No house can begin to be built without solid foundations. What we see is construction, but the foundations are dug into the ground, and thanks to that, the building or house is stable and secure. The only buildings that do not use foundations are prefabricated barracks and small weekend houses. They are placed on platforms that are fixed to the ground, which in a way is again a foundation.
But when we talk about solid and stable construction, it cannot be imagined without deep foundations, which then help to last as long as possible.
You must consider laying a solid foundation as soon as you receive a building permit. If you hire an excavation company, along with civil engineers and surveying offices, you can be sure that the process will be completed efficiently and professionally. They will also help you choose the right building materials, which is very important in construction.
The type of materials depends on what you want to achieve and what kind of construction you have in mind. With concrete consultations and professional work, the results will be great.
The process of laying foundations takes place in several stages, as follows:
1. Geodetic measurement of the terrain and land assessment
Engineers known as surveyors are required to measure the area under construction so that the boundaries of the excavation can be physically marked. You will also be able to mark the exact surface with great precision, without any concessions. This is an integral part of the process and you should always keep in mind that without these measurements, you will probably not be able to install any building fittings.
2. Marking of the plot
When the measurement process is complete, the scope of work is physically marked. These frames are an indicator of where to start the excavation. The geodetic report also contains information on the depth of the excavation. In fact, setting up the marks is a short process before starting a specific job.
Also, the proper markings show what needs to be scooped before digging into the soil, or if there is a need for something additional to be brought, so the things can go smoothly. This is an important step, so don’t skip it.
3. Excavation at the site
You need an excavating contractor for this and you can learn more about it at piedmontsiteworks.com. When these professionals arrive, they finally clear the land, dispose of the waste, and check to see if there is any danger of poisonous groundwater leaks. Then, digging up to a few meters deep, so that a deep foundation can be laid on the building. Depending on the nature of the building, they can be several meters deep, or less for lower construction.
This provides an area on which your house will be based. If the excavation is not done properly, the stability of the house or building will be reduced.
4. Assessment of the condition of the field
Now that you have a cross-section of the land and a realistic view of things, you can assess what materials you need and whether there is a risk of landslides and other natural factors in the area that could impair stability. With the help of these conclusions, you can start laying the foundations of a new building.
JohnMunroBuilder suggests that it is important not to ignore the potentially dangerous situations, because they can lead to costly defects and issues in the future. Also, the conditions will tell you exactly what type of materials do you need, so the foundations can be stable and tight.
5. Procurement of appropriate materials
The purchase and transportation of materials are an integral part of the process. You need to know how many iron bars you need and how much concrete and other accessories you need.
In addition to concrete, you also need concrete blocks, supporting wood, steel, and iron bars and materials that will prevent any groundwater from corroding and damaging the building. These solvents are usually mixed with concrete to obtain a higher quality mixture.
6. Placement of the structure
Once you have the necessary materials, the builders start setting up the structure. The bars are arranged in vertical bundles, according to the directions and needs, and are connected with concrete blocks, concrete, wood, stone blocks, and other necessary materials.
Work on each corner and place supporting columns according to the occupied area. Before moving on to the next level of work, we need to make sure that everything we have done so far is well established and that there is no risk of collapse. Any damage must be repaired in time, so that unpleasant situations do not occur later when the housing facility has already been built.
7. Concreting the foundation
When you reach ground level, you need to start laying a concrete slab. This slab is actually placed at a depth of about 25 inches, in order to have sufficient stability when construction continues.
This completes a long and arduous process, after which building up is already a matter of taste and exterior design.
8. Continuation of the construction process
The construction process does not end with the foundations. Although the house and the building are built on the foundations, in fact, they are like two separate parts, for which different methods and approaches to work apply.
But if you have come to this point, it’s really for congratulations and admiration, because your new home is already in sight.
In this article, we have covered all the important processes involved in the excavation and laying of foundations. As we have already said, you cannot hope for quality and solid construction, if the foundations are not properly laid.
Cooperation with professional services is more than recommended. They will have an answer to each of your questions and will give you constructive suggestions on how the process should go smoothly.
The result is a quality residential or business building or house, and with quality building materials and doors and windows, you can be sure that the construction will take a really long time.