MedCrave Update: It’s Still a Dangerous, Predatory Publisher


Watch where you step.

I first wrote about the Hyderabad, India-based, open-access publisher MedCrave soon after it launched in April, 2014. Since that time, the publisher has grown and continued to pillage and plunder the terrain of scientific integrity.

By my count, MedCrave currently has 87 open-access journals in its portfolio (see Appendix 2, below). In June, 2014, I reported that it had 20 titles. The publisher is a clone of OMICS International in the sense that it copies their predatory, exploitative, and dishonest business practices. Some comments left on my blog identify MedCrave’s owner as B. Sudhip Reddy, but I haven’t been able to confirm this.

The publisher is currently spamming to celebrate open-access week. I received one of the spam emails, and I’ve reproduced it below in Appendix 1. The spam says,

On the occasion of Open Access week we are glad to provide complete waiver on the publishing fee of articles, received before October 31, 2016.

However, the fine print, later in the spam email, says,

Note: Only processing charges of $222 will be charged towards DOI number after article publication.

This is deceptive. Each DOI only costs a dollar, so this fee is really a publishing fee disguised as a DOI fee. Moreover, it’s shameful that Crossref — the owner of the DOI system — even allows this bogus publisher to have DOIs.

Note also that the spam is for their International Journal of Avian & Wildlife Biology, a journal that is about as far outside my field of academic librarianship as you can get.

In other MedCrave spam emails forwarded to me, the publisher uses the “just one more article” trick to lure submissions:

We are pleased to inform you that Journal of Historical Archaeology & Anthropological Sciences is about to release its inaugural issue and we are in need of one article to accomplish this issue. In fact my desire is to fulfill the issue with your article.

Some of this publisher’s articles have been indexed in PubMed, and the publisher uses this fact to try to make it look legitimate. It’s not.

Most of MedCrave’s journals are medical titles. However, they’ve added a few titles from other fields, such as engineering. Overall, the journals match fields in which authors typically have grants, monies that can be used to pay MedCraves author fees.

The bull is inside.

The bull is inside.

When it launched, MedCrave reported its headquarters location as Bartlesville, Oklahoma. Now it claims Edmond, Oklahoma is its home. This is a lie, as the publisher is really run out of Hyderabad, India, the home of many corrupt online businesses, including predatory publishers.

MedCrave is a completely bogus medical publisher. Its only aim is to make easy money off of open-access publishing, pretending to be a real publisher when it’s really just a grand scheme to trick researchers into thinking it is a bona fide medical publisher.

If you receive their email celebrating Open-Access Week or any other email from them, I recommend you delete it quickly. Do not submit any papers to MedCrave journals. Do not agree to serve on their editorial boards.


Appendix 1: A recent spam email I received from MedCrave:

From: International Journal of Avian & Wildlife Biology []
Sent: Saturday, October 8, 2016 5:16 AM
To: Beall, Jeffrey <>
Subject: Submissions accepted: Open access week

Dear Dr. Jeffrey Beall,
Happy Open Access Week!

On the auspicious occasion of Open Access Week (October 24th to 30th), we are welcoming eminent people from the scientific community to submit their research work or any kind of article for the International Journal of Avian & Wildlife Biology (IJAWB).

MedCrave Group largely supports the Open Access initiative and certainly believes that by eliminating the barriers to access research work published online, will greatly aid to the progress of research within scientific and technical disciplines.

On the occasion of Open Access week we are glad to provide complete waiver on the publishing fee of articles, received before October 31, 2016.

Kindly submit your manuscript online

Moreover we believe knowledge is the best power to enhance the society. Hence we took up this initiative to support researchers for publishing their papers, who lack research funding. However we anticipate having your couple of submissions towards this eve success.

Kindly acknowledge this email receipt at the earliest to take your seat un-taken.

Note: Only processing charges of $222 will be charged towards DOI number after article publication.

Hope you understand us and foresee your support.

