrediting (and de-accrediting) universities and colleges has set up some sort of a mission to identify “predatory publishers”. Maybe it’s time our guys talk to some of your folks. Because we have science to lose here!
    And for those who use the fig-leaf of their nation to abuse you (and I think there are many of those all over the world), I pity them for not having seen the point. Get an education folks!


  25. Herr Doktor Bimler says:

    Kunal Joe, commenting in a more recent thread, notes that Mr Anil Mehra has opened a new website targeting other predatory journals (promising impact factors and index entries, as well as an e-mail spamming service).

    His new website depends so heavily on laziness, incompetence and stolen content that it claims to be the on-line version of the Puget Sound Business Journal.

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