A magnetometer indicates an electrical device or instrument that can calculate and estimate the value of a magnetic field in a fixed and specified location. In addition to that, it aids in gauging and computing its relative change, strength, and direction.

The electrical instrument has other parameters that it can compute as well. It works to evaluate and assess the magnitude of the magnetic dipole moment of particular substances. It does so primarily for specific materials associated with ferromagnets. The magnetometer performs this action and gives the required readings by measuring and documenting or recording the influence and effects of the magnetic dipole moment. It becomes observable when the results get exerted on the induced current that moves through a current-carrying or conducting wire or coil.

What is the History that lies behind the Development and Invention of a Magnetometer?


Historical recordings and shreds and notes of evidence suggest and imply that the first running and operational magnetometer got recorded back in the year 1833. The person to develop and invent it was the head of the Geomagnetic Observatory in Göttingen, Carl Friedrich Gauss. At that time, the electrical appliance he made had the ability and capability of measuring the magnitude of the absolute magnetic intensity at a given and specified point in space. The initial construction and design of the device required the use of a permanent bar magnet. It had to suspend from a gold fiber parallel or horizontal to the ground.

Gauss used his model of a magnetometer to measure and assess the differences and disparities that arise in the oscillations while the permanent bar magnet swing. He performed the experiments twice. It was in the magnet’s demagnetized and magnetized condition.

Using the data obtained from there, Gauss could compute and evaluate a constant and absolute value. It was for the strength or intensity of the magnetic field of the Earth.
In the following years, the original draw up of the electrical instrument witnessed and underwent numerous alterations, additions, and modifications. Charles Brooke and Francis Ronalds made a notable change to the existing magnetometers.

They implemented and incorporated the system of photography to record and capture the ensuing oscillations of the permanent bar magnet. It allows the entire process to get optimized as the documentation and detailing could get done automatically without the interference and need for human intervention.

One significant adjustment and variation to the modern magnetometers entails the Hall Effect. It could get added to the electrical device after a colossal number of developments and reformations resulting from several scientists’ years of hard work.

What are the Effects that a Magnetometer Exerts on Everyday Life?


A magnetometer can work in most, if not all, conditions and states. It can withstand and work with and in adverse circumstances, situations, and environments. For this very reason, a magnetometer can get incorporated in practically all electrical appliances and devices available around us. It can find application in the instruments used for explorations, navigations, excavations, airports, mobile phones, vehicles, and other similar situations.

The most notable and significant influence and effects that a magnetometer exerts on daily life consist of the following:



A magnetometer can find application in an aircraft as an alternative or substitute to heading sensors. They aid the air-borne vehicle to navigate and direct itself towards the correct and desired direction and destination. It serves as a beneficial solution to steer clear of any obstacles that can appear mid-air. It helps because no indicators or landmarks exist that signify a particular location when the aircraft is in the air and a place with reduced visibility.

Underwater Vessels


In contrast to its air counterparts, a magnetometer can find application in underwater vessels such as submarines. In such cases, it should get packaged and wrapped adequately and appropriately to avoid the electrical instrument from coming in contact with water in any manner or instance. It allows the device to run and operate seamlessly without giving faulty and incorrect results.

When used in underwater vessels, a magnetometer helps detect and locate any movement underwater. It may ensue and take place in the area around the submarine. It stands true irrespective of the direction, working almost like a radar. For this reason, it serves to enhance and improve its defense mechanisms and systems. In addition to that, the magnetometer can aid in discovering and pinpointing a particular location. It can be for the presence of a few submerged materials such as ferromagnetic substances. It can come to use for various reasons and intentions of geophysics research.

Other Conditions and Environments


As already stated before, a magnetometer can work in almost all states and environments. That is why it can operate and run in adverse weather conditions and anywhere on land, air, or space. It stands true even for high and low-pressure and temperature regions.

A magnetometer does not compromise on its functions and features in any condition or environment. In such cases, the most widely used types and kinds consist of fluxgate sensors, vector magnetometers, hall sensors, and so on. In addition, it includes the ones applied and used on and for various applications and functions of particle accelerators.

What are the Different and Diverse Applications of a Magnetometer?


A magnetometer can get used in almost all domains, sectors, industries, and fields. It can get owed to its recent modifications and technological advancements of the electrical instrument. It is a unique device with a varied and flexible range and area of application.

It allows it to get used in multiple places flawlessly.

A few notable applications of a magnetometer consist of the following:

  • Gradiometer Construction
  • Estimation of the Magnitude of Mechanical Stress
  • Detection and Unearthing of Underground Coal
  • Physics of Various Parameters of Experimental Particles
  • Archaeological Discovery
  • Indication of Auroras
  • Military Defense Systems and Mechanisms
  • Directional Drilling
  • Detection and Unearthing of Underground Minerals
  • Mobile Phones
  • Health Care System Monitoring
  • Compass
  • Magnetic Surveys
  • Detection and Unearthing Underground Oil