Best Regards,
Scarlett Reynolds
Editorial Office-MedCrave Group
International Journal of Avian & Wildlife Biology

If you wish to not to receive our emails, kindly unsubscribe

Appendix 2: List of MedCrave journals as of 2016-10-22:

  1. Advances in Cytology & Pathology
  2. Advances in Obesity, Weight Management & Control
  3. Advances in Ophthalmology & Visual System
  4. Advances in Plants & Agriculture Research
  5. Advances in Tissue Engineering & Regenerative Medicine
  6. Authors Journal
  7. Biodiversity International Journal
  8. Biometrics & Biostatistics International Journal
  9. Computer networks and Communications Open access Journal
  10. Drug Design Development & Therapy Open Access Journal
  11. Endocrinology & Metabolism International Journal
  12. Forensic Research & Criminology International Journal
  13. Forestry Research: International Journal
  14. Gastroenterology & Hepatology: Open Access
  15. Hematology & Transfusion International Journal
  16. International Clinical Pathology Journal
  17. International Journal of Avian & Wildlife Biology
  18. International Journal of Biosensors & Bioelectronics
  19. International Journal of Complementary & Alternative Medicine
  20. International Journal of Hydrology
  21. International Journal of Molecular Biology: Open Access
  22. International Journal of Petrochemical Science & Engineering
  23. International Journal of Pregnancy & Child Birth
  24. International Journal of Radiology & Radiation Therapy
  25. International Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination
  26. International Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Journal
  27. International Robotics & Automation Journal
  28. Journal of Analytical & Pharmaceutical Research
  29. Journal of Anesthesia & Critical Care: Open Access
  30. Journal of Applied Biotechnology & Bioengineering
  31. Journal of Aquaculture & Marine Biology
  32. Journal of Bacteriology & Mycology: Open Access
  33. Journal of Cancer Prevention & Current Research
  34. Journal of Cardiology & Current Research
  35. Journal of Dairy, Veterinary & Animal Research
  36. Journal of Dental Health, Oral Disorders & Therapy
  37. Journal of Dermatology & Cosmetology
  38. Journal of Diabetes, Metabolic Disorders & Control
  39. Journal of Epidemiology and Infectious Diseases
  40. Journal of Historical Archaeology & Anthropological Sciences
  41. Journal of Human Virology & Retrovirology
  42. Journal of Investigative Genomics
  43. Journal of Liver Research, Disorders & Therapy
  44. Journal of Lung, Pulmonary & Respiratory Research
  45. Journal of Microbiology & Experimentation
  46. Journal of Nanomedicine Research
  47. Journal of Neurology & Stroke
  48. Journal of Nutritional Health & Food Engineering
  49. Journal of Otolaryngology-ENT Research
  50. Journal of Pancreatic Research, Disorders & Therapy
  51. Journal of Pediatrics & Neonatal Care
  52. Journal of Psychology & Clinical Psychiatry
  53. Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapeutics
  54. Journal of Textile Engineering & Fashion Technology
  55. Material Science & Engineering International Journal
  56. MOJ Addiction Medicine & Therapy
  57. MOJ Anatomy & Physiology
  58. MOJ Applied Bionics and Biomechanics
  59. MOJ Autoimmune Diseases
  60. MOJ Bioequivalence & Bioavailability
  61. MOJ Biology and Medicine
  62. MOJ Bioorganic & Organic Chemistry
  63. MOJ Cell Science & Report
  64. MOJ Civil Engineering
  65. MOJ Clinical & Medical Case Reports
  66. MOJ Ecology & Environmental Sciences
  67. MOJ Food Processing & Technology
  68. MOJ Gerontology & Geriatrics
  69. MOJ Immunology MOJ Immunology
  70. MOJ Orthopedics & Rheumatology
  71. MOJ Polymer Science
  72. MOJ Proteomics & Bioinformatics
  73. MOJ Public Health
  74. MOJ Sports Medicine
  75. MOJ Surgery
  76. MOJ Toxicology
  77. MOJ Women’s Health
  78. MOJ Yoga & Physical Therapy
  79. Nursing & Care Open Access Journal
  80. Obstetrics & Gynecology International Journal
  81. Open Access Journal of Photoenergy
  82. Open Access Journal of Thyroid Research
  83. Palliative Care & Medicine International Journal
  84. Pharmacy & Pharmacology International Journal
  85. Reproductive System & Sexual Disorders International Journal
  86. Sleep Medicine and Disorders: International Journal
  87. Urology & Nephrology Open Access Journal

