To write a good and effective research paper, proper knowledge of the subject and in-depth research of the topic is necessary.
If you are a university graduate, postgraduate, and Ph.D. student or research scholar and writing a research paper for the first time, then it may seem a scary and difficult task. If you prepare a rough draft of this, then the process of writing the research paper will become easy. There are many such rules which if you follow, you can easily write an excellent research paper. You can get to know more about it at grademiners.com
Below mentioned are the basic rules which you must follow when writing a research paper.
Create a draft
Create a draft or a blueprint before starting your research. This blueprint will establish your search; that is, you will define the research topic. It will give you an idea of the materials you should have and the resources needed to access these materials. This step is important because, in this way, you will not be surprised if you cannot access the requested information. The draft should be written in the grammatically correct language. A research paper that is full of grammatical errors will create a negative impression among readers. Also, the writing style needs to be interactive. A bland writing style will make the readers indifferent to it.
A good paper needs to have sections like Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion and Abstracts, Conclusions, and References. It would be like building a house and dividing it into several segments (rooms, bathrooms, kitchens, etc.). In all these segments, start writing in your research and try to write as much as you can about the topic. If the topic is divided into several sub-headings, it will be easier to follow. The readers will be able to pick up from where they left off earlier. The text should at least be divided into relevant paragraphs. Each paragraph should not be cramped with information. A sub-heading also makes it easier to categorize the information.
Start the investigation phase
This step requires a thorough review of bibliographic material. To avoid getting into the problem of additional information, you have to define your search in the following aspects: the concepts examined in the topic or problem, pre-existing work on the topic, using different methods to solve it. All the stages of the investigation should be properly defined and explained.
Choose the correct audience
A research paper on a particular topic will make sense only to a group of audience. E.g., if the research topic is the computational study of marine biology, it will only make sense to marine biologists and computer scientists. The research topic will sound incomprehensive to experts in other fields.
The research scholars should follow the principle of “Less is more” when writing their research paper. This principle means they should only present a minimum number of papers with maximum information.
Evaluate what you write
Since research and writing is not a day or two’s work, do not panic and write with a calm mind. Read your written draft several times, evaluate yourself in the word file’s preview option to know what changes have been made. In the beginning, write the papers in easy language, and while reading those papers, you should note the references only while including them in the research paper. Also, never copy paste a paper.
Now, start writing the introduction and write it like a story like why you choose to research a specific topic, what importance it has on the world and nation level, what work has a lack of research, etc. Write the importance of your work in clear words.
Similarly, write your research descriptively. Discuss each objective and parameter individually. Effectively write the main points and new results. You should try to squeeze the whole research as compactly as possible. Also, do not repeat the words written in the paper. In the end, just give a summary here and talk in the future perspective.
Read the paper several times before sending it for publication in any research journal or newspaper. You can send it to the fellow researchers or professors and include their suggestions in the research paper very seriously.
Do not forget that your writing should be very clean, as your document will become a research material for other people. Compatibility in writing, clarity, and correct spellings are very important.
When a phrase is long or complex, you should try to make it short and crisp because the idea it represents is long and complex. Keep in mind that scientific facts should be written in an active and impersonal voice, so avoid value judgment.
Never submit a paper in haste, read the guidelines of the journals you are sending before submitting and format the paper accordingly. Remember that even a slight mistake can cause your paper to be rejected. Therefore, when you are sure, submit the paper in journals.
Write a good cover letter
Many journals ask for a cover letter. It should be written in very few words with very important findings. Not having a good cover letter can also lead to rejections. Finally, check all the required points in the checklist and only then go to the editorial manager’s submission software. Format and submit the files as per the requirement.
Beware of frauds
Avoid fake or fraud journals, check the indexing of the journal before submission. Many websites can help you with this. If there is a link, then you can be sure and submit your paper. Hopefully, this article will help you in writing your research paper.
Here mentioned are some of the important rules which you must adhere to while writing your paper. Make sure you follow all of them to write a crisp and clear paper easily accepted by the journals and publications. Remember that even the slightest mistake can result in your paper getting canceled. Hence, give in your best and proofread again and again before submitting it.