44 Responses to MedCrave Update: It’s Still a Dangerous, Predatory Publisher

  1. Superman says:

    If they ask you for money, simply do NOT pay. They will continue to spam your inbox with almost daily emails and will even try to persuade you by reducing the fee from a “minor contribution” of 1000$ to 100$.

    They will obviously not start any sort of legal action simply because they are scammers practicing illegal activities.

    Their English is nauseating:

    “Dear Dr. Superman

    Hope you had a great week and wishing you a great weekend.

    Well we have been shooting emails regarding your payment of $100 for your manuscript. In this case, we have been falling into deficit to survive with Open Access without having support from any organization.
    So please be a part of us and let us have some contribution from authors only to move on ahead.

    Hope you felt our complications and anticipating to have your kind contribution at the earliest to step into next month with full of energy.

    Await your reply.

    Best Regards,
    Harry White”

  2. BM says:

    Reposting my comment here:

    “I contacted the legal department at my university after they published an article without copyright transfer.
    The department contacted the proper authorities and through some “detective” work of their own, managed to officially find their location and the people in charge.
    They have sent a cease and desist notification to their electronic and physical address in order to retract the paper. My institution assured me that if they do not do so, that they have the means to prosecute them in India through a proxy attorney. It appears it has not been the first time my institution had to deal with copyright infringement overseas, so I guess they have some experience with such matters.
    If they do not retract the paper I will keep you guys informed of what happens.”

  3. JoshCan says:

    “Some of this publisher’s articles have been indexed in PubMed”

    Where? I have yet to find any article of this fraudulent journal on PubMed.

  4. JoshCan says:

    “The publisher is a clone of OMICS International in the sense that it copies their predatory, exploitative, and dishonest business practices”.

    I think medcrave is much, much worse. I mean, has anyone ever seen OMICS impersonate various fake profiles and spam Quora/facebook/linkedin with ridiculous praise messages in some sort of weird language that I can only understand to be broken English?

    This medcrave crap doesn’t even manage to look like a credible journal (medcrave? what kind of bogus name is that?). I feel this farce is operated by people that have absolutely no basic understanding of anything science related.

    Just search the words “sh*t” and “medcrave” together and you get a couple of articles published with foul language. This is disgusting.

  5. okolie paul says:

    Please is international journal of arts and sciences predatory?www.ijas

    • Despite the name, this is really a conference organizer, not a publisher. And it acts more like a travel agency. I recommend you steer clear of this firm. It is not very scholarly. It’s a for-profit business that seeks funds from department travel funds. Please find a real conference from a non-profit scholarly society instead.

  6. Herr Doktor Bimler says:

    Neuroskeptic also reported receiving one of these pathetic requests for charity. As if they somehow need a certain minimum number of PDFs in each month’s “issue” webpage before they can “publish” it.

  7. BM says:


    Regarding my last post, apparently the cease and desist letter sent by the legal department resulted in the paper “retraction”, though other files and a lot of information related to the article is still available online.
    My institution mentioned they have contacted a law firm in India that specializes in copyright violations, caters to foreign clients and apparently is very efficient in lawsuits against Indian nationals who violate international copyright laws. They couldn’t give me more details because things just became “official” and they consider that the institution is the client that has its rights being trespassed (and not me).
    It appears that if things aren’t properly resolved you might be looking at the first case in which some of these shandy figures might come into the light and maybe, who knows, see some of that light through a jail window.

  8. Joseph Enegela says:

    Thanks Jeffrey for you good work. I want to know if journals can get off your predatory list and how they can accomplish that.

    • Keith says:

      There’s an Appeals page at , where requests to have journals removed can be submitted. I believe a review panel (i.e. people other than Jeffrey) then consider the request.

      Obviously, to ensure a successful appeal (or to avoid ending up on the list in the first place), a journal/publisher needs to avoid/curtail actual predatory behaviour (fraudulent claims, hidden charges, lack of peer review when advertised, etc.) or behaviour resembling that of a predatory publisher (spam, badly formatted websites, huge numbers of generically named journals, inadequate proofreading/peer review, etc.).

  9. JoshCan says:

    Its funny how these e-mails are sent during daytime hours in India and very late at night in the US where their headquarters supposedly are.

  10. wandroid says:

    Would you please check ? I guess is a new journal publisher. is the journal have possibility became a predatory journal ?


    • The link goes to a Taylor & Francis journal, and that publisher is not considered a predatory publisher.

      • Herr Doktor Bimler says:

        Wandroid’s link led me to “London Journals Press”, with no indication of T&F association. But they seem to be subscription based, with no sign of publication fees.

      • Marco says:

        It’s indeed not a T&F journal. And while it is subscription-based, it is so in the weirdest possible way: you are apparently not allowed to see the contents of any of the journals, not even the titles of the alleged papers, until you subscribe. And Editorial Boards are a complete mystery, too.

        Also, they claim to be “affiliated with the US Open Association of Research Society”, which AFAIK is a bogus organization.

        The phone number that is given, +444 118 965 4033, does not seem to fit any known UK phone numbering. The +44 is the UK country code alright, but the UK numbering has at most 10 digits. there’s 11 left in that phone number (12 if you add the usual leading zero)! Also, AFAIK there’s no 04 numbers in the UK (they are reserved). Any Brits here to confirm?

        The address is also weird, since there is no such thing as a “pin” code in UK addresses. However, and maybe just coincidence, they do use the indication “pin” in India for what we would call postal codes.

        But it gets interesting in the FAQs:

        One of the FAQs is the question “Is it necessary to register every co-author to the Global Journals?”

        And the answer to the question “How can I contact an Editor or Associate Editor?” is…

        Drum roll please…

        “No you should not. Contacting directly to Editor Board/Peer Reviewer regarding paper is strictly prohibited. This comes under unfair means as all journals published by Global Journals Inc. (US) are double blind peer reviewed.”

        In other words, it appears Global Journals are now trying a new form of “pay-to-publish”, which involves you having to pay for a membership to read your own paper and those of others. Gets you free from Beall’s list, because not “Open Access”…

      • For some reason, the links, including these in Marco’s comment here, keep sending me to a T&F journal.

      • Herr Doktor Bimler says:

        “affiliated with the US Open Association of Research Society”, which AFAIK is a bogus organization.

        Oh well-spotted. The “US OARS” is simply another branch of the Global Journal operation. I am going to go out on a limb and speculate that anyone else claiming to belong to the OARS is also another branch. Like, for instance, “Gateway Journals”, which has much in common with London Journals.

        It appears that Global Journals have issues with ScholarlyOA. Here is an account from someone who corresponded with them:

        I replied to “Dr R K Dixit”, stating that I didn’t wish to have anything to do with any publisher on the Beall’s List. […]
        However, in the bits I could understand, he seemed to be giving Jeffrey Beall a right slagging off! Mills accused Beall of being a “mere librarian” of “fully questionable authenticity”, with “limitations” and a “shallow and misguiding” knowledge of research. He accused him of playing “dirty tricks” because he allegedly works for a “mafia” of “Commercial Capitalists”, paid commission by certain big-name publishers to champion their pay-for-access journals over those with an OA model. He even accused Mr Beall of setting up a fake Nigerian mirror of the GJI home page, though quite why he’d want to do that, I have no idea.

        The phone number that is given, +444 118 965 4033, does not seem to fit any known UK phone numbering.
        I’m guessing that they stuttered with the initial prefix. “+44 118…” would be a perfectly cromulent Reading number. But their address is also round the whack (as Marco points out):

        London Journals Press, 1210th, Waterside
        Dr, Arlington Building, Theale, Reading,
        Pin: RG7-4TY,

        is more likely to be “Building 1210” (or “1210 Parkview”), Arlington Business Park. But there is no “London Journals Press” company listed at that post-code. I’m guessing that one of the companies that is based there, is a mail-forwarding service.

        For some reason, the links, including these in Marco’s comment here, keep sending me to a T&F journal.

        Perhaps they have found some way to detect the source of the queries, and to redirect you. You may have to go through an anonymising service. Try their LinkedIn account (currently Liked by two programmers in Madhya Pradesh), or Facebook (also popular with Madhya Pradesh hackers).
        Before I forget, here’s a little anecdote about Dr. R. K. “Ipse” Dixit of Global Journals, and his attempts to recruit dead people to the Editorial Board.

        In the case of “London Journals”, they haven’t bothered trying to recruit editors; they simply scraped a pre-harvested list of names from SCIRP editorial boards.

      • Joe says: is using a site template very similar to that of T&F. Try going to to see if it stops redirecting you. They’ve spent a lot of time making it look like a respectable journal site, moreso than some others. The language is still off, though, e.g., “The organisation is inclined to promote valuable research publishing and boost research and development worldwide. Services are predominantly provided in the fields of research, publishing and education.

        Our paper publishing process undergoes various phases to publish reviewed, authentic and innovative research papers. The process of publishing encompasses editorial board review, peer review, filtering, expert editing, publishing, distribution and copyrighting. With the use of leading-edge technologies, we aim to make publishing more secure, plagiarism-free and approachable for researchers globally. To increase the outreach of authors’ research publications, our website provides research papers and articles that can be viewed in multiple formats, 3D Virtual Online Journal, Indexed Documents, Signed PDFs, and Standardized Websites, available through subscription.”

      • Herr Doktor Bimler says:

        The language is still off, though, e.g.

        And there is the same saccharine motivational-poster stink to (London) journalspress as there is to the Dixit dynasty’s* other exercises in income harvesting — Global Journals, Gateway Journals and the Open Association of Research Society. A miasma of inspiring quotes purportedly from famous scientists.

        * As well as R.K.Dixit, “Chief Author (Hon)”, Suyog and Suyash are following the family scam:

        Suyog belongs to highly reputed Dixit family of Indore and is the eldest son of Dr.R.K.Dixit. He is born computer geek. He is M. Tech, BE (HONS. in CSE), FARSC, SAP Certified Consultant, and CEO at IOSRD, OARS, working as President & Vice Chancellor of OSS, and as Dean, Global Journals Inc. (USA).
        Suyog is most ambitious, go-getter, polite, well-mannered, highly talented person having attractive personality and free from any bad habits. He is devoted to innovation, creativity and perfection. He is an eyes apple of his parents, colleagues and all employees. Suyog likes to spend his quality time in programming, web designing, Physics exploration, photography and music.

  11. Israil says:

    Hello Professor, What do you think about erih verified journals? Erih is a list of journals verified by European Science Foundation and Norwegian Data Agency.

  12. mi says:

    Academic Research Publishing Group is going start a new publication company : Noble Academic Publisher. Please click on that link : Company using the same name for payment.

  13. Hugo van den Berg says:

    The use of enticing names such as “Scarlett Reynolds,” with their reassuringly Caucasian allure, brings to mind a certain pay-to-listen service that used to be offered over the phone…

  14. Sofia says:

    Dear Mr Beall,
    I notice you have not commented on Scientific Research Publishing in almost two years. I assume it is still a dangerous predatory publisher, or?

    Kind regards,

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